When Do We Observe the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur?

Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto YHUH. Leviticus 23:27

And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before YHUH your Aluhym. Leviticus 23:28

For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. Leviticus 23:29

And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. Leviticus 23:30

Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. Leviticus 23:31

It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. Leviticus 23:32

Leviticus 23:27 tells us we shall celebrate Yom Kippur on the 10th of the 7th month, verse 28 says it is a DAY of atonement. What is this Sabbath called? The DAY of Atonement, or YOM Kippur. I must make sure to note that the word, yom, IS in the Hebrew for the name of this Sabbath in the text, in verse 28, when He calls it a DAY of atonement for us. So the DAY of Atonement is kept on the 10th DAY of the 7th month, but we are to begin this Sabbath of rest and afflicting our souls on the evening before, on the 9th, according to verse 32.

Why did I stress that the name of this appointed time is the DAY of Atonement? We need to determine which date we keep the Sabbath during the DAY, or daylight portion of this appointed time. This is important to understand, because some assert that one should start fasting on the afternoon of the 9th day of the 7th month, because in Biblical thought, there are 2 evenings found in scripture, one that begins after solar noon, when the sun begins to descend, and lasts until what we call evening, after the setting of the sun, which is the 2nd evening. So in regards to Passover, scripture instructs us to slaughter the lamb BETWEEN the evenings. So some are confused with the references to evening in scripture, and think that maybe when YHUH says “evening” in regards to the Day of Atonement, that maybe He means we should begin fasting after solar noon, at the 1st evening, or beginning of the afternoon, on the 9th, instead of at the end of the afternoon period, or at the 2nd evening on the 9th. There’s only one DAY of Atonement, and that’s found and kept on the 10th day of the month, not the 9th.

While the sun is up, that is day. The day is made up of morning and evening, and evening is what we call afternoon. It can also include the twilight period between sunset and night (twilight). Context is needed to determine what part of the evening scripture is referring to for different references to evening.

Sacrifices were always slaughtered and offered to YHUH during the day, not at night. The Yom Kippur offerings mentioned in Leviticus 16 and Numbers 29:7-11 were offered during the day, on the Day of Atonement, on the 10th day of the 7th month, not on the 9th.

We also do not observe Yom Kippur on the Seventh Day Sabbath. By that, I mean that the Gregorian week does not work with Yom Kippur or the luni-solar calendar. The luni-solar Sabbath, found by counting sevens from the New Moon each month, NEVER lands on Yom Kippur. Yom Kippur never falls on the Seventh Day Sabbath. The Sabbaths are on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th days of the month every month, so Yom Kippur always occurs on the 2nd day of the week.

So what scriptural grounds do I have for claiming that Yom Kippur can never fall on the Seventh Day of the week? Well, we read in Leviticus 23 that this is a time for afflicting ourselves. We are never supposed to afflict ourselves on the Seventh Day Sabbath. We are never supposed to fast that day. That is a day of feasting. There was always bread made for and before the Seventh Day Sabbath. It’s a time to rejoice and eat and be satisfied:

6. And behold the commandment regarding the Sabbaths–I have written (them) down for thee and all the judgments of its laws. 7. Six days wilt thou labour, but on the seventh day is the Sabbath of YHUH your Aluhym. In it ye shall do no manner of work, ye and your sons, and your men-servants and your maid-servants, and all your cattle and the sojourner also who is with you. 8. And the man that doeth any work on it shall die: whoever desecrateth that day, whoever lieth with (his) wife or whoever saith he will do something on it, that he will set out on a journey thereon in regard to any buying or selling: and whoever draweth water thereon which he had not prepared for himself on the sixth day, and whoever taketh up any burden to carry it out of his tent or out of his house shall die. 9. Ye shall do no work whatever on the Sabbath day save that ye have prepared for yourselves on the sixth day, so as to eat, and drink, and rest, and keep Sabbath from all work on that day, and to bless YHUH your Aluhym, who has given you a day of festival, and a holy day: and a day of the holy kingdom for all Israel is this day among their days for ever. 10. For great is the honour which YHUH hath given to Israel that they should eat and drink and be satisfied on this festival day, and rest thereon from all labour which belongeth to the labour of the children of men, save burning frankincense and bringing oblations and sacrifices before HaAdon for days and for Sabbaths. 11. This work alone shall be done on the Sabbath-days in the sanctuary of HaAdon your Aluhym; that they may atone for Israel with sacrifice continually from day to day for a memorial well-pleasing before YHUH, and that He may receive them always from day to day according as thou hast been commanded. 12. And every man who doeth any work thereon, or goeth a journey, or tilleth (his) farm, whether in his house or any other place, and whoever lighteth a fire, or rideth on any beast, or travelleth by ship on the sea, and whoever striketh or killeth anything, or slaughtereth a beast or a bird, or whoever catcheth an animal or a bird or a fish, or whoever fasteth or maketh war on the Sabbaths: 13. The man who doeth any of these things on the Sabbath shall die, so that the children of Israel shall observe the Sabbaths according to the commandments regarding the Sabbaths of the land, as it is written in the tables, which He gave into my hands that I should write out for thee the laws of the seasons, and the seasons according to the division of their days. Jubilees 50:6-13

I am quoting Jubilees from this website: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub87.html

So the Book of Jubilees (which is not Jewish commentary, not simply man’s account of history, but rather does claim to be “thus saith YHUH”, written by the messengers of YHUH, containing prophecies that have come to pass and prophecies of Messiah Yahusha that uphold the law of Moses) stated in verses 12-13 above that any man who fasts on the Seventh Day Sabbath shall die. Yet, Leviticus 23 stated that any man who does not afflict himself on Yom Kippur shall be cut off from among his people.

For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. Leviticus 23:29

So what is a Saturday worshipper to do if the 10th lands on a Saturday? If you fast on the Seventh Day, according to Jubilees, you will be cut off, and if you don’t fast for Yom Kippur, according to Leviticus 23, you will die. That’s quite a conundrum for those who are observing Saturday in the place of the luni-solar Seventh Day Sabbath! No worries for them I guess, because they’re assured by the false shepherds and rabbis that the Book of Jubilees is not authoritative, not scripture, and can be ignored, assuring them that Yom Kippur CAN land on the Seventh Day Sabbath, despite what the Book of Jubilees states. For the luni-solar Sabbath keeper, however, there is no conflict, because the 10th day of the 7th month will never fall on a lunar Sabbath. I believe the answer for the Saturday worshipper is to repent of Saturday and the teachings of the rabbis and false shepherds that go along with it.

Yom Kippur is not the sole annual appointed time that conflicts with the Gregorian week. The New Moons, Shabuot, the wave sheaf, the 10th day of the 1st month, all of these have commandments assigned to them that conflict with the Gregorian week, and this conflict is not found when one observes the luni-solar week, according to the scriptures.

There’s also the question of which month is the correct month to observe the 7th month and Yom Kippur. There is no end to the argument about when to begin the year, and this decision can have a serious consequence for those who want to observe the appointed times in the right season. So how does one determine which month this is, so that Yom Kippur is indeed observed in the 7th month? I’ve found some clues in Genesis 1:14:

And Aluhum said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years..

Did you catch that? The lights in the heavens are for signs, and for seasons (appointed times), and for days, and for YEARS. So when do we begin the year? According to the signs in the lights in the heavens! So which light signals are we looking for to tell us when the first month is? I found more on that in 1 Enoch, Chapter 71:

6.First proceeds forth that great luminary, which is called the sun; the orb of which is as the orb of heaven, the whole of it being replete with splendid and flaming fire.

7. Its chariot, where it ascends, the wind blows.

8. The sun sets in heaven, and, returning by the north, to proceed towards the east, is conducted so as to enter by that gate, and illuminate the face of heaven.

9. In the same manner it goes forth in the first month by a great gate.

10. It goes forth through the fourth of those six gates, which are at the rising of the sun.

11. And in the fourth gate, through which the sun with the moon proceeds, in the first part of it, there are twelve open windows; from which issues out a flame, when they are opened at their proper periods.

12. When the sun rises in heaven, it goes forth through this fourth gate thirty days, and by the fourth gate in the west of heaven on a level with it descends.

13. During that period the day is lengthened from the day, and the night curtailed from the night for thirty days. And then the day is longer by two parts than the night.

14. The day is precisely ten parts, and the night is eight.

15. The sun goes forth through this fourth gate, and sets in it…Enoch 71:6-15

I’m quoting this from Enoch from this website: http://book-ofenoch.com/chapter-71-sect-xiii/ It’s the Ethiopic version.

So DURING the first month, we find a period of time in which the day is lengthened and the night shortened, so that the day now becomes longer than the night. That, to me, sounds like the period of time immediately following equal day and night. Please contact me if you don’t know when this occurs, but you can look it up on sites like timeanddate.com, to see when the day is 12 hours, and the night is 12 hours, making them equal. I don’t go by equinox, or March 21st, as that’s not actual, it’s an average. Look up equal day and night for your location. I’ve found in the Northern Hemisphere those dates are March 16-18 these days. We have come to beginning the year the New Moon BEFORE equal day/night, so that the day becomes longer than the night DURING the first month, as Enoch 71:9-13 describes.

I could be interpreting Enoch 71 incorrectly, but I’m convinced the key to understanding the beginning, middle, and end of a year are found in Enoch 71, so here’s where we should all start to dialogue, not with Philo, the Talmud, or the Jewish Encyclopedia. I’m open to discussing scriptures like Enoch and the Bible with anyone, but please, don’t come to the table supporting your beliefs on something other than scripture. I’m not interested in what your rabbi or professor thinks. I’d like to hear what SCRIPTURES YOU have to support YOUR faith. Our faith, our “whys”, can’t be based on traditions of men, we must stick to 2-3 witnesses from scripture to explain to others why we do and believe what we do, because that’s what scripture says, and that’s what really convinces believers who hear the witnesses and test and judge with righteousness. Yes, I do consider Enoch to be Scripture.

 

I thought this information would be helpful for those who are or who know someone who is stuck in this Gregorian week rut, and trying to figure out what they need to repent of this Yom Kippur, or those following the Karaite barley reports, or the Hillel II calendar, rather than the scriptures, regarding the beginning of the year…I understand the month is called “abib” for a reason, and I believe that if we use the lights in the heavens to begin the year as the Bible, Jubilees, and Enoch teach, the barley will become ready for the sheaf DURING the month, when it is supposed to, NOT BEFORE it. I know, it takes faith to believe it will be ready at the appointed time. We could all use a little more faith. There is no scripture stating that we need to have the barley sheaf ready for the harvest in order to begin the year, IF YHUH intended that to be the case, I believe He would require us to wave the sheaf BEFORE the year begins, or on the 1st of the month, not DURING the first month. Think about it.

…Please don’t believe the lies of those who make false claims about the apocryphal books, some of which are even quoted and mentioned in the Bible itself. Read them for yourselves. If you believe them to teach a solar-only calendar, or that they contradict the Bible, please hear all the witnesses and start a conversation and ask someone who sees it differently and consider that you might be missing something, that you might be giving ear to slander against YHUH’s prophets, that you might be guilty of blasphemy, before you be guilty of making a false judgement about these scrolls, and the word of YHUH written in them. Don’t ask an unbeliever about these books, no matter what their “expertise”, as they are sure to give a false report. These are things to repent of this Yom Kippur…

In Yahusha’s love, Lyndsey Sanchez

My email: yhuhsmessenger@gmail.com

My website: http://studentofyhuhstorah.webstarts.com/

My blog: https://pentecostcountdown.com/

 

Offerings for New Moons, Yom Teruah, and Other Appointed Times

I’ve been asked, and we all often wonder, what kind of offering can I give to YHUH? Someone just asked me about this in light of the fact that we are on the brink of Yom Teruah and the other feasts of the 7th month. Offerings are something always on my heart, but something I’ve gone back and forth on over the years, as far as what is acceptable or not. We know for sure that obedience to YHUH is one way we can give an acceptable offering to Him, to make our lives a living sacrifice. He said obedience is better than sacrifice.

“Does YHUH delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obeying YHUH? To obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed is better than the fat of rams. 1 Samuel 15:22 

To do righteousness and justice Is desired by YHUH more than sacrifice. Proverbs 21:3

Guard your steps as you go to the house of Aluhym and draw near to listen rather than to offer the sacrifice of fools; for they do not know they are doing evil. Ecclesiastes 5:1

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of Aluhym, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto Aluhym, [which is] your reasonable service. Romans 12:1

So above all, that’s our priority, to hear and obey Him. That’s a very pleasing aroma to Him. To disobey is like a stench in His nostrils. Remember Cain and Abel? Abel’s sacrifice was accepted because he gave the best of His flock, he held nothing back, it was a matter of obedience and the condition of his heart. Cain did not obey, he did not give the best of the fruit of the ground. YHUH confronted Cain about this, saying he and his offering would be accepted if he repented from his sin and the condition of his heart. YHUH warned him that sin was crouching at the door. Cain ignored YHUH, he chose to continue in his disobedience, and like YHUH warned him, Cain allowed his jealousy of his brother to cause him to murder Abel. Abel’s obedience was better than Cain’s sacrifice.

“Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices—mint, dill and cumin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the law—justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former. You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel.” Matthew 23:23-24

He who turns away his ear from listening to the law, Even his prayer is an abomination. Proverbs 28:9

We know that Aluhym does not listen to sinners, but He does listen to the one who worships Him and does His will. John 9:31

The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to YHUH, But the prayer of the upright is His delight. Proverbs 15:8

For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of Aluhym more than burnt offerings. Hosea 6:6

By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to Aluhym continually, that is, the fruit of [our] lips giving thanks to his name. Hebrews 13:15

Speaking of prayers, in addition to obedience, we see in the verses above that YHUH likens our prayers and praise to sacrifice and offerings. His word does not teach us that He doesn’t want sacrifices or bulls or goats or rams, but that He wants us to pay attention to His instructions first and be careful to obey them. This is better than the blood of bulls and goats. Yahusha’s blood is sufficient for us, but we should have the desire to offer over and above what He requires of us, because we love Him, because of what He’s done for us. If we do not have the desire to obey His commandments, we must wonder if we are trampling on His blood, which was intended to remove our sin, by giving us a will to obey, rather than transgress the law, since sin is the transgression of the law.

Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John 3:4

“…For rebellion is as the sin of divination, And insubordination is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of YHUH, He has also rejected you from being king.” Then Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned; I have indeed transgressed the command of YHUH and your words, because I feared the people and listened to their voices…” I Samuel 15:23-24

So then, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do likewise will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:19

No one who remains in Him keeps on sinning. No one who continues to sin has seen Him or known Him. 1 John 3:6

It’s been on my heart for many years to offer a lamb or bull, and I believe we are under the Melchizedek priesthood, as Abraham was, and offered burnt offerings, but other than in the camp in the wilderness, I don’t recall the Israelites ever offering on an earthen altar outside the land. (Passover was a different animal, it’s something they did MORE THAN ONCE outside the land, which many people don’t realize – see Exodus 12 and Numbers 9:1-5, so we should too, and it’s not really an offering, but a picture of how Yahusha was the offering for our sins.) Abraham and Jacob sometimes went to Egypt or Padan Aram, but it seems like they always waited to give offerings once YHUH brought them back to the Promised Land. So I hesitate to give a burnt offering right now in exile, as I feel I have more understanding to gain concerning this. I do see that it appears there will be animal sacrifices and offerings in the future, though it won’t play out the way teachers of Judaism or Christianity have taught us it will:

Every pot in Jerusalem and Judah will be holy to YHUH Almighty, and all who come to sacrifice will take some of the pots and cook in them. And on that day there will no longer be a Canaanite in the house of YHUH Almighty. Zechariah 14:21

Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house, and ministering to the house: they shall slay the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before them to minister unto them. Ezekiel 44:11

But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith Adani YHUH. Ezekiel 44:15

YHUH gives specific instructions about who can give offerings, what kind, when, where, how, etc…so, if we are not careful to observe His instructions (not rabbinical or Christian interpretations) about how and when to keep the Sabbath, or what meat to eat and how to kill it, drain the blood, and cover it, for example, then it’s not likely we will be careful to obey Him regarding the offering of sacrifices. We don’t want to offer him a swine, we don’t want to be like Aaron’s sons who were burned up for presenting an unacceptable fire. So we can be sure that prayers are acceptable in the place of sacrifice, AS LONG AS WE ARE IN OBEDIENCE, and not turning a deaf ear to His law as we once did, otherwise our prayers can actually be a sin or abomination. Also notice that just listening to His law, getting knowledge of what is acceptable to Him, shows we want to do what pleases Him. Those who are not interested in pleasing Him won’t listen to Him when He calls them to hear and obey His law.

But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices Aluhym is well pleased. Hebrews 13:16

As far as offerings for Yom Teruah and how we should celebrate it, I understand it to be called the Day of Blowing. I looked up the Hebrew word Teruah, Strong’s H8643, spelled tau, resh, uau, ayin, hey, in Lev 23:24:

Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

Here’s what scripture indicates that means:

alarm, signal, sound of tempest, shout, shout or blast of war or alarm or joy

  1. alarm of war, war-cry, battle-cry
  2. blast (for march)
  3. shout of joy (with religious impulse)
  4. shout of joy (in general)

And that comes from the root word, rua, spelled resh, uau, ayin, which means:

shout (11x), shouting (8x), alarm (6x), sound (3x), blowing (2x), joy (2x),

The word, trumpets, is actually not present in Lev 23:24. The word trumpets is added here, but for good reason, as there are other verses that instruct blowing trumpets on the New Moons, etc…

Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your Aluhym: I am YHUH your Aluhym. Numbers 29:1

YHUH said to Moses:  “Make two trumpets of hammered silver, and use them for calling the community together and for having the camps set out. When both are sounded, the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the tent of meeting. If only one is sounded, the leaders—the heads of the clans of Israel—are to assemble before you. When a trumpet blast is sounded, the tribes camping on the east are to set out. At the sounding of a second blast, the camps on the south are to set out. The blast will be the signal for setting out. To gather the assembly, blow the trumpets, but not with the signal for setting out. “The sons of Aaron, the priests, are to blow the trumpets. This is to be a lasting ordinance for you and the generations to come. When you go into battle in your own land against an enemy who is oppressing you, sound a blast on the trumpets. Then you will be remembered by YHUH your Aluhym and rescued from your enemies. Also at your times of rejoicing—your appointed festivals and New Moon feasts—you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, and they will be a memorial for you before your Aluhym. I am YHUH your Aluhym.” Numbers 10:1-10

According to Numbers 10:2, these were 2 silver trumpets blown on the New Moons, made of pure silver, in one piece. We don’t have these 2 silver trumpets, so our family can’t fulfill this command this year, but we can do what we are able, and so we can shout, we can sound an alarm, we can make noise with pots and pans, we can clap. A ram’s horn is perfectly acceptable to blow on this day, or a regular trumpet, but these do not replace the 2 silver trumpets. What’s most important to us is that we listen to hear from Him what we need to do to please Him and then do it. So I pray that in the future we will find a way to obtain 2 silver trumpets to fulfill this, at the same time, those 2 silver trumpets are to be blown over offerings. Definitely something to continue to study and pray about.

Another aspect of Yom Teruah, though, is that it is to be a Sabbath and a miqra kodesh, or holy convocation, or set apart gathering. So we are to rest that day, and treat it as a Sabbath, even a high, special Sabbath. So we observe 2 Sabbaths in a row at Yom Teruah when there is no 30th day in the 6th month. Some lunar Sabbath keepers claim there is never a case of 2 Sabbaths in a row on the luni-solar calendar, as I think I may have once ignorantly thought, but that’s obviously not the case. It’s absolutely amazing and beautiful how the luni-solar calendar works, but we must be careful to not make false claims about it.

I want to call special attention to that word, miqra, Strong’s H4744, as there is more to it than meets the eye. It’s spelled mem, kof, resh, aleph, and it can mean:

convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together

  1. convocation, sacred assembly
  2. convoking
  3. reading

It comes from the word, qara, spelled, kaf, resh, aleph, Strong’s H7121, which can mean:

to call, call out, recite, read, cry out, proclaim

  1. (Qal)
    1. to call, cry, utter a loud sound

    2. to call unto, cry (for help), call (with name of God)

    3. to proclaim

    4. to read aloud, read (to oneself), read

    5. to summon, invite, call for, call and commission, appoint, call and endow

    6. to call, name, give name to, call by

  2. (Niphal)
    1. to call oneself

    2. to be called, be proclaimed, be read aloud, be summoned, be named

  3. (Pual) to be called, be named, be called out, be chosen

So for this reason, just like on the weekly Sabbath, which is also a miqra kodesh, I believe we are called out of Babylon, called together as a kadosh assembly to read, proclaim, cry out, declare His name, His appointed times, His ways, etc…and we are to guard and keep this day kadosh, holy, set-apart…so we do. We are not to allow falsehood or anything profane into the assembly, into our dwellings, into our bodies, minds, or hearts, at the times YHUH appointed to meet with Him. We cannot tolerate sin on His appointed times. We are to create and maintain a kadosh environment so He can meet with us. Guarding His appointed times, His Sabbaths, and keeping them kadosh, is an offering like that which Pinchas/Phineas offered, which results in blessings…

In Yahusha’s love,

Lyndsey Sanchez

My email: yhuhsmessenger@gmail.com

My blog: https://pentecostcountdown.com/

My website: http://studentofyhuhstorah.webstarts.com/