Putting Borders on Marriage Covenants – Biblically

Do You Need to Repent of Adultery?

You Might Be Surprised!

If you’ve ever been married, or even ENGAGED, there’s a pretty good chance, both statistically and Biblically, that you, your spouse, fiancé, or your “ex”, may have been involved in adultery, and may still be. If so, there’s still hope those guilty of this sin can be reconciled to YHUH, read on to find out how…

In a world where Biblical terms and concepts are continually and increasingly being stretched beyond their original intended boundaries, added to, and even redefined, for example, how many women a man can marry,  whether two people of the same gender can enter into a marriage union, or whether sex makes two people married, it’s all the more imperative that we question and closely re-examine what society says constitutes a marriage relationship, and what actions can violate it, through a Biblical lens. In this day and age especially, not all judgments on sexual sin, specifically, adultery, are as cut and dry as the following scenario:

And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king’s house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon. And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. 2 Samuel 11:2-4

So David had sexual relations with Uriah’s wife, Bathsheba, while Uriah was at battle. She became pregnant while her husband was gone, so in an attempt to hide his sin, David ordered Uriah to be brought home from battle so Uriah could have relations with his wife, so that everyone would think Uriah was the father of the child and David’s sin would not be known. Uriah, being a man of principle, would not go home and have relations with his wife while his comrades were still at war. David then ordered that Uriah be sent to the front lines to be killed by the enemy in battle so that everyone would think Uriah had been with his wife while he was on the break from war, and that the child was Uriah’s. Then…

YHUH sent Nathan to David. When he came to him, he said, “There were two men in a certain town, one rich and the other poor. The rich man had a very large number of sheep and cattle, but the poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb he had bought. He raised it, and it grew up with him and his children. It shared his food, drank from his cup and even slept in his arms. It was like a daughter to him.

Now a traveler came to the rich man, but the rich man refrained from taking one of his own sheep or cattle to prepare a meal for the traveler who had come to him. Instead, he took the ewe lamb that belonged to the poor man and prepared it for the one who had come to him.

David burned with anger against the man and said to Nathan, “As surely as YHUH lives, the man who did this must die! He must pay for that lamb four times over, because he did such a thing and had no pity.”

Then Nathan said to David, “You are the man!” 2 Samuel 12:1-7

This was a very obvious case of adultery, so why did King David need Nathan the Prophet to come and inform David that he was guilty of this sexual sin, his adultery with Bathsheba, Uriah’s lamb? Didn’t David KNOW he was guilty of adultery? Did he not know the Torah? Did he not understand it? He knew and understood what his guilt was, otherwise, he wouldn’t have had Uriah killed in an attempt to hide his sin. He forgot that YHUH sees and knows all. We’ve all done it, we’ve lied to ourselves and others and pretended our sins would not be found out, and the truth often comes out with a pregnancy. Even King David needed a reminder that he could not hide his sin from YHUH, that what was in the dark would come to light.

In this example, David’s adultery with Bathsheba led to murder, resulting in the shedding of Uriah’s blood. It also resulted in YHUH striking the child who came forth from David’s sinful passions with an illness that would take their child’s life in his first week of life. So not one, but two deaths resulted from David’s sin with Bathsheba.

The Bible teaches that adultery always leads to murder or death, in some shape or form, whether spiritual, physical, or both. How many abortions have come forth because of adultery, in an attempt to hide one’s unfaithfulness? How many murders and suicides have come about because of one’s own transgression in this area, or because they felt betrayed by a spouse who was unfaithful to them? How many babies have not lived a long life because of the sin of a parent, like we read about in 2 Samuel 12, or as we see today when a child is aborted by a mother guilty of sexual sins, including adultery.

What can we do to stop the violence, to stop unnecessary death and heartbreak that comes as a result of this sin? How do we repent of it all? How do we warn those we love so they do not fall into this trap of adultery and bloodshed, bringing guilt and heartache upon themselves?

The first solution is education about the matter – from the Bible. The Law and those who interpret it rightly for us in the Scriptures (Moses, Messiah Yahusha, Paul, and the Prophets) can teach us right from wrong so we can learn where we have erred and what we need to do to make it right and be freed from feelings of guilt and brought back into a close relationship with others and YHUH again.

Second, we must humble ourselves. We must acknowledge that our understanding of what’s fair and right, our feelings, do not trump the Word of YHUH. We must be willing to accept His rulings in our situation, that they are for our benefit, not for our destruction, and apply them to our lives.

Third, confess. We must confess our sin when He opens our eyes to see that we have sinned, or are in sin. Confession is the opposite of blaming other people or making excuses for our sin. Failure to acknowledge the sins of our past is not confessing them. We cannot skip this step and go on to forgiveness. Confession is the first step in the repentance and forgiveness process. If we don’t acknowledge any guilt in a matter, we’re probably going to fall into the same sin again, because we are still trying to deceive ourselves and others about whether we have done anything wrong. When others hear us confess wrong-doing and our desire to turn from it, it restores trust in our relationships. Relationships are often destroyed because someone was afraid to admit they were wrong. That’s usually all people need to hear to heal and forgive – an admission of guilt and a desire and commitment to undo what we’ve done in whatever way we are able, whether that’s paying a long overdue debt, honoring someone we’ve dishonored, telling the truth after we’ve lied, returning a stolen watch – or a stolen wife and kids.

Which leads me to the next step – repentance. We must turn away from the sin that’s been revealed to us. If we realize we are in a forbidden sexual relationship (whether homosexual, or adulterous), a sexual relationship that should never have come to be in the first place – we must end it. In the case of a pre-marital sexual relationship, however, it’s often best for a man to get the father’s consent and follow through with marrying her as soon as possible, to take away everyone’s feeling of shame and embarrassment in the matter.

Lastly, we seek forgiveness from the one(s) we have sinned against, and make sure we don’t betray them or anyone else in this way again. If a man has had relations with a young woman before engagement or marriage, he should make things right by ending the sexual relationship and beginning the proper steps toward marriage to her, if the father is willing to give her to him in marriage, and if they are equally yoked in YHUH. He’s not only sinned against the woman, himself, and YHUH, but also against her family, especially her father. No man would want his daughter stolen out from under him, so we should treat others as we would like to be treated. Such a man might argue that the woman is not marriage material if she had sex before marriage. I would argue that he wasn’t marriage material either when he decided to have marital relations with a woman he was not married to. They’d probably be an equal yoke if they both consented to sex before marriage. He was an equal party in causing her to feel shame, he needs to be an equal partner in removing her shame, restoring her hope for a family, and being a husband to her after he used her as if he had marital rights to her. It’s called being responsible, and taking responsibility for your mistakes, making restitution, making things right where you’ve wronged.

I recently heard the story of General Zachary Taylor who had a subordinate named, Jefferson Davis, who fell in love with the General’s daughter. When General Taylor refused to give them his blessing to marry, the couple defied her father and wed out of state, and the bride didn’t have either of her parents attending her wedding. Within 3 months both the bride and groom would contract Malaria, the bride to never recover. Both the father and groom would lose their beloved daughter and bride, named Sarah Knox Taylor. This is a testimony that a father should not disallow a marriage without Biblical reason, like an unequal yoke, and a man should not steal away a man’s daughter when the Bible gives a father the right to deny the union, lest neither man have her. What YHUH has put together, let no man separate. Let not a suitor steal a daughter from her father, and let not a father keep apart a match made in heaven.

How Do We Obtain Forgiveness?

Many people think they should receive forgiveness after confessing their sin, and that’s all they must do. They just need to insincerely say they are sorry and move on. We’ve all heard people apologize, or confess a sin, and then later walk it back and go on to make excuses or deny a sin was committed. This is their attitude: “We’re all sinners. So what? Like you’ve never sinned? I’m no more wicked than anyone else. Let me do what I want to do. I can please my flesh as much as I want, God still loves me because I love Him and I sometimes go to church and sing about how much I love Jesus and I pray to him sometimes and tell people how much I love him. He died so I can be happy and because He loves me as the sinner I am and doesn’t expect me to change.” When I hear this attitude, the Words of Yahusha come to mind, “If ye love me, keep my commandments.” John 14:5 and “He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me…” John 14:21 and “He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings”… John 14:24 Also: “Not everyone that saith unto me, “Lord, Lord”, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.” Matthew 7:21 and “And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?” Luke 6:46, and But he shall say, “I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.” Luke 13:27

Workers of iniquity are people who sin. Iniquity is sin. What is sin? Sin is breaking His commandments, His laws, in the Old Testament. 1 John 3:4. Just because someone calls Him their Master, their Adon, their Lord, doesn’t mean they prove He’s really their Master with their actions. It’s called lip service. A woman can say she loves her husband all she wants, she can flatter him with her words and confess her loyalty for life, but if she turns around and breaks her marriage covenant by seducing or allowing herself to be seduced by another man, while her first husband is still alive, that’s sinning against him, that’s not love, that’s disloyalty. A loving wife is faithful to keep the marriage covenant, whether he keeps it or not, and both Jeremiah 31 and Hebrews 8 and 10 state that the New Covenant was the Old Testament Law, the marriage covenant, being placed on Israel’s heart, in her mind, to keep it. If we REALLY love our Savior, our Messiah, we will do what the Old Testament and New Testament, our marriage covenant, says. We must demonstrate that we believe our husband WILL keep his vows, even when it doesn’t seem like that’s the case, just like we must wait on YHUH to fulfill His promises to us, even if it doesn’t look like He’s going to do it right now.

When Yahusha defended the woman accused of adultery in John 8 by telling her accusers that the one without sin should cast the first stone, He wasn’t telling her she could go on sinning. He told her in verse 11, “Go, and sin no more.” He forbid her from sinning anymore. He had asked her where her accusers went, as they had all left, not one could cast a stone because they all had sin. In fact, their accusation was sinful, because it was not in accordance with the law to punish also the man she committed adultery with. Some speculate that maybe they caught her in the act of the sin (verse 4) because they were the ones she committed the sin with, and they sought to kill her so that they would not be found out, it was their word against hers. We don’t know for certain, but Yahusha said that, because she now had no accusers, He does not condemn her. She left without punishment, not because He doesn’t believe in punishment for sin, but because His Law says in the Old Testament that the ones accused of the act of adultery must be caught in the act before the death sentence can be carried out. There must be at least 2 eye witnesses accusing that are ready to cast the first stone. Her accusers couldn’t do it because they knew they needed to repent themselves. Deuteronomy 17:5-7, Leviticus 20:10, Deuteronomy 22:22, and Numbers 5:13. If she was caught in the act, they should know who the man was who she committed adultery with. He would be guilty of adultery, as well. Yahusha’s Law in the Old Testament says that BOTH must be killed by the accusers, the witnesses. One guilty party can’t be killed unless the other guilty party is also killed. You can’t convict one and let the other go. YHUH doesn’t like partiality. Deuteronomy 1:16-17, James 2:4, 1 Timothy 5:21, Proverbs 28:21.

Repentance, turning away from the sin, comes before forgiveness. See Mark 1:4, Luke 3:3, Luke 24:47. When we continue to sin as believers in Him, it’s like causing Him to be crucified for our sins over and over again. Hebrews 6:6. It’s trampling upon Him and His blood and making his death void, worth nothing. Hebrews 10:28-30. Confessing and continuing in the sin and “pleading the blood of Jesus” will not remove the sin. Yahusha’s blood washes away our sin by softening our hard hearts, putting his law in our hearts, so that we won’t desire to sin (Jeremiah 31:31-34 and Hebrews 10:16-17), so that we are compelled to turn from our sin. Sin is not removed or washed away if we are still committing the sin. The sin and its stains are still there in that case. If one continues to murder while confessing belief in Messiah, that person is staining himself with more blood, still sinning, not cleansing himself of the sin by washing himself in Yahusha’s blood. If we sin willfully after knowing the truth of Messiah Yahusha and His Word, there remains no sacrifice for our sins. We only have fear of judgment and fiery heat to look forward to. Hebrews 10:26-27. Under Moses and the Old Testament, when one sinned against the Law, with the testimony of two to three witnesses, they were killed without mercy. The New Testament teaches that the punishment is even worse for New Covenant believers who trample on the blood of Yahusha, who continue to sin, who continue to break the Law of the Old Testament, considering His blood unholy. Hebrews 10:29-30. When we confess our sins and turn from them, taking responsibility for them, then others will be compelled to do the same, and avoid them if them if they haven’t committed them already. Let’s be an example, as Messiah is our example, part of the solution, not the problem.


How can we be sure we understand what adultery is, so that we don’t do it, so that we can confess and repent of it if we discover we’ve done it in the past? The key to understanding adultery is to study what the Bible teaches about marriage and pray for understanding. Don’t go to a divorced pastor or rabbi for advice on marriage covenants, or someone who you feel might tell you want you want to hear, who will tickle your ears to keep you happy and paying tithes to him. Go straight to the source – the Bible, and do what it says. Go to blueletterbible.com or a concordance and look up all the verses containing words about marriage, divorce, adultery, remarriage, betrothal, etc… If we understand what MAKES a marriage, we can understand what BREAKS it, and vice versa. I first learned what adultery was by learning what it WASN’T.

Is Pre-Marital Sex Adultery?

I was once confused about adultery. I thought that having sex before marriage makes one guilty of adultery. I thought sex before marriage was sinning against a future, unknown spouse. Apparently, I thought one could break one’s marriage vows before ever making them. I wasn’t a student of the Bible when I came to that conclusion. I had never read most of the Bible at that point. I was a teenager. Once in my thirties, after having a couple of decades of Bible study and almost a decade of marriage under my belt, I started hearing some people challenging that conclusion I had come to. It provoked me to take a closer look.

Through intense, spirit-led Bible study one night, the revelation came that sex before betrothal/engagement (not marriage) is fornication, it’s unchastity, it’s a sexual sin, but it’s not adultery, and I’ve even more recently realized that sex before marriage doesn’t require a death penalty like adultery does. Every mention of adultery in the Bible, that I have been able to find, has to do with what happens after betrothal/engagement (not marriage). The Bible says that to establish any matter (including what constitutes adultery) we must have at least 2-3 witnesses. See Deuteronomy 17:6, Matthew 18:6, and 2 Corinthians 13:1. I could not find two or three witnesses, or even one, that sex before marriage or engagement is adultery. I then had to lay that belief down, as I did find ample evidence that established that a covenant/agreement/oath of marriage between a male groom and a female bride had to exist for adultery to apply. Leviticus 20:10, Deuteronomy 22:13-29, Jeremiah 29:23, Hosea 4:13-14, Ezekiel 16:32, Matthew 5:32, Matthew 19:9, Mark 10:12, Luke 16:18, Romans 7:3

The Difference Between Adultery and Other types of Fornication

Adultery is a specific type of fornication, one involving the breaking of a marriage covenant, or marital unfaithfulness. One cannot be guilty of adultery if they have never entered a marriage covenant, or agreed to, UNLESS they have had sexual relations with someone who was already in a marriage covenant, and even engaged to someone else. All acts of adultery are fornication, but not all acts of fornication are adultery. For example, beastiality is a type of sexual sin (Leviticus 18:23, Exodus 22:19), a type of fornication, but it’s not adultery, although the penalty for this sin is death. Incest, or having sex with a close relative, forbidden in Leviticus 18 and 1 Corinthians 5:1, is a type of fornication with a death penalty, but it’s not adultery. Homosexuality is not adultery, although it is a type of fornication that calls for the death penalty. It seems that all types of fornication, EXCEPT sex between a man and a woman who are not in a marriage covenant with each other or someone else, requires the death penalty. See Leviticus 18:22, Leviticus 20:13, 1 Corinthians 6:9-11, Romans 1:24-28, 1 Timothy 1:8-10, Genesis 19:1-38. By understanding what adultery ISN’T, we can better understand what it IS. This does not mean it’s okay to have sex before marriage. Read on to find out the consequences of that sin, according to Scripture.

At What Point Does a Woman or Man Become Bound in a Marriage Covenant?

WARNING: It’s PROBABLY not what you think!

I was once confused on this question, too. I don’t believe I am alone. I thought a woman or man could break their engagement for any reason, at any time, no harm, no foul, as long as they did it before they said “I do”, on their traditional, modern, wedding day. Until then, I thought there was no marriage covenant. I’ve since learned that’s not the case. The night I discovered I was wrong about sex before marriage being adultery, it was also revealed to me at what point adultery CAN happen, and at what point the Bible considers a couple to be “married” – husband and wife. I saw Deuteronomy 22:12-29 in a new light, especially verses 23-24. For the first time, when reading this after sincere prayer, I saw that it said that a VIRGIN that is BETROTHED is called her fiancé’s WIFE, and he is called her HUSBAND, even though she’s a VIRGIN, and they are still only ENGAGED! Did you catch that? Even though they have not had sex, and they are only engaged, they are called husband and wife! That means there is some degree of a marriage covenant already when a couple becomes engaged!

Some might argue that the Hebrew words for husband and wife can also be translated as man and woman. Yes, but even if we use those words instead, it calls her HIS WOMAN, and calls him HER MAN, still indicating they are committed and bound to one another. Further evidence that an engaged couple has entered into a marriage covenant is found further on in Deuteronomy 22, which goes on to say that a man who rapes or lies with this engaged virgin – he is guilty of ADULTERY and deserves DEATH, because he has had sexual relations with another man’s WIFE/WOMAN! This is very different from the man who lies with, seduces, or rapes a virgin who is NOT ENGAGED to be married to any man, in Deuteronomy 22:28-29. A man who seduces or lies with a woman who is NOT ENGAGED is NOT GUILTY of ADULTERY, though he is guilty of fornication, and he does not face the death penalty if she’s not engaged to another man. This passage in Deuteronomy 22 lays the foundation to help us understand at what point a marriage covenant begins to take place and at what point one can become an adulterer or adulteress.

The Purpose of Engagement

My husband and I became best friends while attending church and Bible study together. We fell in love in a matter of months, and had a two-week engagement. The only reason we waited that long was because we met and married in England and it was the law there that a couple that planned to marry had to announce their wedding plans publicly two weeks before the wedding in order to first make sure there are no objections to the marriage. We once wondered why people have such long engagements. There was NO way my husband could wait a year or longer once YHUH convinced him he should marry me! It’s a good thing we didn’t have a father standing in the way, voicing disapproval, and it’s a good thing my husband had been saving money that wound up taking care of wedding expenses like my engagement and wedding ring, my wedding dress, the wedding supper, and my debts incurred while in college!

I now see why the two-week waiting period that England required was started. It would have prevented a biblically forbidden marriage, and notified affected parties, like a bride’s father, or a first or second husband, for example, if secrecy and deception was going on. If the man or woman had a history of fornication or adultery, the fiancé could be warned before consummating a forbidden marriage and starting a family with the individual.

Another good reason for an engagement period is so that the groom can get his finances together for a bride price/engagement ring/jewelry/gifts for the bride’s family (to persuade the father or closest male relative to allow him to marry her), as well as other wedding expenses and a home for the bride, if his father doesn’t pay for these things. The bride’s father and family want to know that the groom can afford to provide for her, and that he is willing to work to do so. We see in the Bible that Jacob was empty handed when he got to Laban’s. According to the Book of Jasher, Chapter 29, Esau’s son, Eliphaz, was after Jacob on his way to Laban’s and stole from Jacob what Isaac, his father, had given him for a bride price. Because he now had nothing to offer her or her family for her, he now had to work for seven years for each wife, and another six years for a flock to support them, whereas in Isaac’s case, Abraham had sent Eliezer with ten camels loaded down with gifts to pay for Rebecca to be brought back to Isaac’s tent right away. Isaac’s wife was paid for with “cash” up front, while Jacob went into debt and servant-hood to his father-in-law for his two brides and his flock. Genesis says what convinced them to go with him was not their marriage covenant with him, nor their love for him, or even the fact that he was the father of all of their children, but the fact that they, Jacob, and their children, now had all that their father had now spent, because Jacob earned it and YHUH had blessed him. There was now no financial reason for them to stay with their father, Laban.

What if a woman’s suitor cannot afford her price? The Bible is clear it is better for them to go ahead and marry (as long as they are equally yoked, it is a marriage permitted by the Law in YHUH, and the father is willing) than for either of them to burn with lust and sin just because he doesn’t have his finances together yet. 1 Corinthians 7:36-37. Not every man has the faith, patience, self-control, and love for his wife that Jacob had, to be willing and able to wait 7 years for her. Yah forbid she become a harlot in her impatience for a husband. However, it also says that the father does have the right to refuse to allow her to marry him. Please, fathers, if you refuse to let your son or daughter marry, or you make them wait, let it be for the right reasons. Don’t tempt your sons and daughters to sin by putting burdens on them that YHUH doesn’t, before allowing them to marry. Nowhere does the Bible say that a child must first finish college or have a good career established before marrying. These are not the things we should focus on to determine if they are equally yoked, or if it would be a marriage in YHUH. Abraham certainly didn’t finish college. Can you imagine Laban telling Eliezer that he could not allow Rebecca to marry Isaac until after Rebecca finished college?! A young lady was never expected to provide for herself financially until she married. She wasn’t kicked out of the house without a man to protect her from sexual predators and harassers in the schools and work places. We certainly have gotten our priorities backwards!

Rape vs. Seduction

News flash – a rapist is not any worse than a seducer, biblically speaking, when comparing the consequences for the crimes.  A rapist faces no harsher punishment than a seducer, a rapist just doesn’t have a willing and deceived partner in the same crime, the crime being fornication, which is any sexual relations outside of a Biblical marriage covenant. I was horrified when I first realized that, not only does the Bible not call for a rapists life, but he’s not treated any worse than a seducer, or boyfriend. Now I realize how just the Bible is in this, and also how twisted my thinking once was, how twisted society is today, to think that the seducer, who has a willing partner in crime, is any better than a rapist. Either way, the man has committed a sexual sin, he’s stolen her virginity, whether he had a willing and deceived partner in the crime or not. How many men have been guilty of seducing/enticing/deceiving a virgin or taking a woman’s virginity without ever marrying her, leading her on to think that he loves her and that marriage MIGHT POSSIBLY be on the horizon IF she does what pleases him? Exodus 22:16 According to Scripture, these seducers are no better than the rapist. They still take/steal what does not belong to them, whether it’s by force or deception.

There IS a price to pay for the sin of raping or seducing a virgin of Israel, however – to the bride, the father, and YHUH. Animal sacrifices were always required for sin, as part of the process to make atonement and come back into right relationship with YHUH and man, for forgiveness of sin. There are additional things the man must do to reconcile his sin and demonstrate to others that he is repentant. He does not deserve death, as he did not commit adultery, so he is to pay the bride price of a virgin (50 shekels of silver/7 years of labor?) to the father of the woman, and IF the father is willing to give her in marriage to him (Exodus 22:16-17), the man is required to marry her, provide food, clothing, and marital relations, and he can never divorce her since he took her virginity before betrothing her to himself. This requirement for the man to marry her is to protect the woman, not punish her. Marriage to him can take her shame away and her feelings of being damaged goods, her concern about being undesirable, her guilt about not remaining a virgin for her husband. If he seduced her, and she gave him her virginity, she probably loved him anyway. If he pays her price and marries her after seducing her, she now feels valued because her husband was willing to pay the price of a virgin for her. He didn’t use her and then discard her like she had no worth. A man who pays a dowry joyfully is a man who recognizes the treasure his new wife is, and more likely to be a man who really loves her, to be willing to pay that amount for her. He will treat her better than someone who pays nothing and sees no value in his wife. If the man goes through this process, if he does not refuse to pay the bride price and marry her, if he confesses his sin and owns up to it, offers his sacrifice for his sin and seeks forgiveness and reconciliation, it shows that he is repentant, and may be a good husband to her, after all.

A good father, even back then, would never give her in marriage to an unrepentant man the father suspects would be a bad husband, especially if his daughter did not want to marry him. It was always in the father’s best interest to consider the daughter’s desires for a husband, because it was even more shameful to have a daughter who was not a loving wife or was unfaithful in her marriage than to have a daughter that was unmarried. A good father would want his daughter to be happy and consenting in her marriage, knowing it would last until one of them died, and that children would likely come from that union.

Does Sex Make a Couple Married in light of 1 Corinthians 6:16?

Interpreting 1 Corinthians 6:16 to say that sex makes people married would set Paul up to be contradicting Deuteronomy 22 and 24, as well as Numbers 30, which say otherwise, because Deuteronomy and Numbers 30 teach the father must either give consent or hold his peace, for marriage to take place. In a perfect world, sex would only occur between a married couple, one being male, the other female. It would be a beautiful picture of a man and woman, a husband and wife, literally becoming united into one flesh. That’s how it’s supposed to be for believers, as 1 Corinthians 6:16 is explaining, a mature, true believer in Messiah and the Law would never argue it’s okay for a man to have marital relations with a woman he is not married to, so it’s a good example, a good analogy, even for those who like to twist and ignore the Scriptures and look for a justification for theirs and others’ promiscuous sins, to explain how we shouldn’t have fellowship with, or be yoked with, unbelievers. Let’s look closer at this scripture they claim is saying that sex equals marriage:

What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh. 1 Corinthians 6:16

Let’s first define a harlot, biblically. In every instance I’ve found in the Bible, a harlot is a married OR ENGAGED woman who commits adultery, and breaks her marriage covenant. The Hebrew word for harlot is zanah. It’s the same Hebrew word for adulteress. While I used to think a harlot was any woman who is promiscuous or unchaste, or a prostitute, I have more recently noticed that only an engaged or married woman is ever called a harlot in the Bible. There are no scriptural witnesses that establish a harlot can be a woman that is not in some sort of marriage covenant. There is not one example in the Bible of an unmarried, or unbetrothed woman ever being called a harlot, that I’ve found. A woman who plays the harlot in her father’s house is a woman that commits adultery while betrothed/engaged, and still living in her father’s house, and waiting for the rest of the marriage process to be completed.

Read the context of Deuteronomy 22. Also, in Genesis 38:24, Tamar, Judah’s daughter-in-law, is accused of playing the harlot, that she’s with child by harlotry. They are actually accusing her of adultery, because Genesis 38:11 and 38:26 agree that Judah promised her that she would be given in marriage to his son, Shelah, when he was grown. She was engaged, betrothed, promised to Shelah. She was in a marriage covenant, that’s why she keeps being referred to as Judah’s daughter-in-law. When her previous two husbands died, her marriage covenant with them also died, so it was her betrothal to Shelah, the third son, that made her Judah’s daughter-in-law. When she presented Judah with the identity of the one she sinned with, he realized he could not kill her for her sin of adultery/harlotry, because he, himself, was not without sin, as he was the one who fathered the children in her womb. He said she was more righteous than he was, because he did not keep his promise to give her to his son, which resulted in their shared, sexual sin of adultery/harlotry, even having sexual relations with his own son’s wife. Judah expected Tamar to be faithful to Shelah, and live as a widow until Shelah was old enough to take her to wife, but as soon as Judah finished mourning his dead wife, he sought out a prostitute. That’s quite the double standard which was made clear to him when he sought the death penalty for her sin and realized he was guilty with her of the same sin. He who is without sin, cast the first stone, light the first match. A man can’t judge a woman for adultery if he is the one she committed harlotry/adultery with.

Really, the context of 1 Corinthians 6:16, the man who joins himself to a harlot becoming one with her, is Paul speaking of the sexual sin of the man in their congregation who was sleeping with his father’s wife, which Paul addressed in the previous chapter. He told them in Chapter 5 to put that sinner out of the congregation, that a little leaven leavens the whole lump, that they should not have fellowship or even eat with such a person that calls himself a brother and a believer. Paul’s reference to a man being one with the harlot is referring to this man who had a sexual union with his father’s wife. He’s not saying he’s now married to his father’s wife, or that she’s now married to both the father and his son. She can’t have two husbands at once. He’s saying that the man sleeping with his father’s wife is one with her in sin. Stop sinning and stay away from those who tempt you to sin. A little leaven leavens the whole lump. Bad company corrupts good character. You become who you hang around with. What fellowship does light have with darkness? Do not try to fellowship with darkness lest that darkness extinguish the little light you have. Do not be unequally yoked. Do not commit adultery. Turn away from sin, don’t cling to it in a forbidden “marriage” or a forbidden sexual relationship and then twist Paul’s words in an attempt to justify your sins! Genesis 38:26 says that Judah never knew (had sexual relations) with Tamar again. When you realize you have committed adultery, or any sexual sin, the way you repent is by ending the sexual relationship, you don’t claim sex made you married so you can continue in the sin. Paul uses the example of sex in 1 Corinthians 6 to explain why we should not continue to sin and use our new freedom from sin as an excuse to sin, or break the law, sexually, or otherwise. If a man is calling himself a follower of Messiah, and is joining himself with an adulteress, it’s obvious to true believers that he’s more committed and joined to that sinful sexual relationship than he is to Messiah. If he was really a follower of Messiah, he’d quit the sinful sexual relationship that Messiah condemns and follow Messiah instead. A union with beginnings in adultery is not a marriage in YHUH, it’s forbidden. It’s unlawful and must be ended.

A marriage covenant requires and involves vows between a man and a woman. Adultery is a violation of marriage vows, a sexual act that occurs between a man and a woman, which results in a defiled woman who can no longer have sexual relations with her own husband because she was defiled by another man while in a marriage covenant. (Numbers 5:13-14). Even if a married or betrothed woman is raped, she is no longer permissible for her husband or future husband, she and the marriage bed are now defiled. (Numbers 5, Deuteronomy 24:4, 1 Chronicles 5:1, Ezekiel 18:6, 11, and 15, Hebrews 13:4, and Genesis 49:4.) 2 Samuel 16:21-22 and Samuel 20:3 say that David never slept with his wives again after his son Absalom defiled them. David provided for them as a good husband should, but the women lived separated from him as widows from then on. However, if a woman has sexual relations or is raped before becoming betrothed/married, there are no laws in Torah that forbid her from marrying. Like the widow, she’s not a virgin, and is not bound in a marriage covenant with another man, so she’s free to marry, as long as it’s a marriage in YHUH and her father or the closest male relative whose home she lives in allows it. Yet, the husband must be made aware she is not a virgin, that must be disclosed, lest he discover it on their wedding night and accuse her of adultery. He should not be deceived or led to believe he’s marrying a virgin. For her protection, there should be witnesses that he was aware she was not a virgin before betrothal.

If sex makes people married, rather than a verbal agreement, vow, or promise, as some suggest, that would be the opposite of what Deuteronomy 22 is teaching. If sex makes people married, that would mean the rapist is now the betrothed virgin’s husband, not her fiancé, because the engaged man has never had sex with his virgin, but the rapist, or seducer, has. In that case, the rapist is not guilty of adultery, does not deserve death, because having sex with her made her his wife. Obviously, sex does not make people married, because Deuteronomy 22 says the fiancé is her husband, the one who has NOT had sexual relations with his virgin. Exodus 22 tells us the father can refuse to give his daughter in marriage to the rapist or seducer. If the father can refuse, that contradicts the claim that sex made the rapist/seducer her husband. If sex made them married, there would be no need for the father to give permission. They would have already been married, without her or her father agreeing to it! Rape makes people married? Not according to the Bible! There must be agreement to marriage, an exchange of vows to be faithful and become husband and wife, and even if she agrees, the father can make void her vows, but ONLY if he VERBALLY expresses his disapproval the day he hears of the marriage or plans of the marriage. He can’t invalidate the marriage 3 years later when his daughter regrets her vows, after he agreed to allow the marriage, or after he held his peace when he first heard about their marriage. Numbers 30 gives the timeframe he, AND HER NEW HUSBAND, have to make void her vows, it must be the same day either man hears of her vows.

Matthew 1 and Luke 1 and 2 are more witnesses that sex does not make people married. Matthew 1:18-25 tells us that Mary and Joseph were engaged, (they had not yet completed the marriage process, they were only betrothed) but Joseph, once he knew she was pregnant, thought about divorcing her or putting her away secretly, in alignment with Exodus 24, and in alignment with Yahusha Messiah’s interpretation of Exodus 24, that a man cannot divorce a woman unless she commits adultery/harlotry, aka, finds something “indecent” or “unclean” about her (Deuteronomy 24:1). 

Joseph probably thought Mary had become defiled by another man in adultery, or maybe she was raped. Might I point out what I missed so many times when I read and heard this story before? Joseph would not need to divorce or put away a woman he was not already in some type of marriage covenant with! If engagement wasn’t part of the marriage covenant, then there would be no need for Joseph to consider divorce. If sex makes people married, rather than vows, then why would Joseph need to consider DIVORCING his betrothed VIRGIN? The angel assured him it was okay to take her to wife (go onto the next layer/step towards confirming the marriage), and he did, but it goes on to say that happened AFTER MARRYING HER/going further into the marriage process, after the wedding ceremony and the wedding feast, he still did not have marital relations with her until after the baby was born! If sex makes people married, then they wouldn’t have been married until after they had sex, and there would have been no need for Joseph to consider divorce, or putting her away. It does appear that there are layers of a marriage covenant. Hence, why Joseph was told it was okay to take her to wife after he was already considering divorce, or putting her away quietly.

Does the Spilling of Blood Begin the Covenant? Is it Required for a Marriage to be Legit?

No. In the case of a virgin’s wedding, there will likely be blood spilled the first time they have marital relations, but if the bride is not a virgin because she was molested as a child, she was raped or seduced outside of a marriage covenant, or if the bride is a widow, there probably won’t be any blood. There are those that suggest that the marriage of a widow or a woman who is not a virgin is not lawful. They say that no blood equals no marriage. On the contrary, Scripture establishes that these women can marry. Ruth, Bathsheba, and Abigail are all examples of such women who married lawfully after their husbands died, who would not have been virgins or shed blood upon consummating marriages with their second husbands. Of course, we know Ruth became an ancestor to both King David and Messiah Yahusha. That was obviously a legit marriage she had with Boaz. Leviticus 21 states that the high priest was required to only marry a virgin. He could not marry a widow, but the other priests could marry a widow, as they were not required to marry virgins only, as the High Priest was. In Ezekiel 44:22, the Zadokite priests are stated to only be able to marry widows of Priests, whether they were widows of men of the tribes of Benjamin or Levi, in either case, these widows would not shed blood on their wedding night as a virgin would. Whether or not a woman is a virgin does not determine whether she can ever marry, it has more to do with her vows, whether it’s an equal yoke in YHUH according to Torah, and the permission/blessing/agreement of the father, male relative, or slave owner.

Marriage Vows According to Numbers 30

Numbers 30 gives us instructions about vows. Vows would include wedding vows, but other types of vows, as well, such as Nazarite vows, which women were allowed to make. It explains that the only person who has authority to make void a woman’s vows is the man whose house she lives in, usually either her father or the new husband. I suppose that may be one reason a wife or daughter living in her father’s house could not establish her own vows might be because she probably would not own her own cattle that would need to be offered in the case that she needs to sacrifice an animal in the event she breaks a vow and sins. She can’t offer her husband’s or father’s animal for a vow if he doesn’t agree to that. Regardless of the reason, YHUH said she cannot establish her own vows while in her father’s house or while married and living with her husband. That’s the way it is, and it’s for her own good, to release her of that responsibility.

In some cases, the woman may not have any such man whose home she finds protection and provision in, she may find herself in slavery, in this case, the slave owner may marry her or give her in marriage to his son, or another servant, as explained in Exodus 21. She may live in a close male relative’s care, like Esther with her cousin, Mordecai. This way, she can have a family who treats her according to Torah law/love, and be safe from rapists, murderers, thieves, etc… Nowhere does the Torah state that a political government, or even a priest, judge, or member of the Sanhedrin has authority to determine whether a woman’s marriage vows stand or not, who she can or cannot be given in marriage to, or who can or cannot make those marital vows of no effect. Numbers 30 not only tells us who has authority to confirm or make void her vows, but also, in what timeframe the father and husband have authority to confirm or deny her vows. Both the new husband and the father (or slave owner or other male relative) can only confirm or deny them the same day they hear of it. Ever wonder why there is a tradition on the wedding day for the priest to ask if there is anyone who objects to the marriage, that they must “Speak now or forever hold your peace”? It’s because the father can object if he’s only hearing of her vows to marry the groom for the first time that day. If he approves, he holds his peace. If he voices his disapproval, he can make the marriage invalid. There is also a tradition in weddings for the father to walk the bride down the aisle and give her hand to the groom, symbolizing that he has consented to the marriage.

What if She’s Not Living in Her Father’s House When She Makes Her Vow?

There are widows and divorced women that may make a vow (not necessarily a marriage vow, but could be) while not under a father’s or a husband’s authority and provision, not living in a father’s or husband’s house. These women are responsible for their own words and deeds, just as men are. See Numbers 30:9. We also see this with Ruth and Abigail, they were both widowed and it appears they accepted marriage and made vows to a new husband without first returning to the homes of their fathers and getting their father’s approval.

I was raised without a biological father in the home. I had several step-fathers that came and went. I had no father to give his blessing or deny it when I accepted my husband’s marriage proposal. To women in the position I was in, I say, Our Heavenly Father gives us single, fatherless women guidance on who He wants for us, and who He forbids us to marry. He says we shall not be unequally yoked, or yoked with an unbeliever.

Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has light with darkness?
 2 Corinthians 6:14

A believing Christian should never marry an atheist, or a person of another faith who does not believe in Christ. Don’t even enter such unions. However, if you became a Christian after marriage, and your husband hasn’t put his faith in Christ yet, 1 Corinthians 7 gives us the following instructions:

To the married I give this command (not I, but the Lord): A wife must not separate from her husband. But if she does, she must remain unmarried or else be reconciled to her husband. And a husband must not divorce his wife. To the rest I say this (I, not the Lord): If a brother has an unbelieving wife and she is willing to live with him, he must not divorce her. And if a woman has an unbelieving husband and he is willing to live with her, she must not divorce him. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified through his believing wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified through her believing husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but now they are holy. But if the unbeliever leaves, let him go. The believing brother or sister is not bound in such cases. God has called you to live in peace. How do you know, wife, whether you will save your husband? Or how do you know, husband, whether you will save your wife? 1 Corinthians 7:10-15

Wives – if he leaves, or if there is no peace, remain single at least until he dies. Do not break your marriage covenant with him and jump into another with another man. It won’t be a covenant blessed by YHUH. That’s not faithfulness. It will defile you, and if you ever reconcile with your first husband, even if your second husband dies, you can never be physically intimate with the first again, even if you have children together. You can be a help meet, but intimacy is forbidden, lest he be defiled as you were, due to adultery. (Deuteronomy 24:1-4) Your children will also struggle to forgive your sin, the same way you struggled to forgive your first husband’s imperfections. Christ forgives us when we forgive others. Forgive your spouse and remain faithful. You’ll be glad you did.

It’s hard to find a verse that addresses the situation that modern women working outside the home find themselves in today. Parents are complicating and making the subject confusing for us all when they encourage their daughters to leave the nest before marriage, and sometimes, even kick the daughter out if she tries to stay longer than the parents want her to. It doesn’t appear that it was ever intended for a woman to voluntarily live in or find herself in such a situation. It was considered rebellion if a young woman or man left home before marriage. Once they were married, then they would leave father and mother and cling to the spouse. (Genesis 2:24, Matthew 19:5, Mark 10:7, and Ephesians 5:31.)

Remember the story of the prodigal son? The son in REBELLION, left the father’s house and went out and got jobs and served the gentiles after he spent all of his inheritance living the wrong way, the inheritance his father worked so hard to be able to give him, and that son returned to the father’s home once he was repentant, and the father was glad to welcome him home. The loyal, faithful, obedient son remained in the father’s house, he didn’t sit in the basement and play video games or attend college parties on campus. He helped the father with the father’s financial affairs, which multiplied and increased his own future inheritance. He did the father’s will rather than his own, and counted that more important and better than living the way his brother did, when the prodigal son realized he was better off in his father’s house, even if he was just his father’s hired servant.

Young single women didn’t just go out and get a job or go off to college. If a woman did, she would have likely been considered a woman looking for trouble. If she found herself divorced or fatherless, she could seek out a male relative for refuge or sell herself into slavery where she might be taken or given in marriage. Either way, she would now have a man to take responsibility for the vows she might make while under his roof, so that she, herself, would not be responsible for the vows she made before she was mature and ready to be, before she understood the consequences of not keeping her vows.

What if a man and young woman who does live in her father’s house tell her father they are getting married without asking for his permission? This happens a lot these days. It stands if the father holds his peace, but they aren’t free to marry if the father voices his objection when he hears of their plans. If he disallows it, or voices his disapproval, it would not be a marriage in YHUH, and she would not be required or allowed to keep her agreement of the engagement, she would not need to fulfill her agreement to seal and confirm and keep the marriage covenant with that man, as her father would not allow it.

What if they run off and elope anyway, against the father’s objections? They are in sin. It’s basically like the man seduced the young woman and stole her from her father, without paying the bride price to the father. She could at any point leave the man and return to the father’s house, and she would not be responsible, because her father disallowed her vows to the man the day he heard of them, while she was still in her father’s house. She would then be free to marry a man her father consented to give her in marriage to. That said, a father can never consent to a marriage and then change his mind and give her in marriage to someone else. Let your yes, be yes, and your no, be no. Men are required to keep their word, they cannot change their minds, according to Numbers 30, Matthew 5:37 (let it be noted this verse follows Yahusha’s teachings against divorce and remarriage because it does pertain to marriage vows, and keeping them) and James 5:12, because a man changing his mind is considered a liar, see Numbers 23:19-20.

What if her father does not know they are getting married until the wedding day, or after? If he holds his peace and does not reject her vows on the day he hears of it, no matter how long it is after the vows are made, he confirms the vows. Even if it’s years later when he hears of it, though, he can still make her marriage vows void if he voices disapproval the day he hears of her verbal commitment to a man.

Fiancé or Husband? Fianceé or Wife?

So we learn from Deuteronomy 22:24 that an engaged woman is called her fiancé’s wife, and he is called her husband, which suggests a marriage bond/covenant is already established, even though they are still engaged, and have not had marital/sexual relations. It’s further confirmed that there is a marriage covenant existent here, by the penalty deserving death for the rapist of a betrothed virgin, that of adultery, sex with another man’s wife, contrasted by the man who rapes or seduces the virgin who is not engaged to be married, and is not given the death penalty, rather is required to pay the father the bride price of a virgin and marry her, if the father is willing to give her in marriage to him. There appears to be layers in a marriage covenant, steps one takes to confirm and seal the covenant that began with the marriage proposal and its acceptance, often called engagement or betrothal.

Betrothal and Additional Layers of Marriage

The first layer of a marriage covenant is laid with an engagement, betrothal, promise, or agreement to enter that covenant. A husband proposes that a marriage covenant be made, the bride and her father accept such a proposal, and so the marriage process has begun. That bride is now set-apart for that husband. Once this phase happens, there is already a marriage covenant, it’s just not completed yet. That said, it’s already considered adultery/unfaithfulness, if, from this point on, the betrothed woman lies with another man while engaged. While they are yet engaged, the Bible says he is already called her husband, and she is called his wife. This is established in Deuteronomy 22:24. This means that many bachelor and bachelorette parties and the customs that go along with such parties have started those marriages off in adultery. This tradition, also called a stag party in some countries, or bucks party, is believed by some to have come from an ancient Celtic pagan custom in worship to a god with antlers, or the “Horned God”. Satanic, right? However, in the Testimony of Judah, found in The Testimony of the Twelve Patriarchs, in Chapter 2, verses 22 and 23, speaking of Judah’s encounter with his daughter-in-law, Tamar, it says it was a law of the Amorites that she who was about to marry should dress in bridal array and sit in fornication by the gates for seven days. This is much like the modern bachelorette party in the US where the bride dons her wedding veil and is led out on the town and encouraged to do things that are unmentionable with strange men in the city, usually the weekend before the wedding ceremony.

The second layer of marriage (which comes on a later date), the wedding ceremony, comes with another public verbal confirmation of the agreement to the terms of the covenant, and establishing that they are going to follow through on keeping the covenant they already agreed to enter when they became betrothed on a previous date. A public declaration of marital vows is witnessed by at least 2 others at the wedding ceremony. Nothing can be established without at least 2 witnesses, including a marriage. Today, society usually erroneously considers this to be the wedding day, and the day they become husband and wife, instead of just a ceremony reestablishing, celebrating, and declaring again the marriage that came into existence at the betrothal on an earlier date.

Later (often the same day) comes more, additional layers of the marriage covenant, including the marriage covenant meal celebration, or reception, followed by the sealing in the blood, or consummation with sexual marital relations further confirming their public declaration of marriage and faithfulness.

Exodus 19:1-8 is a valuable lesson teaching us at what point Israel entered covenant with YHUH – when YHUH proposed the terms of the covenant once they reached Mount Sinai, and Israel first agreed to do all her Heavenly Husband (or fiancé) would command her. See Verse 8 especially, for this evidence. At this point, they were betrothed, and the marriage week with the covenant meal and the sealing of the covenant with the blood all happened in the rest of that week of seven days. Exodus 24, especially verses 3, 7-8, 11, and 16. The Genesis 29:27-28 mention of “her week” seems to support the idea of a marriage week, which many today call a “honeymoon”.

What About the Death Penalty for the One Who Plays the Harlot in Her Father’s House, and the Death Penalty for Adultery? How Does a Father Cause His Daughter to be a Harlot/Whore/Adulteress as mentioned in Leviticus 19:29? How can a woman be an adulteress if she “may” remarry or become another man’s “wife”, as mentioned in Deuteronomy 24:

To answer the first question, about the death penalty for adultery and/or playing the harlot in her father’s house, it all depends on what happens after betrothal. Even then, there are conditions that must be met before the death penalty can be enforced for adultery. Yes, even in cases of adultery there are situations that do not call for the death penalty, for example, Numbers 5. The wife is cursed after she drinks the bitter waters if it be found that she was defiled by another man while married to her husband, or while she was engaged and living in her father’s house, as her husband suspected. In this case, she can’t have children once the curse comes upon her, but there’s no death penalty, because the man she committed the sin with is not present to also receive the death penalty with her and they were not caught in the act by two witnesses ready to cast the first stones. Instead of the death penalty, she faces the consequences of trying to hide the fact that she was defiled by another man while married to her husband, a horrible curse comes upon her and she lives in shame, as she should if it’s revealed she tried to conceal her sin from her husband and the priests.

If a husband finds out his fiancée was unfaithful some point after they were betrothed, IF at least two eye witnesses come forth, that SAME day he hears of her unfaithfulness, he can hand her over for judgment, to be killed, IF they also have the other guilty party because they were caught in the act. (Numbers 30, Leviticus 20:10 and Deuteronomy 22:22.) Knowing there was a death penalty for the sin, it would be rare that someone would commit it, and even more rare that someone would be caught in the act, and even more rare that there would be at least two eye witnesses willing to come forward and cast the first stones at both the guilty parties. I imagine adultery occurred much less often than it does is in these days, given the heavy consequence and shame involved.

If a man lies with his wife for the first time on their wedding night, and he finds that she is not a maid, not a virgin, because there was no blood, and he accuses her, and her parents have no evidence of her virginity, no proof of blood, then she shall be stoned, as he’s been deceived by her, causing him to be defiled, as well. Her lack of spilled blood and evidence of her unchastity are the witnesses against her. Deuteronomy 22:13-21. If it turns out she’s a virgin, that he lied about her lack of virginity, and the parents have proof of the blood of the virgin, he will be severely chastised for speaking lies against her, he will be required to pay 100 shekels of silver (twice as much as the bride price of a virgin), and it will be established that she is his wife and that he can never divorce her, because her chastity has been proven and he has proven to be a slanderer. In the future, nobody will ever believe that she has committed adultery and that he has grounds for divorce, because she has already been found to be more righteous in word and deed than he is. He’s lying about her so that he can divorce her. According to the Bible, a man can’t marry a virgin and use her and discard her the next day and take another virgin. He can’t wait a decade until he gets tired of his wife and wants to exchange her for a younger one. He can’t just get rid of her by falsely accusing his wife of not being a virgin when they married a year prior. To be a valid accusation of unchastity, not being a virgin upon their wedding night, he must make the accusation the same day he discovers the matter, according to Numbers 30, the day he hears her vows and becomes aware of her unfaithfulness when there was no blood on their wedding night.

If a man finds out his fiancée is not a virgin because she turns out to be pregnant while they are yet engaged, that NORMALLY would be a pretty good indicator she was either raped or guilty of adultery. Either way, she’s defiled and can’t have marital relations with the husband who hasn’t “known” her yet. With the case we read about in Matthew 1 and Luke 1 and 2 with Messiah’s parents, Joseph and Mary, Joseph learned from the angel Gabriel that it was okay to go on to confirm the marriage vows with Mary and take her to wife, because her child was not a result of being with a man, she was not unfaithful and she was not defiled by a man. But that’s not normally the case that the woman’s child is not from a man. In Joseph and Mary’s case, Joseph thought to put her away secretly rather than making a public example of her. The Bible says this was because he was a just man in Matthew 1:19. This verse establishes that this judgement of Joseph would have been a just one according to Torah, and that death for a woman suspected of adultery is not always prescribed if all of the conditions for the death penalty are not met.

Sometimes it’s the father, not the daughter, who causes his daughter to play the harlot. How can that be? We mentioned earlier that a man, a father, specifically, cannot change his mind after agreeing to give his daughter in marriage, just like a man can’t change his mind after he agrees to marry his bride. His word is binding, according to Numbers 30, and there are examples in the Bible of men, fathers, in the Bible, who promised their daughters to certain men and then turned around and gave them to another man. David and Sampson were both deceived by their father-in-law in this way. Both of these men caused their daughters to become adulteresses. So just because the Torah forbids a man breaking his agreement in both the Old and New Testaments, doesn’t mean it never happens.

Likewise, just because a woman is forbidden to marry another man after divorce, while her first husband is still alive, doesn’t mean it never happens. The Torah does address what should and should not happen in both cases. See Deuteronomy 24:1-4, Matthew 5:32, Matthew 19:9, Mark 10:12, Luke 16:18, Romans 7:3. All of these verses testify that if she is divorced from one man and marries another, she becomes an adulteress, and her new “husband” who “married” her, is an adulterer. It says that she is defiled after having relations with the second husband. A widow, unlike the divorced woman, is not defiled by either a first or a second husband. Then what causes a divorced woman to become defiled by the second husband, so that she can’t lie with the first husband again? Her unfaithfulness to her marriage covenant. The fact that a divorced woman’s first husband is still alive is the only difference between her and the widow. Being defiled is never a good thing in the Bible. She broke her vow to be faithful until death departed them (even if he broke the covenant with her first and divorced her without good cause), and now she is not only unacceptable or unclean for her husband, and no longer set apart for him, she is no longer set apart for YHUH. The physical teaches the spiritual. The divorced woman willfully rebelled against her vow to be faithful to her husband for life when she chose to not remain faithful to the first husband. Yes, that means she also committed adultery, even if she was not the one who pursued the divorce, or committed adultery FIRST. Just because he committed adultery does not mean YHUH has given her permission to do so as well. Her saying “I do”, to another man, is an act of adultery against the first husband. The moment she gave up on reconciling with the first husband and flirted with the idea of accepting a proposal from another man was the moment she hardened her heart against her first husband, her vows, her marriage covenant, and YHUH. Yahusha (represented by her earthly husband) must now die for her so that she may now come back into right relationship with YHUH, to be able to return to Him. This is how the physical teaches the spiritual. This is why Israel (Yashar’al) needs faith in Yahusha and His death, burial, and resurrection, for salvation and a relationship with YHUH, because Israel has been guilty of adultery and has become defiled in her sin of going after other gods, mere idols, like golden calves. Just because Yahusha died for her, that doesn’t make the bride’s wrongs right. His death and resurrection gives her the opportunity and desire to repent and make her wrongs right, to be brought back into relationship with her first husband.

Now to address the question regarding how a father can cause his daughter to become an adulteress, and the examples of fathers mentioned in the Bible who did so. King Saul, in 1 Samuel 18, promised BOTH of his daughters to David, first the older one, Merab, who Saul turned around and gave to Adriel to wife instead. Then Saul discovered that his younger daughter, Michal, loved David. It says this PLEASED Saul, in verse 21, because he wanted to give Michal to David in marriage, to become a SNARE to him. It was a trap from the beginning (verse 17)! I wonder if he planned it to be a snare by it being a violation of Leviticus 18, which says a man shall not take his wife’s sister while his wife is still alive, to vex her. (In Jacob’s defense, he unintentionally married Leah, Rachel’s sister, while he was already betrothed to Rachel.) David paid the bride price for King David’s daughter, Michal, with 200 Philistine foreskins (verse 25-27), even though Saul only requested 100 foreskins for her bride price, and King Saul gave her to David to wife, as promised. Then King Saul did the unthinkable – again. Due to his jealousy of David, after giving Michal to David, after she was already living in David’s house as his wife (1 Samuel 19:11), Saul turned around and gave Michal, David’s wife (who loved David), to another man, to be his wife instead! This is called causing your daughter to play the harlot, to become an adulteress, to go a-whoring, to be defiled! The father, Saul, proposed the terms for marriage, David met the terms, the father accepted the payment and gave her to him, and later the father broke his own word/promise/oath/agreement/vow, which Numbers 30 says a man cannot do. She was David’s WIFE, she could not be given to another, but she was! Does Saul’s decision stand? Are her vows to the second husband binding? No! It was not a marriage in YHUH! YHUH forbid a woman to be given in an adulterous marriage, it’s a forbidden sexual union, as her father already agreed she was to be married to David! There was already a marriage covenant, so Saul caused both Michal and her older sister, Merab, to become adulteresses! After Saul died, David got his wife, Michal, back, BEFORE the second “husband” died:

And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul’s son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines. And Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish. And her husband went with her along weeping behind her to Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned. 2 Samuel 3:14-16

It appears Michal was with Phaltiel for quite a while. David was fleeing from Saul for some time before Saul finally died and David got Michal back. Her second “husband” didn’t die, he was weeping behind her as she was returned to David until he was told to return home. There is nothing recorded in the Bible that says she ever had sexual relations with David after she was returned to him. It does say she despised David in her heart at some point after her return, at the time the ark of the covenant was returned in 2 Samuel 6 and 1 Chronicles 15:29, when she saw David dancing. Was her anger and hatred at that moment really just because of his dancing, or is it more likely there was more to it, that this just provoked her, that maybe she had resentment against David for her father’s death, for killing off her family and her father’s loyal subjects, and taking her back from her other husband? How would she ever have children now that David could not have relations with her due to her defilement from marrying another man? Her only hope for removing her shame of having no children would be for David to die. Maybe that was what she was secretly hoping and he sensed that in her reaction to his dancing and joy about the return of the ark. Maybe that’s why YHUH caused him to curse her so that she would die without children of her own. 2 Samuel 6:23. We don’t know for certain, but there definitely seems to be more to the story than he just cursed her to die childless for being upset with his dancing.

Why did David not also demand that Merab, Michal’s older sister, be returned to him, since she was also offered to David before being given to someone else in marriage? The Bible never mentions her again after she’s given to Adriel. It appears Merab was already dead by the time David got Michal back. 2 Samuel 21:8 says Michal, who had no children, brought up five sons for her sister Merab’s husband, Adriel. Those 5 sons were probably her nephews that had no mother after her sister, Merab, died. David handed those same five sons that Michal helped raise after her sister’s death to the Gibeonites to be hanged. It’s not difficult to understand why Michal might be bitter against David for her family being killed off so that David could rule his kingdom without hindrance from Saul’s family, but it’s also important to remember that she should have been thankful for her own life being spared, that her father’s family had become very wicked as he was, that she was given another chance and got to be the wife of King David, the King of Israel. He provided for her and loved her as a husband, even though she did nothing to deserve it. Michal is a picture of Israel here, and David represents Messiah Yahusha. He loves her despite her defilement, and makes her to be a wife of the King, and she pretty much spits in His face. This is how Israel has treated her King. The physical teaches the spiritual. We must repent of treating Yahusha, our King, in this way, lest we die cursed like Michal.

YHUH did not rebuke David for taking Michal back from Phaltiel, despite Phaltiel’s tears. David did not sin in this situation, but Phaltiel had defiled David’s marriage bed, he was sleeping with another man’s wife. So many women I have talked to about this, they just can’t imagine YHUH would be okay with a woman leaving or being taken from her second or third husband to return to the first, especially if that woman can’t have marital relations with the first husband again. They can’t imagine YHUH expecting her to live a life of celibacy until she or her first husband dies. It’s a high calling, for certain, but we do see it is required in many instances throughout the Bible. YHUH does not give us more than we can bear. We must trust Him and lean on Him to help us carry such burdens He may place on us to carry, for our good, and our growth. For women who realize they have not been faithful to their first husbands, it’s become their new calling to learn to be faithful to their first husbands who are still alive by repenting and abstaining from intimacy with all other men, even second or third “husbands”. Instead of seeking work and leaving their children in school or daycare, they should seek refuge with a male relative who understands how important it is for a mother to be home with her children. She can become an entrepreneur and find creative ways to help contribute financially to the household from home, if necessary. Now that we have the internet, especially, there is no excuse for a woman to not be able to support herself and children and still be able to keep YHUH’s Sabbaths and commandments.

Several divorced and remarried women have expressed to me that they can’t imagine YHUH would want to break newly formed “blended” families apart. These women are not thinking about the fact that they had already started a family when they married their first husband, and most of them had children with their first husband before they divorced and remarried. Why are they so set against saving and restoring the first family? Why do they cling to the second or third husband instead of the first? Deception, unfaithfulness, hypocrisy, and/or outright rebellion. These women continue to reject and forsake the first husband and family they started with him, in order to embrace and cling to a new one. No matter if the first husband repents or not, no matter if the second or third husband is repentant or not, they refuse to end the sexual relationship with the second or third husband so that they may return to their first husband. Divorced women usually claim their first husband is unforgiveable, that YHUH would never want them to be with them because the husband did not provide for them (only an excuse for slave wives in Exodus 21, by the way), committed adultery, or physically or sexually abused them or their children, or they blame the first husband for addictions to pornography, drugs, or alcohol, etc… Many times these women will cling to a second or third husband who has or develops the same or similar problems they left the first one for. It seems YHUH has the last laugh, that they are doomed to learn to live with what they ran away from in the first place.

So why did Moses allow divorce in the case of adultery if Yahusha is so adamantly against it and YHUH hates it so much? What does Yahusha mean by, “the hardness of your hearts”, in Matthew 19:8?

I think Yahusha’s reply to the Pharisees’ question about why Moses allowed divorce referred back to the wilderness, when the Israelites sinned with the golden calf and Moses broke the tablets displaying how hard their hearts were against their marriage covenant with YHUH. Because of their hard hearts, at this time, YHUH set up the Levitical priesthood, instead of YHUH’s original proposal for all of Israel becoming a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. According to the laws of the Levitical priesthood, if the groom is a priest, he can only marry a virgin or a widow, not a defiled, divorced woman. See Leviticus 21:7 and Ezekiel 44:22. So what if a priest finds out after he lies with his new wife, or when she shows up pregnant while they are yet engaged, that she is not a virgin? Being a priest and holy man set-apart for YHUH’s service, he cannot be defiled by her by having sexual relations with a divorced woman. What, then, should a priest do when he discovers the woman he’s betrothed to is defiled by another man? Probably what Joseph considered doing when he realized Mary was pregnant – divorce her. Divorce had to be added into the law because Israel, represented by the woman, would be unfaithful, she would become defiled, resulting in her not being clean, holy, or set-apart for YHUH, who is represented by the husband, or the Levitical priest, who had to marry a virgin, because the priest is holy and must remain that way for YHUH.

If it wasn’t for the hardness of Israel’s hearts in the wilderness, if Israel really had a heart to obey YHUH as she vowed to when they first got to Mount Sinai in Exodus 19:1-8, the Levitical priesthood would not have been necessary, and there would be no such thing as adultery or fornication in Israel. Thus, there would be no need to make a provision in the law that would allow a man to put away his wife for adultery, defilement, or finding something “unclean” or “shameful” about her.

Yahusha was pointing out to the Pharisees, that it’s not just the women of Israel that have hard hearts toward their husbands at times, that leads them to commit adultery, but this is also the condition of their own hearts – all of Israel, men and women – towards marriage covenants, and first of all, their marriage covenant towards YHUH. The men of Israel tend to blame their wives for adultery and other sins, like Adam blamed Eve, but the men also have a tendency to treat marriage covenants lightly, and the fact that they seek excuse to divorce is proof of that. A faithful husband does not ask how and under what circumstances he may end his marriage, but how and under what circumstances can he save his marriage. A hardened heart seeks divorce. A hardened heart marries another in the other spouse’s place.

A Change in Attitude About Marriage

It seems unthinkable to many of us today that a father would willingly give his precious lamb in marriage to a man with such lust towards his daughter, her rapist or seducer, but back then the alternative would have been much worse in the eyes of the young woman. Personally, I see that when people allow their daughters to date, or cohabitate with a “boyfriend”, or send them off to college or encourage or force them to go out and get a job and support themselves, the end result is USUALLY that the daughter fornicates before marriage and engagement. It’s sad how most people today treat their sons and daughters, including professing Jews and Christians, they are essentially causing/allowing their sons and daughters to behave as male and female prostitutes, and sometimes, as harlots, once they become engaged. Young people are much less likely to engage in sex before marriage if they are not thrust out of the house at the age of 18, or before marriage. Most parents today discourage marriage at a “young” age, they say they still have growing up to do. Yet, they send their youth out into the world with no money, no financial or moral guidance, no accountability, and raging hormones! That’s called setting them up for failure and a recipe for disaster! If they are too immature to marry, they are too immature to live on their own. Yes, a FEW kids may manage to keep their legs crossed or keep their chastity belts on until they marry, a very small minority may stay on the straight path, IF they manage to find it before leaving the nest, but the vast majority don’t.

Parents SHOULD NOT be discouraging their children from marrying. If they are legally old enough, and parents allow them to drink, drive, get a job, live in another state, own a gun, travel the world, rent an apartment, buy a house, pay their bills, join the military, get an abortion, or “play house” with a boyfriend or girlfriend, then why are they not old or mature enough to marry and have children? More often than not, it’s marriage and childbearing that stimulate people the most to begin to explore the issue of faith and salvation! It’s the temptations and tests and trials of this experience in trying to stay married, be a good parent, and maintain good family relationships that cause people to wrestle with YHUH the most, in their efforts to try to understand how they should understand boundaries and their relationships with their spouse, children, in-laws, etc…

Parents think they should encourage their children to wait until they are mature and responsible to marry and have children, but it’s marriage and children that most often causes people to grow up and be responsible! In a family, whether living with their parents and siblings or with a spouse and children, people have accountability with other people who believe as they do, who can give them support, encouragement, and guidance. Ecclesiastes 4:8-12 says that two are better than one, and it lists a few reasons as to why this is so, why it says it is better for a person to live with either a brother or a child than to live alone. Any money a single person makes will USUALLY get spent on vain things, it will be wasted. Remember how the prodigal son squandered his inheritance on wild living? He or she will spend it trying to fill the void of loneliness they feel inside. They are more prone to addictions, depression, sin, and everything else that goes along with that. Widowed and divorced people, especially those who live alone, are much more likely to commit suicide than married people or people living with family. It makes since, as they’ve lost their other half, they don’t feel whole, divorced people feel guilt, shame, and failure, and they may not find the faith to find their completion in YHUH. I believe the reason the never-married crowd does not commit suicide as often, even though they do often fall into depression due to their loneliness after leaving home as a teen or young adult, is because they hold onto hope that they may someday experience marriage. Young people need their parents and their family for companionship and everything that goes along with that until they find their equal yoke to continue their journey of faith and life with. Peers, roommates, classmates, and co-workers that are equally as lost, immature, and lustful are the last people you should want your child spending MOST of their time with when they are not busy! Bad company corrupts good character. Parents should not send their sheep out alone amongst the wolves. YHUH sends them out two by two, not alone. Mark 6:7 and Luke 10:1. Parents these days have adopted wrong attitudes from our modern culture and media about when their sons and daughters should marry, and when their children should go out from their parents’ roof.

There is definitely a cooling in attitude towards marriage these days in men and women, parents and children alike. Marriage isn’t smiled upon as much as it once was. See what Tamar thought about being rejected by her brother after he raped her in 2 Samuel 13. She preferred he marry her, that not marrying her after having his way with her would be an even greater wrong than raping her! She cried and went into mourning when he refused her! My, how attitudes about marriage have changed! No wonder adultery and fornication abound! A woman once wanted to be married and have children and avoided sexual sin, now a woman wants to engage in sexual sin while using birth control, having abortions, and avoiding marriage! That’s not only a drastic change in the view of marriage, but a drastic change in the value of life, a drastic change from what people once considered a blessing or a curse! Children were once a blessing, now they are considered a curse. Marriage was a blessing, now it’s curse, or at least discouraged until after college and a career is established, which means that by the time women find a husband and marry, they and/or their husbands are now having issues with infertility and miscarriages. Even when women do have children, the couple often puts a limit on how many they will have. Why would YHUH want to bless couples with children in their 30’s and 40’s when they used birth control to put off children and starting a family in their teens and into their 20’s and beyond? The current divorce and birth rates are proof that children and families are obviously not a priority to Christians or the Jewish people these days, at least not in the western world where the family and marriage has been deteriorating the fastest. It seems that making a buck, having a successful career, having fun, traveling the world, and having nice things are all far more important to people in our culture today. It’s only when young married couples start their quest for children, late 20’s, 30’s, and beyond, that they begin to regret putting off marriage and a family so long, when they are unable to conceive or carry a child full term. Why are so many parents and young people not making the connection? It seems so obvious to me now, but for several years it wasn’t. We’ve been deceived, for sure.

It’s very telling how many of the world’s problems of today, including the dramatic rise in divorce rates, STD’s, abortions, delayed age at marriage, sterilization, infertility, miscarriages, etc…, seem to coincide with the sexual revolution and the rise of feminism. Infertility always existed, don’t get me wrong, and it’s not always caused by sin or age, as we see with Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah. However, we have to admit that women aren’t helping their cause these days when we put off children even into our late 30’s or 40’s when menopause starts knocking at the door for many of us women. Women aren’t the only ones to blame, of course, more shame on the men, for causing and allowing their wives and daughters to lose their morals and confuse their priorities! Don’t tongue lash your wandering wife or daughter when you allowed the deception to come into your home through the local public or private school, the media, and who you and your family spend your free time with!

Can a Man Divorce His Wife for Any Reason?

NO! He can’t even divorce his wife for any and every case of adultery, either. There are strict requirements about under what circumstances he can divorce her under the accusation or suspicion of adultery. It seems to me that Deuteronomy 22 and 24 are the chapters in the Torah that dictate when, and under what circumstances, a husband can divorce his wife for adultery. Numbers 30 (which explains under what circumstances, and when, the husband can disallow her vows) should be used with Deuteronomy 22 and 24 to help determine when divorce would be permitted. I understand it to say he can only make void her wedding vows to him and give her a writ of divorce the same day he hears of or discovers her sin or uncleanness (Numbers 30), whether that be on their wedding day or night or after they had been married many years. He can’t decide to divorce her for adultery 3 years after he found out about her sin, just because he’s starting to have trouble getting along with her or he found someone he likes better. The decision to cut ties must be immediate after her sin is discovered, the adultery must be the real and only reason for the split. He can always figure out how to work out forgiveness and reconciliation later. If she can’t be faithful to wait for him until he’s able to forgive her and take her back, if she marries or has sex with another man and defiles herself in the meantime, that’s evidence she hasn’t repented of her sin, she’s still playing the harlot, so he should not take her back anyway.

I can only think of two cases in the Bible of a man of Israel legally divorcing or putting away his wife beyond engagement, and neither of those involved adultery or a free woman or virgin of Israel. The only cases I can think of is Abraham putting away Hagar (Genesis 21 – justified in Exodus 21) and when the Jews returned from Babylon and read the Law and realized that they had taken foreign wives the Torah forbids, wives that had led them into idolatry, and when they realized this, the men put them away (Ezra 10 and Nehemiah 13). Since they were foreign wives, they may have been slave wives, or concubines, who the Isrealites were permitted to put away and give them their freedom in Exodus 21. I believe the reason the slave wives in Exodus 21 were allowed to be treated differently than the virgin daughters of Israel in this way is because foreign slave wives did not have free choice, those women did not make vows as free women that bound them for life. He married her hoping she would always walk in the Torah and be pleased to be married to him, her husband obtained her after winning a battle against her people and killing her family and became bitter against him about it. They may have thought they would be equally yoked when they married, she may have shown signs of a willingness to keep Torah, like those mentioned in Acts 15:19-21. If these foreign wives or concubines started to backslide and commit idolatry, as they learned from their own people, and/or became unhappy in their situation, they would act unpleasing towards their husbands, and the husband may be inclined to allow her freedom to keep the peace. Also, foreign women were not in covenant with YHUH or His people from birth, like the virgins of Israel. Of course, we know in Hagar’s case, she did fall under the ruling in Exodus 21 of an Egyptian slave wife, she and Ishmael seemed no longer pleased to dwell peaceably with Sarah and Isaac, and Hagar was freed, and we have no indication in Torah that she ever remarried.

Can a Husband and Wife Reconcile After Adultery? What if they divorced and married or had sexual relations with someone else?

It’s common for marriages to be reconciled, for a husband or wife to see their own sin and/or forgive their spouse and get back together. Reconciliation is good, but what if one or both of them has sex with someone else while they were apart? What about Deuteronomy 24:1-4? Sadly, they cannot have sexual marital relations again if she has been defiled by another man, as the husband would become defiled if he went into her after she was with another man against her covenant. Deuteronomy 24 is not saying, however, that she can never return to her first husband to be his helper or seek refuge in his home, that he cannot provide for her, just that marital relations is out of the question.

YHUH loves forgiveness and reconciliation, it is good for a marriage and a family. If a woman is repentant and her husband is still willing to be faithful to her and keep his marital covenant with her despite her prior unfaithfulness, he does right to do that and continue to treat her with love and provide for her. HOWEVER, the Bible says that once the woman has defiled herself sexually with another man after entering covenant with her husband, her husband can NEVER have marital sexual relations with her again. She can remain in his house, under his protection and provision, but he can no longer have physical intimacy with her. Biblically speaking, he must either take an additional wife or refrain from sexual intimacy until one of them dies, but it is still Biblical and good if there is repentance and forgiveness, and he chooses to keep his covenant and protect and provide for her and love her despite the fact that she was unfaithful and he cannot have marital relations with her anymore. This is the selfless thing to do. This is how Messiah loves the church. He just wants His bride to return to him and be holy as He is holy. Even if he takes another wife, it is still good for him to also love and be a husbandly provider to the first wife who’s been defiled, minus the marital relations, of course.

Dear husband – will you be merciful and receive the wife of your youth if she returns to you? Dear wife – will you teshuvah, repent, and return to your first husband? If he won’t accept you, will you live set-apart for him as a single woman until the two of you are reconciled, or wait upon YHUH until he dies so you may marry another? A loving, faithful wife should never hope her husband dies so that she can marry another. She should pray for his repentance, or that he will forgive her for whatever offended him, so they can be reconciled, and if he dies because YHUH determined that was best, then she is free to remarry. Until then, she should remain faithful to her vows. Marital fidelity is one of life’s tests. Will you pass the test? Will you remain faithful in sickness in health? Good times and in bad, for richer or poorer? Until death do you part, as you first vowed? Here are examples from YHUH of how a true and faithful husband speaks to a wayward bride who’s become defiled by infedelity:

I have swept away your sins like a cloud. I have scattered your offenses like the morning mist. Oh, return to me, for I have paid the price to set you free. Isaiah 44:22

They say, “If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become another man’s, shall he return unto her again? shall not that land be greatly polluted? but thou hast played the harlot with many lovers; yet return again to me, saith YHUH.” Jeremiah 3:1

YHUH said also unto me in the days of Josiah the king, Hast thou seen that which backsliding Israel hath done? She is gone up upon every high mountain and under every green tree, and there hath played the harlot. And I said after she had done all these things, Turn thou unto me. But she returned not. And her treacherous sister Judah saw it. And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also. And it came to pass through the lightness of her harlotry, that she defiled the land, and committed adultery with stones and with stocks. And yet for all this her treacherous sister Judah hath not turned unto me with her whole heart, but feignedly, saith YHUH. And YHUH said unto me, The backsliding Israel hath justified herself more than treacherous Judah. Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, Return, thou backsliding Israel, saith YHUH; and I will not cause mine anger to fall upon you: for I am merciful, saith YHUH, and I will not keep anger for ever. Only acknowledge thine iniquity, that thou hast transgressed against YHUH thy Aluhym, and hast scattered thy ways to the strangers under every green tree, and ye have not obeyed my voice, saith YHUH. Turn, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion. Jeremiah 3:6-14

Surely as a wife treacherously departeth from her husband, so have ye dealt treacherously with me, O house of Israel, saith YHUH. Jeremiah 3:20


Can a Woman Divorce her Husband for Adultery?

Nowhere in the Bible does it say a woman can lawfully divorce her husband for adultery, or any other reason, and remarry someone else, without committing adultery herself:

“And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.” Mark 10:12

How much clearer can it be? If she turns around and marries/sleeps with another man, even if HE’S the one who divorced HER, and WITHOUT Biblical cause, she’s guilty of the same sin she’s accusing him of – unfaithfulness. She’s a hypocrite, she’s an adulteress. Let the one without sin cast the first stone. If she can’t cast that stone, she should go back to him. A faithful woman will remain faithful to her marriage vows, even if the husband tramples on the vows they both made.

A man can have more than one wife, according to the Torah, so it was never considered adultery if he had sex with more than one woman, as long as those women were not married to another living man. Abraham did not commit adultery with Hagar. He simply took a second wife, given to him by his first wife, which is permitted, and in some cases, commanded, in the Torah. YHUH gave David Saul’s surviving wives after Saul died, as mentioned in 2 Samuel 12:8. If it was a sin for a man to have more than one wife, YHUH wouldn’t have given Saul’s wives to David.

Since YHUH doesn’t condone the divorces going on today, all these people are in adultery anyway when they move on and marry someone else, so what’s their beef with polygyny? Think about it. Supposedly they are concerned some or all of his wives or children will be neglected, or he won’t be able to financially able to provide for them all. When a man divorces his first wife and marries a second, in an effort to live according to the laws of monogamy, isn’t that neglecting and refusing to protect and provide for his first wife and the children from that marriage? Sure. Usually the secular courts have to force divorced men to pay alimony or child support and the men are cursing under their breath about it and most do not have a good relationship, if any, with their children, after divorce. They often completely abandon them and go on to their own selfish pursuit of happiness. Really, according to the Bible, the divorced and remarried guy now has two wives, and he’s broken his vows (committed adultery) because he’s not kept his vows to be a husband to the first wife. When done in the right spirit, polygyny can be a good solution to many problems that may arise in a marriage. It can save families and keep them together when done right, according to Torah love.

Let’s discuss some of the other reasons polygyny is a healthier answer than divorce and remarriage.  How much adultery happens these days because of infertility in a man’s wife, due to a desire to have a family with a woman who CAN have children? What if Abraham divorced Sarah because she could not conceive the seed promised to him by YHUH? What if Sarah then went and married someone else before YHUH revealed it to Abraham that Sarah was the one to have the promised seed? Gee, that would have ROYALLY messed things up! This is one of many reasons why polygyny is a more virtuous option for families than divorce and remarriage, why YHUH allows a man to have more than one wife but hates divorce. Since YHUH doesn’t condone the divorces going on today, all these people are in adultery anyway when they move on and marry someone else, so what’s their beef with polygyny? The addition of Hagar into the family was always in YHUH’s plan, she just wasn’t the one chosen to bring forth the promised seed. He always planned to use her and Sarah in the analogy of the free woman and the slave woman. He blessed Hagar and Ishmael and they were also involved in a covenant YHUH had with Abraham. YHUH promised He would bless His seed from Ishmael as well, and YHUH multiplied Ishmael with 12 sons.

Let’s explore other explanations why YHUH’s Torah allowance for polygyny might be there. I believe it’s there because His ways are higher than our ways. According to the Bible, whoever divorces his wife , and takes another, he commits adultery against her, and causes his first wife to commit adultery. Mark 10:11, Matthew 19:9, and Matthew 5:32. If a man has sex with someone he isn’t married to, an unbetrothed virgin, he is expected to marry her, if her father is willing. What if he is already married? Should he take her virginity and then turn his back on her and hope she has a nice life and remarries? What if she was to become pregnant in this situation? Should he abandon her while she raises her child without a father? Would it not be better for him to repent and take her into his family and care for them both as a husband and father should, while still being a husband to his first wife and her children? You might say he should provide for the woman and her child, but marriage and a sexual relationship should not happen. What if no other men are interested in this particular woman and her child? Should she face a life without experiencing marriage or more children because her culture frowns on the baby’s father taking a second wife? Remember, King David married Bathsheba, even though he already had several wives when he married her, including Abigail and Ahinoam. He went on to make his wrong with Bathsheba and Uriah right. He confessed and repented. He suffered the consequences because YHUH brought a plague on the people of Israel and he lost his child with Bathsheba. Yet, YHUH would forgive him and YHUH blessed him and Bathsheba with another son, a promised seed – Solomon. YHUH loved Solomon. 2 Samuel 12:24 What if David didn’t marry Bathsheba after killing her husband and leaving her pregnant? Wasn’t it right for him to marry her after he had her husband killed? Apparently YHUH approved. He honored the marriage. He didn’t command David to put her away.

We also see in the Old Testament, that a man was expected to marry his brother’s wife so that he could have and raise up a son for his brother. This was to happen whether or not the surviving brother was already married. Torah does not say that a married man is exempted from this commandment. He could be inheriting a second wife. It was his duty, or else it was a shame to him and his family if he refused her. There were/are situations when a man was/is commanded to take more than one wife, or when it’s better than the alternatives, like being childless or divorced because a spouse is not content to remain childless. I do know men who divorced because they were married to a woman who could not have children, and they badly wanted children to pass on their name and inheritance, and experience being a parent and the joys of having children. Some women would prefer to be married to a man with more than one wife than never getting to help raise up children, or facing divorce. Some women are loving towards their husband, and are selfless, like Sarah, and just want their husband to have children and multiply, even if she doesn’t get to be the one who gives them to him. Many people divorce simply because women are confused about what adultery is, their pride is injured and they feel jealous and betrayed when they shouldn’t. Many men are perfectly capable of loving and providing for more than one wife.

So He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. Mark 10:11

Notice the verse above explains that a man only commits adultery against his wife if he divorces her and then takes another wife to replace the first. A woman SHOULD feel hurt, jealous, and betrayed, if she’s literally been replaced by another wife, but that doesn’t give her permission to divorce him and marry another man, just like he can’t just divorce her and marry another woman. Notice it does not say he commits adultery against her if he takes a second wife in addition to her. Remember our patriarchs like Abraham and Jacob were not adulterers, even if they had more than one wife. Unless a husband divorces his wife and marries another instead, because he wants to replace her so he can have a different wife and doesn’t want to provide for two wives, he doesn’t commit adultery. He could take a second wife, or more, but he was to provide for them both, and he had to keep his covenant with the first wife to be a good husband to her, the wife of his youth, and if he had his firstborn with her, he could not give the rights of the firstborn to the son of another wife he loved more. The New Testament did not change the Torah laws about marriage. People have twisted Paul’s words to their own destruction when they make such claims that he said that a man can now only have one wife. Paul would be breaking the law if he taught such a thing, and Paul taught we should keep the law, not sin against it.

If YHUH’s will is for people to never divorce, because He hates divorce (Malachi 2:16), what does the Bible tell us we should do if we have trouble living peaceably with a spouse, when YHUH calls us to peace?

Let’s start in 1 Corinthians 7 to answer this question:

And unto the married I command, yet not I, but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from her husband. 1 Corinthians 7:10

Did you catch that? Paul said it was a COMMAND from YHUH that the wife not leave her husband. If she sins, and ignores this command that a wife is not to depart…

But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband: and let not the husband put away his wife. 1 Corinthians 7:11

then let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband. This is like what we today call “separation”. Couples can be separated, without filing for divorce, while trying to work out their differences. Notice divorce is not an option given to her in the above verse. It goes on to say that the husbands are not to be allowed to put away the wife. BUT IF HE DOES, and disregards this command and his marriage covenant, does Paul say she is now free to also disregard these commands and her marriage covenant and marry another man? NOOO! Two wrongs do not make a right! Paul stated in verse 11 that she is to remain unmarried or be reconciled to him. He gives her no option to divorce him or marry someone else.

What if one has a sinful spouse who is an unbeliever, preventing peace?

But to the rest speak I, not the Lord: If any brother hath a wife that believeth not, and she be pleased to dwell with him, let him not put her away. 1 Corinthians 7:12

Paul admits there is no explicit command from YHUH here, but we have to admit, there is no instruction that directly addresses this situation in the Torah of Moses, because in the Old Testament, they were born into a family who raised their children to believe in YHUH, and they did not marry their children into an unequal yoke. Those in the New Testament churches in exile in Greece and Rome and elsewhere, were coming into the faith through conversion, or coming back into the faith through repentance, so they were more likely to find themselves married to an unbeliever when they came to believe in Yahusha. Paul was speaking advice to this situation that was unique to people outside of Jerusalem and living in Paul’s era. It was wise advice, and it was in line with YHUH’s Word that stresses how much YHUH hates divorce, that it leads to violence, treachery, and adultery. He rules that the man should live with the unbelieving wife as long as she is willing to live with him, and not put her away, as long as they dwell in peace.

This judgment of Paul is in agreement with Torah, because Abraham also tried to live in peace with Hagar as long as he could, until YHUH intervened and told him that Sarah was right to insist that Abraham put her away, because Hagar and Ishmael were again having trouble dwelling with them in peace, and they were starting to sin against Abraham and Sarah like Lot and his servants began to quarrel with Abraham and his servants. Twice Hagar and Ishmael left, but the first time Hagar humbled herself and was corrected by YHUH and her and Sarah were reconciled. The Book of Jasher says the straw that broke the camel’s back was when Sarah saw Ishmael “playing around” and pointing a bow and arrow at Isaac when Abraham was celebrating Isaac being weaned. Genesis 21 says Sarah caught Hagar mocking. The testimony of these two witnesses explains why Hagar and Ishmael were both sent away, they were both having trouble dwelling with Sarah and Isaac in peace. There were signs jealousy and violence were brewing. Sarah had good reason to fear Ishmael or Hagar might try to kill Isaac to keep him from getting the inheritance and blessing YHUH promised him as the Chosen Seed of YHUH. There is this concept and example in the Torah of our forefathers trying to dwell in peace with others as long as they are willing and able to dwell peaceably. Let’s go on and read more about Paul’s rulings about this:

And the woman which hath an husband that believeth not, and if he be pleased to dwell with her, let her not leave him. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy. But if the unbelieving depart, let him depart. A brother or a sister is not under bondage in such cases: but Aluhym hath called us to peace. 1 Corinthians 7:13-15

If a woman has an unbelieving husband, she is not to leave him as long as he is willing to live with her. BUT, if the unbelieving spouse leaves, let him or her go, the believing spouse is not under bondage in such cases, Aluhym calls us to peace. Does this mean the woman is free to divorce and remarry? Does it say, “let them depart”, means it’s okay to divorce and marry someone else? It doesn’t say she or the husband are free to do this. It is only giving them permission to live separately under different rooves if they have trouble getting along under the same roof. If Paul were to be saying divorce and remarriage were okay, in this case, that would go against everything he said earlier in the chapter, and what he said in Romans 7:3, and it would go against Yahusha’s words about the subject, and what Moses taught. The Torah and New Testament suggest otherwise. If he meant to say she is free to marry someone else, he would not have said what he said in verse 11, that she should remain unmarried or be reconciled to him. Rather, verses 13-15 seem to be saying they are free from the bondage of living with someone who does not want to live with them, until either reconciliation or death. Abraham allowed, encouraged, and told Lot, and Hagar, to go in order to keep the peace, he didn’t force them to stay when they showed with their actions and words that they weren’t content to remain with him and his family without sinning against them. If we keep reading Paul’s letter to the Corinthians to the end of the same chapter, we see that Paul does not intend to say the woman is free to marry someone else. Paul says:

The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in YHUH. 1 Corinthians 7:39

She is only free to marry someone in YHUH, if, and only if, the first husband is dead. This is echoed by Paul in Romans 7:

Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband. So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man. Romans 7:1-3

Both of these passages explain the Torah, marriage, divorce, and adultery. This idea of the woman being bound for life comes from Numbers 30, that if her husband or father hold their peace, her vows are binding for life. The bride vows “’til death do us part” when she marries. According to Numbers 30, she just bound herself for life with her own words. Her new husband’s and her father’s agreement (on the day they first heard of her vows) to this establish that she is bound for life.

Many “Messianics” who claim they believe in keeping the Torah, like to conveniently forget the New Testament does not mention changing or doing away with these laws and instructions about marriage found in the Old Testament that are not acceptable in the foreign culture Israel finds herself in today. They take New Testament scriptures about requirements to be elders and twist, misinterpret, and mistranslate them to their own destruction, because that’s what they were taught to do. As more and more rabbis and pastors are becoming more and more liberal in their interpretations of the Torah and the New Testament, it’s becoming more and more important that we question those interpretations, and follow the ancient paths…

Thus saith YHUH, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein…Jeremiah 6:16

Because my people hath forgotten me, they have burned incense to vanity, and they have caused them to stumble in their ways from the ancient paths, to walk in paths, in a way not cast up…Jeremiah 18:15

O YHUH, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and things wherein there is no profit. Jeremiah 16:19

May Yashar’al again receive wisdom, knowledge, and understanding about marriage covenants, and may she return to her first love, even to YHUH, and learn to judge with justice, mercy, and righteousness… Amen































































Does the Bible Address Killing a Baby in the Womb? Yes! Death Penalty? Yes!

You probably are expecting me to quote such commandments in Scripture like, “Thou shalt not murder.” I think 95% of the people on both sides of the abortion argument at least agree PUBLICLY (what some abortionists REALLY think might be another matter) that one should not murder, so I will not do that, because I think there is one Scripture in particular that specifically condemns the killing of the unborn in the womb, as murder, in the Bible, and demands life for a life. Despite what many say, there is a Scripture that addresses abortion more specifically than “thou shalt not murder”.

There is a commandment in the Old Testament that addresses killing a baby in the womb, and the consequences, in a more clear and defining way than just the broad and vague commandment to not murder. It is found in Exodus 21, which is a chapter about stealing, killing, and destruction of someone else’s property, such as a wife and her unborn child. Absolutely, the Bible teaches women and children are a man’s property, but it also teaches that a good shepherd does not mistreat his own flock. After all, that would be counterproductive, like shooting one’s self in the foot. But what if someone tried to harm a shepherd’s flock, his lamb, or a man’s wife, his child, or even his unborn child?

John 10:10 says the thief comes to steal, kill, and destroy. This is referring to Satan who tries to steal souls, kill them, destroy them. John 10 goes on to say that Christ gives life, and life more abundantly. The Bible not only calls Satan a thief, but a murderer, a liar, and the father of lies, in John 8:44. To determine whether abortion is good or evil, Yah’s will, or not, one only needs to ask one question. Does abortion give life, or steal, kill and destroy life? It does not give life, it takes it. Who promotes life and life more abundantly? Abortionists, or pro-lifers? I’m not saying those who have had an abortion will go to hell, we’ve all sinned, but certainly they are in danger of suffering for eternity, unless they repent. It’s not just a danger for the individual, intentional killing of babies born and  unborn can bring destruction on a nation.

Should there be exceptions to allow abortion in some cases,  like a situation of incest, rape, or to save the life of a mother? What if the child would not be viable? What if doctors believe a child would not survive, or would not live a long, enjoyable life? After all, saving the life of the mother is preserving life, right? Some may argue that rape and incest are considered sexual sins in the Bible, so maybe children shouldn’t come out of it. Maybe it would sadden the mother too much to look at her child conceived in rape as a reminder of her traumatic experience. Maybe a young girl impregnated by her father or older brother would be too young and immature to raise a child, being a child herself. Some worry she may lose many opportunities of a good life. Maybe she would never get that Grammy Award.

Let’s look at these questions another way. What makes us believe that the raped or the victim of incest would always forget such bad memories and live a better life if she added abortion to the heavy burdens on her heart? How do we know that many of these women would not actually be saved after the experience with childbirth and raising a child up? How do we know that doing something good in raising a child up would not be therapeutic and healing for a such a woman? How do we know it would not be a positive and uplifting experience? How do we know that she wouldn’t be saved from depression and suicide if she and/or we were to cause her baby to live?

But women will be saved through childbearing, assuming they continue to live in faith, love, holiness, and modesty. 1 Timothy 2:15

How many stories have we heard about doctors claiming the mother or child would not survive, or the child would have Down’s Syndrome, or some worse condition that would mean a “lower standard of living” for mom and child, only to find out after birth that the child was perfectly normal and mom is fine? Doctors are not the Father in Heaven. They are OFTEN wrong. I’ve heard doctors and nurses comment that the Father in Heaven seems to enjoy PROVING them wrong.

As a child conceived in sin, outside of a marriage covenant, having grown up in the welfare system, fatherless, sometimes living with family members who are not my mother, or friends of my mother, because my mother could not care for me, I more than question all of the reasons commonly given for abortion. While the act that led to my conception was a sin that should be regretted and should never have happened, I’m extremely thankful my mother chose life, and did so three other times with my other siblings. Life wasn’t perfect for us, but we got a chance, I’ve enjoyed much of my life, and I chose to make the most of it. I’m not living in poverty, not on welfare, not divorced, not a failure or an addict, and I have a wonderful and faithful husband who has helped me to raise two amazing children that are truly a blessing to us and all they meet. In fact, I’ve longed for more children, and I’d be willing to die that I might be able to bring another life into this world, if my Father in Heaven found that to be His will. What an honorable death! To die for another life, as my Savior did!

Abortion is based on lies and deception, crafted by the father of lies, a murderer, the devil. It is stealing, killing, and destroying life. Not just the life of the baby, but the life of the mother. Women have died from botched abortions and poor care in clinics that make money killing, not saving lives. Some women have been injured internally in ways that prevent successful desired pregnancies in the future. They go on to have miscarriage after miscarriage. Many women post abortion need counseling, become depressed, suicidal, hooked on drugs, alcohol, prescriptions, etc… The claim is that this is because of stigma attached to abortion, but it’s not the fault of society, it’s the guilt she feels because she knows what it really is, and that she’s committed murder, she’s killed her own child. To convince women that taking a life is okay, that it’s not murder, is an attempt to turn them into monsters, because only a monster would not feel saddened, broken, and guilty, after going through with an abortion.

There is hope for the repentant woman in Christ. There is hope for women who were pressured and regret or never wanted an abortion. Many Christian women have found forgiveness and discovered that children are a blessing to be cherished, not a cursed thing to be destroyed. While they may still grieve their loss, they have found healing. Sadly, many women never find that healing. I suggest that if a pregnant woman is suicidal and “needs” an abortion, according to her and/or her doctor, she was suicidal to begin with, and not because she’s pregnant, but because she has developed a habit of believing the father of lies, and the lie that abortion will make everything better, just like the woman believes drugs, alcohol, suicide, etc…, will make it all better.

Some people will argue that abortion is not murder or infanticide because they reason that it’s just tissue, and not a baby yet, that life doesn’t begin until birth, or when the heartbeat is heard at 6 or 8 weeks gestation. Many people have been deceived or are confused on the subject, while there are other people who won’t acknowledge that murder is wrong, who are just pure evil, and don’t care what the Bible has to say about it. I have known people, even had (notice the past tense) an “intelligent” friend who was an engineer in college, who suggested on a regular basis that the existence of humans was a sin against the Earth and that everyone should just go kill themselves because they are all miserable and make life miserable for everyone else. I felt sorry for the person at the time, and one of the reasons I befriended this person was to try to show him how people can be good, and a blessing, not a curse. After getting to know him better, I realized he was lying to himself and others, was not rational, and no matter how good I was to him, no matter how much I blessed him, he continued to curse and be a curse. I began to wonder, “If he really believes everyone should kill themselves, why hasn’t he ever attempted suicide?” Not that I wanted him to, or didn’t believe he could ever have an experience that might humble him and change his perspective. I do hope he lives to see a day of repentance. I later realized he didn’t really believe that the world would be a better place if everyone committed suicide, or else he would have tried it or done it himself. He was lying just as Satan lies. He enjoyed life. He had a good time. He was successful in just about everything he did. He exercised and took care of himself believing it would increase his length of life. He enjoyed his family, food, sunny days, his friends, music, dancing, the outdoors, the creation, his possessions, his dog, everything YHUH made for him and gives to him. He didn’t act or appear miserable at all, and he didn’t act like everyone made him feel miserable, he seemed to very much enjoy the company of other people. He was a social person. He was ungrateful for it all, though. On a daily basis he shook his fist at Yah and would intentionally try to defy Him and curse Him. His stance on abortion was just one of many ways he would do that. He was in rebellion. It was all a lie.

This article is not for people like him, but to those who need encouragement on what they know is right, and those who want to do the right thing, but are told conflicting things about what the Bible says about killing a baby in the womb, and when life begins. I am not going to just give you a bunch of scientific theories, facts, arguments, or my own understanding or other people’s opinions, but I will throw some of that stuff out there just to show how silly it is that we are even arguing when the Bible clears up the matter quite refreshingly. I have recently found a Scripture that I believe settles the abortion argument for those who are genuinely confused about what the Bible says about this issue.

Many of us struggle to understand those who are confused about whether it is immoral or considered murder to end a woman’s pregnancy and destroy the baby in her womb. They are confused about whether this is a sin, whether they could lose their salvation, whether they will face any punishment while living on this Earth or after death. Why are they so confused? Why was I so confused about this issue for so long in my youth? I was not confused on this matter until my late teens, basically, when sexual sin entered the picture. It was black and white to me in my pre-teens, until my sins and opinions of society started to make the matter less clear. All of a sudden, scales started growing on my eyes and I started to wonder if there weren’t some circumstances when abortion might be okay, and the lines got blurrier the more sins I accumulated. Then you add the liberal media, a lack of knowledge and boldness in the pulpit, and lack of righteous influence in a young and vulnerable girl’s life, and you can start to see why people who claim to believe in the Bible are confused about what it says about abortion.

I was recently listening to a couple of conservative talk show hosts complain about what Alyssa Milano recently said about her supposed beliefs, the Bible, and abortion. I say “supposed” beliefs, because I have not seen any works from Alyssa Milano that are evidence of any belief in the Bible, and she even seemed to admit that her faith opposed her stance on abortion. She is a Hollywood actress who pushes for a woman’s “right” to have an abortion. Here is what she said recently that sparked the conversation on these two radio shows:

“I love God. I believe in God. But I don’t believe my personal beliefs of which we can’t confirm should override scientific facts and what we can confirm.”

She then quoted the Bible:

“If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things?” John 3:12

Personally, I believe that scientific facts that we can confirm, are consistent with the Bible and my personal beliefs. Why would Alyssa Milano hold belief in something that  she believes science confirms to be wrong? Why would anyone? Science is really just the study of Yahuah’s creation. While SOME mens’ interpretations of science and Yah’s creation sometimes contradict what the Bible says, it’s man’s mistaken interpretations that are wrong about His creation. Science, when not misconstrued by man, confirms the Bible, and confirms that abortionists who claim to be enlightened, aren’t very knowledgeable about Science. Science, the faith they CLAIM they have, that they CLAIM trumps other religious beliefs one may hold, confirms that living things grow, and non-living things do not grow. Therefore, we do not need to hear a baby’s heartbeat in the womb to confirm that the baby is alive, we only need to know that the baby is growing in the womb to know the baby is a living being. When does the growing process begin? At conception! If there was no living being, there would be no need to kill in order to terminate the pregnancy, and as one bluntly and plainly true bumper sticker I once saw said, “If it ain’t a baby, you ain’t pregnant.” Women know there is a pregnancy at conception, that a baby is growing, or else they would not seek the morning after pill or abortion pills immediately after conception, and they would not use contraceptives to prevent pregnancy. They don’t need to hear a heartbeat to know they are pregnant. It is their belief and intuition that a baby is growing inside them that propels them to go to the doctor to abort the pregnancy in the first place. No ultrasound or sonogram is needed to confirm this for them or the doctor.

The argument that a woman should have the right to abort her child is often based on their assertion that the baby is part of the woman’s body, and the woman should be able to do what she wants with her own body. This argument is illogical, as well. Science confirms that her unborn baby is a separate being and not part of the woman’s body. Her baby is not one of her body parts. Her baby has his or her own DNA, own genetic identity, own blood type, own gender, own set of two arms and two legs, own heart, own mind, etc… Women do not have two heads, two hearts, four legs, etc…

What frustrated me even more than what Alyssa Milano had to say about hers or someone else’s beliefs, and her misquoting of the Bible in an effort to support her apparent lack of belief in it, is that the two “CONSERVATIVE” talk show hosts both kept asserting that abortion is a social issue that is not explicitly addressed in the Bible, but that it is implied that it should be understood to be murder if you have any intelligence. This was extremely frustrating to me, because it’s not true, and these two talk show hosts are apparently just as confused as the others, because they can’t pinpoint a verse establishing that killing the unborn baby while in the mother’s womb is a murderous sin that calls for the death penalty.

Their lack of knowledge of such a verse reminds me of another one:

My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you as My priests. Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I will also forget your children. Hosea 4:6

Because people are unaware of what the Bible says, because they have rejected the Bible, the law, REAL KNOWLEDGE, our children are being killed, they are dying, they are destroyed.

What’s even more sad, is that Huffpost, a pro-abortion publication, published an article in 2012, that came closer than these two conservative talk show hosts to identifying the verse that establishes that killing the unborn baby is murder punishable by death, but the writer of the article either purposefully left out or accidentally missed and maligned the key portion of the passage that condemns abortion and those who support it, and establishes the death penalty which categorizes the sin as murder. Here’s what Huffpost said:

“Exodus 21:22-25 describes a case where a pregnant woman jumps into a fight between her husband and another man and suffers injuries that cause her to miscarry. Injuries to the woman prompt the normal penalties for harming another human being: an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a life for a life. Killing the woman is murder, a capital crime.

The miscarriage is treated differently, however — as property loss, not murder. The assailant must pay a fine to the husband. The law of a life for a life does not apply. The fetus is important, but it’s not human life in the same way the pregnant woman is.”

Huffpost got it wrong. Exodus 21 states the opposite of what the author of the article claims. It DOES prompt the normal penalties for harming another human being: an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a life for a life, in regards to the unborn baby. The confusion, I believe, for some people, may have to do with which version of the Bible one is reading. Not that there is anything wrong with using the King James Version, but let’s admit that people in our current times tend to misinterpret the Old English. Here is what Exodus 21:22-25 actually says according to the New King James Version (which doesn’t always get it right either), since the verse is in more plain modern English in the NKJV:

If men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so that she gives birth prematurely, yet no harm follows, he shall surely be punished accordingly as the woman’s husband imposes on him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.“But if any harm follows, then you shall give life for life, “eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, “burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. Exodus 21:22-25

It is saying that if the woman gives birth prematurely to a LIVE child (not miscarries and loses the child, as “no harm follows” in NKJV means neither she nor the child dies), and that the woman and baby recover and survive, her husband can demand damages for injuries if there are any (in our modern society, that may be to cover hospital expenses for a baby in the NICU, or any health issues that may have resulted from the early birth preventing the baby from earning a good living or caring for himself without assistance). The Exodus 21 passage goes on to say that if the mom or baby wind up dying (“harm follows” refers to death of her or the baby) as a result of her injuries, then life is demanded for life. It’s murder which demands capital punishment.


The Huffpost article claims that the “unborn” baby is dealt with by the Bible like property because it isn’t “born” yet (Actually, an early birth, or premature birth, IS birth, so the baby IS born!), while the woman is not treated like property, because if she’s killed, it’s considered murder of a human life, and the consequence is death. I guess Huffpost figures if the baby is property, the offender just pays a few shekels and goes on with their life. So their whole argument that the baby is not a human and that abortion is not murder is their assumption that because the baby is viewed as property of the man, it’s not a valued life in Yah’s eyes and doesn’t call for the death penalty. I’m going to further crush that case with the Bible. It’s interesting to me that for so long liberals have hissed at the Bible because they THOUGHT and CLAIMED it dehumanizes women by treating them like propery, and now they are quoting the Bible to support their argument that unborn babies are property, which they THINK or CLAIM means they aren’t human.

The truth is, the Bible treats BOTH the baby and the woman like property, and ALL humans like property – men and women, elderly and children, born and unborn, they all belong to Yah from the womb! (Genesis 47:23, Deuteronomy 32:6, Judges 13:5, Job 31:15, Psalms 22:10, Psalm 139:13, Ecclesiastes 11:5, Isaiah 44:2, Isaiah 44:24, Isaiah 49:5, Jeremiah 1:5, Luke 1:15, Luke 1:41, Luke 1:44, 1 Corinthians 6:20, 1 Corinthians 7:23, and 2 Peter 2:1)

It’s a common claim from feminists that hate the Bible that the Bible is sexist, that it treats women as mere objects and possessions of men instead of fellow humans that should be valued and protected by men and YHUH. Now liberals at Huffpost who support abortion are using the Bible to argue that the Bible DOES place value on women and establish that they are humans who should be protected. They want us to believe that the Bible puts more value on women than their unborn babies, so that we will choose to abort a baby when someone CLAIMS the woman’s life to be in danger because of the pregnancy.

Yes, there is a bride price mentioned for a virgin in the Bible. (Exodus 22:16-17) This suggests the woman belongs to her family, usually the father, and becomes the possession of the husband once the exchange is made. The groom actually buys her from her father or other male relative. Hosea actually bought Gomer back after she went off in adultery and harlotry in Hosea 3:2. When a man pays the bride price, it shows he values his wife, has what it takes to care for her, and is willing to spend his money to do so. When men don’t value their wives, they mistreat them for years, don’t provide for them during or after their marriage, and discard them like cheap paper plates after use, and we see that in the divorce statistics today. You are more likely to throw away something that you got for free than something you paid for. Even Christ paid a HIGH price for us, to buy our souls back from the devil. We were servants of Satan and sin, and Messiah bought us so that we could and would willingly serve Him instead. He rewards us with eternal life if we choose to serve Him, or He hands us back over to the devil if we prefer to serve the devil and be punished with the punishment fit for Satan and his followers. (Matthew 25:41, 46 and Revelation 20:10)

Yah places different values on men, women, children, and elderly, with the shekel. (Leviticus 27:2-8) Yet, in the case of murder, life for life means a man must die if he kills a woman, a child, or the elderly. A life is a life to Yah, of equal value. He commands us to not murder ANYONE, not to shed blood of an innocent person who does not deserve to have their life taken from them.

“And I will require the blood of anyone who takes another person’s life. If a wild animal kills a person, it must die. And anyone who murders a fellow human must die. If anyone takes a human life, that person’s life will also be taken by human hands. For God made human beings in his own image. Now be fruitful and multiply, and repopulate the earth.” Genesis 9:5-7

Life is in the blood, and babies in the womb shed blood when they are killed by abortionists. A mother who takes the life of her child now deserves to die for the sin of murder. Life for life. HalleluYah that Yahusha died for our sins. Women who have aborted their baby can put their faith in Yahusha and His sacrifice for them, confess their sin, ask for His forgiveness, repent, and begin a life of service to Him teaching others to not make their mistake, how to love their children well, and they can be saved!

Our Father in Heaven is very pro-life! So much so, that most would probably call Him an “extremist” in His pro-life stance. No, that doesn’t mean He endorses blowing up abortion clinics. I mean He’s so pro-life that in some cases He may rather the man who blows up an abortion clinic die for the crime of murder than the women who would later regret and repent of having an abortion, or the nurses who later preach against the procedure after assisting in many of them. He values all humans, so much that He even wants animals killed that kill a human. I know of liberals who see things quite the opposite, they want humans killed who kill animals for food. If they frown on animals being killed to give food and life to humans, maybe that may help explain why they devalue the life of a baby so much. To them, a baby is just another worthless human that kills animals.

The Bible calls for the death penalty for the person who strikes anyone who then dies from the injury. Whether that person is an unborn child, the pregnant mother, or even a slave.

“Anyone who strikes a person with a fatal blow is to be put to death.” Exodus 21:12

The verse above is in a section of the Bible speaking of the treatment of servants, violence, and personal injury, and how to rectify such injustices. It specifically states in verse 20, further in the chapter, that if the master strikes a servant, and the servant recovers, they cannot be punished because the servant is the possession of the master (in other words, the master harms himself for harming his own possession, his servant who helps him), but if the servant dies of the injuries, the master must be punished, and as verse 12 above says and other verses in the Bible say, they must be put to death, life for life. The Bible promotes the idea that we ALL are and can be property of someone else, and it’s not just the unborn the Bible considers to be property of men. (Genesis 17:12 and Exodus 12:44)

Proverbs 22:7 says that the borrower is slave to the lender. So according to this verse, if you owe Wells Fargo or CitiBank, you are a slave, (You thought you lived in a free country that outlawed slavery), and SOME people (brothers or fellow Israelites can’t be made slaves to another Hebrew or believer, but they can become servants treated like a brother) can be made slaves if they don’t pay their debts, or if they steal and don’t have the means to make good on what they’ve stolen. The Bible allows people to sell their children to pay debts. (Genesis 44:17, Exodus 21:7, Leviticus 25:39) Abraham owned foreign slaves he loved and treated as family. One of them would have become his heir if he hadn’t had Isaac. We know some of them married into his family,, some became willing bond servants for life, and Abraham married Hagar, Sarah’s servant. He was very grieved when Hagar struggled to dwell with them peaceably, and had to leave to keep the peace. Yah had to intervene and tell Abraham to send her off, as Sarah knew what was necessary to preserve the life and inheritance of Isaac. Joseph was also a slave while in Yah’s will, according to YHUH’s plan to take Joseph from a humbled slave to an exalted ruler. Slaves can be property, but that doesn’t devalue them or dehumanize them in the eyes of their Creator or their earthly masters.

I am my husband’s and my husband is mine. My children are MY children. There is nothing wrong with being a cherished possession, and it doesn’t make us less human or of less value, especially to YHUH. He DOES require life for life (death penalty) for the killing of the unborn, just like Exodus 21 says, when understood correctly. If the reader can’t understand the language in the KJV, then maybe they should try reading the NKJV, the NLT, or the NIV.

I’d like to point out that it’s what the husband demands, not the pregnant woman who has been harmed in the fight, that the Bible says matters in Exodus 21. It’s not because the Bible treats women as property, it’s not because Yah doesn’t care about the woman or is insensitive. It’s because the husband is her protector, he is supposed to defend her and see to it that those who harm her don’t do it again, that they pay the consequences so that nobody else feels that it’s okay to harm her or their child. The husband is a picture of our Heavenly Husband and Father who protects us and sees to it that anyone who harms His Bride, Israel, believers, or their children, will pay, and if necessary, life for life. Remember how Pharaoh killed the Hebrew babies being born? Did YHUH let Pharaoh get away with that? No! Yah killed the firstborn of all of the Egyptians! Exodus 21 tells us He won’t let people get away with killing the UNborn, either.

The Bible is saying it is NOT a woman’s right to decide whether her baby lives or dies. Nor does the husband or the judges decide that. The husband and the judges can only decide what the compensation is based on the injury, based on what the Bible calls for (hand for hand, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, etc…), but in the case of death for the woman and/or her baby, if death (harm) follows, it’s life for life.

What about the unmarried woman? Who decides for her? YHUH and His righteous judges will decide. If she chooses not life, she shows she is no mother, and loses her right to choose what is best for the child. Remember the story in the Bible about the wise King Solomon, who had to rule in a case between to two women who each claimed a baby was her own? How did the wise Solomon decide who the mother was without a DNA test? He suggested the child be cut in two with the sword. One woman decided it fair that nobody get the child if she couldn’t have it. The other woman pleaded for the life of the child, that the child be given to the other woman if that was what was necessary to save the child. Solomon had the child given to the woman who chose the child’s life over her own happiness and custody of the child. Do women who choose abortion choose the good of the child over their own happiness? No. If a woman does not want to raise up her child, she should choose to give her child up for adoption to a mother who does.

The mother of Moses was also faced with giving up her child or allowing her child to be murdered. She chose giving up her child for adoption to the daughter of Pharaoh. Look what Moses did! Look who he became! What if we had no Moses? While we need serious adoption reform in this country to make the process easier, faster, and more friendly for adopting couples, adoption can be a very good thing for all involved!

A husband who would let his child be aborted is at least an accomplice for murder, guilty like the doctors and nurses who assisted, and like the mother who would order her baby’s killing. It’s not okay to turn a blind eye. This nation needs to repent. All offenders, all abortionists, must confess their sin and repent. Roe vs. Wade must be overturned. Murder laws must be enforced. Death penalties for UNREPENTANT murderers must be called for and carried out. Anyone involved in abortions NEEDS to REPENT! They must seek the Bible, put their faith in Yahusha Messiah, the Christ, and obey what the Bible says to be saved!

I am concerned that Christian conservatives have become lax on abortion laws because they feel maybe it’s not so bad if abortionists kill their own babies who would otherwise probably end up even more wicked than their parents. I can imagine religious conservatives reasoning that the world would be a better place if abortionists don’t reproduce. We all know many abortionists feel that way about conservatives who are pro-life. Look at Jim Carey and his painting, when he suggested that Alabama’s Republican Governor, Kay Ivey, should have been aborted because she chose life instead of infanticide for her state. Let us believers not be so hateful and hypocritical as Jim Carey has been here, and let us remember that children should not be punished for the sins of their parents, but the soul who sins is the one who should die. (Ezekiel 18:19-32) Let’s choose life. Don’t allow abortionists to kill the children that may repent of the sin of their parents, just as I have repented of the sins of my parents. Let’s not forget the fact that there are people like you and me who have become knowledgeable and chose life because of the Bible, regardless of the fact that their parents could care less what the Bible has to say. Why should the children of abortionists not have the same chance to pursue life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness that you have? What if those abortionists convince your wife or daughter or granddaughter to abort? Don’t think it couldn’t happen to you or yours, especially if you allow your children and grandchildren to be brainwashed by or get other messages from the liberals in the media, in the classrooms, in your neighborhood, on the soccer field, etc…

It’s amazing how abortionists who don’t really care about what the Bible says have resorted to using the Bible to try to deceive those who actually do care what the Bible says. Read your Bible, and read them in several different versions, for there is safety in a multitude of counselors.

Satan comes to kill, steal, and destroy, while Messiah Yahusha comes to give life, and life more abundantly. (John 10:10) Who’s side are you on? Choose life, that you may live…

I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live. Deuteronomy 30:19

But the children of the murderers he did not execute, according to what is written in the Book of the Law of Moses, in which the LORD commanded, saying, “Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor shall children be put to death for their fathers; but a person shall be put to death for his own sin.” 1 Kings 14:6

But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death. Revelation 21:8

But outside are dogs and sorcerers and sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and whoever loves and practices a lie. Revelation 22:15







The Birth of a Significant Firstborn Son on the Feast of First Fruits

We’ve heard many different doctrines on the timing of Messiah’s birth. Why? It’s understood that in order for Yahusha to be the Messiah of Israel, He’d have to fulfill certain prophecies in the Old Testament, or Torah/Tanakh. We understand His death fulfilled the Passover, that He died on that Biblical appointed time, so another prophecy people understandably look for to be fulfilled would be the date of His birth. On what date does the Old Testament prophesy that birth would take place? Where do we find that prophecy and that date in scripture? I will share the scriptures I believe answer those questions in this article. My answer is by no means anywhere near the traditional answers Christianity or Judaism may suggest.

Dates we KNOW He WASN’T Born

Anyone reading this article likely is already aware there is no way Messiah’s birth was on December 25th. He did not come to fulfill Christmas with His birth. That holiday would not be found by name or date in the Old Testament, not to mention the paganism associated with that winter solstice festival.

Some have suggested He may have been born on Chanukah. Many of us, however, do not believe for a second the shepherds informed of His birth in Luke chapter 2 were out in the fields at night with the flock in winter. I’ve also heard some claim He was born on Purim or Easter, however, none of these holidays, not even the Jewish festivals of Chanukah or Purim are commanded appointed times found in Leviticus 23. Neither Chanukah or Easter are mentioned anywhere in the Old Testament, so the people of Jerusalem would not have been looking for the birth of the Prophet, the Messiah, on any of these dates.

Popular Traditions for His Birth

The Biblical feasts in the first and seventh months (Passover, Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Trumpets, Yom Kippur, Sukkot) would be among the most popular guesses among Bible believers in the Old or New Testaments who realize Christianity’s pegged His birth date all wrong.

I suggest that the most popular guess would not be the correct one. For the lunar Sabbath remnant, we figured out a long time ago that the popular answer is usually way off base. The way into the Kingdom is narrow, not broad. I believe many Sabbath keepers are dating his birth in the first and seventh months because these dates are suggested to us from Judaism, indirectly so, through Messianic Rabbis or Christian prophecy teachers who study Judaism and what it teaches concerning when the Jewish people would be looking for THE Messiah to be born, ACCORDING TO THEIR TRADITIONS. Of course, their traditions would look to a date that would make the true Messiah of Israel out to be a fraud. He would not fulfill their expectations, because they have wrong expectations, which explains why the Jewish people have not yet recognized Him. Their misguided assumptions about the role, character, deeds, and identity of the Messiah are their blinders. May I live to see the scales come off my brother Judah’s eyes!

Is it possible that we have allowed others who have a love for Judaism and all of its traditions to interpret Luke 1 for us, without us giving much thought to the possible deceptions that might be involved in doing so? After all, we did allow Christianity to season our understanding of Luke 1 with a Christmas flavor, didn’t we? Could it be that we’ve once again been fooled, but this time we were led to look at it through a “Jewish perspective”, when YHUH wants us looking at Luke 1 through a BIBLICAL lens? Come now, let us reason together…let’s take another look at Luke 1…

Luke 1’s Timing of Messiah’s Birth

While Luke 1 gives an indication of the likely timing of Zechariah’s (John the Baptist’s Father) visitation from the heavenly messenger of YHUH, it does not give us certainty about how much time passed until Elizabeth actually conceived.

But the messenger said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. Luke 1:13

The word highlighted in the passage above, shall, could be understood to be in the next moment, or in the very distant future. Unless we believe that John was conceived by the Ruach, (which the Bible does not support) and not Zacharias, we know Zacharias would have to have been with his wife in order for her to conceive. Personally, I believe she conceived right away, as soon as Zacharias got home.

Going on in Luke, we read that Zacharias had to first complete his priestly office of ministration in the Temple. After this was complete, he went home.

And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months…Luke 1:24

The word, after, highlighted in the verse above, could mean immediately after Zacharias completed his service and returned home, a few days later, a week later, a month later, a few months later, at the turn of the year, etc…we don’t know for sure, just looking at these verses alone. We really see no scriptural reason to believe it didn’t happen right away.

And in the sixth month the messenger Gabriel was sent from Aluhym unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. Luke 1:26-27

NOW, once we get to verse 26, we have some indication of when this event was taking place. The messenger Gabriel appeared unto Mary in the sixth month of the calendar. Many say this reference to the sixth month is referring to Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy. However, the original text in the Greek, in this verse, says “in THE sixth month”, not “in HER sixth month”. There is a verse later in the chapter that actually does say, “in HER sixth month”, or “the sixth month with HER,” referring to Elizabeth’s pregnancy, but I believe in verse 26 above, it’s saying this happened in THE sixth month of the Biblical luni-solar calendar, and that this happened to coincide with Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy. In other words, Elizabeth conceived in the first month, and was six months pregnant in the sixth month of the year when Gabriel appeared to Mary and told Mary that Elizabeth was in the sixth month of her pregnancy. I have additional reason to believe this is the correct understanding of Luke 1, bear with me as I explain and build the case…

First and Second Chronicles and the Timing of the Priestly Orders

Earlier in Luke 1 we read that Zacharias was a priest in the order of Abiyah, and 1 Chronicles 24:10 tells us Abiyah received the eighth lot. This lot was apparently to determine when the priests would be serving in the Temple, in what order, throughout the year. It would be helpful if there was more information found in the Bible that could confirm when Abiyah’s course, being the 8th lot, took its station. There is no such biblical record.

I’ve heard it suggested that 2 Chronicles 23:8 tells us that each priestly course lasted one week, from Sabbath to Sabbath, and I’ve tried to verify that, I looked up the names listed there, and it seems most of those listed are descendants of Judah, not priests of Kohen. The context of 2 Chronicles 23 also suggests the list of people serving from Sabbath to Sabbath in this chapter might be guards, hence the word, captains, not priests offering sacrifices or incense. They could be Levites, but not likely to be kohen priests.

Levites were allowed to intermarry with other Israelite tribes. That would explain why they were serving in the Temple, yet were descendants of Judah. Mary, Yahusha’s mother, had ancestry of both Levi (her cousin Elizabeth was a Levite according to Luke 1:5) and Judah, just like these “captains” in 2 Chronicles 23. Also, Numbers 8:26 states that retired Levites over 50 could serve as guards in the Temple, so the list of captains mentioned in 2 Chronicles 23 could include older Levites, not necessarily Kohen priests, working as guards. We just can’t say for certain that the priestly courses were a week long, or that the first lot served in the first week every year, if we are sticking with SCRIPTURAL references, and we should. After all, there were 24 courses, or divisions, and more than 24 weeks in a year. We also have to remember that there were some years, a 13th month, which would add 4 more weeks to the year, would occur, and there are New Moon days in between the weeks of the months. It’s very possible that we only read about an order, because there was only an order, not certain dates, weeks, or months assigned, for the priests to serve. Maybe they just took turns, and the time of their service varied, hence no dates given for their service.

We just can’t be certain we know when each course was on duty throughout the year each year. There are Christian and Jewish traditions that CLAIM to know when these courses took place, but their CLAIMS are based on tradition and assumptions. 2 Chronicles 23:8 just does not give enough evidence to support those claims, either. This one witness, in itself, does not contain evidence to support this assertion. Not to mention we don’t have a second or third scriptural witness to establish this as doctrine, which is required by scripture.

There is no mention of any fixed order of service. Only in traditions is it mentioned that the priestly divisions served according to a weekly rotation system, one of those traditions being Josephus, a Pharisee of Yahusha’s time. We all know what Yahusha said about and to the Pharisees, and I choose to heed His advice to beware the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod. Whether it’s man’s traditions of religion, or man’s “history” according to its government, it’s a bunch of lies agreed upon. The only historical records I consider to be valid and truly faithful in witness are those that include, “thus saith YHUH”, in other words, scrolls containing prophecies from messengers of YHUH, who come in His name. I believe in sola scriptura, but my version of that includes books like Jubilees, Enoch, and Jasher, not strictly the canons Judaism and the Catholic and Protestant churches came up with.

Those of us who do have faith in the Book of Luke and the Book of Jubilees (Judaism does not place faith in either source), can rest assured that there IS evidence of our Messiah’s birth at a very significant time of the year. Why COULDN’T Yahusha’s birth have been in the MIDDLE of Summer, in the 3rd month, at the time of the Feast of Firstfruits, aka Pentecost, Shabuot, or the Feast of Weeks? Why is this not being thrown out there as a possibility among the rabbis and scholars, among believers? Why are we force-fed the option of the first or seventh month for Messiah’s birth? This reminds me so much of how we were given the bait and switch with the Saturday or Sunday argument regarding the timing of the Sabbath, or the argument over whether the sheaf should be waved after Saturday or on the 16th. Can we consider for a moment the possibility that Messiah Yahusha was indeed born in the third month? Yes, we have more than one scriptural witness to support this belief.

Back to Luke 1

We read in Luke 1 that the messenger Gabriel appeared to Mary in the sixth month. We read that Elizabeth was also six months pregnant at that time, and that Mary would also conceive as Elizabeth did:

And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from Aluhym unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. Luke 1:26-27

And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name Yahusha. Luke 1:31

And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren. Luke 1:36

There is that shall word again, talking about a future event. Again, we don’t know for sure how much time passed between the word going forth from Gabriel until Mary conceived, like Elizabeth, but in both cases, I believe it happened very soon after. In Mary’s case, it seems even more likely she conceived very soon after, as she was betrothed to Joseph, and this was to be a miraculous conception. Time was of the essence.

And the messenger answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of Aluhym.

And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren.

For with Aluhym nothing shall be impossible.

And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Master; be it unto me according to thy word. And the messenger departed from her.

And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda; And entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth. And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost: Luke 1:35-41

Notice it says Mary arose IN THOSE DAYS, not AFTER those days, meaning, not much time had apparently passed since the messenger left Mary here. It goes on to say she went into the hill country WITH HASTE, meaning, she wasn’t wasting time after she heard Elisabeth was blessed with a miraculous pregnancy, as she was. She went to see her right away. Let’s read on to see what happens when she gets there:

And she spake out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Master should come to me? Luke 1:42-43

It does appear here, that after the messenger left Mary, and she went quickly to visit Elisabeth, by the time she gets there, she’s already with child, based on Elisabeth’s greeting to Mary. It sounds very much to me like Mary became pregnant in the sixth month. I would guess the most likely time would be that she conceived at the full moon, mid-month, on the Sabbath, because Yahusha is light.

Nine months from the middle of the sixth month would take us to a birth in the middle of the third month, if there was no thirteenth month added in there that year. Could the birth of Messiah have been in the glory of the full moon? Wouldn’t that be something?! What significant appointed time would that be? According to Leviticus 23 and the Book of Jubilees, that would be The Feast of Weeks on the 16th of the 3rd month! Wouldn’t that be something if the Firstborn Son of YHUH was born on First Fruits? Yes, there’s evidence that this is the case, found in the Book of Jubilees, in the story of another promised seed/son, with Isaac and his mother Sarah. The story of Sarah’s conception in Jubilees (with supporting references from the Genesis) mirrors that of Mary’s experience with Gabriel in Luke 1. In other words, Genesis and Jubilees are two witnesses I believe contain the prophecy of old that predicted the date of Messiah’s birth.

What Does Isaac’s Birth Have to do with Messiah’s Birth?

It all starts in Genesis with the announcement that Sarah would conceive and give birth to a promised son. YHUH promises Abraham a son, but what does that promised seed’s birth have to do with Messiah’s birth? Much. The birth, life, and death of the promised seed of Abraham, tells us about the future promised seed of YHUH. Isaac’s life, his birth, his death, even His name, in Hebrew, tell us about THE Messiah, THE Chosen Son. How so?

YHUH asked Abraham to give his ONLY Son, the son he loved, Isaac, as an offering to YHUH, in Genesis 22:2:

And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

The testimony from the Book of Hebrews:

By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son… Hebrews 11:17

This brings to mind a similar description of Yahusha in the Prophets and in the New Testament:

And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. Zechariah 12:10 

No man hath seen Aluhym at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. John 1:18

For Aluhym so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. John 3:16

He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of Aluhym. John 3:18

In this was manifested the love of Aluhym toward us, because that Aluhym sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. 1 John 4:9

 Yes, we are supposed to connect the dots between Isaac and Messiah Yahusha, just as these witnesses in the Scriptures have done. They were both the One and Only Son, the Firstborn, the Promised, Chosen Seed, to be an offering on a certain mountain. Jubilees is in agreement with the New Testament on the timing of Yahusha’s death on Passover on the 14th of the first month. There should be no doubt Abraham and Isaac were acting out a prophecy concerning the sacrifice of YHUH’s One and ONLY Begotten Son on a future Passover.

Other Parallels of Isaac’s and Messiah’s Prophetic Sacrifice According to Jubilees and Jasher

Most believers in Torah and Messiah Yahusha are well aware the NEAR sacrifice of Isaac was a prophecy of Messiah’s future sacrifice on Passover. The Bible does not confirm this for us, but Jubilees 17 does. It says it was in the first month, on the twelfth day of the month, that Prince Mastema (Satan) came before YHUH and started accusing Abraham of forgetting YHUH since Isaac’s birth. Jubilees states that it was “on the third day” that the ram took Isaac’s place on the alter on the mount. They counted to the third day inclusively, the twelfth of the first month being the day Satan approached YHUH about Abraham and Isaac, that same day being the day YHUH commanded Abraham to offer  Isaac. The thirteenth was the second day and the day they started their journey to the mount, making the fourteenth, Passover, the third day. There’s your prophecy of Messiah’s death on the Passover, found in Genesis and Jubilees and the ALMOST offering of Isaac, when the ram was killed in his place. The Book of Jasher is actually a second witness confirming this story in the Book of Jubilees of Satan coming before YHUH and suggesting Isaac be offered by Abraham.

There are so many other parallels and themes in Jubilees and Jasher that are identical to the Torah, the prophets, and the New Testament, just in this story alone, teaching us about Messiah through things that happened to Isaac. Abraham uttered the prophetic words, “My son, Aluhym will provide himself a lamb.” Of course, this was referring to how YHUH would in the future provide His own sacrificial ram, YHUH’s own ONLY Son, to die for man’s sins, in our stead. The account in Jasher is that Isaac was later told by Abraham that Isaac was the one chosen by YHUH for the sacrifice, and that Isaac rejoiced to be found worthy and laid down his life as a willing sacrifice, just as Yahusha did. Once it was clear that Abraham and Isaac were following through with this willing sacrifice, the Messenger of YHUH intervened and Abraham saw the ram YHUH provided with its horns caught in the thorns. There was even a point in the story when Satan is lying to Sarah about Isaac’s death and says that Isaac cried out to his father for help, just like Yahusha called out to YHUH for help, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?”, interpreted ‘My El, my El, why hast thou forsaken me?” Then Satan says that Abraham did not look upon him with compassion at his death. Because of the very similar circumstances between the events in this story about Isaac’s NEAR death, and Yahusha’s death, and because we see it as a prophecy about Yahusha’s death at Passover, we can only conclude Jasher and Jubilees to be from scrolls of authority that uphold Torah and that contain prophecies of Messiah and other prophecies that have come to pass. It only makes sense.

The obvious references to Messiah’s death and resurrection should make it clear this was not a story with its origins in Jewish tradition, or Judaism. The clear support for keeping the Sabbaths and all the appointed times and laws of Moses make it clear Jubilees and Jasher were also not concocted by the Catholic or Protestant Churches or Christianity, either. The purity and uniformity of Jubilees and Jasher weave together the Old and New Testaments in a beautiful way that should clear up any remaining confusion for those who deal with supposed “contradictions” honestly. These “secret” books, these ancient scrolls, simply cannot be counterfeit. They claim to be the word of YHUH, coming in His authority, proclaiming what is written on the heavenly tablets. They really do end the argument for such people who accept the word of YHUH as the authority on these matters concerning the laws and appointed times.

The Timing of Isaac’s and Messiah’s Prophetic Sacrifice According to Jubilees and Jasher

The story is very similar to when Satan approached YHUH asking him to test Job’s faithfulness to YHUH. Here’s the testimony from the Book of Jubilees regarding the TIMING of Isaac’s “sacrifice”:

And it came to pass in the seventh week, in the first year thereof, in the first month in this jubilee, on the twelfth of this month, there were voices in heaven regarding Abraham, that he was faithful in all that He told him, and that he loved Aluhym, and that in every affliction he was faithful. And the prince Mastêmâ came and said before Aluhym, ‘Behold, Abraham loves Isaac his son, and he delights in him above all things else; bid him offer him as a burnt-offering on the altar, and Thou wilt see if he will do this command, and Thou wilt know if he is faithful in everything wherein Thou dost try him… Jubilees 17:15-16

And he rose early in the morning and saddled his ass, and took his two young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood of the burnt offering, and he went to the place on the third day, and he saw the place afar off. Jubilees 18:3

According to Jasher the story and the timing is the same:

And he said to him, Take now thy son, thine only son whom thou lovest, even Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which shall be shown to thee, for there wilt thou see a cloud and the glory of YHUH. Jasher 23:2 Day 1

…And Sarah wept bitterly the whole night on account of Isaac, and she gave him instructions till morning… And in the morning Sarah selected a very fine and beautiful garment from those garments which she had in the house, that Abimelech had given to her…Jasher 23:13-14 Day 2

And on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place at a distance which Aluhym had told him of. Jasher 23:41 Day 3

Let’s see if the account in Genesis confirms or contradicts these events and their timing according to Jubilees and Jasher:

And it came to pass after these things, that Aluhym did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which Aluhym had told him. Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. Genesis 22:1-4

There you have it, Genesis records the same sequence of events, which Jubilees said began on the 12th, ending 3 days later to the 14th, on Passover. This is complete agreement with the timing of Yahusha’s death, as the prophecy of Isaac was fulfilled.

Satan wanted to see to it that the promised seed – Isaac, and on a future day, Messiah Yahusha – would be destroyed, but YHUH snatched them both from the lion’s jaws (Psalm 22). YHUH wound up having the last laugh in both cases, hence Isaac’s (Yatzchak’s) name (He – meaning YaH – laughs). Sarah said in Genesis 21:6 that all who hear about Isaac’s birth that occurred in her old age, would laugh with her. Now I understand Isaac’s name. When I discovered the lunar Sabbath and the true count to Pentecost, and how it related to Isaac and Messiah’s birth, I laughed. Truly YHUH is smarter than we are. It’s His glory to conceal a matter…He has the last laugh…

So that’s the prophecy of Messiah’s death in the life of Isaac, according to the Torah, Jubilees, and Jasher. Might I point out that’s three witnesses in agreement, in regards to the timing of Yahusha’s death according to prophecy. I know of no other prophecy in Torah that tells us WHEN He would die, which appointed time, which date. Would the Torah forget such an important detail such as the prophecy containing the date Messiah would be expected to die? What about the prophecy of His birth?

WHICH Appointed Time was the Promised Son Born?

Abraham initially thinks Ishmael is the promised Son, but YHUH promises him a CHOSEN seed instead of Ishmael. YHUH promises the Son to come through Sarah, and says He will visit them at a later time and she will conceive and bear a son at an appointed time, the same time, next year:

But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year. Genesis 17:21

In the Hebrew Masoretic text that says:

ואת־ברית֖י אק֣ים את־יצח֑ק אשר֩ תל֨ד לך֤ שרה֙ למוע֣ד הז֔ה בשנ֖ה האחֽרת׃

Notice in the Hebrew, the word, moed/muad. This means appointed time. In this case, there is a preposition here before moed, it’s the Hebrew letter lamed, which means to, toward, or for. We can gather from this that Isaac’s birth was timed for a specific appointed time. The timing of Isaac’s birth on First Fruits in the third month was a prophecy for the timing of Yahusha’s birth on First Fruits, just like Isaac’s “mock” sacrifice prophesied of Yahusha’s sacrifice on Passover. Isaac was the promised seed/son of Abraham, Yahusha is the promised Seed/Son of YHUH. Let’s hear other witnesses on this testimony in Genesis as we read it in the Hebrew text:

In the Greek Septuagint (translated into English):

But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to thee at this time, in the next year. Genesis 17:21

In the Book of Jubilees:

But My covenant will I establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to thee, in these days, in the next year. Jubilees 15:21-22

Let’s tie these witnesses together and see what they are testifying. Jubilees says “in these days”, the Septuagint says, “at this time”, and the Masoretic text says, “l’muad”, at this set, appointed time. This set, appointed time, in these days, at this time, they are all referring to the Feast of Weeks, or Shabuot in Hebrew, which occurs in the third month of the Hebrew calendar. More evidence of that will come forth later.

The Hebrew letter, lamed, before muad, or appointed time, means staff, authority, scepter, rod. It towers over all the other Hebrew letters in the alphabet. It signifies the King of Kings. I believe this lamed is placed here strategically before the word muad, in part, to tell the Hebrew reader that the King of Kings would also be born at this same appointed time, like Isaac. The lamed also means to lead, to teach, like Yahusha was the staff in the hand of Moses, that led Israel out of Egypt, that parted the waters and led them through the Sea of Reeds, and led them to the Mountain, where He taught them His laws, on the 16th of the third month.

Let’s get back to Sarah…

But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year. Genesis 17:21

But My covenant will I establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to thee, in these days, in the next year. Jubilees 15:21-22

Genesis goes on to say that YHUH did again visit her as He said He would, and she conceived, and she did indeed have a son at the appointed time spoken:

And YHUH visited Sarah as he had said, and YHUH did unto Sarah as he had spoken. For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which Aluhym had spoken to him. Genesis 21:2-3

And in the middle of the sixth month YHUH visited Sarah and did unto her as He had spoken and she conceived. And she bare a son in the third month, and in the middle of the month, at the time of which YHUH had spoken to Abraham, on the festival of the first fruits of the harvest, Isaac was born. Jubilees 16:13-14

Genesis 17 and Genesis 21 both say YHUH said Isaac would be born at an appointed time. Is this just useless information, or is YHUH using these two witnesses as a testimony for truth seekers to hear for a reason? Which appointed time are these two witnesses in Genesis alluding to? Jubilees 16:13-14 agrees with these two witnesses in Genesis that Isaac was born at an appointed time, and goes further to pinpoint the date of Isaac’s birth to be in the middle of the third month, on the festival of the first fruits of the wheat harvest.

Exodus 34:22 confirms the Feast of Weeks was to be celebrated with the first fruits of the wheat harvest, Sukkot is the final harvest at the end of the year (turn of the year/end of Summer) when all the rest of the wheat is harvested. John 4:35 is another witness there are 4 months between First Fruits and the Final Harvest of the remaining wheat in the fields at Sukkot. From the 16th of the 3rd month, the Feast of Weeks, to the Feast of Sukkot in the 7th month, is 4 months:

Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest. John 4:35

Not only is Jubilees 16 giving us the timing of Isaac’s birth AND the Feast of First Fruits in the third month, but it also tells us WHEN SARAH CONCEIVED! She conceived IN THE SIXTH MONTH, WHEN YHUH VISITED HER! Nine months later she gave birth in the middle of the third month, at the full moon! She most likely conceived Isaac at the full moon in the sixth month! Let’s compare Jubilees 16 and Luke 1 more closely:

And in the middle of the sixth month YHUH visited Sarah and did unto her as He had spoken and she conceived. And she bare a son in the third month, and in the middle of the month, at the time of which YHUH had spoken to Abraham, on the festival of the first fruits of the harvest, Isaac was born. Jubilees 16:12-13

And in the sixth month the messenger Gabriel was sent from Aluhym unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary… Luke 1:26-27

In both accounts the proclamation of the promised son came in the sixth month with a visitation from Heaven. We’ve got all the scriptural witnesses in agreement that Isaac would be born at an appointed time, and I believe we have established that Isaac’s birth and ALMOST death would be pretty good candidates for the most skeptical of believers (wouldn’t a skeptical believer be an oxymoron?) for hints at prophecies of the timing of Messiah’s birth and death.

Other Witnesses Giving the Timing of the First Fruits of the Wheat Harvest in the Middle of the Third Month

Where does Jubilees get the gall to claim First Fruits is in the middle of the third month? Are there any other witnesses in Jubilees or any other scriptures that agree with or contradict this timing? Yes and yes.

And it came to pass in the first year of the exodus of the children of Israel out of Egypt, in the third month, on the sixteenth day of the month, that Aluhym spake to Moses, saying: ‘Come up to Me on the Mount, and I will give thee two tables of stone of the law and of the commandment, which I have written, that thou mayst teach them.’ Jubilees 1:1

 After these things, in the fourth year of this week, on the new moon of the third month, the word of HaAdon came to Abram in a dream, saying: ‘Fear not, Abram; I am thy defender, and thy reward will be exceeding great.’

  1. And he said: ‘Master, Master, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go hence childless, and the son of Maseq, the son of my handmaid, is the Dammasek Eliezer: he will be my heir, and to me thou hast given no seed.’
  2. And he said unto him: ‘This man will not be thy heir, but one that will come out of thine own bowels; he will be thine heir.’
  3. And He brought him forth abroad, and said unto him: ‘Look toward heaven and number the stars if thou art able to number them.’
  4. And he looked toward heaven, and beheld the stars. And He said unto him: ‘So shall thy seed be.’
  5. And he believed in HaAdon, and it was counted to him for righteousness.
  6. And He said unto him: ‘I am HaAdon that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee the land of the Canaanites to possess it for ever; and I will be Aluhym unto thee and to thy seed after thee.’
  7. And he said: ‘Adon, Adon, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?’
  8. And He said unto him: ‘Take Me an heifer of three years, and a goat of three years, and a sheep of three years, and a turtle-dove, and a pigeon.’
  9. And he took all these in the middle of the month and he dwelt at the oak of Mamre, which is near Hebron.
  10. And he built there an altar, and sacrificed all these; and he poured their blood upon the altar, and divided them in the midst, and laid them over against each other; but the birds divided he not.
  11. And birds came down upon the pieces, and Abram drove them away, and did not suffer the birds to touch them.
  12. And it came to pass, when the sun had set, that an ecstasy fell upon Abram, and lo ! an horror of great darkness fell upon him, and it was said unto Abram: ‘Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and they shall bring them into bondage, and afflict them four hundred years.
  13. And the nation also to whom they will be in bondage will I judge, and after that they shall come forth thence with much substance.
  14. And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace, and be buried in a good old age.
  15. But in the fourth generation they shall return hither; for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.’
  16. And he awoke from his sleep, and he arose, and the sun had set; and there was a flame, and behold! a furnace was smoking, and a flame of fire passed between the pieces.
  17. And on that day HaAdon made a covenant with Abram, saying: ‘To thy seed will I give this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates, the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites, the Perizzites, and the Rephaim, the Phakorites, and the Hivites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.
  18. And the day passed, and Abram offered the pieces, and the birds, and their fruit offerings, and their drink offerings, and the fire devoured them.
  19. And on that day we made a covenant with Abram, according as we had covenanted with Noah in this month; and Abram renewed the festival and ordinance for himself for ever. Jubilees 14:1-20

And in the fifth year of the fourth week of this jubilee, in the third month, in the middle of the month, Abram celebrated the feast of the first-fruits of the grain harvest. Jubilees 15:1

The entire chapter of 2 Chronicles 15 is a witness of a festival, an assembly of the people in Jerusalem with mass animal sacrifice and renewing of vows/oaths to YHUH and a return to His commandments in the 3rd month. Check the Hebrew on the timing, some translations changed it to say “in the spring”. They were celebrating Shabuot, the root word, shaba, meaning to make a vow/oath.

Exodus 19:1-8 tells us that when they arrived at Sinai on the 16th of the 3rd month, two months after they left Egypt, YHUH called Moses up the mount and Moses mediated the covenant and YHUH and Israel exchanged vows that day, they entered the covenant. This is also confirmed in Deuteronomy 5, especially verses 3 and 27 tied with Exodus 19:1 for the date these words were first exchanged between YHUH and Israel, Jubilees 1:1, and Jasher 82:6.

The passage in Jasher 82 APPEARS on the surface to give a different date for First Fruits, aka, Pentecost, Shabuot, the Feast of Weeks, etc…when it records the date of the giving of the law at Sinai. It says it occurred on the 6th of the 3rd month, but I believe it’s supposed to read 16th. This was a mistranslation, it was translated to agree with Jewish tradition for the date of the giving of the law and the Feast, not necessarily with a purpose to intentionally mislead, but based on the translator’s own understanding. Often times in Scripture numbers are incorrectly translated from the Hebrew, explaining why some Bible translations give a different age for Yahuachayin in 2 Kings 24:8. Some say he was 18 when he began to reign, others say he was 8. In 2 Samuel 15:7, the Hebrew text says Absalom made a vow 40 years ago, the Greek and Syriac texts say it was 4 years ago. In this case, the 2 witnesses in agreement, the Syriac and Greek texts, appear to be the true testimonies. In the case of Jasher’s testimony for Israel’s arrival at Sinai and the giving of the law on the 6th of the 3rd month, it’s one, lone, witness that contradicts the 2 witnesses in Jubilees 1:1 and Exodus 19:1-8 that agree they arrived at Sinai and vowed to keep the covenant on the 16th of the 3rd month. The problem isn’t with Jasher though, just the translator struggling with how the Feast of Weeks could fall on the 16th, as this date would not work with a Gregorian Saturday or Sunday Sabbath or the Jewish tradition of waving the sheaf on the 16th of the 1st month. If this was translated properly, as 16th, rather than 6th, in Jasher 82:6, we would have 3 witnesses in agreement on this date. YHUH only requires there be 2 witnesses in agreement to establish a matter, so if we add all the other witnesses in Jubilees and the Bible, we have far more than what is required to establish the correct translation in Jasher 82:6. We have Jubilees 1:1, Exodus 19:1, Luke 1, Leviticus 23, etc… agreeing on the 16th of the 3rd month. If you count 7 lunar Sabbaths/complete weeks from the day after the Sabbath after the week of Unleavened Bread, 50 days not counting NM days which fall outside of complete weeks, you come to the 16th of the 3rd month.

And in the third month from the children of Israel’s departure from Egypt, on the sixth day thereof, YHUH gave to Israel the ten commandments on Mount Sinai. And all Israel heard all these commandments, and all Israel rejoiced exceedingly in YHUH on that day. Jasher 82:6-7

I have collected MASS evidence in the Bible itself that confirm this date for the Feast of Weeks as recorded in the Book of Jubilees. The Book of Jubilees also has several witnesses that our forefathers established covenants and renewed their vows on this date.

YHUH is having the last laugh. Just imagine all those Hebrew college professors and head rabbi’s faces when they realize they aren’t so smart after all.

For articles pertaining to this subject and additional scriptural witnesses establishing this date for the birth of the First Born of YHUH on the First Fruits of the Wheat Harvest:


This document would be well over a hundred pages long if I included all of the evidence here. Articles I especially recommend include:




Shalom in Messiah Yahusha’s Love

The Truth of Enoch and the Myth of a Solar-Only Calendar

There are some who claim that the Bible, the Book of Enoch, the Book of Jubilees, and all the apocryphal scrolls discovered in Qumran, testify of a solar-only calendar. They claim the Masoretes added the scriptures about the moon’s role in determining the appointed times, that the Masoretic text has been corrupted by the scribes so much that it can’t be trusted. Many call this solar-only calendar the Enoch calendar. On the contrary, Enoch, himself, testifies of the moon’s role in the calendar year and months:

Thus I beheld their stations, as according to the fixed order of the months the sun rises and sets. At those times there is an excess of thirty days belonging to the sun in five years; all the days belonging to each year of the five years, when completed, amount to three hundred and sixty-four days; and to the sun and stars belong six days; six days in each of the five years; thus thirty days belong to them; So that the moon has thirty days less than the sun and stars. The moon brings on all the years exactly, that their stations may come neither too forwards nor too backwards a single day; but that the years may be changed with correct precision in three hundred and sixty-four days. In three years the days are one thousand and ninety-two; in five years they are one thousand eight hundred and twenty; and in eight years two thousand nine hundred and twelve days. To the moon alone belong in three years one thousand and sixty-two days; in five years it has fifty days less than the sun, for an addition being made to the one thousand and sixty-two days, in five years there are one thousand seven hundred and seventy days; and the days of the moon in eight years are two thousand eight hundred and thirty-two days. For its days in eight years are less than those of the sun by eighty days, which eighty days are its diminution in eight years. The year then becomes truly complete according to the station of the moons, and the station of the sun; which rise in the different gates; which rise and set in them for thirty days. Enoch 73:10-16

So every year there’s an additional 10 days that the sun has more than the moon, unless you anchor the moon to the sun and the stars, so that the moon brings in all the years (tequfah-return of the sun/year) exactly. We read that there’s 364 days in the solar year, and the lunar has 10 days less than the sun every year, which means there should be 354 days in a lunar year, when there’s 12 months. If you have 6 months of 30 days, and 6 months of 29 days, which is the case with the current lunar year we keep, then we have the right number of days in the lunar cycle for 12 months – 354. These verses appear to speak of adding an additional (13th) moon/month in the year, occasionally, to keep the year anchored with the sun and stars, which would keep the harvests and their appointed times in their right seasons. It seems to be saying that the solar year is 364 days, but that the lunar year will be less. Enoch, to me, since I started reading it for myself a few years ago, instead of listening to the man’s opinions (commentaries) about what it says, has always testified of the solar and lunar years being different lengths, but that when used together, they work perfectly. Just like we can’t have the Father without the Son, a solar calendar doesn’t work without the moon. According to verse 16 above, there is no such thing as a “complete” year without the moons within it, and the year does not begin at the exact time, without the moon, according to verse 13.

This agrees with Gen 1:14 which testifies that both the moon and sun are lights that are signs and are for appointed times, days, and years. There’s also Psalm 104:19 that testifies of this:

The moon is made for appointed times…

Everyone who rejects the moon in appointed times rejects the Word, as these scriptures about the moon are the Word. Because the Word IS Yahusha, Yahusha is the Word, if we reject these verses about the moon, we reject Yahusha. We can’t say we are believers in His Word or Yahusha if we don’t believe ALL of it. We can’t pick and choose. To reject the moon, is also to reject the chief cornerstone, Yahusha. Ever notice how that moon looks like a big stone in the sky? We are to build the calendar on it. Like Yahusha, the moon is like a chief cornerstone we are to build the calendar on. A rock is a strong foundation we can build on. To use the sun alone is only one witness, not 2 or 3, as required in Torah, to establish any matter, it’s shifting sands. The moon is His faithful witness in the sky. Psalm 89:37

As mentioned earlier, when questioned about why solar-only advocates choose to ignore Bible verses about the moon such as Psalm 104:19 and Psalm 89:37, many of them claim the Hebrew Bible can’t be trusted. I read the Greek versions and many other witnesses such as the Dead Sea Scrolls and Aramaic texts, and they also mention the moon’s role in the calendar. Others don’t want to cast doubt on the Torah, so they suggest that maybe there are other ways to interpret these verses about the moon and its faithful testimony on the calendar. Some have suggested the moon is just for the appointed times of the wild beasts. Some say the moon is only used as a sign of judgment and omens. I and many others cannot dismiss the moon’s phases as a coincidence, that it just so happens that there are 4 lunar weeks marked with a sign in the moon every 7th day Sabbath; the first quarter on the first Sabbath of the month, the full moon mid-month on the second Sabbath, a third quarter moon on the third Sabbath, and the last visible crescent at the beginning of or the dark moon at the end of the last Sabbath, and 1-2 dark moon days, which just so happened to coincide with the number of New Moon days. I cannot dismiss all that into a coincidence. No, the moon is a sign of the Sabbath.

I’m a HUGE fan of the Book of Jubilees. I’ve heard some people claim Jubilees rebukes those who use the moon in the calendar. Jubilees DOES NOT say people err when they use the moon. It’s saying they use the moon WRONG. Let’s look at the verse they are referring to:

For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon -how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon. Jubilees 6:36

It says there will be those who observe that the moon comes in from year to year ten days too soon. People err by throwing out the moon because of their observation that it does not have the same cycle the sun has. Jubilees 6:36 is in line with Enoch which says the lunar year is 10 days shorter than the solar year every year, so that in three years the sun has 30 more days than the moon. This is a stumbling block for those who reject the moon. People err because they reject the moon instead of asking YHUH for the wisdom to understand how the sun and moon work together as two witnesses who give the same testimony. The heavens, including the moon, declare the glory of YHUH, day by day they utter speech, night by night they display knowledge, and their rule/word/law goes out across the land. See Psalm 19. The moon does NOT give a false testimony about YHUH, His Torah, or His Sabbaths. It is a faithful witness. The moon is NOT sick.

What about those who claim using the moon in the calendar is Babylonian, or Pre-Islamic paganism? What about those who claim people who use the moon to tell what day it is are howling at the moon? Well, does that mean people who use the sun only to tell time are worshipping the sun? Does that mean people who use the sun only for their calendar must throw wild fertility parties on the solstices? While I would concur with them that worshipping ANY of the hosts of the heavens, or images of them, whether planets, the sun, the moon, or the stars, is false and idolatry, it would be a false accusation to accuse people who use the moon as a sign and for appointed times, days, and years, of worshipping the moon. Islam removed the sun from its role as an anchor in establishing the first month of the year, it also switched from the Creator’s dark moon to the first visible crescent to begin Muslim months. Egypt removed the moon from its calendar altogether. YHUH led us out of Egypt. We left a solar-only calendar when we left the Gregorian calendar. Let us not seek a leader amongst us in the wilderness to take us back to Egypt, to take us back into a solar-only man-made calendar. Let us come out of Babylon, the confusion and mixture of calendars that don’t take into account what all of the SCRIPTURAL and HEAVENLY witnesses have to say about YHUH’s calendar. The fact is, the Jewish rabbis have not, and Babylon has not used the sun and moon together for their calendars, for centuries they have not used the moon for the Sabbath. The Biblical luni-solar calendar is not Islamic, it’s not Jewish in origin either. The seven hills the immoral woman (Israel) sits (rests) on is the Roman Gregorian solar week. That’s the beast she rides. Islam rides it, too.

The Book of Jubilees says ALL the appointed times were forgotten, just like Lamentations 2 and Hosea 2:

And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: YHUH hath caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest. Lamentations 2:6

I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts. Hosea 2:11

And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new moons, and seasons, and sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. Jubilees 6:34

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Exodus 20:8

To say that the Jews and the Romans never forgot when the seventh day is, is to say that Hosea, Lamentations (Jeremiah), and Jubilees are false prophets. You can’t say that the Sabbaths were forgotten and then say the Sabbath has been Saturday since creation. Obviously, the fact that Israel had to be taught the Sabbaths in the wilderness with the manna after they left Egypt establishes that Israel has a history of forgetting the Sabbath. If Israel hasn’t ever forgotten the Sabbath, then why does YHUH command us to REMEMBER the Sabbath day in Exodus 12:8? Just as we forgot the Sabbaths, we forgot the New Moons also. The Hillel II calendar went with calculations only, the Karaite Jews went wrong by sighting the First Visible Crescent (FVC) and calling that the New Moon, like Islam. These are just 2 ways Israel went wrong with the moon. Some go wrong concerning the moon by throwing it out/casting it to the ground altogether, because the moon confuses them and they don’t know what to do with it. They try to set up a solar calendar that does not use the moon, such as the Gregorian calendar set up by the Pope. The moon is a stumbling stone to them that they trip over.

For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon -how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon. For this reason the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the order), and make an abominable (day) the day of testimony, and an unclean day a feast day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go wrong as to the months and sabbaths and feasts and jubilees. Jubilees 6:36-37

It’s not saying we are wrong to keep Sabbaths and feasts, so why would it be saying we are wrong to observe New Moons? To interpret it that way is to not be consistent in interpreting the entire verse and context. Consider the verses in the chapter that precede these, it says the error would be FORGETTING the New Moons and Sabbaths:

And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new moons, and seasons, and sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. For I know and from henceforth will I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lies) written before me, and on the heavenly tablets the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance. Jubilees 6:34-35

It says Israel would FORGET the New Moons, and in other places in the chapter it says they would neglect ordinances. Ordinances of what? THE MOON! The end of the last verse said they would walk according to the feasts of the gentiles, after their error, and after their ignorance. What is their error? What is their ignorance? What type of calendar do they use? A solar-only calendar. They forget the moon, they forget the Sabbaths, this is all proof that Saturday cannot be the Sabbath, because Hosea 2 and Lamentations 2 and Jubilees all agree (that’s 3 WITNESSES!) that the Sabbath was forgotten!

For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only, and for this reason they will go wrong as to the new moons and seasons and sabbaths and festivals, and they will eat all kinds of blood with all kinds of flesh. Jubilees 6:38

People also misunderstand the creation account in the Book of Jubilees in Chapter 2:8-11. They THINK it teaches that only the sun is a sign, and that only the sun is for days, years, and appointed times, etc…It states:

…And on the fourth day He created the sun and the moon and the stars, and set them in the firmament of the heaven, to give light upon all the earth, and to rule over the day and the night, and divide the light from the darkness. And Aluhym appointed the sun to be a great sign on the earth for days and for sabbaths and for months and for feasts and for years and for sabbaths of years and for jubilees and for all seasons of the years. And it divideth the light from the darkness [and] for prosperity, that all things may prosper which shoot and grow on the earth. These three kinds He made on the fourth day.

Compare Jubilees 2:1-4 to Genesis 1:14-18:

And Aluhym said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And Aluhym made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. And Aluhym set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and Aluhym saw that it was good.

Both Jubilees and Genesis mention that there were 3 lights (3 witnesses) appointed, often translated, made (the Hebrew word asah, which is not bara, as in create), on the fourth day, and both books say these three were set in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night, to give light upon the earth, to rule over the day and night, to divide the light from the darkness. On these things Jubilees and Genesis completely agree on the role of the lights in the heavens.

By the way, if the lights being appointed/made/asah on the fourth day is proof that the moon cannot be used for the week, for the month, or the calendar, then the same verse is proof that the sun also cannot be used for the week, for the month, or the calendar. Some people may need to chew on that one for a while to wrap their minds around what I just stated. I assure you the lights in the heavens were not created, bara, on the fourth day of the week, they were asah (prepared/appointed for a work/purpose) on the fourth day of the week, just like the Hebrew text states. They were already created in the beginning, according to verse 1 of Genesis.

I’ve also heard people from the solar-only crowd claim that because the moon is not mentioned in Genesis 1 by name, that means the moon cannot be used in telling time. Do you see how silly the arguments against the moon’s use in the calendar are getting? They say that because the moon is only referred to as the lesser light, and not called the moon, and since the text does not come out and say that the sun AND the moon are for signs, appointed times, days, and years, then it must just mean the sun and the stars are for that purpose. I’d like to point out that the SUN is also NOT mentioned in Genesis 1 by name. It’s not called the sun, or shemesh, until Genesis 15. So not only are these arguments silly, they are downright hypocritical. In Genesis 1, the sun is only referred to as the greater light, and I also must point out that the text in Genesis 1 does not come right out and say that the sun and stars are the lights that are for signs, appointed times, days, and years. It simply says the lights in the heavens are for signs, appointed times, days, and years. Genesis 1 tells us there are two great lights YHUH asah that day, the sun, the greater light, and the moon, which is the lesser of the two, and the stars also. All 3 lights are the lights referred to that are for the calendar, according to Genesis 1 and Jubilees 2.

Here’s the part where people get confused. Jubilees goes on to mention that the sun is to be a GREAT sign (Genesis also calls the sun the GREATer light) for days, Sabbaths, years – all the appointed times. So, because it does not mention the moon here, they claim that means Jubilees is teaching that the moon is not a sign for days, Sabbaths, years, appointed times. I, personally, believe the moon was not mentioned here to be a stumbling block for those who choose to ignore verses like Gen 1:14, Psalm 104:19, etc, which specifically state that the moon does have this role.

By the way, speaking of Psalm 104:19, it only mentions the moon’s role in the appointed times. Does that mean we should conclude the Psalmist was teaching that the sun does not also have the role of being a sign for appointed times? Of course not! So, why would we conclude that because Jubilees 2 does not mention the moon’s role as a sign for appointed times, that this must mean Jubilees is not in agreement with the Bible here? We would never say that Psalm 104:19 is not in agreement with Gen 1:14 just because it doesn’t mention the sun in regards to appointed times! At least I would hope not!

Here’s another witness from the apocrypha, the Book of Sirach, or Ecclesiasticus, a book once included in the 1611 KJV, later rejected by the Protestant Church:

Like a morning star in the midst of a cloud, like the full moon at the time of a feast. Sirach 50:6

I realize that no amount of scriptural witnesses that I could present here would ever convince someone who is determined to reject the moon for appointed times that they need to acknowledge the moon’s role in telling time. I’ve pointed out verses from Enoch that testify of the moon in months, in Jubilees, in Sirach, in the Bible, and either they give an excuse as such as I’ve mentioned in this article, or they don’t give an answer at all. This article is for those who believe the moon is for appointed times, or on the fence about it, and have been lied to, like I was, about what the apocryphal books have to say about the calendar.

Going back to Jubilees 2, verse 10 then goes on the say that it, the sun, divided the light from darkness. Ding, Ding! Take notice, Jubilees 2 also said in verse 8 that the moon and the stars also divide the light from the darkness. So does verse 10 here contradict verse 8? Does it contradict itself? Not if you read it in the light of the Bible, that the moon is also for appointed times. If you read Psalms 104:19 in the light of Gen 1:14, that both the sun and the moon have this role, why would you not also read Jubilees 2 in that same light, judging them with equal measures. Aren’t we called to judge with equal measures? We can’t give one witness the benefit of the doubt and not also give the other witness the benefit of the doubt before declaring it to be a false witness.

Jubilees 2:11 then wraps up the fourth day of creation week saying, “these THREE kinds He made on the fourth day.” That confirms the sun and moon should also be understood to be lights for appointed times, as Genesis 1:14 and Psalm 104:19 state, that all of these verses are inclusive, and not just limited to the sun. The sun is the greater of these three lights, that’s what this passage is saying, and Genesis 1 agrees with that, too.

So the solar year is 364 days, according to Enoch, and the luni-solar year is 354 days, 10 days less than the sun, or the solar year. It was even recently pointed out to me that a 13-month lunar year would have 52 weeks and 364 days, not counting New Moon days, just like Jubilees and Enoch mention, because there are 4 lunar weeks in a lunar month. Four times thirteen is 364. I find that very interesting.

The year is precisely three hundred and sixty-four days. 1 Enoch 71:42

And all the days of the commandment will be fifty two weeks of days, and (these will make) the entire year complete. Thus it is engraved and ordained on the heavenly tablets. And there is no neglecting (this commandment) for a single year or from year to year. And command you the children of Yisrael that they observe the years according to this reckoning- three hundred and sixty-four days, and (these) will constitute a complete year, and they will not disturb its time from its days and from its feasts; for everything will fall out in them according to their testimony, and they will not leave out any day nor disturb any feasts. But if they do neglect and do not observe them according to His commandment, then they will disturb all their seasons and the years will be dislodged from this (order), [and they will disturb the seasons and the years will be dislodged] and they will neglect their ordinances. And all the children of Yisrael will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new months, and seasons, and Shabbats and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. Jubilees 16:30-34

Some say they do not see a 13th month in scripture. Many of these people take issue with using the moon for the Sabbath, or using the moon altogether for reckoning months and appointed times within the year. True, most years have 12 months, and in scripture, it’s very clear there were at least 12 months, as there are many references to the 12th month. Does that mean there are no years with 13 months, just because it’s not as obvious? No, while it is true that there are always 2-3 witnesses required to establish any matter, Torah also teaches us that there are hidden things within Torah that YHUH chooses to only reveal to those who seek. If people are not open to seeking out the possibility of a 13th lunar month, they won’t find it.  If you seek, you SHALL find. I believe that the fact that Enoch points out that the solar year is longer than the lunar year, that the moon falls behind the sun every year by 10 days (according to the math in 1 Enoch 73:14-15), while still relating the moon’s lunations to the months and years, that this is pointing to intercalating a 13th month every few years to keep the moon and sun and year anchored with the seasons, harvests, and feasts. The sun-only calendar folks say they don’t see a 13th month in the scriptures, but those same people will often add days every year at the end of their 360 or 364 day year. They intercalate days or weeks outside of months in their year. Where does scripture say to do THAT? This is yet another one of their hypocritical arguments against using the moon for months and appointed times.

The Book of Jubilees states that Rebecca prophesied concerning the number of Jacob’s sons/children/descendants (12 sons + 1 daughter=13 children) arising according to the number of months in the year:

And may He make thy sons many during thy life, And may they arise according to the number of the months of the year. Jubilees 25:16

It was translated as sons in English, but in Hebrew, the word sons would be from the word ben, or yalad, which would be son, child, descendant, seed, youth, fruit of the womb, which would also include a daughter. It’s a word that is inclusive in referring to gender, like children referring to both boys and girls, or men, referring to humans, including both men and women.

Many of the same people that say they do not see 13 months in the scriptures also say they do not see a 29-day month in scripture – only 30 days. Again, if one doesn’t seek a possibility of 29-day month, they will not find it. If one seeks a way to explain certain scriptures away, they will find it. Enoch is often quoted to support a 30-day only month. However, this is a misunderstanding of Enoch, because the Book of Enoch mentions months with 29 days:

On stated months the moon has twenty-nine days. Enoch 79:10

Where light comes to the moon, there again it decreases, until all its light is extinguished, and the days of the moon pass away. Then its orb remains solitary without light. During three months it effects in thirty days each month its period; and during three more months it effects it in twenty-nine days each. These are the times in which it effects its decrease in its first period, and in the first gate, namely, in one hundred and seventy-seven days. And at the time of its going forth during three months it appears thirty days each, and during three more months it appears twenty-nine days each. Enoch 79:17-20

While I can see how some people struggle with a 13th month, it’s very clear to me that Enoch is telling us that a calendar exists that uses the moon and has 29 days in some months. I don’t know how people can deny these statements in Enoch or deny that the moon currently has a lunation that is on average shorter than 30 days every month, giving us months with 29 days. The lights in the heavens are confirming what we read in the scriptures. The heavens declare the glory of Aluhym. It is clear to me that a 13th month is one of those glories of Aluhym that He chooses to conceal, and the honor of kings to search out. It’s obvious to some and hidden from others. It’s kind of like the New Moon. Some who do acknowledge the moon for months claim the correct phase of the New Moon can’t be found in the Bible. Many others, like me, see it clearly, that in the beginning, the first day of the month, BEFORE the first day of creation week, in the first year of creation, there was darkness, according to Genesis 1:1-2. That would not describe a full moon or an FVC, but a conjunction moon, a dark moon. The first day of creation week, day 2 of the 1st month, there was light. That would be the FVC, the sign of the first day of work, the first day of the week.

Most people who keep a luni-solar calendar for months and years have read or heard, maybe even repeated, the following claim:

“In the beginning, there were 30-day months only, and the year was a perfect 360-day year. Something changed in the heavens since then, and now we have months that alternate with 29 and 30 days.”

Some of us have come to believe that YHUH has altered the months and years. I cannot explain why I have not been able to completely accept an ancient 360-day year with 30 day months only. Maybe it’s because scripture says YHUH and His Word do not change, they’re  eternal. I understood how and why we came up with this 360-day year with only 30 day months in the time of Noah, but I just could not lay down the possibility that maybe a 29-day month existed in the beginning. Maybe it’s because an “average” just doesn’t cut it for me. Maybe it’s because I had not tested the claim myself, so therefore, in my mind, the possibility remained. I recently decided it was time to test this claim.

So where does this idea come from? What scriptural support are we given for such a claim? It comes from Genesis 7:11-8:4. Let’s look at the key passages used to establish this as “fact”:

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. Genesis 7:11

And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days. Genesis 7:24

And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated. Genesis 8:3

And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat. Genesis 8:4

Anyone with the ability to do elementary math might look at this and figure a simple division problem will reveal the length of a month here. Many people have done this, including myself. I’m not saying I’m capable with arithmetic, I sometimes request the assistance of my husband when trying to help my fifth grader with his math homework. I’m just saying, I’ve been guilty of leaning on my own understanding here before, not pointing the finger at those who have also done this.

So, what we’ve done, is we’ve seen that this is saying that Noah was in the ark on the 17th of the 2nd month when the waters came, and that this lasted 150 days, until the 17th of the 7th month. We figured 150 days is about 5 months. If you divide 150 by 5 you get 30, so we averaged it out to say that there were 5 months with 30 days.

Sadly, many of us, myself included, have not tested this claim to see if that’s true. Testing this claim is as simple as dividing 150 by 5 to get 30. Okay, there might be a few more steps, but easy enough for my children to figure out. Instead of doing the math, we have been either drifting along saying “maybe so”, or we’ve actually made a commitment to this idea of a 29-day month IMpossibility, in the beginning. I’m going to challenge that belief. Not only that, I’m going to prove that it IS a possibility that Noah observed a 29-day month. I’m going to do the math. I’d like you to do it with me.

Let’s pretend the 2nd month had 30 days. Noah was in the ark with the waters prevailing commencing on the 17th day of the 2nd month. From the 17th of the month to the 30th are 14 days.

Let’s pretend the next month, the 3rd month, also had 30 days. He’s now been on the ark with the waters prevailing 44 days, because we’ve added the 30 days in the 3rd month to the 14 days he was on the ark in the 2nd month.

Let’s say the 4th month had 29 days. Now we have a total of 73 days. 14+30+29=73 days

Now, what if the 5th and 6th months were both 30 day months? Yes, this pattern of 30 day months occurring twice in a row with a 29-day month in between can and does happen, it’s a normal pattern. 30 days in the 5th month + 30 days in the 6th month = 60 days. Add the 60 to the 73 days from months 2, 3, and 4. 73+60=133.

Now we come to the 7th month. The waters prevailed until the 17th of the 7th month, so now we’ve got to add those 17 days in the 7th month to our sum. 133+17=150.

Huh. Isn’t that something? We’ve got 150 days made up of both 29 and 30 day months from the day the waters began to prevail in the 2nd month until the day they ceased in the 7th month. It turns out the claim that the Genesis account with Noah teaches 30 day months only is a lie!

Boy, those of us who believed, or even entertained for years the idea that a 29-day month in the beginning wasn’t possible are feeling PRETTY D-U-M-B right about now. I know I am. I think that’s called being humbled by YHUH. He sure is smarter than we are. We think we’re such geniuses.

Does this PROVE that YHUH had 29 day months from the beginning? No. However, it DOES PROVE that a 29-day month WAS POSSIBLE from the beginning.

Why do I even address this? Why does it even matter how long a year was in the beginning? I take issue with this claim because it has challenged the faith of many people, without good reason. Many people are discouraged in their walk with this claim that the calendar, and the lights in the heavens, have changed. They look up at the lights in the heavens, and they don’t see a calendar with 360-day luni-solar years, with 30 days in each month. We need to avoid offending one of the little ones if we can help it, and in this case, we can help it, by not claiming a “fact” when there isn’t a fact established in Genesis 7 and 8.

It’s been drilled into our minds, crammed down our throats, that this means it’s not possible for there to be 29 days in a month in this scenario. WHY does the adversary want us to believe this so much that this claim has been repeated to us so many times to get us to believe that a 29-day month did not exist in the days of Noah? There’s got to be a reason. We’ve got to be innocent as doves, but shrewd as serpents. It must be that the enemy does not want us to come to the truth. For what other reason are we bombarded with lies and half-truths?

For many of us, that belief that the years should be and once were 360 days only, and a month 30 days only, has become a stronghold used by the enemy to keep us from considering all the other possibilities, to keep us from hearing all the witnesses on the matter. The enemy wants to keep us leaning on our own understanding.

For instance, many people will not even take a glance at the apocrypha, books such as Enoch and Jubilees, simply because of the mention of a 364-day year in those books. A 364-day year does not gel with their 360-day year belief, so they quickly dismiss their testimony. They don’t take the time to examine what’s being said in these books more closely, they don’t try to understand how that works with the lights in the heavens outside right now, or how that works with the moon’s cycle. If someone asks them about how to calendate with the 29-day months we have, they can’t even wrap their head around the question, and can’t give an answer, because in their mind, we should have 30 day months only. They seem to believe that 29 day months are figments of our imagination, that’s how hard it can be to get past this barrier with this belief in an ancient 30-day month.

I cringe when I hear people say that the year we have been given by YHUH, with 29 day months occurring half the year, is not “perfect”. I guess it sounds to me, like they’re disrespecting the Creator, not appreciating His Creation of the lights in the heavens as they declare the glory of YHUH, not appreciating His calendar and His Word it’s found in. If YHUH gave us a year that is not 360 days, and He did, that year is perfect. It may not be man’s idea of “perfect”, when man leans on his own understanding, when man thinks He knows better than YHUH how to build a week, month, or year, but rest assured, YHUH brings forth everything He created exactly the way He designed it to come forth. The moon is NOT sick.

The apocrypha does not, and the Bible does not, witness to a solar-only calendar. If you read them together in the light of all the Scriptures, letting Scripture interpret Scripture, you see that they are additional witnesses to Genesis 1:14, Psalm 104:19, Leviticus 23:1-4, Lamentations 2:6, Hosea 2:11, Ezekiel 46:1, Isaiah 66:23, etc…that the moon is also for appointed times, in addition to the sun, and that there are New Moon days in addition to and outside of weeks, and that these Scriptures are witnesses that testify that the appointed times would be forgotten in Zion when the Temple was destroyed.

These things came to be, these prophecies were fulfilled, according to scripture, that makes Jubilees and its 364-day solar year that works together with the 354 luni-solar year, true. Since Enoch agrees with Jubilees and the Bible on this, that makes Enoch also out to be a true witness. According to Torah, we are required to hear all the witnesses out, and we are required to make a righteous judgement according to these witnesses. My judgement is that people are falsely representing what these apocryphal books claim, just like they misunderstand, lie about, and misinterpret what the Bible says. These books are in complete agreement with the Bible and its luni-solar calendar. They exalt the Torah of Moses, they prophesy of Messiah Yahusha, and what they said would happen has come to pass in regards to the appointed times having been forgotten in Zion. They claim to be written by messengers of YaHUaH, they come in His name. According to scripture, all this meets the requirements of a true prophet, that’s the definition of a true witness.

Will you sit on your hands and shrug your shoulders and refuse to make a judgement on the testimony of these witnesses – The Book of Jubilees and The Book of Enoch? What about the testimony of the moon? Will you cover your ears because you don’t want the responsibility of passing a judgment? Choosing to ignore the witnesses is a judgment, and a bad one. According to scripture, we are required to hear all the witnesses, and to judge with righteous judgment. YHUH is looking for righteous judges, not cowards. What will you decide?

Keeping the Sabbath – Why and When?

From Sunday to Saturday and then to the Lunar Sabbath

Why I Keep the Sabbath

Before I get to why I keep the Sabbath by the moon, you may be wondering how I came to the conclusion that I needed to keep the Seventh Day Sabbath commanded in the 10 commandments in the first place. I was called in 2008 to be a student of YHUH’s Torah. My husband and children and I were attending a Pentecostal church in Virginia, where we were stationed in the Air Force, for no other reason than that seemed to be a stepping stone YHUH had placed in our journey that would lead out of Babylon (Revelation 18:4). It was there that I was asked to lead a womens’ bible study. I was shocked, I had only been attending church on a regular basis for a few years, and I was being asked to lead my older, more mature, more well-versed peers in a study. While doing this study, the women in the study, including myself, were directed to choose five areas of ministry and bring them before the Father in Heaven to see which area of ministry He would choose for us to focus our studies on, resulting in us being experts in that area of ministry, and able to pour into others what we would learn. When I brought my 5 I had chosen before YHUH, He replied, “No. T-O-R-A-H. I want you to become a student of my word.”

I had been wondering for years how I could serve YaHUaH. I wondered if He wanted me to feed the hungry in Africa, teach women how to love their husbands, or lead a women’s prayer group in my neighborhood or congregation. I was so relieved to find that all YHUH was requiring of me was to study His word. So, that’s what I did.

It didn’t take long for my husband and I to become convicted to start keeping the Sabbath. We had been studying Paul’s writings in the New Testament, as well as Yahusha’s words, and we were starting to see that their teachings supported keeping the law of Moses, rather than doing away with the law, as the church was teaching. We felt convicted about keeping all of the 10 commandments, and we noticed we were not keeping the fourth commandment, the commandment to keep the Sabbath day.

We learned in Paul’s writings, particularly in Romans 11, that the gentiles were being offered the opportunity to be grafted into the olive tree (Israel), if they would believe in Yahusha (the Hebrew Messiah of Israel, many call Him Jesus or Yeshua) and keep YHUH’s commandments, much like the mixed multitude were also invited into receiving the promises of the covenant at Mt. Sinai, those who came out of Egypt with Israel and were charged to keep the same laws as Israel (Exodus 12:49, Numbers 15:16, Numbers 15:29, and Leviticus 24:22).

Why I Keep the Seventh Day Sabbath by the Moon

(Rather than on a Day in the Gregorian Week)

So we became students of His Torah, and we walked in the understanding we were given, a little here, a little there, one line at a time, knowing that if we were obedient with the little He was giving us, more understanding would come. We switched from meeting on Sunday to gathering on Saturday. We did that for about 5 years at our local Hebraic Roots and Messianic Judaism congregations, until, once again, I heard that small, still voice rebuking me for worrying about my husband who was working on Saturdays (what we thought was the Sabbath at the time) as a firefighter/paramedic, when he was scheduled to do so, when I, myself, was not keeping HIS Sabbath. At first I wondered how I could not be keeping His Sabbath, because I didn’t work, I stayed home with my children. I always rested on Saturday, so how could I not be keeping HIS Sabbath? YHUH immediately brought to my remembrance someone mentioning people who keep Sabbath by the moon. I had dismissed it rather quickly when I had first heard of it, because I did not understand at the time that New Moon days were not days of the week. Once YHUH rebuked me about the Sabbath, I knew immediately that I needed to hear out the testimony of such people who keep a lunar Sabbath and see if they had scriptural witnesses for doing so. I found out that they had many scriptural witnesses for a lunar Sabbath, starting with Gen 1:14, Psalm 104:19, Lev 23, Ezekiel 46:1, etc…

And Aluhym said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, appointed times, and for days, and years. Genesis 1:14

He made the moon for appointed times, the sun knows his going down. Psalm 104:19

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say to them, concerning the appointed times of YHUH, which you shall proclaim to be sanctified convocations, even these are my appointed times. Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a sanctified convocation; you shall do no work therein; it is the Sabbath of YHUH in all your dwellings. Leviticus 23:2-3

Thus says YHUH Aluhym; The gate of the inner court that looks toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and on the New Moon days it shall be opened. Ezekiel 46:1

It didn’t take long to convince me. I humbled myself and knew His word was true, and man was wrong, the moon was for appointed times, as these verses teach, and the Sabbath was clearly an appointed time, according to Leviticus 23:2-3. I got in step with His word and started marching to YHUH’s drum. My children began to march to it too, and within a few months my husband was, as well. We were leaving Babylon/Egypt all over again, following the cloud to the next destination. We got off on some rabbi trails along the way, but YHUH is faithful, and He quickly got us back on the right path, the one He put us on when we first came to the lunar Sabbath, using the dark, concealed moon, as the New Moon, beginning the month the morning after conjunction. For an explanation about how we came to using the dark moon as the New Moon, rather than the First Visible Crescent (FVC), or the Jewish Hillel II calendar, or using the Full Moon, please refer to my article at this link:

Dark New Moon Days and Paths of Light

Scriptural Witnesses Establishing the Sabbath Day for Believers

Allow me to share some verses with you from both the Old and New Testaments, from the words and actions of people like Moses, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, Paul, and Yahusha Messiah, that led to my conviction to keep the Sabbath day; This is not a complete list, but a few:

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Exodus 20:8

But the seventh day is the sabbath of YHUH thy Aluhym: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days YHUH made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore YHUH blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Exodus 20:10-11

Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to YHUH: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. Exodus 31:14-15

Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. Exodus 31:16

But the seventh day is the sabbath of YHUH thy Aluhym: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that YHUH thy Aluhym brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore YHUH they Aluhym commanded thee to keep the sabbath day. Deuteronomy 5:14-15

[[A Psalm or Song for the sabbath day.]] It is a good thing to give thanks unto YHUH, and to sing praises unto thy name, O most High…Psalm 92:1

Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil. Isaiah 56:2

Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to YHUH, to serve him, and to love the name of YHUH, to be his servants, every one thatkeepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant…Isaiah 56:6

If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of YHUH, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words…Isaiah 58:13

And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith YHUH. Isaiah 66:23

Thus saith YHUH Aluhym; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened. Ezekiel 46:1

For the Son of man is Master even of the sabbath day. Matthew 12:28

But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day…Matthew 24:20

And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath…Mark 2:27

And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. Luke 4:16

And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days. Luke 4:31

And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day? Luke 13:16

And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment. Luke 23:56

And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. Acts 13:42

And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of Aluhym. Acts 13:44

For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath day. Acts 15:21

And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures…Acts 17:2

And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks. Acts 18:4

Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days…Colossians 2:16

Yahusha Messiah and the disciples urged us to walk as the disciples and Yahusha walked. They were to be our example. We are to imitate them as their followers. Paul said:

Imitate me, just as I also imitate Messiah. 1 Corinithans 11:1

Peter said:

For to this you were called, because Messiah also suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in His footsteps…1 Peter 2:21

John said:

He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

In the Book of John, Yahusha said:

I have set you an example so that you should do as I have done for you. John 13:15

The disciples walked the same walk Messiah walked. How did they walk? We read from many of the verses above that they kept the Sabbath and honored it. They gathered on that day to hear the Word and worship the Father. I understand Yahusha, Paul, John, and Peter to be saying I need to imitate their actions, including in how they acknowledged the Sabbath day.

Yahusha said His words were the Father’s words, and the Father said to keep the Sabbath as an eternal covenant. The Chosen Son who inherits the Kingdom does not disobey the rules of the Father, and He does not teach the other children to disobey the Father, nor does He have authority to change the Father’s rules of the Father’s house. Jeremiah 31:33 and Hebrews 8:10 state that the purpose of the new covenant that Yahusha’s death, burial, and resurrection, brought us into, was having the law put on our hearts so that we would keep it, this would include the Sabbath commandment, the 4th commandment of the 10 commandments which most Christians still insist are to be kept.

But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith YHUH, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their Aluhym, and they shall be my people. Jeremiah 31:33

For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith YHUH; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them Aluhym, and they shall be to me a people. Hebrew 8:10

The Father intended from the very beginning to do away with our stony hearts that broke the commandments in the wilderness, resulting in broken tablets of stone. He wanted to take our stony hearts and put in us hearts of flesh that would love His commandments and hide them in our hearts as cherished treasures.

Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. Psalm 119:11

The law of thy mouth is better unto me than thousands of gold and silver. Psalm 119:72

Therefore I love thy commandments above gold; yea, above fine gold. Psalm 119:127

He wanted us to see them as a light for our paths, not burdens.

Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. Psalm 119:105

He wanted us to see them as good rules of a loving Father that wants to protect them.

Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word. Psalm 119:67

I know, O YHUH, that thy judgments are right, and that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me. Psalm 119:75

That’s what sending His Son was about – to bring us back into right relationship with Him, by bringing us back to the Father through faith in Yahusha, which leads to repentance of sins (turning away from sin) – sins that include not honoring His Sabbaths.

New Moon Days are Never Sabbath Days or Work Week Days

So why don’t we buy, sell, or trade on the New Moon? If we did, wouldn’t people be tempted to buy, sell, and trade all day, in order to make more money? Wouldn’t they be distracted from acknowledging the New Moon and worshipping YHUH? Of course they would. Consider this passage, how YHUH hates when we dread pausing our business for His appointed times:

“Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; yea, and sell the refuse of the wheat?” Amos 8:4-6

YHUH promised in Deuteronomy 28 and many other places in the Bible, that if we obey Him, we will be blessed, even overwhelmed with blessings, and our baskets will be full of bread. He said if we don’t we will be cursed. He said His sparrows and the flowers are well taken care of, so why would He not take care to clothe and feed us who are of far more value to Him? We who have been keeping the Sabbath for years, myself, my family, and others who I have spoken to over the years, we can testify that He does keep His promises, even regarding His Sabbath days. Many argue that His Word is false, that the Sabbath cannot and should not be kept, but there is a saying that very much rings true: “A man with an experience is not at the mercy of a man with an opinion.” In other words, they are just haters, they are knocking it to keep you and themselves from the truth. Yahusha spoke of Pharisees who keep others from entering the Kingdom and won’t enter themselves. These are such people. Naysayers. We’ve all been naysayers at some point, so I’ll forgive them for being wrong, but I’ve kept the Sabbath, I have that experience under my belt, and I’ve seen the blessings from it, so don’t tell me it can’t be done, or that it is a curse.


Counting to the Seventh Day Lunar Sabbath

The morning after conjunction of the sun and moon, begins the 1st day of the month, Rosh Chodesh, the head of the month (In Hebrew, rosh means head, chodesh means renewal/New Moon/month). Then count seven days; your first Sabbath will be the 8th, then the 15th, 22nd, and 29th of the month. Conjunction will always occur either on the 29th or 30th of the month, depending on whether there are 29 or 30 days in that month. The 30th day of the month, like the 1st of the month, is a New Moon day, a chodesh, but the 30th day is NOT ROSH Chodesh, it is the TAIL of the previous month, NOT the HEAD of the new month. The 30th day of the month is ALWAYS a New Moon day. When it occurs, it is the day that conjunction (the renewed moon) occurs. Conjunction can sometimes occur on the Sabbath on the 29th, if there is only one New Moon day, in other words, no 30th day. The 1st of the month is ALWAYS a New Moon day, but conjunction NEVER occurs that day. Rosh Chodesh is the time before the count to the Sabbaths begins. New Moon days occur at the dark phase of the moon, and separate the 4 lunar weeks in one month from the 4 lunar weeks of the next, much like the dark period of night separates one daylight period of another, much like the dark period of winter separates on annual summer from another. The day after Rosh Chodesh, the second day of the month, is the first day in the work week, when you begin counting 6 working days to the Sabbath day. Remember Amos 8:4-6, you don’t want to try to buy, sell, or trade on the New Moon days, those working days begin after the New Moon day(s).

See Genesis 1, how in the beginning, there was darkness, this was Rosh Chodesh, the first day of the month, and then on the first day of the work week, YHUH created the light. That days is the day when visible light appears on the moon signaling that it is time to go back to work. Light appears on the moon either the evening before or the evening after the first day of the work week. The First Visible Crescent, FVC, is not the sign for the New Moon, or the beginning of the month, it is the sign for the first day of the week. Just as night is a time of darkness between days, and a divider between the end of one day and the beginning of the next, so also the dark moon days are a period of darkness on the moon, dividing the end of one month from the beginning of the next. It was also at this time Genesis 1 says YHUH divided the light from darkness. This is when there is visible separation of the sun and moon after conjunction, the first visible crescent at the end of the first day of the week.

Each month has 4 weeks, or sets of 7, and each moon lunation has 4 quarters. The first Sabbath, on the 8th, is the waxing first quarter moon. The second Sabbath, on the 15th, is the full moon. The third Sabbath is the 22nd of the month, on the waning last quarter, and the final Sabbath, is on the 29th, the Last Visible Crescent, or LVC, leading into the dark moon again. The 1-2 days that have no visible light on the moon are New Moon days, and the 28 days that have visible light are the 4 sets of 7 days, the path of light. Six days you shall work, the seventh day you shall rest.

Should we begin to observe Sabbath in the evening or morning?

I’ve been around the block on this one. We observed Sabbath starting on Friday evenings when we believed the Sabbath was on Saturday. We did that for 5 years. Then we discovered that a date/day begins in the morning, not the evening before, and started observing the Sabbath beginning in the morning. Now we have come full circle. YHUH has taught me that His ways are taught with PATTERNS in Scripture. It applies well here, too. So what PATTERNS do the Scriptures draw for us concerning this issue?

While we once thought the commandments mentioned below were exceptions and not the rule, after getting to know YHUH and His ways in more intimate detail in more recent years, we now see it the other way around, that YHUH is pretty consistent in His ways, and He doesn’t like to deviate from them. Scripture gives us two examples, two witnesses, that His appointed times should be observed starting the evening before the appointed time, until the evening of that date. For example, regarding the Feast of Unleavened Bread, we are commanded to begin eating unleavened bread the evening before the first day of the festival, until the evening after the last day of the festival:

In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. Exodus 12:18

Also, regarding Yom Kippur, Leviticus 23 commands us to begin afflicting ourselves and observing the Sabbath beginning the evening before the 10th day of the month:

And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you. Leviticus 16:29

It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. Leviticus 23:32

As we started reading the “apocryphal” (hidden, secret) writings more and more, we came across the Book of Yahudith (Judith), which was published in the KJV 1611 Bible, and was once considered Canon before it was rejected by the Protestant church, and I came across a verse that piqued my interest and made me scratch my head and reconsider my ways, as when I was reading it, I was observing the Sabbath from morning to morning. The verse that made me stop and meditate was this one:

And she fasted all the days of her widowhood, save the eves of the sabbaths, and the sabbaths, and the eves of the new moons, and the new moons and the feasts and solemn days of the house of Israel. Judith 8:6

I had to humble myself and acknowledge that maybe I needed to look into this again. I prayed about it, meditated on this and other verses, and my mind started to renew. More confirmation came weeks later while I was reading the Book of Tobit. Chapter 2 begins with Tobit sitting down to eat his meal on the Sabbath of Pentecost. He sends his son out to fetch someone to share his meal with. His son comes back reporting:

‘…Father, one of our nation has just been murdered; he has been strangled and then thrown down in the market place; he is there still.’ Tobit 2:3

So an Israelite is “strangled”, most likely from being hung from the tree, as it says he was “thrown down”, apparently from the high place he was hung from. It was gentile custom (the story takes place in Ninevah) to kill the Jews and hang them, causing them to be accursed. This greatly disturbed Tobit, who had a heart for burying dead Israelites in righteousness, because he knew that Deuteronomy 21 says to bury the dead that is accursed from hanging on the tree the same day/date, that a man who is hanged becomes accursed, and must not be left overnight, lest the land also become accursed. We see in Joshua 8:29, and 10:26-27 that the Israelite custom was to leave the body of an accursed person hanging until sunset/evening, and then bury the body between sunset and nightfall. Tobit wanted to make sure the body was not left overnight, in obedience to Deuteronomy 21. Chapter 2 of Tobit goes on to say that he waited until sunset to bury the body. Verse 7 says that when the sun was down, he went and dug a grave and buried him. Now this day was a Sabbath, being Pentecost, according to Leviticus 23. If the Sabbath of Pentecost is to be observed from morning to morning, how could Tobit bury him the same night without doing much work in digging a grave and covering it back up? Some argue that it’s good to do a good deed on the Sabbath. Yes, but one that brings life and healing. Yahusha did not do heavy exertion like digging a grave on the Sabbath when he healed someone or RAISED them from the dead. We see no evidence of Israelites digging a grave or burying someone on the Sabbath, anywhere in the Bible, ever. We see that Joseph and the women who wanted to prepare Yahusha’s body for burial were very careful to make sure His body was placed in the tomb before the Sabbath hours began IN THE EVENING following the Passover on the 14th. Luke 23:56 makes a point to say they rested ACCORDING TO THE COMMANDMENT. The following evening, once the Sabbath was over, they purchased more spices for the burial, prepared the spices, and brought them to the sepulcher the following morning, early on the first day of the week. See Luke 24:1 and Mark 16:1.

I now believe that very possibly the main reason that YHUH wants us to observe the appointed times from evening to evening instead of morning to morning, is to keep us in compliance with Deuteronomy 21. Why break a command on the Sabbath if you don’t have to? YHUH built the provision into the law, so that if someone were to be hung by the gentiles on the Sabbath day, like this Israelite in the time of Tobit, he could be buried the same day, without requiring anyone to dig a grave on the Sabbath day, making it unholy. Who wants to spend the Sabbath of Pentecost digging a grave instead of feasting? Tobit may have feasted in mourning that day, it says he ate his meal while weeping, but kept the day holy, as commanded, he waited for the sun to go down to end the Sabbath hours.

What About the “Extra” New Moon Days?

The New Moon days are set-apart days for worshipping YHUH. They are similiar to a Sabbath, as they are not REGULAR work days in the week, but they are NEVER called a Sabbath. There are exceptions, however, one being Yom Teruah, or the Day of Blowing/Day of Trumpets, the 1st day of the 7th month mentioned in Leviticus 23. This is the only New Moon day mentioned in Leviticus 23 that is called a Sabbath. While Yom Teruah is a Sabbath, it’s still not a weekly Sabbath, it’s never on the seventh day of the week, it does not ever land on any day during the work week. There are 3 other New Moon days mentioned in the Book of Jubilees, in addition to the Feast of Trumpets, that are special New Moon days to be observed, like Yom Teruah – the first of the first month, the first of the fourth month, and the first of the tenth month. In Jubilees, these New Moon days, are called “feasts” and “memorials”, along with the first of the seventh month. According to Chapter 6 of Jubilees, these days were appointed as a memorial for Noah and what happened to him on these days during the flood, for us to remember him and these days forever from generation to generation. Because Trumpets is also called a feast and a Sabbath, these days are also likely Sabbaths, as Jubilees groups them together as feasts, and they are all Rosh Chodesh New Moon days that divide the year into quarters of 13 weeks. New Moon day is never a Sabbath, even though they aren’t regular work days, either. New Moon days are worship days, a time to consult YHUH and the prophets. Ezekiel 46:1, 2 Kings 4:22-23,  and Isaiah 66:23. The Israelites built the tabernacle on the first day of the month (Exodus 40:2), so work can be done and burdens can be carried, and we are not prohibited from cooking or travelling long distances (Ezra 7:9) as on a Sabbath day (Jeremiah 17:21-27, Exodus 16:14- 29, Acts 1:12, and Nehemiah 13:15-22). We do not buy, sell, or trade on a New Moon day. (Nehemiah 10:31 and Amos 8:5)

The sounding of the 2 silver trumpets on Rosh Chodesh is also the signal to start over your count of 7 days to the Sabbaths, much like the sounding of the shofar on Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), announcing the year of Jubilee, is also the signal to start over your count of 7-year land Sabbaths to the next Jubilee year. This is a PATTERN established in scripture, in Leviticus 25. Most people claim that the count of 7 days is uninterrupted from creation, but scripture does not establish a pattern of counting continual counts of 7 without interruption. Leviticus 25 instructs a PATTERN of counting to 7 WITH interruption every 50th year, it teaches how to count to 50 in sevens (sound like the count to Pentecost in Leviticus 23 and Deuteronomy 16?), and then start over. The land Sabbath count of 7 WEEKS of years (49 years) is interrupted with the 50th year that lands outside of those weeks of years, and starts over after 50 years with the Jubilee year, and the blowing of the shofar on the Yom Kippur at the end of the 49th year, and the Sabbath day count is interrupted and started over on the New Moon with the sounding of the 2 silver trumpets. The Jubilee year is a years that separates or divides (hence why the Book of Jubilees is also called the Book of Division), one set of weeks of years from the next, just like the New Moon separates or divides one set of monthly weeks from the next, both being signaled with the sound of trumpets or a shofar to mark the division. YHUH teaches us with PATTERNS in His word. His patterns are His WAYS, His PATHS.


There is no scripture or pattern established requiring the count of 7 days to be uninterrupted from creation. However, there are some very strong scriptural witnesses that do require the six working days and the Sabbaths to be based on the lights in the heavens, including the moon:

And Aluhym said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, appointed times, and for days, and years. Genesis 1:14

Some would argue that this is saying that the moon is for the month, but the sun is for the days of the week. That is not what Gen 1:14 said, but let’s see if there is another scriptural witness that can bring more light to Gen 1:14. Let’s see if the next verse brings more clarity to Genesis 1:14:

He appointed the moon for appointed times…Psalm 104:19

Most people would not argue that the moon is for appointed times. They tend to pretend that the Sabbath is not also an appointed time, though. Others, like myself in the past, just forget that point, or someone they suppose is more knowledgeable than themselves comes and explains it all away. Some would argue that the above verse is not speaking of the Sabbath, that the Sabbath is an exception to the rule given in the above verse, yet there is not one verse that can be found that says that the Sabbath is an exception to the rule. People add to/take away from scripture when they make such a claim. So, Psalm 104 states the moon is for appointed times, and Leviticus 23 states that the Sabbath is an appointed time. Therefore, the moon is for the Sabbath. I also must point out that Genesis 1:14 says the heavenly lights – plural – are not just for appointed times, but also days. Is the Sabbath a day? Of course. Therefore, the moon is for the Sabbath day. In fact, even the 6 working days are listed in Leviticus 23 as appointed times:

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say to them, concerning the appointed times of YHUH, which you shall proclaim to be sanctified convocations, even these are my appointed times. Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a sanctified convocation; you shall do no work therein; it is the Sabbath of YHUH in all your dwellings. Leviticus 23:2-3

You see, Lev 23 says that the six working days are appointed times to work; there is a time to work, and a time to rest. Genesis 1:14 says that the lights in the heavens are for DAYS AND APPOINTED TIMES, and you can generally tell which day of the month or week it is by what phase the moon is in, how much light is on the moon, and what time of day or night the moon is rising and setting.

Some, like I once did, might argue that at the end of the month, if you kept the 29th as the Sabbath every month, and didn’t keep the next Sabbath until the 8th of the next month, then you would be working 7-8 days, instead of 6 days, before the next seventh day Sabbath. I now understand that this is not so, because the 30th and 1st days of the month are not working days, they are New Moon days, which are not Sabbaths either. See Ezekiel 46:1 and Isaiah 66:23, there are 3 different types of days in any given month – week days when the gates are shut, New Moon days when the gates are open, and also Sabbath days, when the gates are also open.

I recently had a Saturday keeping individual question whether a common person would be required to worship before YHUH on the New Moon days, instead of doing their regular work. According to these following verses, the people of the land, not just the priests, should be free to worship before YHUH on the New Moon days, in fact, it is a command:

Likewise, the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before YHUH in the Sabbaths and in the New Moons. Ezekiel 46:3

She called her husband and said, “Please send me one of the servants and a donkey so I can go to the man of Aluhym quickly and return.” “Why go to him today?” he asked. “It’s not the New Moon or the Sabbath.”“That’s all right,” she said. 2 Kings 4:22-23

She and her husband understood for some reason, that the normal time to go to the prophet was the New Moon or the Sabbath, not on a regular work day.

And it shall come to pass, that from one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith YHUH. Isaiah 66:23

Notice it says ALL flesh, NOT JUST PRIESTS, but COMMON people, too, shall go to worship YHUH on the New Moons. Saturdayers often quote this verse to Sundayers to point out to the Sunday folk that they will go and keep the Sabbath before YHUH in the future, but then ignore the fact that the same verse also says they will go and worship before Him on the New Moon, too. Do the Saturday folks (Seventh Day Adventist, Jewish, or Messianic) refrain from buying, selling, and trading if the New Moon lands on Monday or Tuesday? No? Then why do they expect the Sunday crowd to abstain from these things on Saturday? Isaiah 66 SHOULD be headed, however, without hypocrisy, and according to the true calendar which does not place the New Moon days in the middle of the work week.

Ezekiel 46:1 helped me to understand that there are 3 types of days in any given month:

Thus says YHUH Aluhym; The gate of the inner court that looks toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and on the New Moon days it shall be opened. Ezekiel 46:1

So, in the lunar month, you have New Moon days when the gate is open as commanded in Ezekiel 46:1, and these days are neither the seventh day Sabbath nor the 6 working days.

You have the seventh day Sabbath, when the gate is open, as commanded in Ezekiel 46:1, and this day is neither the New Moon day nor one of the 6 working days.

You have the 6 working days, when the gate is closed, as commanded in Ezekiel 46:1, and these days are neither New Moon days nor Sabbath days.

Let’s try that test out with Ezekiel 46:1 and the Gregorian week. Let’s say the first day of the month lands on a Thursday. Thursday, then, is New Moon day, but it is also one of the 6 working days, so should the gate be open or closed? If you say it should be open because it is a New Moon day, then you have a problem because you can’t be at the Temple worshipping YHUH like Isaiah 66:23 requires, because you are supposed to be at work on Thursday, because Thursday is a working day, and not a Sabbath. Six days you shall work, and on Thursday, according to the Gregorians, you should be working, and the gate should be closed. If you say that Thursday is a working day, and the gate should be shut, then you are still in violation of Ezekiel 46:1 which requires the gate to be open for worship on the New Moon day.

So the problem is that the Gregorian week itself is in violation with Ezekiel 46:1, because it does not distinguish the New Moon days from the Sabbath day or the 6 working days. The Gregorian week does not set aside time for New Moon day worship of YHUH as spoken of in Ezekiel 46 and Isaiah 66:23. The lunar Sabbath month and week is the only solution to the man-made problem that the Gregorian week causes. It is the only way you can reconcile all the scriptures to be in agreement.

Many Gregorian Saturday keepers use Isaiah 66:23 to point out to the Gregorian Sunday keepers that everyone will be worshipping YHUH on the Sabbath in the future, according to the prophet Isaiah. However, Sunday keepers should point out the hypocrisy of the Saturday keepers, because the Saturday keepers work and do not gather together on the New Moon. Isaiah states that they will go and worship YHUH on the Sabbaths AND New Moon days, but Saturday keepers conveniently forget that part of the verse they use against the Sunday crowd. The New Moon often passes by without most of the Saturday congregation noticing, because there is no natural rhythm in their weeks for the New Moon days that allow them to look up, stop buying, selling, and trading, gather together, and acknowledge New Moon days.

When the neighboring peoples bring merchandise or grain to sell on the Sabbath, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or onany holy day. Every seventh year we will forgo working the land and will cancel all debts. Nehemiah 10:31

When will the New Moon be gone, that we may sell grain? and the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? Amos 8:5

While the ephah is used to measure commercially, the ephah is also used in measuring out the sacrifices to YHUH, so I see a two-fold double meaning here. When people ignore YHUH’s New Moons and Sabbaths, they make the shekel (money) greater, or more important than YHUH and His appointed times, and the sacrifices offered on those days. They make money an idol. You can’t serve two masters, you’ll hate one and love the other.

Some say Amos 8:5 is speaking of Yom Teruah, but the context of Amos chapters 7 & 8, where the verse is found, are not just about Yom Teruah, but ALL of the appointed times of YHUH. The same with Nehemiah 10:31, it says they refused to buy from the nations, not just on Sabbaths, but ANY HOLY DAY, all appointed times that are not regular work days in the week.

YHUH wants us to stop and acknowledge Him on His HOLY appointed times which He appointed for that pupose, and the fact that He is the One who created us, who created the heavens and the earth, who created time, who created days, weeks, months, and years. He wants us to stop and acknowledge that He established the laws concerning what a day is, what a week is, what a month is, and what a year is. He wants us to acknowledge that He, Himself, rested on the Sabbath day, as did His Son, and that we should do likewise, because He said so. He wants us to remember that He delivered us from Egypt, from bondage, from slavery, from our enemies, on the 15th of the 1st month, on the weekly Sabbath, on the first day of Unleavened Bread. He wants us to remember that Yahusha’s death, burial (He rested in the grave on the Sabbath), and resurrection (when Yahusha rose again, on the first of the week, much like the moon appears again as the FVC on the first day of the creation week, in the first week of the month) set us free from sin, and 1 John 3:4 defines sin as transgression of the law, including the laws of the New Moons, Sabbaths, and Feast days.

Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John 3:4

For more information on why, when, and how we should keep His Seventh Day Sabbaths, please refer to my website at:

My blog: https://pentecostcountdown.com/ 

Offerings for New Moons, Yom Teruah, and Other Appointed Times

I’ve been asked, and we all often wonder, what kind of offering can I give to YHUH? Someone just asked me about this in light of the fact that we are on the brink of Yom Teruah and the other feasts of the 7th month. Offerings are something always on my heart, but something I’ve gone back and forth on over the years, as far as what is acceptable or not. We know for sure that obedience to YHUH is one way we can give an acceptable offering to Him, to make our lives a living sacrifice. He said obedience is better than sacrifice.

“Does YHUH delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obeying YHUH? To obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed is better than the fat of rams. 1 Samuel 15:22 

To do righteousness and justice Is desired by YHUH more than sacrifice. Proverbs 21:3

Guard your steps as you go to the house of Aluhym and draw near to listen rather than to offer the sacrifice of fools; for they do not know they are doing evil. Ecclesiastes 5:1

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of Aluhym, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto Aluhym, [which is] your reasonable service. Romans 12:1

So above all, that’s our priority, to hear and obey Him. That’s a very pleasing aroma to Him. To disobey is like a stench in His nostrils. Remember Cain and Abel? Abel’s sacrifice was accepted because he gave the best of His flock, he held nothing back, it was a matter of obedience and the condition of his heart. Cain did not obey, he did not give the best of the fruit of the ground. YHUH confronted Cain about this, saying he and his offering would be accepted if he repented from his sin and the condition of his heart. YHUH warned him that sin was crouching at the door. Cain ignored YHUH, he chose to continue in his disobedience, and like YHUH warned him, Cain allowed his jealousy of his brother to cause him to murder Abel. Abel’s obedience was better than Cain’s sacrifice.

“Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices—mint, dill and cumin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the law—justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former. You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel.” Matthew 23:23-24

He who turns away his ear from listening to the law, Even his prayer is an abomination. Proverbs 28:9

We know that Aluhym does not listen to sinners, but He does listen to the one who worships Him and does His will. John 9:31

The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to YHUH, But the prayer of the upright is His delight. Proverbs 15:8

For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of Aluhym more than burnt offerings. Hosea 6:6

By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to Aluhym continually, that is, the fruit of [our] lips giving thanks to his name. Hebrews 13:15

Speaking of prayers, in addition to obedience, we see in the verses above that YHUH likens our prayers and praise to sacrifice and offerings. His word does not teach us that He doesn’t want sacrifices or bulls or goats or rams, but that He wants us to pay attention to His instructions first and be careful to obey them. This is better than the blood of bulls and goats. Yahusha’s blood is sufficient for us, but we should have the desire to offer over and above what He requires of us, because we love Him, because of what He’s done for us. If we do not have the desire to obey His commandments, we must wonder if we are trampling on His blood, which was intended to remove our sin, by giving us a will to obey, rather than transgress the law, since sin is the transgression of the law.

Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John 3:4

“…For rebellion is as the sin of divination, And insubordination is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of YHUH, He has also rejected you from being king.” Then Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned; I have indeed transgressed the command of YHUH and your words, because I feared the people and listened to their voices…” I Samuel 15:23-24

So then, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do likewise will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:19

No one who remains in Him keeps on sinning. No one who continues to sin has seen Him or known Him. 1 John 3:6

It’s been on my heart for many years to offer a lamb or bull, and I believe we are under the Melchizedek priesthood, as Abraham was, and offered burnt offerings, but other than in the camp in the wilderness, I don’t recall the Israelites ever offering on an earthen altar outside the land. (Passover was a different animal, it’s something they did MORE THAN ONCE outside the land, which many people don’t realize – see Exodus 12 and Numbers 9:1-5, so we should too, and it’s not really an offering, but a picture of how Yahusha was the offering for our sins.) Abraham and Jacob sometimes went to Egypt or Padan Aram, but it seems like they always waited to give offerings once YHUH brought them back to the Promised Land. So I hesitate to give a burnt offering right now in exile, as I feel I have more understanding to gain concerning this. I do see that it appears there will be animal sacrifices and offerings in the future, though it won’t play out the way teachers of Judaism or Christianity have taught us it will:

Every pot in Jerusalem and Judah will be holy to YHUH Almighty, and all who come to sacrifice will take some of the pots and cook in them. And on that day there will no longer be a Canaanite in the house of YHUH Almighty. Zechariah 14:21

Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house, and ministering to the house: they shall slay the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before them to minister unto them. Ezekiel 44:11

But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith Adani YHUH. Ezekiel 44:15

YHUH gives specific instructions about who can give offerings, what kind, when, where, how, etc…so, if we are not careful to observe His instructions (not rabbinical or Christian interpretations) about how and when to keep the Sabbath, or what meat to eat and how to kill it, drain the blood, and cover it, for example, then it’s not likely we will be careful to obey Him regarding the offering of sacrifices. We don’t want to offer him a swine, we don’t want to be like Aaron’s sons who were burned up for presenting an unacceptable fire. So we can be sure that prayers are acceptable in the place of sacrifice, AS LONG AS WE ARE IN OBEDIENCE, and not turning a deaf ear to His law as we once did, otherwise our prayers can actually be a sin or abomination. Also notice that just listening to His law, getting knowledge of what is acceptable to Him, shows we want to do what pleases Him. Those who are not interested in pleasing Him won’t listen to Him when He calls them to hear and obey His law.

But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices Aluhym is well pleased. Hebrews 13:16

As far as offerings for Yom Teruah and how we should celebrate it, I understand it to be called the Day of Blowing. I looked up the Hebrew word Teruah, Strong’s H8643, spelled tau, resh, uau, ayin, hey, in Lev 23:24:

Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

Here’s what scripture indicates that means:

alarm, signal, sound of tempest, shout, shout or blast of war or alarm or joy

  1. alarm of war, war-cry, battle-cry
  2. blast (for march)
  3. shout of joy (with religious impulse)
  4. shout of joy (in general)

And that comes from the root word, rua, spelled resh, uau, ayin, which means:

shout (11x), shouting (8x), alarm (6x), sound (3x), blowing (2x), joy (2x),

The word, trumpets, is actually not present in Lev 23:24. The word trumpets is added here, but for good reason, as there are other verses that instruct blowing trumpets on the New Moons, etc…

Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your Aluhym: I am YHUH your Aluhym. Numbers 29:1

YHUH said to Moses:  “Make two trumpets of hammered silver, and use them for calling the community together and for having the camps set out. When both are sounded, the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the tent of meeting. If only one is sounded, the leaders—the heads of the clans of Israel—are to assemble before you. When a trumpet blast is sounded, the tribes camping on the east are to set out. At the sounding of a second blast, the camps on the south are to set out. The blast will be the signal for setting out. To gather the assembly, blow the trumpets, but not with the signal for setting out. “The sons of Aaron, the priests, are to blow the trumpets. This is to be a lasting ordinance for you and the generations to come. When you go into battle in your own land against an enemy who is oppressing you, sound a blast on the trumpets. Then you will be remembered by YHUH your Aluhym and rescued from your enemies. Also at your times of rejoicing—your appointed festivals and New Moon feasts—you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, and they will be a memorial for you before your Aluhym. I am YHUH your Aluhym.” Numbers 10:1-10

According to Numbers 10:2, these were 2 silver trumpets blown on the New Moons, made of pure silver, in one piece. We don’t have these 2 silver trumpets, so our family can’t fulfill this command this year, but we can do what we are able, and so we can shout, we can sound an alarm, we can make noise with pots and pans, we can clap. A ram’s horn is perfectly acceptable to blow on this day, or a regular trumpet, but these do not replace the 2 silver trumpets. What’s most important to us is that we listen to hear from Him what we need to do to please Him and then do it. So I pray that in the future we will find a way to obtain 2 silver trumpets to fulfill this, at the same time, those 2 silver trumpets are to be blown over offerings. Definitely something to continue to study and pray about.

Another aspect of Yom Teruah, though, is that it is to be a Sabbath and a miqra kodesh, or holy convocation, or set apart gathering. So we are to rest that day, and treat it as a Sabbath, even a high, special Sabbath. So we observe 2 Sabbaths in a row at Yom Teruah when there is no 30th day in the 6th month. Some lunar Sabbath keepers claim there is never a case of 2 Sabbaths in a row on the luni-solar calendar, as I think I may have once ignorantly thought, but that’s obviously not the case. It’s absolutely amazing and beautiful how the luni-solar calendar works, but we must be careful to not make false claims about it.

I want to call special attention to that word, miqra, Strong’s H4744, as there is more to it than meets the eye. It’s spelled mem, kof, resh, aleph, and it can mean:

convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together

  1. convocation, sacred assembly
  2. convoking
  3. reading

It comes from the word, qara, spelled, kaf, resh, aleph, Strong’s H7121, which can mean:

to call, call out, recite, read, cry out, proclaim

  1. (Qal)
    1. to call, cry, utter a loud sound

    2. to call unto, cry (for help), call (with name of God)

    3. to proclaim

    4. to read aloud, read (to oneself), read

    5. to summon, invite, call for, call and commission, appoint, call and endow

    6. to call, name, give name to, call by

  2. (Niphal)
    1. to call oneself

    2. to be called, be proclaimed, be read aloud, be summoned, be named

  3. (Pual) to be called, be named, be called out, be chosen

So for this reason, just like on the weekly Sabbath, which is also a miqra kodesh, I believe we are called out of Babylon, called together as a kadosh assembly to read, proclaim, cry out, declare His name, His appointed times, His ways, etc…and we are to guard and keep this day kadosh, holy, set-apart…so we do. We are not to allow falsehood or anything profane into the assembly, into our dwellings, into our bodies, minds, or hearts, at the times YHUH appointed to meet with Him. We cannot tolerate sin on His appointed times. We are to create and maintain a kadosh environment so He can meet with us. Guarding His appointed times, His Sabbaths, and keeping them kadosh, is an offering like that which Pinchas/Phineas offered, which results in blessings…

In Yahusha’s love


The Sign of Jonah & 3 Days & 3 Nights

…And How that Works with the Lunar Sabbath

 This is another issue that is so easy and simple, but we get too technical and intellectual and complicate it beyond comprehension.

Anti-missionaries and my once Messiah believing friends, who were converted to being unbelievers by Judaism doctrines, tried to use the sign of Jonah to convince me that the New Testament could not be trusted. They reasoned that these timeframes given by Yahusha contradicted each other, that if these were inspired, if He was prophesying words of YHUH, His words would not contradict. To them, “after 3 days”, and “on the 3rd day” were contradicting statements, and I could also acknowledge that they did appear to contradict, or mean different things, but as I increase in faith and remember that His ways are not my ways, He teaches me through His word what HE means when He says 3 days and 3 nights, how that’s the same as on the 3rd day, and after 3 days. We use the scriptures to interpret scripture. It doesn’t jive with our mindset of time, but we must let scripture renew our minds so that we may understand the mind of YHUH and His time.

What the critics of the New Testament do not factor in is that the Old Testament also does not always quote Torah word for word. For instance, Lev 23 mentions counting 7 Sabbaths after waving the sheaf to count to Shabuot. It also mentions 50 days. Exodus 23 and Deut 16, however, when giving the instructions for the count, don’t mention the 50 days, but they do mention the seven Sabbaths. I believe it’s because it’s not necessary to mention repetitively that 7×7=49+1=50, and also because those who love to live a lie will not enter into His rest, meaning, they won’t find His Pentecost Sabbath if they don’t hear all the witnesses on the matter. They will find ways to cause confusion if they seek that, and YHUH will allow them to find it, in order to separate the wheat from the chaff and the sheep from the goats. YHUH knows some will use His word as a map to find Him, others will use it to lead themselves and others astray. Yahusha rebuked the Pharisees, saying they won’t enter the kingdom and they won’t allow others to, either (Matt 23:13), they twist His words to cause confusion, so He hardens their hearts as He did Pharaoh’s so that they won’t find their way. He uses His word and their arrogance about their perceived understanding of it as a stumbling block that trips them up.

Back when I believed Saturday was the Sabbath, I was confused, not just because I didn’t understand the Sabbath, but also because I began the day in the evening. I was confused, and did not know it. Let me give some examples of things I never thought out when I was still doing Friday night to Saturday for my day of rest. With the Passover events at Yahusha’s death, and leading up to it, it never dawned on me that If He was killed on the 14th, if we begin the day in the evening, then the previous night was also the beginning of the 14th, which was the night He was arrested, and the night of the Last Supper. The instructions for the Passover is to begin eating unleavened bread at evening, with the Passover lamb, on the 14th. Yet, the disciples weren’t eating unleavened bread that evening. Look up the word for bread in the concordance in those passages. It was chametz, leavened bread, not matzah. The Greek word for chametz, or leavened bread, is Strong’s G740, and unleavened bread, matzah, would be Strong’s G106. azymos. In the story of the last supper, they were eating artos, leavened bread, so it wasn’t the Passover yet. Passover begins the next day, in the morning, on the 14th, and between the evenings that day is when the lamb is killed, and when Yahusha was killed, and later that night is when the lamb is eaten, after being roasted over a fire, that evening still being the 14th, and when the instructions say to begin to eat unleavened bread, and then the next morning is the 15th, the Sabbath, the chag of Unleavened Bread.

So, actually, years ago when my family and I began the date at evening, by eating the Passover lamb on the night before the first day of Unleavened Bread (the 15th), in theory, we were eating the lamb on the 15th, not the 14th, because that evening began the 15th yet the instructions are clear that you eat the lamb on the evening of the 14th, that that is the night you begin to eat unleavened bread, and that you eat the lamb with unleavened bread. That’s how confused we were, and we didn’t even realize we were breaking commandments all over the place. We had a log in our eyes when we were starting the day in the evening and never saw it until long after we started keeping the lunar Sabbath.

The same with the first Passover in Exodus. The death messenger was supposed to kill the firstborn of Egypt on the 14th while the Israelites were eating the Passover lamb. If you begin the day in the evening, then in theory, you slay the lamb on the 14th in the afternoon, then that evening you eat the now dead lamb is beginning the 15th, so, again, you’re eating the lamb on the 15th, rather than the 14th, but the Passover and the death messenger killing the firstborn of Egypt and passing over the Israelites’ homes was supposed to happen on the night of the 14th, while the Passover lamb was being eaten, not the 15th, according to the instructions. If you are observing Saturday and/or beginning the day in the evening, please meditate on what I just said there.

The 15th is a Sabbath, so they left at night, after the Sabbath hours, after the Sabbath day. We are commanded only to keep the Sabbath DAY holy, there are no instructions for a Sabbath night, because night is the time when man doesn’t work anyway.

See John 9:4 – I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.

I kept Passover backwards for 5 years and never noticed these problems with beginning the day in the evening. How can anyone eat a lamb that’s not killed yet? Why would Israel apply blood to the doorposts AFTER the firstborn of Egypt are killed? Wasn’t the Passover supposed to be eaten on the 14th, not the 15th? Wasn’t the Passover the night the death messenger PASSED OVER the houses of Israel? Of course! How could we have missed this? When we repent of sins more layers of the scales come off our eyes, and we can see more clearly, less fuzzy, more black and white, less grey areas, less confusion.

The Jews don’t really have a “Hebrew” understanding about time, as we were taught by them when we first came out of the church. If they did really understand the culture, the language, the history, the Torah, better than us believers, they’d begin a day at the right time. I know some people say you should eat the meat and spit out the bones, in regards to Anti-Messiah, anti-Torah rabbinical doctrines, but there’s no meat in those teachings-it’s all bones! Ever notice they have a just a shank bone and no meat on their Seder plate? They took Messiah Yahusha, the Passover lamb, out of the Passover. We are commanded to eat the Passover lamb.

Yahusha did not say to avoid their leaven, except for their interpretations about how to observe the Passover and Unleavened Bread, He said to avoid them, period. A little leaven leavens the whole lump.

As far as the sign of Jonah, I’ve come full circle in that understanding now. Last year, someone almost convinced me that the sign of Jonah teaches us that He was arrested on the 10th, kept in custody, and was killed 3 days and 3 nights later, but I found some holes in that theory. I was more recently looking up “third day” and “three days”, and noticed the other references to the same timeframe around Messiah’s death.

The Hebrew, and in this case, Greek scriptural understanding is that “3 days and 3 nights”, “on the 3rd day”, “after 3 days”, “in 3 days”, and “within 3 days” all allude to the same segment of time involving His arrest, death, burial, and resurrection. These terms are all used interchangeably by Yahusha Messiah. All of these phrases mentioning 3 days share the same meaning, and all being true at the same time, that would be the Hebraic and scriptural understanding anyway, I know that now. Let’s let scripture interpret scripture:

John 2:19 -Yahusha answered and said unto them, ‘Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up.’

Mark 14:58 – We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.

Mark 15:29-30 – And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads and saying, ‘Ah, thou that destroyest the temple and buildest it in three days, save thyself, and come down from the cross.’

Mark 8:31 – And he began to teach them, that ‘the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.’

Matthew 16:21 – From that time forth, began Yahusha to show unto His disciples, how he must ‘go unto Jerusalem and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed and be raised again the third day.’

Mark 9:31 – For he taught his disciples and said unto them, ‘The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him, and after he is killed, he shall rise the third day.’

Mark 10:34 – ‘And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and the third day he shall rise again.’

Matthew 17:22-23 – And while they abode in Galilee, Yahusha said unto them, ‘The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men: and they shall kill him, and on the third day he shall be raised again.’

Matthew 20:18-19 – ‘Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock and scourge, and to crucify him at the stake, and the third day shall rise again.’

Luke 9:22 – “The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain and be raised the third day.” 4

Luke 18:31-33 – Then he took unto him the twelve and said unto them, ‘Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully insulted, and spitted on: And they shall scourge him and put him to death; and on the third day he shall rise again.’

Luke 24:6-7 – And so it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold two men stood by them in shining garments: and as they were afraid and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, “Why seek ye the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.”

Matthew 24:46 – And said unto them, ‘Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Messiah to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day.’

Acts 10:39-40 – ‘And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree: Him Aluhym raised up the third day, and shewed him openly.’

I Corinthians 15:3-4 – For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Messiah died for our sins according to the Scriptures; and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the Scriptures.

There are other instances in scripture where this occurs, in the Old Testament, too. Just do some cross-checking:

Joshua 1:11 – Pass through the host and command the people, saying, ‘Prepare you victuals; for within three days ye shall pass over this Jordan, to go in to possess the land, which YHUH your Aluhym giveth you to possess it.’

Joshua 3:2 & 4:1– And so it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the midst of the camp… And it came to pass when all the people were clean passed over the Jordan…

I Kings 12:5 – And he said unto them, ‘Depart yet for three days, and then come again to me.’

II Chronicles 10:5 – ‘Return unto me after three days.’

I Kings 12:12 – So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, ‘Return to me again the third day.’

II Chronicles 10:12 – So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king had bade saying, ‘Come again to me on the third day.’

So we see both the Old and New Testaments use these phrases to refer to the same period of time. So, what Yahusha means by “on the third day”, “the third day”, “after the three days”, and “three days and three nights” is the same thing He explains here:

Luke 13:32 – “Behold. I cast out devils and do cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I shall be perfected.”

…and YHUH counts to the third day in the Old Testament here:

Exodus 19:10 – And YHUH said unto Moses, ‘Go unto the people and sanctify them today, and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes, And be ready against the third day: for the third day YHUH will come down in the sight of all the people upon Mount Sinai.’

So we are to understand that the day He died, the 14th is the first day of three, and the 16th is the third day. As to the 3 nights, this would include the night Yahusha was arrested on the 13th. He was arrested on the NIGHT of the 13th, killed the DAY of the 14th, buried in that NIGHT (the 14th), rested in the tomb on the DAY of the 15th, and all that NIGHT (the 15th), and early on the first DAY of the week (the 16th), He was risen.

Here’s a website I prefer to use to research word usage and phrases in the Greek and Hebrew: https://www.blueletterbible.org/

Type in any book of the Bible, chapter, or verse. You can click on the individual verse in the text to go to the concordance or lexicon to see what the text says in the Hebrew or Greek.

It comes down to this. Do we believe? This “sign” of Jonah, and the other “3 days” verses, the supposed conflicts between them, the “discrepancies” or “problems” with the texts, are often brought up to me by unbelievers for their reasons to either reject the lunar Sabbath, reject Yahusha as Messiah, reject the New Testament, or reject the whole Bible all together. If we SEEK, we will find. So, I believe this “sign” of Jonah was used by YHUH, it was a stumbling block for those who SEEK for reasons and excuses to not believe. Sometimes we just have to believe what we know and pray for more understanding about what we don’t understand yet. When I came to believe the Bible, I believed it, period, before I even knew or understood what it said, before I had even read it, I had an experience that led me to be able to say that it was truth before I began to read or test it. I believed that He, Yahusha, was the Word, and that He, the Word, existed from the beginning, and that it does not change. It’s absolute truth, not relative to opinions or how Joe or Jake interpret it at the moment. It’s called faith for a reason. Keep on wrestling with YHUH for that greater measure of faith, and keep following that cloud…

In Yahusha’s love

If you are not sure when a day begins, read my article on the subject at https://pentecostcountdown.com/2016/05/05/the-beginning-of-a-day/

What is His Name? What is His Son’s Name?

The Letter J and a True Conversion

I remember sitting in Mr. Hornbach’s classroom when I first started learning about YHUH’s Son’s name. I was in eighth grade, and Mr. Hornbach was one of my favorite teachers. He was my English teacher and my Spanish teacher. He, like me, was interested in history, culture, words, and languages. I think I learned more facts about history, culture, and etymology in his class than Grammar and Spanish. We were learning the Spanish alphabet at the beginning of the year one day, and he made a statement I will never forget. He was telling us how the English letter, “j” was not in existence until about 400 years ago, and how in Spanish, it’s pronounced more like an “h”. For an example, he used the name, “Jesus”. He said that Jesus could not be the correct name for the man Christians believed in. He said that in old Bibles, the name, Jesus, was written with an I instead of a J, and that the I or J was pronounced like a Y. He then pointed out that in Spanish, this name was pronounced, hey-sus, which jumped out at me to sound like, hey-zeus. I was learning about the name, Zeus, in English/Lit. class, in Greek mythology, and I was disturbed by this name issue, but I didn’t dig any further into it for many years.

I was seeking truth about religion and faith. I was reading the Bible, reading the Quran, whatever I could get my hands on to sort out who or what I was supposed to believe in. I went to church with my Mormon friend and her family, my Catholic friends, and my Baptist friends, trying to figure out which was truth. For the most part, I’d say I was drawn to the Bible, though not raised up in church, and not raised by a believer. I had a Jehovah’s Witness children’s bible that was given to us when they came to visit, so I was introduced to that name early on. I knew there was a creator when I observed the creation around me, and I never believed in evolution, I always believed the creation account, the Exodus story, and I recognized the voice of the Shepherd in the New Testament. I hated witchcraft in its most obvious forms, and hated all evil, as I understood it at the time.

At the age of 18, the summer I graduated High School, I accepted the One I called Jesus as my Savior and Messiah. I hadn’t simply inherited the faith of my parents or grandparents. The source of my faith wasn’t that I had been drilled with scriptures and never questioned what I was told. I was not raised by believers in the Bible, nor was I raised in church. My conversion to being a believer in the Bible, YHUH, and His Son, came about for many reasons. The first being, I grew up fatherless. I was rejected. I wanted a father, a dependable, faithful, father. I saw how scripture refers to YHUH as our heavenly Father, and I wanted that relationship badly. I also wanted a husband, and I saw in scripture that He referred to Himself as our husband. He’s a father to the fatherless, and a husband to the widow. It was a lonely time in my life, and I wanted a friend. I also wanted truth, and I believed the good news in the Bible, was truth. I just didn’t understand that truth, but I believed it before I understood it, before I could explain it to others. Some call that blind faith. What is faith if it isn’t blind? Having to see to believe doesn’t seem like faith at all.

Yahusha saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed. John 20:29

I had an experience the day I came to believe in Yahusha, that I cannot explain. My older sister who has since rejected the Bible, had invited me to her church. Her pastor preached a sermon that nailed on everything I mentioned I wanted above. He called people up to the front to accept the Father and His Son. I felt a very strong desire to go up, but I was too scared to budge. I was embarrassed. It was a large church and it was packed. I knew that if I made a public proclamation of faith, that I would be bound to my word, and that I would be held to a higher standard, and I didn’t know if I was ready for all that. I just bowed my head and prayed that I wouldn’t have to go up there. Everyone went and sat back down. However, the pastor kept saying there was one more person who’s heart was being tugged on to go up to receive prayer.

I knew he was talking about me. I felt my face turn red and hot and my heart was pounding. I started sweating and squirming. I could feel the pastor staring at me. I just knew everyone knew I was the one. My sister knew, too. She grabbed my elbow and asked if I wanted to go up. I nodded, that was all I could do, and she gave me the budge I needed to take the first step, and escorted me to the front. I burst into tears as the pastor laid his hands on me and prayed for me. It was such a relief as the burdens came off.

It turns out, I HAD to make a public proclamation of my faith in order to go through the way, the door:

Therefore everyone who confesses Me before men, I will also confess him before My Father in heaven. But whoever denies Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father in heaven...Matthew 10:32-33

I grieved for days at how I had grieved Him with my sins, how I had brought his death and suffering for my sins. I mourned over Him whom I had pierced, but I felt an overwhelming feeling of gratefulness and joy, and I kept wondering, “Why me?” I felt like He had left the 99 to come after the one, that He really cared for me, for some reason. Many are called but few are chosen. He chose me that day. How could I repay Him? To obey Him didn’t seem like nearly enough.

I was given a Bible, and I was directed to go to the Book of John, which directed me to the beginning, in Genesis:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was WITH Aluhym, and the Word WAS Aluhym. He was in the beginning WITH Aluhym. John 1:1-2

I read and devoured those books, but I didn’t have the faith to live out what I read. The testing had begun. There was conflict in me, between the spirit and my flesh.

I had a desire to be a friend to the world, I struggled with the verses about being unequally yoked, thinking I could save my new unbelieving friends I was making, that I could be a light to them in a dark place, by hanging out with them. However, I would become a partaker in their evil deeds. I was weak in the faith and their darkness extinguished the little light I had. This caused me to set-aside that Bible for several years, because deep down, I had guilt about it. I was cruisin’ for a bruisin’. I didn’t want to hear that I needed to give up my new “friends” and other things that satisfied the flesh.

I occasionally picked that Bible back up and blew the dust off the cover, only to put it back down again. There was a struggle to do what was right, and I didn’t understand what I was reading, how I was to implement it into my life. Christians would not accept me because I was straddling the fence, I was trying to live a double life, but I hung around with unbelievers because I wasn’t convinced I couldn’t or shouldn’t. I desperately needed the faith and knowledge to stop one life in order to start the other.

Finally, I found myself pregnant, and without a husband. I prayed for a believer, whether a husband or friend, to be sent to be an example and teach me how to walk out what I was reading in the Bible. I accepted a life without a husband, whatever the will of the Father, but I was weak in the faith, and felt I needed a friend, and a support system, someone to encourage me in my walk. I wanted someone to hold me accountable, someone to tell me when I was being dumb.

Within weeks I was sent a friend who would start teaching me to avoid certain types of music, certain people, certain thoughts, certain articles of clothing, certain movies, etc…and encouraging me to pray, read my Bible, think on what’s good, and very soon this friend would become my husband.

We began walking together, and after a few years of marriage, YHUH got our attention about the Torah and we learned that we had been deceived about the names of the Father in heaven and His Son. We were informed that their names were Hebrew, and that there was no “J”, or “j” sound in Hebrew, that it was pronounced like a “Y”.

We were introduced by a family friend, a Messianic Jewish Rabbi, to the names, Yahweh, and Yeshua. All of a sudden I remembered what I had learned in Mr. Hornbach’s class that I had apparently filed away in the back of my mind, regarding the letter “j”, and Messiah’s name. We stopped using the names and titles we had originally been taught and saw in our modern Bible translations, and we began using Yahweh and Yeshua, as we were taught by the rabbi.

The Yahweh/Yeshua Conspiracy

After about 4 years in the Messianic/Hebrew Roots teachings and assemblies, I began to get annoyed that the same people that taught me these new names, were still often using the old ones they told us were wrong. To me, this was double-mindedness. It appeared to me as hypocrisy to tell Christians they are wrong for calling the Son, Jesus, which can mean, Zeus, sus, horse, or pig, in various languages, and then continuing to do that which they criticize. I started hearing the congregational leaders who once preached the name Yeshua, starting to criticize those who became zealous for that name.

Those who were zealous were labeled Sacred Namers. The Sacred Namers were discouraged and told that maybe their understanding wasn’t correct, maybe other variations of pronunciation were better, we couldn’t know for sure, so Yah would accept whatever we call His Son for now. The Sacred Namers were told not to cause confusion and division, and chastised if they studied out and used the name and taught it to others. This was all very frustrating, very confusing to me. I was being told one thing out of one side of the mouth, and another thing out of another.

One Friday night, I heard a young man, a relative of my husband, ask the Messianic Rabbi about the Father’s name. The Rabbi replied, “His name is Yahweh, but we do not speak that name, because it is too holy, and we are not holy enough to speak it, so we use Hebrew titles, such as Ha Adon, Ha Shem, etc…”

Something snapped within me when I heard that. I was boiling inside, a righteous anger was rising up, but I held my peace. The same man that told me as a Christian to stop using Greek titles such as Lord and God, that these titles had no meaning, and were not His name, was now telling us to use Hebrew titles instead, rather than the names he taught us. I began to wonder if we were still being deceived about the names, because it seemed like there was also a conspiracy going on in Messianic Judaism, to replace the names with titles. It was becoming apparent that the conspiracy to do away with His name was not just a Roman conspiracy, but one from Jerusalem as well. How could we know if the names we were told by these people were indeed their names?

And YHUH said unto me, A conspiracy is found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem. Jeremiah 11:9

My heart went out to that young man that wanted to know what the name was of the One he prayed to. Scriptures were brought to my remembrance about the importance of calling upon His name.

My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me…Hosea 4:6

And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake: but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved. Mark 13:13

And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of YHUH. Genesis 4:26

I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of YHUH. Psalm 116:3

Learning Hebrew

I wanted to learn the true names, so I started seeking out those who knew Hebrew better than myself. One person stepped up to teach our family Hebrew, who was learning it from a Jewish Holocaust survivor. This Jewish man had a doctorate and spoke many languages, including Hebrew, and had written several books on languages. So we began attending classes, learning the aleph bet. One of the first things I remember learning, is that there was no letter “v” or “v” sound, in ancient Hebrew, but that now the Jewish people pronounce the Hebrew letter “vav” (which some call the “waw”, and I call the “uau”), like a “v”, or sometimes a “w”, or a “u”.

We were also taught the letter, “bet” was always a “b” sound in ancient Hebrew, but that now in modern Hebrew they would sometimes pronounce it as a “v”, and call it a “vet”, and this would be indicated by vowel pointers, how you should pronounce it. So Hebrew went from having no letters that say, “v”, to two letters that produce that sound.

Yehovah – No “V” in Ancient Hebrew

Eventually, we got around to learning about the Father’s name. This Hebrew “expert”, informed us that his grandfather was a Levite rabbi, killed in the Holocaust, and that before he died, every year on Yom Kippur, his grandfather would pronounce the name of the Father in his prayers, only once a year, and that he overheard how his grandfather would pronounce the name. He said the name was pronounced, “Yehovah”. That sounded strange to me, in the light that they had just taught us that the ancient Hebrew had no “v” sound. We blindly went along with that for a while, not realizing that this was no better than using Yahweh, not knowing how we would know for sure.

More of our friends were starting to use Yehovah, as this was the name being taught by Nehemiah Gordon, and the growing Karaite Movement among the Hebrew Roots crowd. One day, I was listening to Nehemiah and Keith Johnson teaching on the name, and Nehemiah also mentioned that there was no “v” sound in ancient Hebrew, but then went on to insist that His name was pronounced, “Yehovah”.

He said it is uncertain how the name was pronounced in ancient times, but that Yahweh was wrong, because the ending, eh, with a long “a” sound, was wrong. He said the name had to end in an “ah”, in order to be correct. So here was another Hebrew “expert” saying there is no “v” sound, and essentially admitting to teaching a false name.

Double speech. I was starting to notice a pattern of this in the Hebrew/Messianic/Jewish teachers. Within one week I would hear two other Hebrew teachers make the same admission, that there was no “v” sound in ancient Hebrew, but still insisting on the pronunciation with a “v” sound.

Letting the Spirit and the Word Teach Hebrew

I was sent a teaching about the name by someone in an email. It explained also that there was no “v” sound in ancient Hebrew, but it did offer a tip in seeking out the truth on the matter – to look up other Hebrew words with the “vav”, to see how it was pronounced in less controversial Hebrew words, like Judah, pronounced in ancient times as Yahudah. This method sounded like wisdom to me, because it calls for other witnesses from scripture.

In the word, ruach, as in ruach hakodesh, or holy spirit, the “uau” is still pronounced as a long “u” sound. I find it extremely interesting that I would come to use this word, ruach, spirit, to aid me in sorting out how to pronounce the letter uau, and how to pronounce the names. It reminds me of this verse:

Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. John 16:13

The Hebrew word, ruach, spirit, led me into all truth regarding the names. How is the “uau” pronounced in the word, Jerusalem/Yarushalayim? It’s not pronounced as a “v”, “o”, or a “w”.

What about David? I noticed the “vav” in his name while looking through a concordance. Remember that his name is supposed to mean, beloved? Well, right there in the concordance, under David’s name, which is spelled dalet-uau-dalet, there is the word the concordance said was pronounced, dud, with a long “u” sound, and the definition of that word, was beloved.

If the word, beloved, is pronounced, dude, silent e, long u, and the word means beloved, then why would the name, David, which means beloved, and is spelled exactly the same, not be pronounced the same way? Of course it would be.

We are told that the name of Messiah, is the same name, spelling, and pronunciation, as Joshua’s Hebrew name, and is found in the Hebrew bible as, yod-hey-uau-shin-ayin, or y-h-u-sh-a, in Numbers 13:16, when Joshua’s name was first changed from Hosea to Yahusha by Moses. If the “vav” was a “v” sound, wouldn’t the Son’s name have a “v” sound in it, since it has a “vav”, or uau? There’s not a consistent pronunciation of that letter between Yehovah and Yeshua. Either it’s a “vav” that says “v”, a “uau” or “waw” that says “u” or “w”. Some modern Hebrew words even have the “vav” with vowel pointers suggesting it sometimes makes a long “o” sound. I will explain why I believe this is wrong as well.

I can see how the “u” and “w” sounds can be interchangeable, as far as in some words, like ruach, or Yahuah, because you can have both a “w” and a “u” sound, in those words, depending on how one pronounces it. Yet, these words are only spelled with one “uau”, and no other letters that make that sound. (Several months ago, I was chastised by a member of WLC’s website for not spelling out YHUH, the way WLC spells it out, Yahuwah.) It’s not spelled YHUUH, or YHUWH, just 4 letters, YHUH, and the “uau”, when you move from the “u”, to the “ah” sound in the hey, it CAN create a “w” sound, if one gets lazy with the Hebrew pronunciation. We see that in some English words as well. If YHUH doesn’t spell His name in the Hebrew with 2 uau’s, why do I have to spell it in the English with a “u” and a “w”? Whether you spell it, YaHUaH, or YaHUWaH, in English, or Hebrew, either way, it’s pronounced the same.

In words, like Dud, Yahudah, and Yarushalayim, there is a “u” sound, no “o” sound, no “v” sound, and no “w” sound. For this reason, I decided that the “u” is the most logical pronunciation of that letter, and that the letter is a “uau”, that it is in some ways similar to a “w”. I read the “w” came later, hence the name double u. The u was first. If the “uau” was originally an “o” sound, like in Yehovah, we would be calling them “Joes”, not “Jews”. The “u” sound was always there. Jerusalem/Yarushalayim would be Yaroshalayim/Jerosalem, Judah/Yahudah would be Jodah/Yahodah. Please think about how we would pronounce these words if the “uau” were supposed to be pronounced as a “v” or “w”. How would we pronounce Jerusalem or Yahudah in this case? People don’t think things through, do they?

Then there was the issue with the “yod”, or yud, at the beginning of the names of the Father and His Son. How was that to be pronounced? Is it “Ye”, or “Ya”? Again, I went back to the older version of the pronunciation of words that began with yod, or y, like Yarushalayim, Yahudah, yada (to know), Hallelu yah, pick any word or name beginning with a “yod” in the Concordance, and you will find most words are pronounced with a “Ya”. I read the “Ye”, came later. Some say it was introduced in Babylon, others say it was much later with the Greeks, but in any case, it came later, and was involved in the “Je” in Jesus, Jehovah, and Jerusalem, obviously not the correct and original pronunciations of those names.

The last issue was the pronunciation of the last “hey”. I knew it made an “h” sound, but was not sure if it was a long “a” ending sound, like in Yahweh, or “ah”, like to praise, yadah, and Yahudah, which means to praise Yahuah, as we see in Genesis 29:35. I used the same method I used for the “u” and the “ya”, and looked at other Hebrew words in the concordance that ended in hey like Yahudah. I found in most of them that the hey at the end makes the “ah” sound, and the few words with the “eh” sound, like in Moshe, were pronunciations that came later, and were influences from the nations, things picked up by the Jews in exile at some point.

I was starting to see that there may be a bit of truth and a bit of a lie mixed in both of these versions of the Father’s name. The Yah in Yahweh rang true with other Hebrew words beginning with the “yod”, but I had to put down the ending. In Yehovah, the ah ending appeared to be the good I needed to hold onto, because of the evidence in other Hebrew words with the same “hey” ending, having an “ah” sound.

Yahudah and the Door

I also noticed that YaHUDaH, YHUDH is spelled exactly the same as YaHUaH, YHUH, except Yahudah adds the dalet, which means door. I could not help but notice that Yahusha, the door, came from the tribe of Yahudah. That gives us even more insight into why Yahudah would be the tribe the door, Yahusha, would come to us through. If you take the “d” out of Yahudah, you get Yahuah. Take the dalet out of Yahudah, and put the shin in its place, and you get Yahusha. It’s spelled yod-hey-uau-shin-ayin, or y-h-u-sh-a. How we get Yeshua out of that, I don’t know. That would be yod-shin-uau-ayin, y-sh-u-a, and you have to switch around the shin and uau and leave out the hey in the Father’s name, in order to get Yeshua, not to mention you’d have to mess up the Ya and twist it to ye.

Then said Yahusha unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep. John 10:7

I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture. John 10:9

Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber. John 10:1

But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. John 10:2

Yahusha Comes in Yahuah’s Name

Scripture says Yahusha comes in Yahuah’s name. Yeshua is nothing like Yehovah or Yahweh. Yahuah and Yahusha ARE similar, they both say Yahu at the beginning, and have an “ah” sound at the end.

YaHUSHA comes in YaHUaH’s name. In YaHUSHA, we have the yod, hey, uau, with the addition of the shin and the ayin. In Yeshua we have the yod, and the uau, but no hey. Without the hey, Yeshua does not reveal the Father’s name, as hey, means to reveal. Yahusha said in John 17 that He revealed the Father’s name. The name Yeshua does not fulfill that, the name Yahusha does.

I’m not seeing Yeshua in the text anyway. Messiah’s name is clearly the same name as Joshua’s, and that never appears in Hebrew as Yeshua. Yashua, yes, sometimes, or Yahusha, or Yahushua, but He comes in the Father’s name, and the Father is YaH, not Yeh. Praise Yah! Hallelu YaH!

Joshua’s name is mentioned 216 times in the Tanach, according to Strong’s, and 214 of those times it appears as Yahusha, yod-hey-uau-shin-ayin, and only twice as Yahushua as an alternate spelling for Yahusha. That spelling is the same, but with a second “uau”. However, in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Joshua’s name appears as Yahusha and Yashua, but also Yahushua. All 3 seem to be used in both the Masoretic text and the Dead Sea Scrolls, so it seems the Masoretic text is supported by the DSS. All 3 variations of the Yahusha’s name appear to be valid. This happens with the Father’s name, too. We understand the text calls him YaH, YaHU, or YaHUaH. One is longer than the others, but we know they are all still speaking of the same BEING, none of THESE 3 variances of the Father’s name are incorrect or the result of a conspiracy.

The Son of YAHUAH, has His Father’s Name with a Shin and an Ayin added to the end. Shin means “Tooth” and Ayin means “Eye”. So in the death of the Son, the law of an “Eye for an Eye, and a Tooth for a Tooth” is fulfilled.

The spelling “Yahushua” is found in Deuteronomy 3:21 and Judges 2:7, but in each case they are referencing the person named Yahusha and the context involves supplication, someone is crying out. In Deuteronomy, Moses is crying out about not getting to enter the land, and telling Israel that Yahushua/Yahusha/Joshua, will be leading them instead. In Judges, there is mourning because of Yahusha’s death (Joshua) of Nun), so, this is why the “shua” was added to the end of the name here. This may have been a play on words, to add more spiritual understanding and emphasis to what was going on in these 2 stories. “SHUA” means “to Cry out for help or salvation.

Hebrew names can be translated; they make a statement, like Yahusha means “YAHUAH is Salvation” or Deliverance.

I Have Come in My Father’s Name, and you Do Not Accept Me; but if Someone Else Comes in his own Name, you will Accept him. YAHUCANNAN/JOHN 5:43

YASHA YAHU/Isaiah 62:11 reads, Behold, YAHUAH hath proclaimed to the end of the world, “Say ye to the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, THE DELIVERANCE/Salvation come; behold His reward is with Him and His work before Him.’”

“His” points back to Salvation and describes Salvation as a person. The Hebrew root word used here is yasha, and means salvation, liberty, deliverance, free, to be safe, deliver. Therefore, YAHUAH’s Salvation, or YAHUSHA, was to come to set at liberty, deliver, free and cause to be safe, the daughter of Zion.

MATHATHYAHU/MATTHEW 1:21: “She will bear a Son; and you shall call His name YAHUSHA, for He will Save/DELIVER His people from their sins.”

YaSha(H-3467) is a primitive root that means salvation, to save. It means to make free, deliverer or Savior.

Joshua’s Original Name, Husha, Becomes Yahusha

I mentioned before, that Yahusha shared His name with Joshua, son of Nun. If you remember, in Numbers 13, Moses changed Joshua’s name. Joshua was at first called Hosea, or Husha, which means salvation. The root of that name is yasha. There is no shua in Husha’s name. Moses changed Husha son of Nun’s name to Yahusha. Let’s examine the evidence:


Remember this is read right to left. Husha is spelled in Hebrew, hey-uau-shin-ayin. Hmmm, exactly like Yahusha, except without the yod. Well, then in verse 16, Moses added the yod to make it YaHUSHA, yod-hey-uau-shin-ayin. How does that not form the name Yahusha? How does that say Yahushua, or Yeshua, or Yashua? There is no SECOND uau, and the uau that IS there, is before the shin, not after it.

Strong’s says Husha means salvation. Tack a Ya on the front like Moses and YHUH did and you get Yahusha – YaH is salvation, or salvation of YaH. I believe the Ya was added for several reasons, the first one to demonstrate that it was YaH who brought them into the land, not the man – Husha – who led them in. I believe it was to give glory to YaHUaH for that miracle, rather than a man, to stress that salvation is from YaH. The second reason I believe his name was changed to Yahusha, is to prophesy that just as the man we call Joshua today, who the scriptures call Yahusha, led Israel into the land, so also will come another with the same name, who will lead us into the Kingdom. It’s ALWAYS very significant when someone’s name is changed in scripture.

Strong’s will tell you Husha should be pronounced Hosea, Hoshea, or Oshea, but we can’t believe everything Strong’s says, because it goes along with the conspiracy to hide and change the names of the Father and the Son. Of course they will hide the true pronunciation of Husha, because it’s in the name Yahusha. To get the pronunciation Oshea, one must remove the Hebrew letter “hey” from the beginning of the name. One must also use a vowel pointer telling you to pronounce the “uau” like an o, and don’t ask me where they are getting a “sheya” sound at the end. The ending of Husha is shin-ayin, which says “sha”. I was never taught that the ayin can have a long “a” sound, like cake. It seems to me to get, “sheya”, one would also add a “yod” to the end of Husha, before the “ayin”, to get the “ya” sound. Hosea is English, not Hebrew.

Speaking of Hosea, there’s the prophet Hosea, Husha, who also gives us a brilliant picture of Yahusha, being the husband to Israel, the harlot, who redeems her and brings her back to Him again.

Learning Hebrew

I don’t agree with the Jewish vowel pointers, that tell the reader how to pronounce the word, as the reader may have already noticed.

I just sound out the letters, knowing what sounds they make. They are very similar to English, in my mind, as I understand that all languages branched off from the one language that they were using at the tower of Babel, and that their languages/tongues, were changed just enough that they could not understand each other enough to accomplish their evil plans.

Hey says “h”, uau is a long “u” sound, shin says “sh”, and ayin is a short “a” sound, that sounds like a short “o”, as in the English words, got, or ox, or the Hebrew word, Abba, which means Father. I actually met some people online that spell Yahusha in the English as, Y-H-U-SH-O, but pronounce the “O”, or ayin, at the end, like the “a” in Abba. I don’t see anything wrong with that. I think they use the “O” instead of the “A” because of the ayin word picture of the eye, which would appear more like the English letter O than the A. Hebrew is much more simple than man makes it out to be. They complicate it because they want those not schooled in Hebrew to believe they have to follow the Jews in order to understand the Torah. Scripture says otherwise.

You can learn the letters of the aleph bet, learn the sounds they make, not according to what the Jews teach and their vowel pointers, but with witnesses from scripture, and allow the word and spirit to teach you the language YHUH originally chose to speak to His people in written form.

Here’s a link to a chart I referred to often as I was learning Hebrew. It’s very helpful, I found, in translating the Modern Hebrew to an easier to understand, more biblical and ancient Hebrew:


Division Over Names

I’m zealous about His name, and see that I am commanded to proclaim His name, exalt His name, bless His name, and praise His name, as Moses, the Prophets, Yahusha, and His disciples did. We are to do as Yahusha did, and Yahusha revealed His name to the disciples, his students:

“Let my teaching drop as the rain, My speech distill as the dew, As the droplets on the fresh grass And as the showers on the herb. “For I proclaim the name of YHUH…” Deuteronomy 32:2-3

I have revealed Your name to those You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours; You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word. John 17:6

I will no longer be in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to You. Holy Father, protect them by Your name, the name You gave Me, so that they may be one as We are one. While I was with them, I protected them and guarded them by Your name, the name You gave Me. Not one of them has been lost, except the son of destruction, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled. John 17:11-12

And I have made Your name known to them and will continue to make it known, so that the love You have for Me may be in them, and I in them. John 17:26

He says: “I will proclaim Your name to My brothers; I will sing Your praises in the congregation.” Hebrew 2:12

I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee. Psalms 22:12

Who has ascended into heaven and descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has wrapped the waters in His garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name or His son’s name? Surely you know! Psalm 30:4

John 17:11 teaches us that the Father and Son’s names are One, that Yahusha revealed and made known the Father’s name, that the Son received His name from the Father, that those names bring protection, and that those names bring unity to those who call upon those names in order to be saved.

I don’t know how many times, when the issue of the names comes up and I begin to proclaim them to people who don’t exalt the names I use, they begin to suggest that insisting on using those names is causing division. Yes, Yahusha does say He comes to bring a sword:

Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. Matthew 10:34

A sword cuts and divides in two. In fact, Yahusha’s name consists of the letter shin, which means two, cut, sharp. Sounds like a sword to ME, something sharp that cuts things in two. A sword brandished in times of strife, conflict, and division.

Even the letters in His name imply that the very essence of His name is to bring division, to separate the sheep from the goats, the wheat from the chaff, those in darkness from those in light. So, yes, His name brings division, and it brings persecution, because His enemies hate his name, it pierces their soul, it exposes their evil thoughts and evil intentions and evil deeds. The darkness hates the light. His name is light.

And ye shall be betrayed both by parents, and brethren, and kinsfolks, and friends; and some of you shall they cause to be put to death. And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake. Luke 21:16-17

For the word of Aluhym is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Hebrews 4:12

According to the verse in Luke 21, it’s those who DON’T LOVE His NAME, who betray and put to death those who do. Who are the ones causing the division here? It’s their choice to hate His name, and it’s that choice that brings the division. I don’t cut off fellowship with someone because they do not use the same names I do, because I also used other names at one time, before I studied it out. I’m certain there are others still uninformed, that would embrace the names once the knowledge in the scriptures concerning them is given them. For this reason, I continue to declare the names to those who do not yet cling to them, and do not cut-off fellowship, but my use of the names has sometimes resulted in others cutting off fellowship with me. Many Sacred Namers have been chased away by those who criticize being zealous for the names, because of all the accusations of causing division, all the verbal stoning, the discouragement, the temptation to bow the knee to men and Baal, all the attempts to get us to deny Him and blaspheme and bring guilt upon ourselves.

As long as we use Yahweh because it’s what the Orthodox Jews teach, or use Yehovah because it’s the name the Karaite Jews insist on, division will remain, because some sheep follow those men, and other sheep follow this other man, instead of following the true Shepherd – Yahusha the Messiah – who comes in the Name of and leads us to the Father – Yahuah.

There was a time when I wondered if we should divide over the names. However, I noticed that in Acts, the apostles were not afraid to enter the market places of the gentiles, or the synagogues of the Jews on the Sabbath, to proclaim the names to those who used other names. Paul was in the Jewish Synagogues ON THE SABBATH, persuading the Jews AND the GREEKS. Paul was NOT meeting them in Greek Temples on Greek appointed times, but Jews and repentant Greeks alike, even in GREECE, were acknowledging YHUH’s Sabbath, and gathering THEN in the synagogues, to hear what Moses had to say on the Sabbath day. This should be our model regarding when and where we meet to hear Moses preached. We should continue to proclaim His name to those who hate His name, and if they choose to divide or come after us with verbal tongue lashings because we continue to preach in His name, so be it. That said, I do not pray with them in other names, and I do not compromise the truth and light of His name in my efforts to share truth with others.

Acts 5 and Acts 18 and the Names

In the Book of Acts, Chapter 18, we read about Paul preaching the name of Yahusha and His role as Messiah in the synagogues in Athens, Greece:

And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks. Acts 18:4

…And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Yahusha was Messiah. Acts 18:5

…In verse 6, the Jews are infuriated, and “oppose” themselves (set themselves against their own nation and King), and blaspheme, because they are enraged by Paul’s testimony that Yahusha was Messiah.

Paul shakes his garment as a sign to them that their blood be upon their own heads, and announces he is going to the gentiles. What caused Paul to leave the synagogue in Athens was the Jews’ opposition and blasphemy against the testimony of Yahusha…continuing on in Acts to the next verse:

And he departed thence, and entered into a certain man’s house, named Justus, one that worshipped Aluhym, whose house joined hard to the synagogue. Acts 18:7

And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Master with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized. Acts 18:8

I’m sure the other religious leaders were furious about all the people being converted to believing in Yahusha, even the leader of the synagogue and his house. Going on to the next few verses in Acts 18:

Then spake the Master to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace: For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city. And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of Aluhym among them. Acts 18:9-12

So a year and a half later, while dwelling with the brethren and teaching them the Word in that house…

And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat, Saying, This fellow persuadeth men to worship Aluhym contrary to the law. Acts 18:12-13

…Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewdness, O ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you: But if it be a question of words and names, and of your law, look ye to it; for I will be no judge of such matters. Acts 18:14-15

So Gallio said the Jews were bringing him matters of words and names and the Jewish law, and verse 13 says the Jews accused Paul of persuading men to worship Aluhym contrary to the law. It appears, throughout this chapter, the issue the Jews have is with Paul’s testimony that Yahusha is Messiah, and that this testimony agrees with and is taught in the Law, and that they could worship YHUH in Messiah Yahusha. They are accusing Paul of idolatry and blasphemy. Yahusha was accused of blasphemy when he was killed, because He and His followers claimed Him to be THE Messiah, YHUH’s Son, and the King of the Jews. Because Paul held to the same testimony, he would face the same accusations from the Jews who would not believe in Yahusha’s NAME.

Just in case there’s STILL any doubt among some that the NAMES were not a major issue between Paul and the Jews who persecuted him, let’s take a look at Acts 5, starting at verse 17:

17 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,

18 And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison.

19 But the messenger of YHUH by night opened the prison doors, and brought them forth, and said,

20 Go, stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life.

21 And when they heard that, they entered into the temple early in the morning, and taught. But the high priest came, and they that were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought.

22 But when the officers came, and found them not in the prison, they returned, and told,

23 Saying, The prison truly found we shut with all safety, and the keepers standing without before the doors: but when we had opened, we found no man within.

24 Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these things, they doubted of them whereunto this would grow.

25 Then came one and told them, saying, Behold, the men whom ye put in prison are standing in the temple, and teaching the people.

26 Then went the captain with the officers, and brought them without violence: for they feared the people, lest they should have been stoned.

27 And when they had brought them, they set them before the council: and the high priest asked them,

28 Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man’s blood upon us.

29 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey Aluhym rather than men.

30 The Aluhym of our fathers raised up Yahusha, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.

31 Him hath Aluhym exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

32 And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, whom Aluhym hath given to them that obey him.

33 When they heard that, they were cut to the heart, and took counsel to slay them.

There’s the testimony of Yahusha cutting the heart, remember, the shin in His name means to cut, and now those who do not believe in His NAME, take counsel to slay/cut…

34 Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded to put the apostles forth a little space;

This was the same Gamaliel mentioned by Paul in Acts 22:3, whose feet Paul sat at and learned the Law from. It appears Gamaliel is urging the Sanhedrin to tread carefully and not harm those who hold the testimony of Yahusha, and suggests there is a possibility their works could be of Aluhym, and that to fight against their testimony, could be fighting against YHUH, and in vain.

35 And said unto them, Ye men of Israel, take heed to yourselves what ye intend to do as touching these men.

36 For before these days rose up Theudas, boasting himself to be somebody; to whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves: who was slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were scattered, and brought to nought.

37 After this man rose up Judas of Galilee in the days of the taxing, and drew away much people after him: he also perished; and all, even as many as obeyed him, were dispersed.

38 And now I say unto you, Refrain from these men, and let them alone: for if this counsel or this work be of men, it will come to nought:

39 But if it be of Aluhym, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight against Aluhym.

40 And to him they agreed: and when they had called the apostles, and beaten them, they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Yahusha, and let them go.

41 And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name.

42 And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Yahusha Messiah.

They disobeyed the council, the Sanhedrin, and they continued to teach and preach Yahusha and His NAME. In verse 29, when commanded to not speak in that name, the believers stated that it was better to obey Aluhym rather than men. YHUH’s Word ALWAYS trumps the word of the Sanhedrin and other men in positions of “authority”. Yahusha says you are to avoid their leaven, therefore, you shall do it. Because the Sanhedrin misused their authority, attempting to elevate their YHUH given authority over YHUH, YHUH took their authority away soon after they rejected the One who gave them that authority. Yahusha prophesied King and Priest would be rejected and the Temple and Jerusalem would be destroyed and they would go off into exile. They lost the authority He had given them. Judah handed Shiloh the scepter that was rightfully and originally His. The scepter now departed from Judah, because Shiloh – Yahusha, had come. Genesis 49:10.

Last year, I was a member on a website, and a Messianic contacted me saying he and his wife were seeking fellowship, that we had similar beliefs. We began to compare our beliefs on core issues, and he mentioned he noticed that we don’t use the name Yeshua, which they used. I replied with our testimony about why and how we began to use the name Yahusha. He replied to me that they were aware of the “correct” way to pronounce the name, but that in following the Jews, they INTENTIONALLY MISspell the name, so as not to speak the name. Again, someone admitting to me that they intentionally lie, giving false testimony, about His NAME. I was floored that this person actually admitted to me what I had suspected for years. He was involved in a great conspiracy against the NAMES. What a terrible fate awaits such as these! Indeed, there is still a conspiracy against YHUH in Judah, and as Ezekiel states:

Why do the nations conspire     and the peoples plot in vain? The kings of the earth rise up     and the rulers band together     against YHUH and against his anointed, saying, “Let us break their chains

And throw off their shackles.” Psalm 2:1-3

Back to the Greeks in Acts 18

On Mars’ Hill, in Acts 17, Paul introduces the Greeks in Athens to the names of the Father and His Son, who resurrected:

For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, To The Unknown God. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you. Acts 17:23

…And the times of this ignorance Aluhym winked at; but now commands all men everywhere to repent. Acts 17:30

The Greeks were IGNORANT of His NAME. They did not know His name. Paul says Aluhym NOW commands ALL men everywhere to REPENT of this IGNORANCE of NOT KNOWING His NAME. If one is in ignorance regarding YHUH’s name, it’s not because nobody has declared it to them, but because they have not heard and tested what’s being said to them. If a person is still unsure about the names, by not studying the matter out, he is making a choice to sin against that command to repent of that ignorance of His name. That person is choosing to blindly follow the Pharisees or the religious leaders of the Romans or Greeks who suppress the knowledge of the names, he is choosing to remain in ignorance on the matter – a matter of salvation. We are blessed if we seek His name:

And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there. Genesis 32:29

An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. Exodus 20:24

And they shall put my name upon the children of Israel; and I will bless them. Numbers 6:27

If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. 2 Chronicles 7:14

Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name. Psalm 91:4

As Paul was told in Acts 18:9, we cannot be afraid, we cannot continue to hold our peace out of fear of rejection or fear of losing fellowship. Perfect love casts out all fear, so if we have fear, we do not have love. We must love YHUH before, and more than, our brother. Fear of men leads to obeying men instead of YHUH, in an effort to save one’s own life:

For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it. Matthew 16:25

Yahusha declared “‘Love YHUH your Aluhym with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment.” Matthew 22:37-38

YHUH comes first, the command to love our brother was put second. Choose this day whom you will serve…

Blessings in Yahusha/Yahushua/Yashua Messiah’s Name


The Exchange of Vows on 3-16

Jubilees 1:1, states that it was the 16th of the 3rd month when Moses was called up the mount.

And it came to pass in the first year of the exodus of the children of Israel out of Egypt, in the third month, on the sixteenth day of the month, [2410 Anno Mundi] that Aluhym spake to Moses, saying: ‘Come up to Me on the Mount…’ Jubilees 1:1

This verse is sometimes quoted by those who understand it to support their position that the Israelites arrived at Sinai mid-month, not early in the 3rd month, to establish that Shabuot occurs later than the Jewish tradition of dating the Feast early in the 3rd month. I propose that, those who quote Jubilees 1:1 to support the testimony that Exodus 19:1 tells us that Israel arrived mid-month in the 3rd month, are correct in doing so. However, these same individuals will often claim Jubilees 15:1 is a lie, because it disagrees with their doctrine on the date of Shabuot. The Book of Jubilees testifies several times throughout the book that the First Fruits of the Wheat Harvest Festival is on the 16th of the 3rd month.

And in the fifth year of the fourth week of this jubilee, in the third month, in the middle of the month, Abram celebrated the feast of the first-fruits of the grain harvest. Jubilees 15:1 And she bare a son in the third month, and in the middle of the month, at the time of which YHUH had spoken to Abraham, on the festival of the first fruitsof the harvest, Isaac was born. Jubilees 16:13

Individuals who reject these testimonies in Jubilees pick and choose what agrees with them, and throw the rest out. When it comes to scripture, certain scrolls that claim to be inspired by YHUH, hold to the testimony of the law of Moses, and prophesy of Yahusha Messiah, I don’t believe there are any bones to spit out. While there are minor mistranslations in a few places, in ALL translations, I have found that when each verse is examined in the light of ALL the other scriptures, we can have confidence in them all, I don’t believe the scribes did so much damage that we can’t put our faith in much or even in ANY of it, as some would have us to believe.

I believe Israel arrived on the 15th, at night, two months after they left Rameses. I also believe that the camping place (Rephidim) prior to their arrival, was a short journey away, where they rested on the Sabbath before arriving at Sinai the following night. That night, after they arrived at Sinai, they set up camp, and in the morning, on the 16th (Remember, a day/date begins in the morning), Moses was called up the mount.

Shabuot, the establishing of the covenant, and the giving of the law, could not have taken place before the 16th of the 3rd month, as the Bible and Jubilees agree that these things did not take place before they arrived at Sinai. A Pentecost on the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, or 9th day of the month would be impossible, and not in line with the witnesses.

The Book of Jasher is a 3rd witness about the date of the Feast and these events. In Jasher 82:6, we read that YHUH gave the 10 commandments to Israel on the 6th day of the 3rd month, however, I believe that’s an error on the part of the translators, that it should read the 16th.

And the children of Israel proceeded from Rephidim and they encamped in the wilderness of Sinai, in the third month from their going forth from Egypt…And in the third month from the children of Israel’s departure from Egypt, on the sixth day thereof, YHUH gave to Israel the ten commandments on Mount Sinai. Jasher 82:1, 6

I go into how/why I come to that conclusion more on my website, but that’s the only way I know to understand Jasher 82:6 if we are to believe these books agree and strengthen the testimony, and I believe they do, because on a calendar that puts Sabbaths on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th, as the Bible, Jubilees, and Jasher do, the 6th can never be 7 Sabbaths after the 16th OR the 23rd, no matter when you start the count. The only way to reconcile the testimony of Jasher 82:6 with the Bible, Jubilees, and the lunar Sabbath, is to interpret this verse in Jasher to be saying that it was on the 16th, and it would not be a far stretch to suggest that someone went with 6th, rather than 16th, knowing the translator was probably very familiar with the Jewish traditional date for Pentecost, counted from the 16th of the 1st month. The translator interpreted Sabbaths, as seven days, not Sabbaths or complete lunar weeks. However, if we look at Jasher in the light of all the other scriptures, the way I’m suggesting, that Jasher 82:6 should read 16th, not 6th, we bring the testimonies of the three books into agreement – the Bible, Jasher, and Jubilees – and we now have three witnesses in agreement about the date for the arrival at Sinai, the giving of the law, the establishment of the covenant, and the date for Shabuot.

While some lunar Sabbath keepers will agree with me on the date for the arrival at Sinai and the giving of the law, they disagree that this is also the date for Shabuot and Israel entering the covenant with YHUH. They disagree for several reasons. One is belief that the date for the Feast of Weeks is found by counting 7 Sabbaths plus another 50 days, resulting in the first fruits of the wheat harvest being put off until the end of the 4th month. I think the scriptures in Jubilees and Jasher obviously make this an impossibility, and the scriptures do, as well, but in a less obvious way for some people. Let me explain…

I’ll focus on their strongest arguments for a later Feast of Weeks, albeit, not very strong when one takes into account ALL of the SCRIPTURES concerning the matter. They believe Israel did not enter into covenant until the tablets were given in stone. They also believe the first fruits of the wheat cannot be ready until the end of the 4th month, never in the 3rd month. They believes there is a season called Spring, and that if Shabuot was supposed to occur in the 3rd month, scripture would call it a “Spring” Feast, during a “Spring” harvest, with “Spring” fruits. Because scripture, Philo, and Josephus, speak of Summer, not Spring, in regards to the timing of Shabuot, they believe this means Shabuot must happen in what THEY consider Summer, which THEY believe to be after the beginning of the 4th month.

If you are not yet aware that there is no such thing as “Spring” in scripture, only Summer and Winter, that in Summer are ALL of the feasts and in Summer are ALL of the harvests, and ALL of the ripening of fruits for the year, please verify what I’m saying in a concordance. I go into the issue further on my website and my blog, about how certain Hebrew phrases got translated as “Spring” and “Fall”. There is a link to the blog and my website at the end of the article. Summer has 6 months, and the 3rd month is Summer. Passover and Unleavened Bread are also in Summer.

Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter. Psalms 74:17

While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease. Genesis 8:22

So that addresses the Summer/Spring issue. Since there is no season called, “Spring” mentioned in scripture, of course Pentecost is called a Summer festival, even in the 3rd month. We can put that argument to rest.

The next argument for a later Shabuot is the claim that wheat cannot ever be ripe in the 3rd month, even the first fruits. You may have already ready seen my testimony with videos showing entire fields of wheat being harvested in the 3rd month on my blog. If you have not seen these testimonies, you can find the links on my blog in the article titled, Pentecost and Ready Wheat on 3-16, In that article, you can also read about how “winter” wheat, harvested in Summer, and sown the previous winter, is perfectly acceptable as a first fruits offering, and would be ready before the wheat sown a few months earlier.

As far as I’m concerned, because I was not there in Israel in ancient times, I cannot claim that it was never possible in Abraham’s day for wheat to be ready in the 3rd month. Some are arrogant enough to call Jubilees 15:1 a lie. They claim it is not possible that Abraham celebrated the Feast of First Fruits in the 3rd month as Jubilees states. I guess they were there so they would know, right?

I believe the Feast of First Fruits can be a week-long celebration, like the other two chagim festivals, though not commanded that way…If you look closely at the events in Exodus 19 and 24. The sequence of events begins at the 16th, and lasts about a week, with the climax of the week being Moses ascending the mount and disappearing into the cloud on the seventh day. (Exodus 24:15-18)

Starting on the 16th, it sounds like, the cloud covers the mountain, and the glory climaxes on the seventh day, and then leaves. During that week, while the cloud is on the mount, from the 16th-22, what happens first, is the exchange of vows (Exodus 19:5-8 and Exodus 24:3), then later comes the sacrifice (Exodus 24:4-6), the reading of the Book of the Covenant/Law (Exodus 24:7), then reaffirming of the vows (Exodus 24:7), sealed in the blood (consummation of marriage covenant already established) (Exodus 24:8), wedding feast on the mount with 70 elders (Exodus 24:11), then Moses is called up the mount again to receive the tablets of stone (Exodus 24:12). Moses went up in the cloud on the seventh day after YHUH again invited him up the mount to receive the tablets. So Exodus 24 is telling us very clearly the sequence of events, and which event represented the establishment of the covenant – the vows that came first. In fact, one of the root words in Shabuot, is shaba, H7650, a verb that means to make a vow, an oath, a promise. What happened on that day is even explained in the word for the name of that feast.

Everything else – the blood, the wedding feast with the 70 elders, the tablets – was putting a stamp on what already happened. This teaches us that the laws are put on our hearts first, heart circumcision, our vows are what make us bound to YHUH, not stone tablets. Our words, or vows, are important and binding. Stone tablets and physical circumcision come later. Stone tablets can be broken or lost, but our words are binding for life.

See Deut 22. If a man sleeps with another man’s betrothed virgin (they are engaged, exchanged vows, but not consummated yet, yet still considered married), the man who has lied with the virgin has committed ADULTERY, not just fornication, he must be killed, for violating another man’s WIFE, not fiancé. According to scripture, we are married when we agree to marry, not when we lie with someone. That’s when he becomes her husband, and she becomes his wife, when they agree to marriage.

Sex with a virgin results in the spilling of blood, and is a seal on the covenant already established, as we see in Exodus 24:8. Adultery is a specific form of fornication, involving sex with a woman who has made vows, and is therefore married to, another man. If a man lies with a virgin who is committed to another man, he must die. If she is not committed to another man, he is expected to marry her and/or pay the bride price for a virgin, if the father allows it, and the man can never divorce her, and he is not killed. This clearly defines a marriage covenant as the exchange of oral vows, not blood, and not the writing of the terms/ketubah/tablets which is a record of the terms/vows already established.

In Deut. 22:23-24, the husband is betrothed to his wife, but she is still a virgin, so obviously sex did not make them married, because sex and the spilling of the blood hadn’t happened yet. Numbers 30 also teaches us it is our words/vows that are binding, and Romans 7:1-3 should be read in that light/context, that a woman is bound to her husband as long as he is still alive. No where does scripture say a ketubah of any sort is binding. It’s simply a record of what was agreed upon verbally. Deut. 29:12 is another witness that the vow, or oath, YHUH made sealed and established the covenant on that very day.

That thou shouldest enter into covenant with YHUH thy Aluhym, and into his oath, which YHUH thy Aluhym maketh with thee this day. Deuteronomy 29:12

When you add in the testimonies of Jubilees about the date and Feast that YHUH first made the covenants with Israel’s fathers, Noah and Abraham, and the date for Isaac’s birth, the evidence is overwhelming for the date of Shabuot in the 16th of the 3rd month, and this being the anniversary and the fulfillment of the covenants made with them. We’ve not even mentioned the count in Lev 23 in this conversation. That’s another topic I go into more on my website.

I believe enough scriptures have been presented to establish that Pentecost cannot take place before the 16th of the 3rd month, and that putting it off another month and a half to the end of the 4th month doesn’t work, either. The witnesses all agree in strength that Israel entered the covenant, and Pentecost occurs, on the 16th of the 3rd month.

In Yahusha Messiah

The Barley Sheaf and Crossing the Sea on Abib 23

The crossing of the Sea on the way out of Egypt is often associated with the barley wave sheaf, because it’s believed by many that the date Moses led the people across the Sea, was the “day after the Sabbath” that YHUH was referring to when He commanded Israel to wave the barley sheaf in Leviticus 23. For this reason, MOST who believe this will claim Israel crossed the Sea on Abib 16, In this article, we will examine the evidence of sacred, inspired writings that exalt the name of YHUH, exalt the Torah of Moses, and prophesy of Yahusha HaMashiach.

Concerning the timing they left Egypt, Numbers 33 and Deuteronomy 16:1 inform us the date and time of day. Remember as you read these verses and study the sequence of events, that a date/day begins in the morning:

Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto YHUH thy Aluhym: for in the month of Abib YHUH thy Aluhym brought thee forth out of Egypt by night. Deut. 16:1

And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians. Numbers 33:3

Because Exodus 19:1 says they left EGYPT two months before their arrival at the Mount, this is another reason many believe this must mean they crossed the sea on the 16th of the 1st month, the morning after they left Rameses. I suggest that Exodus 19:1 is not saying they crossed the Sea two months before, but that they began their journey out of Egypt two months before arriving at Sinai. They left Rameses on the 15th, at night, in agreement with Numbers 33

The belief that the sheaf was waved on the 16th ties in with the date they believe Israel crossed the Sea. I, too, believe the crossing of the sea was at the timing of the waving of the sheaf. However, I understand this date to have occurred a week later than the date most have come to. I’m going to show where scripture says they crossed the Sea a week after the traditional date.

I, also, was taught the Israelites crossed the sea on the 16th, which is also when I was taught the sheaf was waved. However, I started to wonder how that date could be possible for the Sea crossing in the light of the scriptures which say that when they left Rameses on the 15th (Num 33:3), they camped at Sukkot (Num 33:5).

The Israelites left Rameses and camped at Sukkoth. Numbers 33:5

The Book of Jasher 81:5 says they arrived at Sukkot on the 15th.

And the children of Israel traveled from Egypt and from Goshen and from Rameses, and encamped in Succoth on the fifteenth day of the first month. Jasher 81:5 (I believe they arrived at night, not during the Sabbath portion of the day. Deut 16:1 and Num. 33 say he brought them out by night, and on the 15th, so this did not break the commandment to keep the Sabbath day kadosh.)

Then they left Sukkot and camped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness (Num 33:5-6, Exodus 13:20, and Jasher 81:7).

They left Sukkoth and camped at Etham, on the edge of the desert. Numbers 33:6

And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. Exodus 13:20

And the Egyptians buried all their firstborn whom Ha Adon had smitten, and all the Egyptians buried their slain for three days. And the children of Israel traveled from Succoth and encamped in Ethom, at the end of the wilderness. Jasher 81:6-7

According to Jasher 81:8-11, THREE DAYS LATER, after they completed burying their dead, the Egyptians decided to find out why Israel had not returned, when they had only asked to leave for three days to celebrate a feast unto YHUH.

And on the third day after the Egyptians had buried their firstborn, many men rose up from Egypt and went after Israel to make them return to Egypt, for they repented that they had sent the Israelites away from their servitude. And one man said to his neighbor, Surely Moses and Aaron spoke to Pharaoh, saying, We will go a three days’ journey in the wilderness and sacrifice to the YHUH our Aluhym. Now therefore let us rise up early in the morning and cause them to return, and it shall be that if they return with us to Egypt to their masters, then shall we know that there is faith in them, but if they will not return, then will we fight with them, and make them come back with great power and a strong hand. And all the nobles of Pharaoh rose up in the morning, and with them about seven hundred thousand men, and they went forth from Egypt on that day, and came to the place where the children of Israel were. Jasher 81:8-11

Jasher 81:10 says the next morning (this would have been 4 days later) they went to ask Israel why they had not yet returned to their work in Egypt. Jasher 81:12 states that when the Egyptians found the Israelites, they were found feasting before Pi-hahiroth.

And all the Egyptians saw and behold Moses and Aaron and all the children of Israel were sitting before Pi-hahiroth, eating and drinking and celebrating the feast of YHUH. Jasher 81:12

Exodus 14:2 and Num 33:7 confirm Pi-hahiroth was the next camping spot BEFORE crossing the sea (see Num 33:1-8).

Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea. Exodus 14:2

They left Etham, turned back to Pi Hahiroth, to the east of Baal Zephon, and camped near Migdol. Numbers 33:7

Jasher 81:14 states that by the time the Egyptians find Israel at this spot, it’s now been 5 days since they left, and they have still to cross the sea.

And all the Egyptians said to the children of Israel, Surely you said, We will go a journey for three days in the wilderness and sacrifice to our Aluhym and return. Now therefore this day makes five days since you went, why do you not return to your masters? Jasher 81:13-14

Jasher 81:15 says Moses and Aaron informed the Egyptians that they would not be returning to Egypt.

And Moses and Aaron answered them, saying, Because YHUH our Aluhym has testified in us, saying, “You shall no more return to Egypt, but we will betake ourselves to a land flowing with milk and honey,” as YHUH our Aluhym had sworn to our ancestors to give to us. Jasher 81:15

Jasher 81 goes on to say that Israel fought with the Egyptians, and gave them a beating, and the Egyptians returned to tell Pharaoh the Israelites were not going to return.

And when the nobles of Egypt saw that the children of Israel did not hearken to them, to return to Egypt, they girded themselves to fight with Israel. And YHUH strengthened the hearts of the children of Israel over the Egyptians, that they gave them a severe beating, and the battle was sore upon the Egyptians, and all the Egyptians fled from before the children of Israel, for many of them perished by the hand of Israel. And the nobles of Pharaoh went to Egypt and told Pharaoh, saying, the children of Israel have fled, and will no more return to Egypt, and in this manner did Moses and Aaron speak to us. Jasher 81:16-18

This all took some time. Though the Bible does not mention the fighting between them, it does mention Pharaoh was informed that Israel had no plans to return to Egypt in Exodus 14:5.

And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us? Exodus 14:5

So when Pharaoh’s army arrives, Israel is still camped at Pi-hahiroth, they had been feasting and had kept the Sabbaths of Unleavened Bread. Now they are very afraid, and not wanting to fight. Moses tells them they won’t have to lift a finger in defense. (Exodus 14:13-14 and Jasher 81:28, 32)

And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of YHUH, which he will shew to you today: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. YHUH shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace. Exodus 14:13-14

And Moses said to them, Fear not, stand still and see the salvation of YHUH which He will effect this day for you. Jasher 81:28

And Moses said to them, Stand in your places, for YHUH will fight for you, and you shall remain silent. Jasher 81:32

I don’t see how Israel could have camped at all 3 places, stopping to bake unleavened bread (Exodus 12:39) before crossing the sea, if they crossed on the 16th, the morning after they left Rameses, according to Numbers 33:5-8 and Exodus 13 and 14. The Book of Jubilees tells us when they crossed:

 …and the festival of unleavened bread, that they should eat unleavened bread seven days, and that they should observe its festival, and that they bring an oblation every day during those seven days of joy before YHUH on the altar of YHUH your ALMIGHTY. For you celebrated this festival with haste when you went forth from Egypt till you entered into the wilderness of Shur; for on the shore of the sea you completed it. (49:22-23)

So they completed the feast on the shore before they crossed the Sea. I believe that when Miriam led Israel in song and dance with tambourines on the morning of Abib 23, the first day of the week, after the Egyptians were washed away in the Sea, that was symbolic of the wave sheaf offering of barley, as that is the day after the Sabbath AFTER Unleavened Bread. It may have even occurred at the time of the morning sacrifice that day. It could be YHUH commanded the wave sheaf that day to commemorate the crossing of the Sea, and that is how the belief came to be that the wave sheaf was on the day of the Sea crossing! How appropriate!

Conclusion: We have established with more than the required number of witnesses from scripture, that the claim that Israel crossed the Sea on or before the 16th of the first month, is BOGUS! I also believe we have established that a very symbolic, very significant event has taken place on the date that I, Leviticus 23, Exodus 19, Exodus 24, Jasher, and Jubilees, pinpoints for the day the sheaf was waved. If you count 7 sabbaths, 50 days, 7 COMPLETE weeks from the Sea crossing, you come to the date Jubilees and Exodus 19 say Israel entered the covenant with the exchange of the wedding vows, and receiving of the law…on the 16th day of the 3rd month…

In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. Exodus 19:1

And it came to pass in the first year of the exodus of the children of Israel out of Egypt, in the third month, on the sixteenth day of the month, [2410) Anno Mundi] that Aluhym spake to Moses, saying: ‘Come up to Me on the Mount…” Jubilees 1:1

Isn’t it just beautiful how these numerous witnesses in the Bible, the Book of Jubilees, and the Book of Jasher, all line up in complete agreement, strengthening this testimony, and giving us our 2-3 witnesses required to establish this matter? Many will try to discredit Jubilees and Jasher, because these books testify that some individuals are holding to and teaching false doctrines. They slander the testimony of these books, these books which proclaim the law and the testimony, and prophesy of Messiah Yahusha, just as the Torah does. Let us not listen to false witnesses about these books without hearing the testimony (reading the books) ourselves, and testing it with Torah. Remember, the Bible mentions Jasher more than once. These books also support a lunar Sabbath, just as the Bible does.

To continue the story and see how/when Israel entered the marriage covenant on Shabuot/Shabuat, on the 16th day of the 3rd month, please read my article entitled, The Exchange of Vows on 3-16.

Submitted in Yahusha’s love