Does the Bible Address Killing a Baby in the Womb? Yes! Death Penalty? Yes!

You probably are expecting me to quote such commandments in Scripture like, “Thou shalt not murder.” I think 95% of the people on both sides of the abortion argument at least agree PUBLICLY (what some abortionists REALLY think might be another matter) that one should not murder, so I will not do that, because I think there is one Scripture in particular that specifically condemns the killing of the unborn in the womb, as murder, in the Bible, and demands life for a life. Despite what many say, there is a Scripture that addresses abortion more specifically than “thou shalt not murder”.

There is a commandment in the Old Testament that addresses killing a baby in the womb, and the consequences, in a more clear and defining way than just the broad and vague commandment to not murder. It is found in Exodus 21, which is a chapter about stealing, killing, and destruction of someone else’s property, such as a wife and her unborn child. Absolutely, the Bible teaches women and children are a man’s property, but it also teaches that a good shepherd does not mistreat his own flock. After all, that would be counterproductive, like shooting one’s self in the foot. But what if someone tried to harm a shepherd’s flock, his lamb, or a man’s wife, his child, or even unborn child?

John 10:10 says the thief comes to steal, kill, and destroy. This is referring to Satan who tries to steal souls, kill them, destroy them. John 10 goes on to say that Christ gives life, and life more abundantly. The Bible not only calls Satan a thief, but a murderer, a liar, and the father of lies, in John 8:44. To determine whether abortion is good or evil, Yah’s will, or not, one only needs to ask one question. Does abortion give life, or steal, kill and destroy life? It does not give life, it takes it. Who promotes life and life more abundantly? Abortionists, or those against abortion?

Should there be exceptions like a case of incest, rape, or to save the life of a mother? What if the child would not be viable? What if doctors believe a child would not survive, or would not live a long, enjoyable life? After all, saving the life of the mother is preserving life, right? Rape and incest are considered sexual sin in the Bible, so maybe children shouldn’t come out of it. Maybe it would sadden the mother too much to look at her child conceived in rape as a reminder of her traumatic experience. Maybe a young girl impregnated by her father or older brother would be too young and immature to raise a child, being a child herself. She may lose many opportunities at a good life. What makes us believe that the raped or the victim of incest would forget such bad memories and live a better life if she added abortion to her heavy burdens? How do we know that many of these women would not actually be saved through her experience with childbirth and raising her child up? How do we know that doing something good in raising her child up would not be therapeutic and healing for her? How do we know it would not be a positive and uplifting experience? How do we know that she wouldn’t be saved from depression and suicide if she and we were to cause her baby to live?

But women will be saved through childbearing, assuming they continue to live in faith, love, holiness, and modesty. 1 Timothy 2:15

I’m a firm believer that there should be no exceptions allowing abortion, at any point, in any case. How many stories have we heard about doctors claiming the mother or child would not survive, or the child would have Down’s Syndrome, or some worse condition that would mean a “lower standard of living” for mom and child, only to find out after birth that the child was perfectly normal and mom’s fine? Doctors are not the Father in Heaven. They are OFTEN wrong. I’ve heard doctors and nurses comment that the Father in Heaven seems to enjoy PROVING them wrong.

As a child conceived in sin, outside of a marriage covenant, having grown up in the welfare system, fatherless, sometimes living with family members who are not my mother, or friends of my mother, because my mother could not care for me, I don’t believe the inability or unwillingness of a mother to care for her children is an excuse for abortion, either. While the act that led to my conception was a sin that should be regretted and should never have happened, I’m extremely thankful my mother chose life, and did so three other times with my other siblings. Life wasn’t perfect for us, but we got a chance, I’ve enjoyed much of my life, and I chose to make the most of it. I’m not living in poverty, not on welfare, not divorced, not a failure or an addict, and I have a wonderful and faithful husband who has helped me to raise two amazing children that are truly a blessing to us and all they meet. In fact, I’ve longed for more children, and I’d be willing to die that I might be able to bring another life into this world, if my Father in Heaven found that to be His will. What an honorable death! To die for another life, as my Savior did!

Abortion is satanic. It is based on lies and deception, crafted by the father of lies, a murderer, the devil. It is stealing, killing, and destroying life. Not just the life of the baby, but the life of the mother. Many women post abortion need counseling, become depressed, suicidal, hooked on drugs, alcohol, prescriptions, etc… The claim is that this is because of stigma attached to abortion, but it’s not the fault of society, it’s the guilt she feels because she knows what it really is, and that she’s become a murderer. To convince women that taking a life is okay, that it’s not murder is an attempt to turn them into monsters, because only a monster would not feel saddened, broken, and guilty, after going through with an abortion. There is hope for the repentant woman in Christ. Many Christian women have found forgiveness and discovered that children are a blessing to be cherished, not a cursed thing to be destroyed. While they may still grieve their loss, they have found healing. Sadly, many women never find that healing. I suggest that if a pregnant woman is suicidal and “needs” an abortion, according to her and/or her doctor, she was suicidal to begin with, and not because she’s pregnant, but because she has developed a habit of believing the father of lies, and the lie that abortion will make everything better, just like the woman believes drugs, alcohol, suicide, etc…, will make it all better.

Some people will argue that abortion is not murder or infanticide because they reason that it’s just tissue, and not a baby yet, that life doesn’t begin until birth, or when the heartbeat is heard at 6 or 8 weeks gestation. Many people have been deceived or are confused on the subject, while there are other people who won’t acknowledge that murder is wrong, who are just pure evil, and don’t care what the Bible has to say about it. I have known people, even had (notice the past tense) an “intelligent” friend who was an engineer in college, who suggested on a regular basis that the existence of humans was a sin against the Earth and that everyone should just go kill themselves because they are all miserable and make life miserable for everyone else. I felt sorry for the person at the time, and one of the reasons I befriended this person was to try to show him how people can be good, and a blessing, not a curse. After getting to know him better, I realized he was lying to himself and others, was not rational, and no matter how good I was to him, no matter how much I blessed him, he continued to curse and be a curse. I began to wonder, “If he really believes everyone should kill themselves, why hasn’t he ever attempted suicide?” Not that I wanted him to, or didn’t believe he could ever have an experience that might humble him and change his perspective. I do hope he lives to see a day of repentance. I later realized he didn’t really believe that the world would be a better place if everyone commited suicide, or else he would have tried it or done it himself. He was lying just as Satan lies. He enjoyed life. He had a good time. He was successful in just about everything he did. He exercised and took care of himself believing it would increase his length of life. He enjoyed his family, food, sunny days, his friends, music, dancing, the outdoors, the creation, his possessions, his dog, everything YHUH made for him and gives to him. He didn’t act or appear miserable at all, and he didn’t act like everyone made him feel miserable, he seemed to very much enjoy the company of other people. He was a social person. He was ungrateful for it all, though. On a daily basis he shook his fist at Yah and would intentionally try to defy Him and curse Him. His stance on abortion was just one of many ways he would do that. He was in rebellion. It was all a lie.

This article is not for people like him, but to those who need encouragement on what they know is right, and those who want to do the right thing, but are told conflicting things about what the Bible says about killing a baby in the womb, and when life begins. I am not going to give you just a bunch of scientific theories, facts, arguments, or my own understanding or other people’s opinions, but I will throw some of that stuff out there just to show how silly it is that we are even arguing when the Bible clears up the matter quite refreshingly. I have recently found a Scripture that I believe settles the abortion argument for those who are genuinely confused about what the Bible says about this issue.

Many of us struggle to understand those who are confused about whether it is immoral or considered murder to end a woman’s pregnancy and destroy the baby in her womb. They are confused about whether this is a sin, whether they could lose their salvation, whether they will face any punishment while living on this Earth or after death. Why are they so confused? Why was I so confused about this issue for so long in my youth? I was not confused on this matter until my late teens, basically, when sexual sin entered the picture. It was black and white to me in my pre-teens, until my sins started to make the matter less clear. All of a sudden, scales started growing on my eyes and I started to wonder if there weren’t some circumstances when abortion might be okay, and the lines got blurrier the more sins I accumulated. Then you add the liberal media, a lack of knowledge and boldness in the pulpit, and lack of righteous influence in a young and vulnerable girl’s life, and you can start to see why people who claim to believe in the Bible are confused about what it says about abortion.

I was recently listening to a couple of conservative talk show hosts complain about what Alyssa Milano recently said about her supposed beliefs, the Bible, and abortion. I say “supposed” beliefs, because I have not seen any works from Alyssa Milano that are evidence of any belief in the Bible, and she even seemed to admit that her faith opposed her stance on abortion. She is a Hollywood actress who pushes for a woman’s “right” to have an abortion. Here is what she said recently that sparked the conversation on these two radio shows:

“I love God. I believe in God. But I don’t believe my personal beliefs of which we can’t confirm should override scientific facts and what we can confirm.”

She then quoted the Bible:

“If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things?” John 3:12

Personally, I believe that scientific facts that we can confirm, are consistent with the Bible and my personal beliefs. Why would Alyssa Milano hold belief in something that  she believes science confirms to be wrong? Why would anyone? Science is really just the study of Yah’s creation. While SOME mens’ interpretations of science and Yah’s creation sometimes contradict what the Bible says, it’s man’s mistaken interpretations that are wrong about Yahuah’s creation. Science, when not misconstrued by man, confirms the Bible, and confirms that abortionists who claim to be enlightened, aren’t very knowledgeable about Science. Science, the faith they CLAIM they have, that they CLAIM trumps other religious beliefs one may hold, confirms that living things grow, and non-living things do not grow. Therefore, we do not need to hear a baby’s heartbeat in the womb to confirm that the baby is alive, we only need to know that the baby is growing in the womb to know the baby is a living being. When does the growing process begin? At conception! If there was no living being, there would be no need to kill in order to terminate the pregnancy, and as one bluntly and plainly true bumper sticker I once saw said, “If it ain’t a baby, you ain’t pregnant.” Women know there is a pregnancy at conception, that a baby is growing, or else they would not seek the morning after pill or abortion pills immediately after conception, and they would not use contraceptives to prevent pregnancy. They don’t need to hear a heartbeat to know they are pregnant. It is their belief and intuition that a baby is growing inside them that propels them to go to the doctor to abort the pregnancy in the first place. No ultrasound or sonogram is needed to confirm this for them or the doctor.

The argument that a woman should have the right to abort her child is often based on their assertion that the baby is part of the woman’s body, and the woman should be able to do what she wants with her own body. This argument is illogical, as well. Science confirms that her unborn baby is a separate being and not part of the woman’s body. Her baby is not one of her body parts. Her baby has his or her own DNA, own genetic identity, own blood type, own gender, own set of two arms and two legs, own heart, own mind, etc… Women do not have two heads, two hearts, four legs, etc…

What frustrated me even more than what Alyssa Milano had to say about hers or someone else’s beliefs, and her misquoting of the Bible in an effort to support her apparent lack of belief in it, is that the two “CONSERVATIVE” talk show hosts both kept asserting that abortion is a social issue that is not explicitly addressed in the Bible, but that it is implied that it should be understood to be murder if you have any intelligence. This was extremely frustrating to me, because it’s not true, and these two talk show hosts are apparently just as confused as the others, because they can’t pinpoint a verse establishing that killing the unborn baby while in the mother’s womb is a murderous sin that calls for the death penalty.

Their lack of knowledge of such a verse reminds me of another one:

My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you as My priests. Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I will also forget your children. Hosea 4:6

Because people are unaware of what the Bible says, because they have rejected the Bible, the law, REAL KNOWLEDGE, our children are being killed, they are dying, they are destroyed.

What’s even more sad, is that Huffpost, a pro-abortion publication, published an article in 2012, that came closer than these two conservative talk show hosts to identifying the verse that establishes that killing the unborn baby is murder punishable by death, but the writer of the article either purposefully left out or accidentally missed and maligned the key portion of the passage that condemns abortion and those who support it, and establishes the death penalty which categorizes the sin as murder. Here’s what Huffpost said:

“Exodus 21:22-25 describes a case where a pregnant woman jumps into a fight between her husband and another man and suffers injuries that cause her to miscarry. Injuries to the woman prompt the normal penalties for harming another human being: an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a life for a life. Killing the woman is murder, a capital crime.

The miscarriage is treated differently, however — as property loss, not murder. The assailant must pay a fine to the husband. The law of a life for a life does not apply. The fetus is important, but it’s not human life in the same way the pregnant woman is.”

Huffpost got it wrong. Exodus 21 states the opposite of what the author of the article claims. It DOES prompt the normal penalties for harming another human being: an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a life for a life, in regards to the unborn baby. The confusion, I believe, for some people, may have to do with which version of the Bible one is reading. Not that there is anything wrong with using the King James Version, but let’s admit that people in our current times tend to misinterpret the Old English. Here is what Exodus 21:22-25 actually says according to the New King James Version (which doesn’t always get it right either), since the verse is in more plain modern English in the NKJV:

If men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so that she gives birth prematurely, yet no harm follows, he shall surely be punished accordingly as the woman’s husband imposes on him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.“But if any harm follows, then you shall give life for life, “eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, “burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. Exodus 21:22-25

It is saying that if the woman gives birth prematurely to a LIVE child (not miscarries and loses the child, as “no harm follows” in NKJV means neither she nor the child dies), and that the woman and baby recover and survive, her husband can demand damages for injuries if there are any (in our modern society, that may be to cover hospital expenses for a baby in the NICU, or any health issues that may have resulted from the early birth preventing the baby from earning a good living or caring for himself without assistance). The Exodus 21 passage goes on to say that if the mom or baby wind up dying (“harm follows” refers to death of her or the baby) as a result of her injuries, then life is demanded for life. It’s murder which demands capital punishment.


The Huffpost article claims that the “unborn” baby is dealt with by the Bible like property because it isn’t “born” yet (Actually, an early birth, or premature birth, IS birth, so the baby IS born!), while the woman is not treated like property, because if she’s killed, it’s considered murder of a human life, and the consequence is death. I guess Huffpost figures if the baby is property, the offender just pays a few shekels and goes on with their life. So their whole argument that the baby is not a human and that abortion is not murder is their assumption that because the baby is viewed as property of the man, it’s not a valued life in Yah’s eyes and doesn’t call for the death penalty. I’m going to further crush that case with the Bible. It’s interesting to me that these liberals are so against the idea of the Bible calling wives property, yet they have no issue with quoting the Bible to support their argument that babies are property, which they THINK or CLAIM means they aren’t human.

The truth is, the Bible treats BOTH the baby and the woman like property, and ALL humans like property – men and women, elderly and children, born and unborn, they all belong to Yah from the womb! (Genesis 47:23, Deuteronomy 32:6, Judges 13:5, Job 31:15, Psalms 22:10, Psalm 139:13, Ecclesiastes 11:5, Isaiah 44:2, Isaiah 44:24, Isaiah 49:5, Jeremiah 1:5, Luke 1:15, Luke 1:41, Luke 1:44, 1 Corinthians 6:20, 1 Corinthians 7:23, and 2 Peter 2:1)

It’s a common claim from feminists that hate the Bible that the Bible is sexist, that it treats women as mere objects and possessions of men instead of fellow humans that should be valued and protected by men and YHUH. Now liberals at Huffpost who support abortion are using the Bible to argue that the Bible DOES place value on women and establish that they are humans who should be protected. They want us to believe that the Bible puts more value on women than their unborn babies, so that we will choose to abort a baby when someone CLAIMS the woman’s life to be in danger because of the pregnancy.

Yes, there is a bride price mentioned for a virgin in the Bible. (Exodus 22:16-17) This suggests the woman belongs to her family, usually the father, and becomes the possession of the husband once the exchange is made. The groom actually buys her from her father or other male relative. Hosea actually bought Gomer back after she went off in adultery in Hosea 3:2. When a man pays the bride price, it shows he values his wife, has what it takes to care for her, and is willing to spend his money to do so. When men don’t value their wives, they mistreat them for years, don’t provide for them during or after their marriage, and discard them like cheap paper plates after use, and we see that in the divorce statistics today. You are more likely to throw away something that you got for free than something you paid for. Even Christ paid a price for us, to buy our souls back from the devil. We were servants of satan and sin, and Messiah bought us so that we could and would willingly serve Him instead. He rewards us with eternal life if we choose to serve Him, or He hands us back over to the devil if we prefer to serve the devil and be punished with the punishment fit for Satan and his followers. (Matthew 25:41, 46 and Revelation 20:10)

Yah places different values on men, women, children, and elderly, with the shekel. (Leviticus 27:2-8) Yet, in the case of murder, life for life means a man must die if he kills a woman, a child, or the elderly. A life is a life to Yah, of equal value. He commands us to not murder ANYONE, not to shed blood of an innocent person who does not deserve to have their life taken from them.

“And I will require the blood of anyone who takes another person’s life. If a wild animal kills a person, it must die. And anyone who murders a fellow human must die. If anyone takes a human life, that person’s life will also be taken by human hands. For God made human beings in his own image. Now be fruitful and multiply, and repopulate the earth.” Genesis 9:5-7

Life is in the blood, and babies in the womb shed blood when they are killed by abortionists. A mother who takes the life of her child now deserves to die for the sin of murder. Life for life. HalleluYah that Yahusha died for our sins. Women who have aborted their baby can put her faith in Yahusha and His sacrifice for her, confess her sin, ask for His forgiveness, repent, and begin a life of service to Him teaching others to not make her mistake, how to love their children well, and she can be saved!

Our Father in Heaven is very pro-life! So much so, that most would probably call Him an “extremist” in His pro-life stance. No, that doesn’t mean He endorses blowing up abortion clinics. I mean He’s so pro-life that He’d rather the man who blows up an abortion clinic die for the crime of murder than the women who would later regret and repent of having an abortion, or the nurses who later preach against the procedure after assisting in many of them. He values all humans, so much that He even wants animals killed that kill a human. I know of liberals who see things quite the opposite, they want humans killed who kill animals. If they frown on animals being killed to give food and life to humans, maybe that may help explain why they devalue the life of a baby so much. To them, a baby is just another worthless human that kills animals.

The Bible calls for the death penalty for the person who strikes anyone who then dies from the injury. Whether that person is an unborn child, the pregnant mother, or even a slave.

“Anyone who strikes a person with a fatal blow is to be put to death.” Exodus 21:12

The verse above is in a section of the Bible speaking of the treatment of servants, violence, and personal injury, and how to rectify such injustices. It specifically states in verse 20, further in the chapter, that if the master strikes a servant, and the servant recovers, they cannot be punished because the servant is the possession of the master (in other words, the master harms himself for harming his own possession, his servant who helps him), but if the servant dies of the injuries, the master must be punished, and as verse 12 above says and other verses in the Bible say, they must be put to death, life for life. The Bible promotes the idea that we ALL are and can be property of someone else, and it’s not just the unborn the Bible considers to be property of men. (Genesis 17:12 and Exodus 12:44)

Proverbs 22:7 says that the borrower is slave to the lender. So according to this verse, if you owe Wells Fargo or CitiBank, you are a slave, (You thought you lived in a free country that outlawed slavery), and SOME people (brothers or fellow Israelites can’t be made slaves to another Hebrew, but they can become servants treated like a brother) can be made slaves if they don’t pay their debts, or if they steal and don’t have the means to make good on what they’ve stolen. The Bible allows people to sell their children to pay debts. (Genesis 44:17, Exodus 21:7, Leviticus 25:39) Abraham owned slaves he loved and treated as family. We know some of them married into his family and some became willing bond servants for life. He was very grieved when Sarah’s servant, Hagar, could not dwell with them peaceably, and had to leave. Yah had to intervene and tell Abraham to send her off, as Sarah knew what was necessary to preserve the life and inheritance of Isaac. Joseph was a slave while in Yah’s will, according to YHUH’s plan to take Joseph from a humbled slave to an exalted ruler.

I am my husband’s and my husband is mine. My children are MY children. There is nothing wrong with being a cherished possession, and it doesn’t make us less human or of less value, especially to YHUH. He DOES require life for life (death penalty) for the killing of the unborn, just like Exodus 21 says, when understood correctly. If the reader can’t understand the language in the KJV, then maybe they should try reading the NKJV, the NLT, or the NIV.

I’d like to point out that it’s what the husband demands, not the pregnant woman who has been harmed in the fight, that the Bible says matters in Exodus 21. It’s not because the Bible treats women as property, it’s not because Yah doesn’t care about the woman or is insensitive. It’s because the husband is her protector, he is supposed to defend her and see to it that those who harm her don’t do it again, that they pay the consequences so that nobody else feels that it’s okay to harm her or their child. The husband is a picture of our Heavenly Husband and Father who protects us and sees to it that anyone who harms His Bride, Israel, believers, or their children, will pay, and if necessary, life for life. Remember how Pharaoh killed the Hebrew babies being born? Did YHUH let Pharaoh get away with that? No! Yah killed the firstborn of all of the Egyptians! Exodus 21 tells us He won’t let people get away with killing the UNborn, either.

The Bible is saying it is NOT a woman’s right to decide whether her baby lives or dies. Nor does the husband or the judges decide that. Only YHUH is supposed to make that decision. The husband and the judges can only decide what the compensation is based on the injury, based on what the Bible calls for (hand for hand, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, etc…), but in the case of death for the woman and/or her baby, if death (harm) follows, it’s life for life.

What about the unmarried woman? Who decides for her? YHUH and His righteous judges will decide. If she chooses not life, she shows she is no mother, and loses her right to choose what is best for the child. Remember the story in the Bible about the wise King Solomon, who had to rule in a case between to two women who each claimed a baby was her own? How did the wise Solomon decide who the mother was without a DNA test? He suggested the child be cut in two with the sword. One woman decided it fair that nobody get the child if she couldn’t have it. The other woman pleaded for the life of the child, that the child be given to the other woman if that was what was necessary to save the child. Solomon had the child given to the woman who chose the child’s life over her own happiness. Do women who choose abortion choose the good of the child over their own happiness? No. If a woman does not want to raise up her child, she should choose to give her child up for adoption. The mother of Moses was also faced with giving up her child or allowing her child to be murdered. She chose giving up her child for adoption to the daughter of Pharoah. Look what Moses did. Look who he became! What if we had no Moses? Adoption can be a good thing!

A husband who would let his child be aborted is at least an accomplice for murder, guilty like the doctors and nurses who assisted, and like the mother who would order her baby’s killing. This nation needs to repent. All offenders, all abortionists, must confess their sin and repent. Roe vs. Wade must be overturned. Murder laws must be enforced. Death penalties for unrepentant murderers must be called for and carried out. Anyone involved in abortions NEEDS to REPENT! You must seek the Bible, put your faith in Yahusha Messiah, the Christ, and obey what the Bible says to be saved!

I am concerned that Christian conservatives have become lax on abortion laws because they feel maybe it’s not so bad if abortionists kill their own babies who would otherwise probably end up even more wicked than their parents. I can imagine religious conservatives reasoning that the world would be a better place if abortionists don’t reproduce. We all know many abortionists feel that way about conservatives who are pro-life. Look at Jim Carey and his painting, when he suggested that Alabama’s Republican Governor, Kay Ivey, should have been aborted because she chose life instead of infanticide for her state. Let us believers not be so hateful and hypocritical as Jim Carey has been here, and let us remember that children should not be punished for the sins of their parents, but the soul who sins is the one who should die. (Ezekiel 18:19-32) Let’s choose life. Don’t allow abortionists to kill the children that may repent of the sin of their parents, just as I have repented of the sins of my parents. Let’s not forget the fact that there are people like you and me who have become knowledgeable and chosen life because of the Bible, regardless of the fact that their parents could care less what the Bible has to say. Why should the children of abortionists not have the same chance to pursue life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, and knowledge, that you have? What if those abortionists convince your wife or daughter or granddaughter to abort? Don’t think it couldn’t happen to you or yours, especially if you allow your children and grandchildren to be brainwashed by or get other messages from the liberals in the media, in the classrooms, in your neighborhood, on the soccer field, etc…

It’s amazing how abortionists who don’t really care about what the Bible says have resorted to using the Bible to try to deceive those who actually do care what the Bible says. Read your Bible, and read them in several different versions, for there is safety in a multitude of counselors.

Satan comes to kill, steal, and destroy, while Messiah Yahusha comes to give life, and life more abundantly. (John 10:10) Who’s side are you on? Choose life, that you may live…

I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live. Deuteronomy 30:19

But the children of the murderers he did not execute, according to what is written in the Book of the Law of Moses, in which the LORD commanded, saying, “Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor shall children be put to death for their fathers; but a person shall be put to death for his own sin.” 1 Kings 14:6

But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death. Revelation 21:8

But outside are dogs and sorcerers and sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and whoever loves and practices a lie. Revelation 22:15







Why the Day of Atonement Could not have Fallen on October 22, 1844 – An Examination of Inaccurate Jewish and SDA History and Traditions

After discovering the luni-solar Sabbath, I couldn’t help but notice the number of fellow luni-solar Sabbath observers I met online who claimed to either be an ex-Seventh Day Adventist, or still identified as one, despite the fact that they acknowledged a different Sabbath than the Seventh Day Adventist church endorses. There are some luni-solar Sabbath keepers I’ve met that came from Messianic Judaism and Hebraic Roots, or just from their own Bible studies on the Sabbath, but the vast majority I’ve run into have been prior members of the SDA church.

I would often get asked by them if I believed Ellen G. White was a true prophet, or they would give me their own opinions on the matter, some highly regarding her and what she said about the day that later became known as the Great Disappointment, others writing her prophecies and teachings off as deception. I was careful not to take a side in the matter, as I had never read all of her writings thoroughly, so I did not feel I knew enough about what she believed and hoped in or taught to make a judgement on the matter.

I have to say, the date of October 22, 1844, has always irked me since I first heard of the Great Disappointment of the SDAs and Millerites. Why that Gregorian date? What also irked me was the argument of false premises about whether the SDA church and the Karaite Jewish sect was correct about the timing of the Day of Atonement, which the Jewish people call, Yom Kippur, or if the Jewish Orthodox rabbis were more accurate about which date the holy day fell that year.

According to the historical traditions about this argument from the SDA church, the SDA church claimed Yom Kippur fell on October 22, 1844, while the Jewish rabbis insisted the Day of Atonement occurred on September 23, 1844. According to SDA tradition, in 1844, the Rabbinic Jews used the equinox and a 19-year calculated cycle to determine the first and seventh months of the year, while another Jewish sect, the Karaites, used the barley method. The SDA church says they decided the Karaites to be the correct party in this calendar calculation argument, as they believed the rumors that Karaites were more adherent to the Laws of Moses than the Orthodox Jews. (In actuality, neither Jewish sect follows the Laws of Moses, as Messiah said, the Jews who do not believe on Him follow their own traditions, instead of His Law. It truly is Messiah Yahusha who puts the Law on our hearts, our minds, and on our lips, that we may do it, according to Hebrews 8 and Jeremiah 31.) The SDA church says the Karaites kept the appointed time on October 22nd that year, and that the SDA church followed suit, on a different date than the Rabbinic Jews, who observed it a month earlier.

I’ve since found out that the Karaites deny this claim by the SDA church. The Karaites claim that they kept Yom Kippur in 1844 with the Rabbinic Jews, in September, on the 23rd, which they claim was a Monday. (Even more interestingly, shedding more light on the falsehood of the traditions and history of Jewish calendar practices of the past, including the weekly Sabbath they claim has always been on Saturday, as some websites, like, say this September 23rd was a Saturday, not a Monday. Hmmm… Seems to be a problem for Gregorian week Sabbath keepers, we don’t know what day of the Gregorian week it was for sure, it seems, in 1844. Some have pointed out there may be some confusion with some countries back then still keeping the Julian calendar, which had a different number of days in the week than the Gregorian. Let’s not even get into the details about how Jews hold a tradition that contradicts the Law, in which they change the date of Atonement, they postpone it if Yom Kippur lands on a Saturday Sabbath, which isn’t an issue with the true luni-solar Sabbath, but they know it’s not proper to fast for Yom Kippur on the weekly Sabbath day. The Book of Jubilees confirms this in the final chapter of the Book, Chapter 50, that the weekly Sabbath is a day of eating, drinking, and being satisfied, not fasting or affliction. It prohibits fasting on the weekly Sabbath, with a death penalty.) If I had to choose between believing and Karaite Jewish tradition and history based on he said/she said, and not Scripture, I’m more likely to believe, as those who run this website actually take note of the lights in the heavens when they write history, and I try to beware the leaven of the Pharisees in order to obey Yahuah’s Messiah.) Anyway, the SDA church does not have the Karaites to back up their claims for the date of October 22, 1844. I’m going to explain why the dates of October 22nd claimed by the SDAs, and September 23rd claimed by the Rabbinic and Karaite rabbis, are BOTH impossibilities in 1844 for the Day of Atonement.

Leviticus 23 states that the Day of Atonement, or Yom Kippur, occurs on the 10th day of the 7th month. It’s well known that the Biblical calendar was a luni-solar one. The SDAs and the Rabbinic and Karaite Jews agree on that one.

The SDA church claims there was an argument was about which New Moon should have been the first of the year, determining which lunation would be the 7th of the year, the month Yom Kippur falls in. The claim is that the Rabbinic Jews kept September 23, 1844 as the 10th of the 7th month, and the SDA church said the 10th of the 7th luni-solar month was on October 22, 1844. This argument itself was a red flag for me, because I know that none of the methods discussed, the modern Karaite barley method, or the more traditional Orthodox Jewish way of determining the first month, is correct. By studying patterns in the Bible and nature, patterns of darkness and light, night and day, evening and morning, winter and summer, I now understand that the first month occurs with the New Moon BEFORE or ON the day that the day becomes longer than the night (which is exactly what the Jews and SDAs claim the Rabbinic Jews did in 1844, the Rabbinic Jews still only begin the year with the New Moon BEFORE that time in March at the Spring equionox, or tequfah, SOME years, not every year, as SOME years they begin the year with the New Moon AFTER this, depending on which New Moon is closest to what they call, equinox), as described in the Book of Enoch. I’ve learned most arguments about the Bible and its calendar, like whether the Sabbath is Saturday or Sunday, are based on false parameters from the get-go, a bait and switch. Neither is right, they are both wrong, because the seventh day Sabbath is a luni-solar one, a day and “season/moadim/appointed time”, based on and according to the lights in the heavens, and the Scriptures. Genesis 1:14, Psalms 104:19, etc…

That was just the first thing that bothered me about the feud, though. I’m so glad we have the Holy Spirit as our guide, because I felt a nudge to look up those dates and compare them both to the lights in the heavens that year, as even the SDA church admits the months of the year in the Bible and prophecy are based on both the sun and the moon, and that the dates for the holy days in the Leviticus 23 are counted from each New Moon. I decided to settle the matter for myself, and maybe for others, once and for all. What I found was surprising, and not, at the same time. It was not surprising because I knew the traditions of the church and the synagogues are based on traditions of men, not the Law of Moses, as Yahusha pointed out, but it was VERY surprising because I just could not believe how obviously wrong these dates were when compared to the phases of the moon! These dates were not even CLOSE to the date given in Leviticus 23! I thought they would at least TRY to be CLOSE! They were almost 2 weeks off for the Day of Atonement, not days away! This isn’t even an argument of whether they began the month with conjunction or calculations or the observance of the first visible crescent! The confusion with the differences and discrepancies between the Gregorian and Julian calendars in practice at the time do not even explain this huge gap between what the lights in the heavens say the date was for Yom Kippur, and when Judaism or the SDA church say it was.

According to, which I have found over the years to be extremely accurate, and anyone can verify this with other websites and software, they should be right on or very close, using the year 1844, and the location of Jerusalem, Israel, on’s Moon Phases page, the New Moon (conjunction of the sun and moon) before October 22nd  (the SDA date) was on September 30th, in the middle of the night, making the next morning, coincidentally, October 1st, the first day of the luni-solar month, or Rosh Chodesh. This is a problem for SDAs because, again, according to Lev. 23, the Day of Atonement falls on the 10th day of the month, or luni-solar cycle. If the first day of the 7th month was on Oct. 1st, then the Day of Atonement should be on the 10th of October, not the 22nd of October, which the SDAs have claimed would be the Day of Atonement. If the SDA church acknowledges that the Biblical calendar and its prophecies about the appointed times are based on a calendar using the sun and moon, which they do, with the months beginning at the New Moon, then why would they place the Day of Atonement on the 22nd day of the luni-solar month, instead of the 10th, as the Bible instructs? Yom Kippur is not supposed to occur at the tail end of the month, on the waning quarter moon! That would place the Day of Atonement on the 22nd of the 7th luni-solar month, when Lev. 23 instructs it’s on the 10th! The 22nd of the 7th month is the end of the Feast of Tabernacles, not the Day of Atonement! Obviously there is some confusion about this date and the doctrine among the SDAs!

If Orthodox Jewish rabbis REALLY held the position that the Day of Atonement that year was on September 23rd, as both the SDA church and Karaite Jews claim today, then the Orthodox Jewish rabbis have a similar problem. The New Moon conjunction before Sept. 23rd was on August 31st, in the afternoon, making the next morning, the 1st of September, the first of the luni-solar month. If the Jews were right about this New Moon being the 7th of the year, and they were, then the month that Yom Kippur falls in, according to Leviticus 23, should be on September 10th, not on September 23rd! Both parties seem to be confused, placing the Day of Atonement at the end of the month, on the 22nd of the month, instead of earlier in the month, on the 10th, as Moses instructed! If the blind follow the blind, they both fall into the ditch! Orthodox Judaism, the Karaites, and the SDA church are there! Hope they grab onto Messiah Yahusha and find their way out soon!


Lyndsey Sanchez

8th day of the 11th luni-solar month, or 1-13-19 Gregorian



Putting Borders on Marriage Covenants – Biblically

Do You Need to Repent of Adultery?

You Might Be Surprised!

If you’ve ever been married, or even ENGAGED, there’s a pretty good chance, both statistically and Biblically, that you, your spouse, fiancé, or your “ex”, may have been involved in adultery, and may still be. If so, there’s still hope that you can be reconciled to YHUH, read on to find out how…

In a world where Biblical terms and concepts are continually and increasingly being stretched beyond their original intended boundaries, added to, and even redefined, for example, how many women a man can marry,  whether two people of the same gender can enter into a marriage union, or whether sex makes two people married, it’s all the more imperative that we question and closely re-examine what society says constitutes a marriage relationship, and what actions can violate it, through a Biblical lens. In this day and age especially, not all judgments on sexual sin, specifically, adultery, are as cut and dry as the following scenario:

And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king’s house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon. And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. 2 Samuel 11:2-4

So David had sexual relations with Uriah’s wife, Bathsheba, while Uriah was at battle. She became pregnant while her husband was gone, so in an attempt to hide his sin, David ordered Uriah to be brought home from battle so Uriah could have relations with his wife, so that everyone would think Uriah was the father of the child and David’s sin would not be known. Uriah, being a man of principle, would not go home and have relations with his wife while his comrades were still at war. David then ordered that Uriah be sent to the front lines to be killed by the enemy in battle so that everyone would think Uriah had been with his wife while he was on the break from war, and that the child was Uriah’s. Then…

YHUH sent Nathan to David. When he came to him, he said, “There were two men in a certain town, one rich and the other poor. The rich man had a very large number of sheep and cattle, but the poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb he had bought. He raised it, and it grew up with him and his children. It shared his food, drank from his cup and even slept in his arms. It was like a daughter to him.

Now a traveler came to the rich man, but the rich man refrained from taking one of his own sheep or cattle to prepare a meal for the traveler who had come to him. Instead, he took the ewe lamb that belonged to the poor man and prepared it for the one who had come to him.

David burned with anger against the man and said to Nathan, “As surely as YHUH lives, the man who did this must die! He must pay for that lamb four times over, because he did such a thing and had no pity.”

Then Nathan said to David, “You are the man!” 2 Samuel 12:1-7

This was a very obvious case of adultery, so why did King David need Nathan the Prophet to come and inform David that he was guilty of this sexual sin, his adultery with Bathsheba, Uriah’s lamb? Didn’t David KNOW he was guilty of adultery? Did he not know the Torah? Did he not understand it? He knew and understood what his guilt was, otherwise, he wouldn’t have had Uriah killed in an attempt to hide his sin. He forgot that YHUH sees and knows all. We’ve all done it, we’ve lied to ourselves and others and pretended our sins would not be found out, and the truth often comes out with a pregnancy. Even King David needed a reminder that he could not hide his sin from YHUH, that what was in the dark would come to light.

In this example, David’s adultery with Bathsheba led to murder, resulting in the shedding of Uriah’s blood. It also resulted in YHUH striking the child who came forth from David’s sinful passions with an illness that would take their child’s life in his first week of life. So not one, but two deaths resulted from David’s sin with Bathsheba.

The Bible teaches that adultery always leads to murder or death, in some shape or form, whether spiritual, physical, or both. How many abortions have come forth because of adultery, in an attempt to hide one’s unfaithfulness? How many murders and suicides have come about because of one’s own transgression in this area, or because they felt betrayed by a spouse who was unfaithful to them? How many babies have not lived a long life because of the sin of a parent, like we read about in 2 Samuel 12, or as we see today when a child is aborted by a mother guilty of sexual sins, including adultery.

What can we do to stop the violence, to stop unnecessary death and heartbreak that comes as a result of this sin? How do we repent of it all? How do we warn those we love so they do not fall into this trap of adultery and bloodshed, bringing guilt and heartache upon themselves?

The first solution is education about the matter – from the Bible. The Law and those who interpret it rightly for us in the Scriptures (Moses, Messiah Yahusha, Paul, and the Prophets) can teach us right from wrong so we can learn where we have erred and what we need to do to make it right and be freed from feelings of guilt and brought back into a close relationship with others and YHUH again.

Second, we must humble ourselves. We must acknowledge that our understanding of what’s fair and right, our feelings, do not trump the Word of YHUH. We must be willing to accept His rulings in our situation, that they are for our benefit, not for our destruction, and apply them to our lives.

Third, confess. We must confess our sin when He opens our eyes to see that we have sinned, or are in sin. Confession is the opposite of blaming other people or making excuses for our sin. Failure to acknowledge the sins of our past is not confessing them. We cannot skip this step and go on to forgiveness. Confession is the first step in the repentance and forgiveness process. If we don’t acknowledge any guilt in a matter, we’re probably going to fall into the same sin again, because we are not convinced it was wrong. When others hear us confess wrong-doing and our desire to turn from it, it restores trust in our relationships. Relationships are often destroyed because someone was afraid to admit they were wrong. That’s usually all people need to hear to heal and forgive.

Fourth, we must repent. We must turn away from the sin that’s been revealed to us. If we realize we are in a forbidden sexual relationship (whether homosexual, or adulterous), a sexual relationship that should never have come to be in the first place, we must end it. In the case of a pre-marital sexual relationship, it’s often best for a man to get the father’s consent and follow through with marrying her as soon as possible, to take away her feelings of shame.

Lastly, we seek forgiveness from the one(s) we have sinned against, and make sure we don’t betray them or anyone else in this way again. If a man has had relations with a young woman before engagement or marriage, he should make things right by ending the sexual relationship and beginning the proper steps toward marriage to her, if the father is willing to give her to him in marriage, and if they are equally yoked in YHUH. He’s not only sinned against the woman, himself, and YHUH, but also against her family, especially her father. No man would want his daughter stolen out from under him, so we should treat others as we would like to be treated. Such a man might argue that the woman is not marriage material if she had sex before marriage. I would argue that he wasn’t marriage material either when he decided to have marital relations with a woman he was not married to. They’d probably be an equal yoke if they both consented to sex before marriage. He was an equal party in causing her to feel shame, he needs to be an equal partner in removing her shame, restoring her hope for a family, and being a husband to her after he used her as if he had marital rights to her. It’s called being responsible, and taking responsibility for your mistakes, making restitution, making things right where you’ve wronged.

How Do We Obtain Forgiveness?

Many people think they should receive forgiveness after confessing their sin, and that’s all they must do. This is their attitude: “We’re all sinners. So what? Like you’ve never sinned? I’m no more wicked than anyone else. Let me do what I want to do. I can please my flesh as much as I want, God still loves me because I love Him and I sometimes go to church and sing about how much I love Jesus and I pray to him sometimes and tell people how much I love him. He died so I can be happy and because He loves me as the sinner I am and doesn’t expect me to change.” When I hear this attitude, the Words of Yahusha come to mind, “If ye love me, keep my commandments.” John 14:5 and “He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me…” John 14:21 and “He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings”… John 14:24 Also: “Not everyone that saith unto me, “Lord, Lord”, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.” Matthew 7:21 and “And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?” Luke 6:46, and But he shall say, “I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.” Luke 13:27

Workers of iniquity are people who sin. Iniquity is sin. What is sin? Sin is breaking His commandments, His laws, in the Old Testament. 1 John 3:4. Just because someone calls Him their Master, their Adon, their Lord, doesn’t mean they prove He’s really their Master with their actions. It’s called lip service. A woman can say she loves her husband all she wants, she can flatter him with her words and confess her loyalty for life, but if she turns around and breaks her marriage covenant by seducing or allowing herself to be seduced by another man, while her first husband is still alive, that’s sinning against him, that’s not love, that’s disloyalty. A loving wife is faithful to keep the marriage covenant, whether he keeps it or not, and both Jeremiah 31 and Hebrews 8 and 10 state that the New Covenant was the Old Testament Law, the marriage covenant, being placed on Israel’s heart, in her mind, to keep it. If we REALLY love our Savior, our Messiah, we will do what the Old Testament and New Testament, our marriage covenant, says. We must demonstrate that we believe our husband WILL keep his vows, even when it doesn’t seem like that’s the case, just like we must wait on YHUH to fulfill His promises to us, even if it doesn’t look like He’s going to do it right now.

When Yahusha defended the woman accused of adultery in John 8 by telling her accusers that the one without sin should cast the first stone, He wasn’t telling her she could go on sinning. He told her in verse 11, “Go, and sin no more.” He forbid her from sinning anymore. He had asked her where her accusers went, as they had all left, not one could cast a stone because they all had sin. Some speculate that maybe they caught her in the act of the sin (verse 4) because they were the ones she committed the sin with, and they sought to kill her so that they would not be found out, it was their word against hers. We don’t know for certain, but Yahusha said that, because she now had no accusers, He does not condemn her. She left without punishment, not because He doesn’t believe in punishment for sin, but because His Law says in the Old Testament that the ones accused of the act of adultery must be caught in the act before the death sentence can be carried out. There must be at least 2 eye witnesses accusing that are ready to cast the first stone. Deuteronomy 17:5-7, Leviticus 20:10, Deuteronomy 22:22, and Numbers 5:13. If she was caught in the act, they should know who the man was who she committed adultery with. He would be guilty of adultery, as well. Yahusha’s Law in the Old Testament says that BOTH must be killed by the accusers, the witnesses. One guilty party can’t be killed unless the other guilty party is also killed. You can’t convict one and let the other go. YHUH doesn’t like partiality. Deuteronomy 1:16-17, James 2:4, 1 Timothy 5:21, Proverbs 28:21.

Repentance, turning away from the sin, comes before forgiveness. See Mark 1:4, Luke 3:3, Luke 24:47. When we continue to sin as believers in Him, it’s like causing Him to be crucified for our sins over and over again. Hebrews 6:6. It’s trampling upon Him and His blood and making his death void, worth nothing. Hebrews 10:28-30. Confessing and continuing in the sin and “pleading the blood of Jesus” will not remove the sin. Yahusha’s blood washes away our sin by softening our hard hearts, putting his law in our hearts, so that we won’t desire to sin (Jeremiah 31:31-34 and Hebrews 10:16-17), so that we are compelled to turn from our sin. Sin is not removed or washed away if we are still committing the sin. The sin and its stains are still there in that case. If one continues to murder while confessing belief in Messiah, that person is staining himself with more blood, still sinning, not cleansing himself of the sin by washing himself in Yahusha’s blood. If we sin willfully after knowing the truth of Messiah Yahusha and His Word, there remains no sacrifice for our sins. We only have fear of judgment and fiery heat to look forward to. Hebrews 10:26-27. Under Moses and the Old Testament, when one sinned against the Law, with the testimony of two to three witnesses, they were killed without mercy. The New Testament teaches that the punishment is even worse for New Covenant believers who trample on the blood of Yahusha, who continue to sin, who continue to break the Law of the Old Testament, considering His blood unholy. Hebrews 10:29-30. When we confess our sins and turn from them, taking responsibility for them, then others will be compelled to do the same, and avoid them if them if they haven’t committed them already. Let’s be an example, as Messiah is our example, part of the solution, not the problem.


How can we be sure we understand what adultery is, so that we don’t do it, so that we can confess and repent of it if we discover we’ve done it in the past? The key to understanding adultery is to study what the Bible teaches about marriage and pray for understanding. Don’t go to a divorced pastor or rabbi for advice on marriage covenants, or someone who you feel might tell you want you want to hear, who will tickle your ears to keep you happy and paying tithes to him. Go straight to the source – the Bible, and do what it says. Go to or a concordance and look up all the verses containing words about marriage, divorce, adultery, remarriage, betrothal, etc… If we understand what MAKES a marriage, we can understand what BREAKS it, and vice versa. I first learned what adultery was by learning what it WASN’T.

Is Pre-Marital Sex Adultery?

No. I was once confused about adultery. I thought that having sex before marriage makes one guilty of adultery. I thought sex before marriage was sinning against a future, unknown spouse. Apparently, I thought one could break one’s marriage vows before ever making them. I wasn’t a student of the Bible when I came to that conclusion. I had never read most of the Bible at that point. I was a teenager. Once in my thirties, after having a couple of decades of Bible study and almost a decade of marriage under my belt, I started hearing some people challenging that conclusion I had come to. It provoked me to take a closer look.

Through intense, spirit-led Bible study one night, the realization came that sex before betrothal is fornication, it’s unchastity, it’s a sexual sin, but it’s not adultery, and I’ve even more recently realized that it doesn’t require a death penalty like adultery does. Every mention of adultery in the Bible, that I have been able to find, has to do with what happens after betrothal/engagement. The Bible says that to establish any matter (including what constitutes adultery) we must have at least 2-3 witnesses. See Deuteronomy 17:6, Matthew 18:6, and 2 Corinthians 13:1. I could not find two or three witnesses, or even one, that sex before marriage/engagement is adultery. I then had to lay that belief down, as I did find ample evidence that established that an agreement of marriage between a male groom and a female bride had to exist for adultery to apply. Leviticus 20:10, Deuteronomy 22:13-29, Jeremiah 29:23, Hosea 4:13-14, Ezekiel 16:32, Matthew 5:32, Matthew 19:9, Mark 10:12, Luke 16:18, Romans 7:3

The Difference Between Adultery and Other types of Fornication

Adultery is a specific type of fornication, one involving the breaking of a marriage covenant, or marital unfaithfulness. One cannot be guilty of adultery if they have never entered a marriage covenant, or agreed to, UNLESS they have had sexual relations with someone who was already in a marriage covenant (even betrothed) with someone else. All acts of adultery are fornication, but not all acts of fornication are adultery. For example, beastiality is a type of sexual sin (Leviticus 18:23, Exodus 22:19), a type of fornication, but it’s not adultery, although the penalty for this sin is death. Incest, or having sex with a close relative, forbidden in Leviticus 18 and 1 Corinthians 5:1, is a type of fornication with a death penalty, but it’s not adultery. Homosexuality is not adultery, although it is a type of fornication that calls for the death penalty. It seems that all types of fornication, EXCEPT sex between a man and a woman who are not in a marriage covenant, requires the death penalty. See Leviticus 18:22, Leviticus 20:13, 1 Corinthians 6:9-11, Romans 1:24-28, 1 Timothy 1:8-10, Genesis 19:1-38. By understanding what adultery ISN’T, we can better understand what it IS. This does not mean it’s okay to have sex before marriage. Read on to find out the consequences of that sin, according to Scripture.

At What Point Does a Woman or Man Become Bound in a Marriage Covenant?

WARNING: It’s PROBABLY not what you think!

I was once confused on this question, too. I don’t believe I am alone. I thought a woman or man could break their engagement for any reason, at any time, no harm, no foul, as long as they did it before they said “I do”, on their traditional, modern, wedding day. Until then, I thought there was no marriage covenant. I’ve since learned that’s not the case. The night I discovered I was wrong about sex before marriage being adultery, I was also enlightened on at what point adultery CAN happen, and at what point the Bible considers a couple to be “married” – husband and wife. I saw Deuteronomy 22:12-29 in a new light, especially verses 23-24. For the first time, when reading this after sincere prayer, I saw that it said that a VIRGIN that is BETROTHED is called her fiancé’s WIFE, and he is called her HUSBAND, even though she’s a VIRGIN, and they are still only ENGAGED! Did you catch that? Even though they have not had sex, and they are only engaged, they are called husband and wife! That means there is some degree of a marriage covenant already when a couple becomes engaged!

Some might argue that the Hebrew words for husband and wife can also be translated as man and woman. Yes, but even if we use those words instead, it calls her HIS WOMAN, and calls him HER MAN, still indicating they are committed and bound to one another. Further evidence that an engaged couple has entered into a marriage covenant is found further on in Deuteronomy 22, which goes on to say that a man who rapes or lies with this engaged virgin – he is guilty of ADULTERY and deserves DEATH, because he has had sexual relations with another man’s WIFE/WOMAN! This is very different from the man who lies with, seduces, or rapes a virgin who is NOT ENGAGED to be married to any man, in Deuteronomy 22:28-29. A man who seduces or lies with a woman who is NOT ENGAGED is NOT GUILTY of ADULTERY, though he is guilty of fornication, and he does not face the death penalty if she’s not engaged to another man. This passage in Deuteronomy 22 lays the foundation to help us understand at what point a marriage covenant begins to take place and at what point one can become an adulterer or adulteress.

The Purpose of Engagement

My husband and I became best friends while attending church and Bible study together, we fell in love in a matter of months, and had a two-week engagement. The only reason we waited that long was because we met and married in England and it was the law there that a couple that planned to marry had to announce their wedding plans publicly two weeks before the wedding in order to first make sure there are no objections to the marriage. We once wondered why people have such long engagements. There was NO way my husband could wait a year or longer once YHUH convinced him he should marry me! It’s a good thing we didn’t have a father standing in the way, voicing disapproval, and it’s a good thing my husband had been saving money that wound up taking care of wedding expenses like my engagement and wedding ring, my wedding dress, the wedding supper, and my debts incurred while in college!

I now see why the two-week waiting period that England required was started. It would have prevented a biblically forbidden marriage, and notified affected parties, like a bride’s father, or a first or second husband, for example, if secrecy and deception was going on. If the man or woman had a history of fornication or adultery, the fiancé could be warned before consummating a forbidden marriage and starting a family with the individual.

Another good reason for an engagement period is so that the groom can get his finances together for a bride price/engagement ring/jewelry/gifts for the bride’s family (to persuade the father or closest male relative to allow him to marry her), as well as other wedding expenses and a home for the bride, if his father doesn’t pay for these things. The bride’s father and family want to know that the groom can afford to provide for her, and that he is willing to work to do so. We see in the Bible that Jacob was empty handed when he got to Laban’s. According to the Book of Jasher, Chapter 29, Esau’s son, Eliphaz, was after Jacob on his way to Laban’s and stole from Jacob what Isaac, his father, had given him for a bride price. Because he now had nothing to offer her or her family for her, he now had to work for seven years for each wife, and another six years for a flock to support them, whereas in Isaac’s case, Abraham had sent Eliezer with ten

camels loaded down with gifts to pay for Rebecca to be brought back to Isaac’s tent right away. Isaac’s wife was paid for with “cash” up front, while Jacob went into debt and servant-hood to his father-in-law for his two brides and his flock. Genesis says what convinced them to go with him was not their marriage covenant with him, nor their love for him, or even the fact that he was the father of all of their children, but the fact that they, Jacob, and their children, now had all that their father had now spent, because Jacob earned it and YHUH had blessed him. There was now no financial reason for them to stay with their father, Laban.

What if a woman’s suitor cannot afford her price? The Bible is clear it is better for them to go ahead and marry (as long as they are equally yoked, it is a marriage permitted by the Law in YHUH, and the father is willing) than for either of them to burn with lust and sin just because he doesn’t have his finances together yet. 1 Corinthians 7:36-37. Not every man has the faith, patience, self-control, and love for his wife that Jacob had, to be willing and able to wait 7 years for her. Yah forbid she become a harlot in her impatience for a husband. However, it also says that the father does have the right to refuse to allow her to marry him. Please, fathers, if you refuse to let your son or daughter marry, or you make them wait, let it be for the right reasons. Don’t tempt your sons and daughters to sin by putting burdens on them that YHUH doesn’t, before allowing them to marry. Nowhere does the Bible say that a child must first finish college or have a good career established before marrying, these are not the things we should focus on to determine if they are equally yoked, or if it would be a marriage in YHUH. Abraham certainly didn’t finish college. Can you imagine Laban telling Eliezer that he could not allow Rebecca to marry Isaac until after Rebecca finished college?! A young lady was never expected to provide for herself financially until she married. She wasn’t kicked out of the house without a man to protect her from sexual predators and harassers in the schools and work places. We certainly have gotten our priorities backwards!

Rape vs. Seduction

News flash – a rapist is not any worse than a seducer, biblically speaking, when comparing the consequences for the crimes.  A rapist faces no harsher punishment than a seducer, a rapist just doesn’t have a willing partner in the same crime, the crime being fornication, which is any sexual relations outside of a Biblical marriage covenant. I was horrified when I first realized that, not only is the rapist not killed for raping her, but he’s not treated any worse than a seducer. Now I realize how just it all is, and also how twisted my thinking once was, how twisted society is today, to think that the seducer, who has a willing partner in crime, is any better than a rapist. Either way, the man has committed a sexual sin, he’s stolen her virginity, whether he had a willing partner in the crime or not. How many men have been guilty of seducing/enticing/deceiving a virgin or taking a woman’s virginity without ever marrying her, leading her on to think that he loves her and that marriage MIGHT POSSIBLY be on the horizon IF she does what pleases him? Exodus 22:16 According to Scripture, these seducers are no better than the rapist. They still take/steal what does not belong to them, whether it’s by force or deception.

There IS a price to pay for the sin of raping or seducing a virgin of Israel, however – to the bride, the father, and YHUH. Animal sacrifices were always required for sin, as part of the process to make atonement and come back into right relationship with YHUH and man, for forgiveness of sin. There are additional things the man must do to reconcile his sin and demonstrate to others that he is repentant. He does not deserve death, as he did not commit adultery, so he is to pay the bride price of a virgin (50 shekels of silver/7 years of labor) to the father of the woman, and IF the father is willing to give her in marriage to him (Exodus 22:16-17), the man is required to marry her, provide food, clothing, and marital relations, and he can never divorce her since he took her virginity before betrothing her to himself. This requirement for the man to marry her is to protect the woman, not punish her. It took her shame away and her feelings of being damaged goods, her concern about being undesirable, her guilt about not remaining a virgin for her husband. If he seduced her, and she gave him her virginity, she probably loved him anyway. If he pays her price and marries her after seducing her, she now feels valued because her husband was willing to pay the price of a virgin for her. He didn’t use her and then discard her like she had no worth. A man who pays a dowry joyfully is a man who recognizes the treasure his new wife is, and more likely to be a man who really loves her, to be willing to pay that amount for her, he will treat her better than someone who pays nothing and sees no value in his wife. If the man goes through this process, if he does not refuse to pay the bride price and marry her, if he confesses his sin and owns up to it, offers his sacrifice for his sin and seeks forgiveness and reconciliation, it shows that he is repentant, and may be a good husband to her, after all.

A good father, even back then, would never give her in marriage to an unrepentant man the father suspects would be a bad husband, especially if his daughter did not want to marry him. It was always in the father’s best interest to consider the daughter’s desires for a husband, because it was even more shameful to have a daughter who was not a loving wife or was unfaithful in her marriage than to have a daughter that was unmarried. A good father would want his daughter to be happy and consenting in her marriage, knowing it would last until one of them died, and that children would likely come from that union.

Does Sex Make a Couple Married in light of 1 Corinthians 6:16?

Interpreting 1 Corinthians 6:16 to say that sex makes people married would set Paul up to be contradicting Deuteronomy 22 and 24, as well as Numbers 30, which say otherwise, because Deuteronomy and Numbers 30 teach the father must either give consent or hold his peace, for marriage to take place. In a perfect world, sex would only occur between a married couple, one being male, the other female. It would be a beautiful picture of a man and woman, a husband and wife, literally becoming united into one flesh. That’s how it’s supposed to be for believers, as 1 Corinthians 6:16 is explaining, a mature, true believer in Messiah and the Law would never argue it’s okay for a man to have marital relations with a woman he is not married to, so it’s a good example, a good analogy, even for those who like to twist and ignore the Scriptures and look for a justification for theirs and others’ promiscuous sins, to explain how we shouldn’t have fellowship, or be yoked with, unbelievers. Let’s look closer at this scripture they claim is saying that sex equals marriage:

What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh. 1 Corinthians 6:16

Let’s first define a harlot, biblically. In every instance I’ve found in the Bible, a harlot is a married OR ENGAGED woman who commits adultery, and breaks her marriage covenant. The Hebrew word for harlot is zanah. It’s the same Hebrew word for adulteress. While I used to think a harlot was any woman who is promiscuous or unchaste, or a prostitute, I have more recently noticed that only an engaged or married woman is ever called a harlot in the Bible. There are no scriptural witnesses that establish a harlot can be a woman that is not in some sort of marriage covenant. There is not one example in the Bible of an unmarried, or unbetrothed woman ever being called a harlot, that I’ve found. A woman who plays the harlot in her father’s house is a woman that commits adultery while betrothed/engaged, and still living in her father’s house, and waiting for the rest of the marriage process to be completed.

Read the context of Deuteronomy 22. Also, in Genesis 38:24, Tamar, Judah’s daughter-in-law, is accused of playing the harlot, that she’s with child by harlotry. They are actually accusing her of adultery, because Genesis 38:11 and 38:26 agree that Judah promised her that she would be given in marriage to his son, Shelah, when he was grown. She was engaged, betrothed, promised to Shelah. She was in a marriage covenant, that’s why she keeps being referred to as Judah’s daughter-in-law. When her previous two husbands died, her marriage covenant with them also died, so it was her betrothal to Shelah, the third son, that made her Judah’s daughter-in-law. When she presented Judah with the identity of the one she sinned with, he realized he could not kill her for her sin of adultery/harlotry, because he, himself, was not without sin, as he was the one who fathered the children in her womb. He said she was more righteous than he was, because he did not keep his promise to give her to his son, which resulted in their shared, sexual sin of adultery/harlotry, even having sexual relations with his own son’s wife. Judah expected Tamar to be faithful to Shelah, and live as a widow until Shelah was old enough to take her to wife, but as soon as Judah finished mourning his dead wife, he sought out a harlot. That’s quite the double standard which was made clear to him when he sought the death penalty for her sin and realized he was guilty with her of the same sin. He who is without sin, cast the first stone, light the first match. A man can’t judge a woman for adultery if he is the one she committed harlotry with.

Really, the context of 1 Corinthians 6:16, the man who joins himself to a harlot becoming one with her, is Paul speaking of the sexual sin of the man in their congregation who was sleeping with his father’s wife, which Paul addressed in the previous chapter. He told them in Chapter 5 to put that sinner out of the congregation, that a little leaven leavens the whole lump, that they should not have fellowship or even eat with such a person that calls himself a brother and a believer. Paul’s reference to a man being one with the harlot is referring to this man who had a sexual union with his father’s wife. He’s not saying he’s now married to his father’s wife, or that she’s now married to both the father and his son. She can’t have two husbands at once. He’s saying that the man sleeping with his father’s wife is one with her in sin. Stop sinning and stay away from those who tempt you to sin. A little leaven leavens the whole lump. Bad company corrupts good character. You become who you hang around with. What fellowship does light have with darkness? Do not try to fellowship with darkness lest that darkness extinguish the little light you have. Do not be unequally yoked. Do not commit adultery. Turn away from sin, don’t cling to it in a forbidden “marriage” or a forbidden sexual relationship and then twist Paul’s words in an attempt to justify your sins! Genesis 38:26 says that Judah never knew (had sexual relations) with Tamar again. When you realize you have committed adultery, or any sexual sin, the way you repent is by ending the sexual relationship, you don’t claim sex made you married so you can continue in the sin. Paul uses the example of sex in 1 Corinthians 6 to explain why we should not continue to sin and use our new freedom from sin as an excuse to sin, or break the law, sexually, or otherwise. If a man is calling himself a follower of Messiah, and is joining himself with an adulteress, it’s obvious to true believers that he’s more committed and joined to that sinful sexual relationship than he is to Messiah. If he was really a follower of Messiah, he’d quit the sinful sexual relationship that Messiah condemns and follow Messiah instead. A union with beginnings in adultery is not a marriage in YHUH, it’s forbidden. It’s unlawful and must be ended.

A marriage covenant requires and involves vows between a man and a woman. Adultery is a violation of marriage vows, a sexual act that occurs between a man and a woman, which results in a defiled woman who can no longer have sexual relations with her own husband because she was defiled by another man while in a marriage covenant. (Numbers 5:13-14). Even if a married or betrothed woman is raped, she is no longer permissible for her husband or future husband, she and the marriage bed are now defiled. (Numbers 5, Deuteronomy 24:4, 1 Chronicles 5:1, Ezekiel 18:6, 11, and 15, Hebrews 13:4, and Genesis 49:4.) 2 Samuel 16:21-22 and Samuel 20:3 say that David never slept with his wives again after his son Absalom defiled them. David provided for them as a good husband should, but the women lived separated from him as widows from then on. However, if a woman has sexual relations or is raped before becoming betrothed/married, there are no laws in Torah that forbid her from marrying. Like the widow, she’s not a virgin, and is not bound in a marriage covenant with another man, so she’s free to marry, as long as it’s a marriage in YHUH and her father or the closest male relative whose home she lives in allows it. Yet, the husband must be made aware she is not a virgin, that must be disclosed, lest he discover it on their wedding night and accuse her of adultery. He should not be deceived or led to believe he’s marrying a virgin. For her protection, there should be witnesses that he was aware she was not a virgin before betrothal.

If sex makes people married, rather than a verbal agreement, vow, or promise, as some suggest, that would be the opposite of what Deuteronomy 22 is teaching. If sex makes people married, that would mean the rapist is now the betrothed virgin’s husband, not her fiancé, because the engaged man has never had sex with his virgin, but the rapist, or seducer, has. In that case, the rapist is not guilty of adultery, does not deserve death, because having sex with her made her his wife. Obviously, sex does not make people married, because Deuteronomy 22 says the fiancé is her husband, the one who has NOT had sexual relations with his virgin. Exodus 22 tells us the father can refuse to give his daughter in marriage to the rapist or seducer. If the father can refuse, that contradicts the claim that sex made the rapist/seducer her husband. If sex made them married, there would be no need for the father to give permission. They would have already been married, without her or her father agreeing to it! Rape makes people married? Not according to the Bible! There must be agreement to marriage, an exchange of vows to be faithful and become husband and wife, and even if she agrees, the father can make void her vows, but ONLY if he VERBALLY expresses his disapproval the day he hears of the marriage or plans of the marriage. He can’t invalidate the marriage 3 years later when his daughter regrets her vows, after he agreed to allow the marriage, or after he held his peace when he first heard about their marriage. Numbers 30 gives the timeframe he, AND HER NEW HUSBAND, have to make void her vows, it must be the same day either man hears of her vows.

Matthew 1 and Luke 1 and 2 are more witnesses that sex does not make people married. Matthew 1:18-25 tells us that Mary and Joseph were engaged, (they had not yet completed the marriage process, they were only betrothed) but Joseph, once he knew she was pregnant, thought about divorcing her or putting her away secretly, in alignment with Exodus 24, and in alignment with Yahusha Messiah’s interpretation of Exodus 24, that a man cannot divorce a woman unless she commits adultery/harlotry, aka, finds something “indecent” or “unclean” about her (Deuteronomy 24:1). 

Joseph probably thought Mary had become defiled by another man in adultery, or maybe she was raped. Might I point out what I missed so many times when I read and heard this story before? Joseph would not need to divorce or put away a woman he was not already in some type of marriage covenant with! If engagement wasn’t part of the marriage covenant, then there would be no need for Joseph to consider divorce. If sex makes people married, rather than vows, then why would Joseph need to consider DIVORCING his betrothed VIRGIN? The angel assured him it was okay to take her to wife (go onto the next layer/step towards confirming the marriage), and he did, but it goes on to say that AFTER MARRYING HER/going further into the marriage process, after the wedding ceremony and the wedding feast, he still did not have marital relations with her until after the baby was born! If sex makes people married, then they wouldn’t have been married until after they had sex, and there would have been no need for Joseph to consider divorce, or putting her away. It does appear that there are layers of a marriage covenant. Hence, why Joseph was told it was okay to take her to wife after he was already considering divorce, or putting her away quietly.

Does the Spilling of Blood Begin the Covenant? Is it Required for a Marriage to be Legit?

No. In the case of a virgin’s wedding, there will likely be blood spilled the first time they have marital relations, but if the bride is not a virgin because she was molested as a child, she was raped or seduced outside of a marriage covenant, or if the bride is a widow, there probably won’t be any blood. There are those that suggest that the marriage of a widow or a woman who is not a virgin is not lawful. They say that no blood equals no marriage. On the contrary, Scripture establishes that these women can marry. Ruth, Bathsheba, and Abigail are all examples of such women who married lawfully after their husbands died, who would not have been virgins or shed blood upon consummating marriages with their second husbands. Of course, we know Ruth became an ancestor to both King David and Messiah Yahusha. That was obviously a legit marriage she had with Boaz. Leviticus 21 states that the high priest was required to only marry a virgin. He could not marry a widow, but the other priests could marry a widow, as they were not required to marry virgins only, as the High Priest was. In Ezekiel 44:22, the Zadokite priests are stated to only be able to marry widows of Priests, whether they were widows of men of the tribes of Benjamin or Levi, in either case, these widows would not shed blood on their wedding night as a virgin would. Whether or not a woman is a virgin does not determine whether she can ever marry, it has more to do with her vows, whether it’s an equal yoke in YHUH according to Torah, and the permission/blessing/agreement of the father, male relative, or slave owner.

Marriage Vows According to Numbers 30

Numbers 30 gives us instructions about vows. Vows would include wedding vows, but other types of vows, as well, such as Nazarite vows, which women were allowed to make. It explains that the only person who has authority to make void a woman’s vows is the man whose house she lives in, usually either her father or the new husband. I suppose that may be one reason a wife or daughter living in her father’s house could not establish her own vows might be because she probably would not own her own cattle that would need to be offered in the case that she needs to sacrifice an animal in the event she breaks a vow and sins. She can’t offer her husband’s or father’s animal for a vow if he doesn’t agree to that. Regardless of the reason, YHUH said she cannot establish her own vows while in her father’s house or while married and living with her husband. That’s the way it is, and it’s for her own good, to release her of that responsibility.

In some cases, the woman may not have any such man whose home she finds protection and provision in, she may find herself in slavery, in this case, the slave owner may marry her or give her in marriage to his son, or another servant, as explained in Exodus 21. She may live in a close male relative’s care, like Esther with her cousin, Mordecai. This way, she can have a family who treats her according to Torah law/love, and be safe from rapists, murderers, thieves, etc… Nowhere does the Torah state that a political government, or even a priest, judge, or member of the Sanhedrin has authority to determine whether a woman’s marriage vows stand or not, who she can or cannot be given in marriage to, or who can or cannot make those marital vows of no effect. Numbers 30 not only tells us who has authority to confirm or make void her vows, but also, in what timeframe the father and husband have authority to confirm or deny her vows. Both the new husband and the father (or slave owner or other male relative) can only confirm or deny them the same day they hear of it. Ever wonder why there is a tradition on the wedding day for the priest to ask if there is anyone who objects to the marriage, that they must “Speak now or forever hold your peace”? It’s because the father can object if he’s only hearing of her vows to marry the groom for the first time that day. If he approves, he holds his peace. If he voices his disapproval, he can make the marriage invalid. There is also a tradition in weddings for the father to walk the bride down the aisle and give her hand to the groom, symbolizing that he has consented to the marriage.

What if She’s Not Living in Her Father’s House When She Makes Her Vow?

There are widows and divorced women that may make a vow (not necessarily a marriage vow, but could be) while not under a father’s or a husband’s authority and provision, not living in a father’s or husband’s house. These women are responsible for their own words and deeds, just as men are. See Numbers 30:9. We also see this with Ruth and Abigail, they were both widowed and it appears they accepted marriage and made vows to a new husband without first returning to the homes of their fathers and getting their father’s approval.

What about a single woman who leaves the home of her father before marriage, or a woman who is raised fatherless? I don’t have a verse to go on here, because it’s hard to find a verse that addresses such a situation that modern women working outside the home find themselves in today. Parents are complicating and making the subject confusing for us all when they encourage their daughters to leave the nest before marriage, and sometimes, even kick the daughter out if she tries to stay longer than the parents want her to. It doesn’t appear that it was ever intended for a woman to voluntarily live in or find herself in such a situation. It was considered rebellion if a young woman or man left home before marriage. Once they were married, then they would leave father and mother and cling to the spouse. (Genesis 2:24, Matthew 19:5, Mark 10:7, and Ephesians 5:31.)

Remember the story of the prodigal son? The son in REBELLION, left the father’s house and went out and got jobs and served the gentiles after he spent all of his inheritance living the wrong way, the inheritance his father worked so hard to be able to give him, and that son returned to the father’s home once he was repentant, and the father was glad to welcome him home. The loyal, faithful, obedient son remained in the father’s house, he didn’t sit in the basement and play video games or attend college parties on campus. He helped the father with the father’s financial affairs, which multiplied and increased his own future inheritance. He did the father’s will rather than his own, and counted that more important and better than living the way his brother did, when the prodigal son realized he was better off in his father’s house, even if he was just his father’s hired servant.

Young single women didn’t just go out and get a job or go off to college. If a woman did, she would have likely been considered a woman looking for trouble. If she found herself divorced or fatherless, she could seek out a male relative for refuge or sell herself into slavery where she might be taken or given in marriage. Either way, she would now have a man to take responsibility for the vows she might make while under his roof, so that she, herself, would not be responsible for the vows she made before she was mature and ready to be, before she understood the consequences of not keeping her vows.

What if a man and young woman who does live in her father’s house tell her father they are getting married without asking for his permission? This happens a lot these days. It stands if the father holds his peace, but they aren’t free to marry if the father voices his objection when he hears of their plans. If he disallows it, or voices his disapproval, it would not be a marriage in YHUH, and she would not be required or allowed to keep her agreement of the engagement, she would not need to fulfill her agreement to seal and confirm and keep the marriage covenant with that man, as her father would not allow it.

What if they run off and elope anyway, against the father’s objections? They are in sin. It’s basically like the man seduced the young woman and stole her from her father, without paying the bride price to the father. She could at any point leave the man and return to the father’s house, and she would not be responsible, because her father disallowed her vows to the man the day he heard of them, while she was still in her father’s house. She would then be free to marry a man her father consented to give her in marriage to. That said, a father can never consent to a marriage and then change his mind and give her in marriage to someone else. Let your yes, be yes, and your no, be no. Men are required to keep their word, they cannot change their minds, according to Numbers 30, Matthew 5:37 (let it be noted this verse follows Yahusha’s teachings against divorce and remarriage because it does pertain to marriage vows, and keeping them) and James 5:12, because a man changing his mind is considered a liar, see Numbers 23:19-20.

What if her father does not know they are getting married until the wedding day, or after? If he holds his peace and does not reject her vows on the day he hears of it, no matter how long it is after the vows are made, he confirms the vows. Even if it’s years later when he hears of it, though, he can still make her marriage vows void if he voices disapproval the day he hears of her verbal commitment to a man.

Fiancé or Husband? Fianceé or Wife?

So we learn from Deuteronomy 22:24 that an engaged woman is called her fiancé’s wife, and he is called her husband, which suggests a marriage bond/covenant is already established, even though they are still engaged, and have not had marital/sexual relations. It’s further confirmed that there is a marriage covenant existent here, by the penalty deserving death for the rapist of a betrothed virgin, that of adultery, sex with another man’s wife, contrasted by the man who rapes or seduces the virgin who is not engaged to be married, and is not given the death penalty, rather is required to pay the father the bride price of a virgin and marry her, if the father is willing to give her in marriage to him. There appears to be layers in a marriage covenant, steps one takes to confirm and seal the covenant that began with the marriage proposal and its acceptance, often called engagement or betrothal.

Betrothal and Additional Layers of Marriage

The first layer of a marriage covenant is laid with an engagement, betrothal, promise, or agreement to enter that covenant. A husband proposes that a marriage covenant be made, the bride and her father accept such a proposal, and so the marriage process has begun. That bride is now set-apart for that husband. Once this phase happens, there is already a marriage covenant, it’s just not completed yet. That said, it’s already considered adultery/unfaithfulness, if, from this point on, the betrothed woman lies with another man while engaged. While they are yet engaged, the Bible says he is already called her husband, and she is called his wife. This is established in Deuteronomy 22:24. This means that many bachelor and bachelorette parties and the customs that go along with such parties have started those marriages off in adultery. This tradition, also called a stag party in some countries, or bucks party, is believed by some to have come from an ancient Celtic pagan custom in worship to a god with antlers, or the “Horned God”. Satanic, right? However, in the Testimony of Judah, found in The Testimony of the Twelve Patriarchs, in Chapter 2, verses 22 and 23, speaking of Judah’s encounter with his daughter-in-law, Tamar, it says it was a law of the Amorites that she who was about to marry should dress in bridal array and sit in fornication by the gates for seven days. This is much like the modern bachelorette party in the US where the bride dons her wedding veil and is led out on the town and encouraged to do things that are unmentionable with strange men in the city, usually the weekend before the wedding ceremony.

The second layer of marriage (which comes on a later date), the wedding ceremony, comes with another public verbal confirmation of the agreement to the terms of the covenant, and establishing that they are going to follow through on keeping the covenant they already agreed to enter when they became betrothed on a previous date. A public declaration of marital vows is witnessed by at least 2 others at the wedding ceremony. Nothing can be established without at least 2 witnesses, including a marriage. Today, society usually erroneously considers this to be the wedding day, and the day they become husband and wife, instead of just a ceremony reestablishing, celebrating, and declaring again the marriage that came into existence at the betrothal on an earlier date.

Later (often the same day) comes more, additional layers of the marriage covenant, including the marriage covenant meal celebration, or reception, followed by the sealing in the blood, or consummation with sexual marital relations further confirming their public declaration of marriage and faithfulness.

Exodus 19:1-8 is a valuable lesson teaching us at what point Israel entered covenant with YHUH – when YHUH proposed the terms of the covenant once they reached Mount Sinai, and Israel first agreed to do all her Heavenly Husband (or fiancé) would command her. See Verse 8 especially, for this evidence. At this point, they were betrothed, and the marriage week with the covenant meal and the sealing of the covenant with the blood all happened in the rest of that week of seven days. Exodus 24, especially verses 3, 7-8, 11, and 16. The Genesis 29:27-28 mention of “her week” seems to support the idea of a marriage week, which many today call a “honeymoon”.

What About the Death Penalty for the One Who Plays the Harlot in Her Father’s House, and the Death Penalty for Adultery? How Does a Father Cause His Daughter to be a Harlot/Whore/Adulteress as mentioned in Leviticus 19:29? How can a woman be an adulteress if she “may” remarry or become another man’s “wife”, as mentioned in Deuteronomy 24:

To answer the first question, about the death penalty for adultery and/or playing the harlot in her father’s house, it all depends on what happens after betrothal. Even then, there are conditions that must be met before the death penalty can be enforced for adultery. Yes, even in cases of adultery there are situations that do not call for the death penalty, for example, Numbers 5. The wife is cursed after she drinks the bitter waters if it be found that she was defiled by another man while married to her husband, or while she was engaged and living in her father’s house, as her husband suspected. In this case, she can’t have children once the curse comes upon her, but there’s no death penalty, because the man she committed the sin with is not present to also receive the death penalty with her and they were not caught in the act by two witnesses ready to cast the first stones. Instead of the death penalty, she faces the consequences of trying to hide the fact that she was defiled by another man while married to her husband, a horrible curse comes upon her and she lives in shame, as she should if it’s revealed she tried to conceal her sin from her husband and the priests.

If a husband finds out his fiancée was unfaithful some point after they were betrothed, IF at least two eye witnesses come forth, that SAME day he hears of her unfaithfulness, he can hand her over for judgment, to be killed, IF they also have the other guilty party because they were caught in the act. (Numbers 30, Leviticus 20:10 and Deuteronomy 22:22.) Knowing there was a death penalty for the sin, it would be rare that someone would commit it, and even more rare that someone would be caught in the act, and even more rare that there would be at least two eye witnesses willing to come forward and cast the first stones at both the guilty parties. I imagine adultery occurred much less often than it does is in these days, given the heavy consequence and shame involved.

If a man lies with his wife for the first time on their wedding night, and he finds that she is not a maid, not a virgin, because there was no blood, and he accuses her, and her parents have no evidence of her virginity, no proof of blood, then she shall be stoned, as he’s been deceived by her, causing him to be defiled, as well. Her lack of spilled blood and evidence of her unchastity are the witnesses against her. Deuteronomy 22:13-21. If it turns out she’s a virgin, that he lied about her lack of virginity, and the parents have proof of the blood of the virgin, he will be severely chastised for speaking lies against her, he will be required to pay 100 shekels of silver (twice as much as the bride price of a virgin), and it will be established that she is his wife and that he can never divorce her, because her chastity has been proven and he has proven to be a slanderer. In the future, nobody will ever believe that she has committed adultery and that he has grounds for divorce, because she has already been found to be more righteous in word and deed than he is. He’s lying about her so that he can divorce her. According to the Bible, a man can’t marry a virgin and use her and discard her the next day and take another virgin. He can’t wait a decade until he gets tired of his wife and wants to exchange her for a younger one. He can’t just get rid of her by falsely accusing his wife of not being a virgin when they married a year prior. To be a valid accusation of unchastity, not being a virgin upon their wedding night, he must make the accusation the same day he discovers the matter, according to Numbers 30, the day he hears her vows and becomes aware of her unfaithfulness when there was no blood on their wedding night.

If a man finds out his fiancée is not a virgin because she turns out to be pregnant while they are yet engaged, that NORMALLY would be a pretty good indicator she was either raped or guilty of adultery. Either way, she’s defiled and can’t have marital relations with the husband who hasn’t “known” her yet. With the case we read about in Matthew 1 and Luke 1 and 2 with Messiah’s parents, Joseph and Mary, Joseph learned from the angel Gabriel that it was okay to go on to confirm the marriage vows with Mary and take her to wife, because her child was not a result of being with a man, she was not unfaithful and she was not defiled by a man. But that’s not normally the case that the woman’s child is not from a man. In Joseph and Mary’s case, Joseph thought to put her away secretly rather than making a public example of her. The Bible says this was because he was a just man in Matthew 1:19. This verse establishes that this judgement of Joseph would have been a just one according to Torah, and that death for a woman suspected of adultery is not always prescribed if all of the conditions for the death penalty are not met.

Sometimes it’s the father, not the daughter, who causes his daughter to play the harlot. How can that be? We mentioned earlier that a man, a father, specifically, cannot change his mind after agreeing to give his daughter in marriage, just like a man can’t change his mind after he agrees to marry his bride. His word is binding, according to Numbers 30, and there are examples in the Bible of men, fathers, in the Bible, who promised their daughters to certain men and then turned around and gave them to another man. David and Sampson were both deceived by their father-in-law in this way. Both of these men caused their daughters to become adulteresses. So just because the Torah forbids a man breaking his agreement in both the Old and New Testaments, doesn’t mean it never happens.

Likewise, just because a woman is forbidden to marry another man after divorce, while her first husband is still alive, doesn’t mean it never happens. The Torah does address what should and should not happen in both cases. See Deuteronomy 24:1-4, Matthew 5:32, Matthew 19:9, Mark 10:12, Luke 16:18, Romans 7:3. All of these verses testify that if she is divorced from one man and marries another, she becomes an adulteress, and her new “husband” who “married” her, is an adulterer. It says that she is defiled after having relations with the second husband. A widow, unlike the divorced woman, is not defiled by either a first or a second husband. Then what causes a divorced woman to become defiled by the second husband, so that she can’t lie with the first husband again? Her unfaithfulness to her marriage covenant. The fact that a divorced woman’s first husband is still alive is the only difference between her and the widow. Being defiled is never a good thing in the Bible. She broke her vow to be faithful until death departed them (even if he broke the covenant with her first and divorced her without good cause), and now she is not only unacceptable or unclean for her husband, and no longer set apart for him, she is no longer set apart for YHUH. The physical teaches the spiritual. The divorced woman willfully rebelled against her vow to be faithful to her husband for life when she chose to not remain faithful to the first husband. Yes, that means she also committed adultery, even if she was not the one who pursued the divorce, or committed adultery FIRST. Just because he committed adultery does not mean YHUH has given her permission to do so as well. Her saying “I do”, to another man, is an act of adultery against the first husband. The moment she gave up on reconciling with the first husband and flirted with the idea of accepting a proposal from another man was the moment she hardened her heart against her first husband, her vows, her marriage covenant, and YHUH. Yahusha (represented by her earthly husband) must now die for her so that she may now come back into right relationship with YHUH, to be able to return to Him. This is how the physical teaches the spiritual. This is why Israel (Yashar’al) needs faith in Yahusha and His death, burial, and resurrection, for salvation and a relationship with YHUH, because Israel has been guilty of adultery and has become defiled in her sin of going after other gods, mere idols, like golden calves. Just because Yahusha died for her, that doesn’t make the bride’s wrongs right. His death and resurrection gives her the opportunity and desire to repent and make her wrongs right, to be brought back into relationship with her first husband.

Now to address the question regarding how a father can cause his daughter to become an adulteress, and the examples of fathers mentioned in the Bible who did so. King Saul, in 1 Samuel 18, promised BOTH of his daughters to David, first the older one, Merab, who Saul turned around and gave to Adriel to wife instead. Then Saul discovered that his younger daughter, Michal, loved David. It says this PLEASED Saul, in verse 21, because he wanted to give Michal to David in marriage, to become a SNARE to him. It was a trap from the beginning (verse 17)! I wonder if he planned it to be a snare by it being a violation of Leviticus 18, which says a man shall not take his wife’s sister while his wife is still alive, to vex her. (In Jacob’s defense, he unintentionally married Leah, Rachel’s sister, while he was already betrothed to Rachel.) David paid the bride price for King David’s daughter, Michal, with 200 Philistine foreskins (verse 25-27), even though Saul only requested 100 foreskins for her bride price, and King Saul gave her to David to wife, as promised. Then King Saul did the unthinkable – again. Due to his jealousy of David, after giving Michal to David, after she was already living in David’s house as his wife (1 Samuel 19:11), Saul turned around and gave Michal, David’s wife (who loved David), to another man, to be his wife instead! This is called causing your daughter to play the harlot, to become an adulteress, to go a-whoring, to be defiled! The father, Saul, proposed the terms for marriage, David met the terms, the father accepted the payment and gave her to him, and later the father broke his own word/promise/oath/agreement/vow, which Numbers 30 says a man cannot do. She was David’s WIFE, she could not be given to another, but she was! Does Saul’s decision stand? Are her vows to the second husband binding? No! It was not a marriage in YHUH! YHUH forbid a woman to be given in an adulterous marriage, it’s a forbidden sexual union, as her father already agreed she was to be married to David! There was already a marriage covenant, so Saul caused both Michal and her older sister, Merab, to become adulteresses! After Saul died, David got his wife, Michal, back, BEFORE the second “husband” died:

And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul’s son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines. And Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish. And her husband went with her along weeping behind her to Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned. 2 Samuel 3:14-16

It appears Michal was with Phaltiel for quite a while. David was fleeing from Saul for some time before Saul finally died and David got Michal back. Her second “husband” didn’t die, he was weeping behind her as she was returned to David until he was told to return home. There is nothing recorded in the Bible that says she ever had sexual relations with David after she was returned to him. It does say she despised David in her heart at some point after her return, at the time the ark of the covenant was returned in 2 Samuel 6 and 1 Chronicles 15:29, when she saw David dancing. Was her anger and hatred at that moment really just because of his dancing, or is it more likely there was more to it, that this just provoked her, that maybe she had resentment against David for her father’s death, for killing off her family and her father’s loyal subjects, and taking her back from her other husband? How would she ever have children now that David could not have relations with her due to her defilement from marrying another man? Her only hope for removing her shame of having no children would be for David to die. Maybe that was what she was secretly hoping and he sensed that in her reaction to his dancing and joy about the return of the ark. Maybe that’s why YHUH caused him to curse her so that she would die without children of her own. 2 Samuel 6:23. We don’t know for certain, but there definitely seems to be more to the story than he just cursed her to die childless for being upset with his dancing.

Why did David not also demand that Merab, Michal’s older sister, be returned to him, since she was also offered to David before being given to someone else in marriage? The Bible never mentions her again after she’s given to Adriel. It appears Merab was already dead by the time David got Michal back. 2 Samuel 21:8 says Michal, who had no children, brought up five sons for her sister Merab’s husband, Adriel. Those 5 sons were probably her nephews that had no mother after her sister, Merab, died. David handed those same five sons that Michal helped raise after her sister’s death to the Gibeonites to be hanged. It’s not difficult to understand why Michal might be bitter against David for her family being killed off so that David could rule his kingdom without hindrance from Saul’s family, but it’s also important to remember that she should have been thankful for her own life being spared, that her father’s family had become very wicked as he was, that she was given another chance and got to be the wife of King David, the King of Israel. He provided for her and loved her as a husband, even though she did nothing to deserve it. Michal is a picture of Israel here, and David represents Messiah Yahusha. He loves her despite her defilement, and makes her to be a wife of the King, and she pretty much spits in His face. This is how Israel has treated her King. The physical teaches the spiritual. We must repent of treating Yahusha, our King, in this way, lest we die cursed like Michal.

YHUH did not rebuke David for taking Michal back from Phaltiel, despite Phaltiel’s tears. David did not sin in this situation, but Phaltiel had defiled David’s marriage bed, he was sleeping with another man’s wife. So many women I have talked to about this, they just can’t imagine YHUH would be okay with a woman leaving or being taken from her second or third husband to return to the first, especially if that woman can’t have marital relations with the first husband again. They can’t imagine YHUH expecting her to live a life of celibacy until she or her first husband dies. It’s a high calling, for certain, but we do see it is required in many instances throughout the Bible. YHUH does not give us more than we can bear. We must trust Him and lean on Him to help us carry such burdens He may place on us to carry, for our good, and our growth. For women who realize they have not been faithful to their first husbands, it’s become their new calling to learn to be faithful to their first husbands who are still alive by repenting and abstaining from intimacy with all other men, even second or third “husbands”. Instead of seeking work and leaving their children in school or daycare, they should seek refuge with a male relative who understands how important it is for a mother to be home with her children. She can become an entrepreneur and find creative ways to help contribute financially to the household from home, if necessary. Now that we have the internet, especially, there is no excuse for a woman to not be able to support herself and children and still be able to keep YHUH’s Sabbaths and commandments.

Several divorced and remarried women have expressed to me that they can’t imagine YHUH would want to break newly formed “blended” families apart. These women are not thinking about the fact that they had already started a family when they married their first husband, and most of them had children with their first husband before they divorced and remarried. Why are they so set against saving and restoring the first family? Why do they cling to the second or third husband instead of the first? Deception, unfaithfulness, hypocrisy, and/or outright rebellion. These women continue to reject and forsake the first husband and family they started with him, in order to embrace and cling to a new one. No matter if the first husband repents or not, no matter if the second or third husband is repentant or not, they refuse to end the sexual relationship with the second or third husband so that they may return to their first husband. Divorced women usually claim their first husband is unforgiveable, that YHUH would never want them to be with them because the husband did not provide for them (only an excuse for slave wives in Exodus 21, by the way), committed adultery, or physically or sexually abused them or their children, or they blame the first husband for addictions to pornography, drugs, or alcohol, etc… Many times these women will cling to a second or third husband who has or develops the same or similar problems they left the first one for. It seems YHUH has the last laugh, that they are doomed to learn to live with what they ran away from in the first place.

So why did Moses allow divorce in the case of adultery if Yahusha is so adamantly against it and YHUH hates it so much? What does Yahusha mean by, “the hardness of your hearts”, in Matthew 19:8?

I think Yahusha’s reply to the Pharisees’ question about why Moses allowed divorce referred back to the wilderness, when the Israelites sinned with the golden calf and Moses broke the tablets displaying how hard their hearts were against their marriage covenant with YHUH. Because of their hard hearts, at this time, YHUH set up the Levitical priesthood, instead of YHUH’s original proposal for all of Israel becoming a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. According to the laws of the Levitical priesthood, if the groom is a priest, he can only marry a virgin or a widow, not a defiled, divorced woman. See Leviticus 21:7 and Ezekiel 44:22. So what if a priest finds out after he lies with his new wife, or when she shows up pregnant while they are yet engaged, that she is not a virgin? Being a priest and holy man set-apart for YHUH’s service, he cannot be defiled by her by having sexual relations with a divorced woman. What, then, should a priest do when he discovers the woman he’s betrothed to is defiled by another man? Probably what Joseph considered doing when he realized Mary was pregnant – divorce her. Divorce had to be added into the law because Israel, represented by the woman, would be unfaithful, she would become defiled, resulting in her not being clean, holy, or set-apart for YHUH, who is represented by the husband, or the Levitical priest, who had to marry a virgin, because the priest is holy and must remain that way for YHUH.

If it wasn’t for the hardness of Israel’s hearts in the wilderness, if Israel really had a heart to obey YHUH as she vowed to when they first got to Mount Sinai in Exodus 19:1-8, the Levitical priesthood would not have been necessary, and there would be no such thing as adultery or fornication in Israel. Thus, there would be no need to make a provision in the law that would allow a man to put away his wife for adultery, defilement, or finding something “unclean” or “shameful” about her.

Yahusha was pointing out to the Pharisees, that it’s not just the women of Israel that have hard hearts toward their husbands at times, that leads them to commit adultery, but this is also the condition of their own hearts – all of Israel, men and women – towards marriage covenants, and first of all, their marriage covenant towards YHUH. The men of Israel tend to blame their wives for adultery and other sins, like Adam blamed Eve, but the men also have a tendency to treat marriage covenants lightly, and the fact that they seek excuse to divorce is proof of that. A faithful husband does not ask how and under what circumstances he may end his marriage, but how and under what circumstances can he save his marriage. A hardened heart seeks divorce. A hardened heart marries another in the other spouse’s place.

A Change in Attitude About Marriage

It seems unthinkable to many of us today that a father would willingly give his precious lamb in marriage to a man with such lust towards his daughter, her rapist or seducer, but back then the alternative would have been much worse in the eyes of the young woman. Personally, I see that when people allow their daughters to date, or cohabitate with a “boyfriend”, or send them off to college or encourage or force them to go out and get a job and support themselves, the end result is USUALLY that the daughter fornicates before marriage and engagement. It’s sad how most people today treat their sons and daughters, including professing Jews and Christians, they are essentially causing/allowing their sons and daughters to behave as male and female prostitutes, and sometimes, as harlots, once they become engaged. Young people are much less likely to engage in sex before marriage if they are not thrust out of the house at the age of 18, or before marriage. Most parents today discourage marriage at a “young” age, they say they still have growing up to do. Yet, they send their youth out into the world with no money, no financial or moral guidance, no accountability, and raging hormones! That’s called setting them up for failure and a recipe for disaster! If they are too immature to marry, they are too immature to live on their own. Yes, a FEW kids may manage to keep their legs crossed or keep their chastity belts on until they marry, a very small minority may stay on the straight path, IF they manage to find it before leaving the nest, but the vast majority don’t.

Parents SHOULD NOT be discouraging their children from marrying. If they are legally old enough, and parents allow them to drink, drive, get a job, live in another state, own a gun, travel the world, rent an apartment, buy a house, pay their bills, join the military, get an abortion, or “play house” with a boyfriend or girlfriend, then why are they not old or mature enough to marry and have children? More often than not, it’s marriage and childbearing that stimulate people the most to begin to explore the issue of faith and salvation! It’s the temptations and tests and trials of this experience in trying to stay married, be a good parent, and maintain good family relationships that cause people to wrestle with YHUH the most, in their efforts to try to understand how they should understand boundaries and their relationships with their spouse, children, in-laws, etc…

Parents think they should encourage their children to wait until they are mature and responsible to marry and have children, but it’s marriage and children that most often causes people to grow up and be responsible! In a family, whether living with their parents and siblings or with a spouse and children, people have accountability with other people who believe as they do, who can give them support, encouragement, and guidance. Ecclesiastes 4:8-12 says that two are better than one, and it lists a few reasons as to why this is so, why it says it is better for a person to live with either a brother or a child than to live alone. Any money a single person makes will USUALLY get spent on vain things, it will be wasted. Remember how the prodigal son squandered his inheritance on wild living? He or she will spend it trying to fill the void of loneliness they feel inside. They are more prone to addictions, depression, sin, and everything else that goes along with that. Widowed and divorced people, especially those who live alone, are much more likely to commit suicide than married people or people living with family. It makes since, as they’ve lost their other half, they don’t feel whole, divorced people feel guilt, shame, and failure, and they may not find the faith to find their completion in YHUH. I believe the reason the never-married crowd does not commit suicide as often, even though they do often fall into depression due to their loneliness after leaving home as a teen or young adult, is because they hold onto hope that they may someday experience marriage. Young people need their parents and their family for companionship and everything that goes along with that until they find their equal yoke to continue their journey of faith and life with. Peers, roommates, classmates, and co-workers that are equally as lost, immature, and lustful are the last people you should want your child spending MOST of their time with when they are not busy! Bad company corrupts good character. Parents should not send their sheep out alone amongst the wolves. YHUH sends them out two by two, not alone. Mark 6:7 and Luke 10:1. Parents these days have adopted wrong attitudes from our modern culture and media about when their sons and daughters should marry, and when their children should go out from their parents’ roof.

There is definitely a cooling in attitude towards marriage these days in men and women, parents and children alike. Marriage isn’t smiled upon as much as it once was. See what Tamar thought about being rejected by her brother after he raped her in 2 Samuel 13. She preferred he marry her, that not marrying her after having his way with her would be an even greater wrong than raping her! She cried and went into mourning when he refused her! My, how attitudes about marriage have changed! No wonder adultery and fornication abound! A woman once wanted to be married and have children and avoided sexual sin, now a woman wants to engage in sexual sin while using birth control, having abortions, and avoiding marriage! That’s not only a drastic change in the view of marriage, but a drastic change in the value of life, a drastic change from what people once considered a blessing or a curse! Children were once a blessing, now they are considered a curse. Marriage was a blessing, now it’s curse, or at least discouraged until after college and a career is established, which means that by the time women find a husband and marry, they and/or their husbands are now having issues with infertility and miscarriages. Even when women do have children, the couple often puts a limit on how many they will have. Why would YHUH want to bless couples with children in their 30’s and 40’s when they used birth control to put off children and starting a family in their teens and into their 20’s and beyond? The current divorce and birth rates are proof that children and families are obviously not a priority to Christians or the Jewish people these days, at least not in the western world where the family and marriage has been deteriorating the fastest. It seems that making a buck, having a successful career, having fun, traveling the world, and having nice things are all far more important to people in our culture today. It’s only when young married couples start their quest for children, late 20’s, 30’s, and beyond, that they begin to regret putting off marriage and a family so long, when they are unable to conceive or carry a child full term. Why are so many parents and young people not making the connection? It seems so obvious to me now, but for several years it wasn’t. We’ve been deceived, for sure.

It’s very telling how many of the world’s problems of today, including the dramatic rise in divorce rates, STD’s, abortions, delayed age at marriage, sterilization, infertility, miscarriages, etc…, seem to coincide with the sexual revolution and the rise of feminism. Infertility always existed, don’t get me wrong, and it’s not always caused by sin or age, as we see with Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah. However, we have to admit that women aren’t helping their cause these days when we put off children even into our late 30’s or 40’s when menopause starts knocking at the door for many of us women. Women aren’t the only ones to blame, of course, more shame on the men, for causing and allowing their wives and daughters to lose their morals and confuse their priorities! Don’t tongue lash your wandering wife or daughter when you allowed the deception to come into your home through the local public or private school, the media, and who you and your family spend your free time with!

Can a Man Divorce His Wife for Any Reason?

NO! He can’t even divorce his wife for any and every case of adultery, either. There are strict requirements about under what circumstances he can divorce her under the accusation or suspicion of adultery. It seems to me that Deuteronomy 22 and 24 are the chapters in the Torah that dictate when, and under what circumstances, a husband can divorce his wife for adultery. Numbers 30 (which explains under what circumstances, and when, the husband can disallow her vows) should be used with Deuteronomy 22 and 24 to help determine when divorce would be permitted. I understand it to say he can only make void her wedding vows to him and give her a writ of divorce the same day he hears of or discovers her sin or uncleanness (Numbers 30), whether that be on their wedding day or night or after they had been married many years. He can’t decide to divorce her for adultery 3 years after he found out about her sin, just because he’s starting to have trouble getting along with her or he found someone he likes better. The decision to cut ties must be immediate after her sin is discovered, the adultery must be the real and only reason for the split. He can always figure out how to work out forgiveness and reconciliation later. If she can’t be faithful to wait for him until he’s able to forgive her and take her back, if she marries or has sex with another man and defiles herself in the meantime, that’s evidence she hasn’t repented of her sin, she’s still playing the harlot, so he should not take her back anyway.

I can only think of two cases in the Bible of a man of Israel legally divorcing or putting away his wife beyond engagement, and neither of those involved adultery or a free woman or virgin of Israel. The only cases I can think of is Abraham putting away Hagar (Genesis 21 – justified in Exodus 21) and when the Jews returned from Babylon and read the Law and realized that they had taken foreign wives the Torah forbids, wives that had led them into idolatry, and when they realized this, the men put them away (Ezra 10 and Nehemiah 13). Since they were foreign wives, they may have been slave wives, or concubines, who the Isrealites were permitted to put away and give them their freedom in Exodus 21. I believe the reason the slave wives in Exodus 21 were allowed to be treated differently than the virgin daughters of Israel in this way is because foreign slave wives did not have free choice, those women did not make vows as free women that bound them for life. He married her hoping she would always walk in the Torah and be pleased to be married to him, her husband obtained her after winning a battle against her people and killing her family and became bitter against him about it. They may have thought they would be equally yoked when they married, she may have shown signs of a willingness to keep Torah, like those mentioned in Acts 15:19-21. If these foreign wives or concubines started to backslide and commit idolatry, as they learned from their own people, and/or became unhappy in their situation, they would act unpleasing towards their husbands, and the husband may be inclined to allow her freedom to keep the peace. Also, foreign women were not in covenant with YHUH or His people from birth, like the virgins of Israel. Of course, we know in Hagar’s case, she did fall under the ruling in Exodus 21 of an Egyptian slave wife, she and Ishmael seemed no longer pleased to dwell peaceably with Sarah and Isaac, and Hagar was freed, and we have no indication in Torah that she ever remarried.

Can a Husband and Wife Reconcile After Adultery? What if they divorced and married or had sexual relations with someone else?

It’s common for marriages to be reconciled, for a husband or wife to see their own sin and/or forgive their spouse and get back together. Reconciliation is good, but what if one or both of them has sex with someone else while they were apart? What about Deuteronomy 24:1-4? Sadly, they cannot have sexual marital relations again if she has been defiled by another man, as the husband would become defiled if he went into her after she was with another man against her covenant. Deuteronomy 24 is not saying, however, that she can never return to her first husband to be his helper or seek refuge in his home, that he cannot provide for her, just that marital relations is out of the question.

YHUH loves forgiveness and reconciliation, it is good for a marriage and a family. If a woman is repentant and her husband is still willing to be faithful to her and keep his marital covenant with her despite her prior unfaithfulness, he does right to do that and continue to treat her with love and provide for her. HOWEVER, the Bible says that once the woman has defiled herself sexually with another man after entering covenant with her husband, her husband can NEVER have marital sexual relations with her again. She can remain in his house, under his protection and provision, but he can no longer have physical intimacy with her. Biblically speaking, he must either take an additional wife or refrain from sexual intimacy until one of them dies, but it is still Biblical and good if there is repentance and forgiveness, and he chooses to keep his covenant and protect and provide for her and love her despite the fact that she was unfaithful and he cannot have marital relations with her anymore. This is the selfless thing to do. This is how Messiah loves the church. He just wants His bride to return to him and be holy as He is holy. Even if he takes another wife, it is still good for him to also love and be a husbandly provider to the first wife who’s been defiled, minus the marital relations, of course.

Dear husband – will you be merciful and receive the wife of your youth if she returns to you? Dear wife – will you teshuvah, repent, and return to your first husband? If he won’t accept you, will you live set-apart for him as a single woman until the two of you are reconciled, or wait upon YHUH until he dies so you may marry another? A loving, faithful wife should never hope her husband dies so that she can marry another. She should pray for his repentance, or that he will forgive her for whatever offended him, so they can be reconciled, and if he dies because YHUH determined that was best, then she is free to remarry. Until then, she should remain faithful to her vows. Marital fidelity is one of life’s tests. Will you pass the test? Will you remain faithful in sickness in health? Good times and in bad, for richer or poorer? Until death do you part, as you first vowed? Here are examples from YHUH of how a true and faithful husband speaks to a wayward bride who’s become defiled by infedelity:

I have swept away your sins like a cloud. I have scattered your offenses like the morning mist. Oh, return to me, for I have paid the price to set you free. Isaiah 44:22

They say, “If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become another man’s, shall he return unto her again? shall not that land be greatly polluted? but thou hast played the harlot with many lovers; yet return again to me, saith YHUH.” Jeremiah 3:1

YHUH said also unto me in the days of Josiah the king, Hast thou seen that which backsliding Israel hath done? She is gone up upon every high mountain and under every green tree, and there hath played the harlot. And I said after she had done all these things, Turn thou unto me. But she returned not. And her treacherous sister Judah saw it. And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also. And it came to pass through the lightness of her harlotry, that she defiled the land, and committed adultery with stones and with stocks. And yet for all this her treacherous sister Judah hath not turned unto me with her whole heart, but feignedly, saith YHUH. And YHUH said unto me, The backsliding Israel hath justified herself more than treacherous Judah. Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, Return, thou backsliding Israel, saith YHUH; and I will not cause mine anger to fall upon you: for I am merciful, saith YHUH, and I will not keep anger for ever. Only acknowledge thine iniquity, that thou hast transgressed against YHUH thy Aluhym, and hast scattered thy ways to the strangers under every green tree, and ye have not obeyed my voice, saith YHUH. Turn, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion. Jeremiah 3:6-14

Surely as a wife treacherously departeth from her husband, so have ye dealt treacherously with me, O house of Israel, saith YHUH. Jeremiah 3:20


Can a Woman Divorce her Husband for Adultery?

Nowhere in the Bible does it say a woman can lawfully divorce her husband for adultery, or any other reason, and remarry someone else, without committing adultery herself:

“And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.” Mark 10:12

How much clearer can it be? If she turns around and marries/sleeps with another man, even if HE’S the one who divorced HER, and WITHOUT Biblical cause, she’s guilty of the same sin she’s accusing him of – unfaithfulness. She’s a hypocrite, she’s an adulteress. Let the one without sin cast the first stone. If she can’t cast that stone, she should go back to him. A faithful woman will remain faithful to her marriage vows, even if the husband tramples on the vows they both made.

A man can have more than one wife, according to the Torah, so it was never considered adultery if he had sex with more than one woman, as long as those women were not married to another living man. Abraham did not commit adultery with Hagar. He simply took a second wife, given to him by his first wife, which is permitted, and in some cases, commanded, in the Torah. YHUH gave David Saul’s surviving wives after Saul died, as mentioned in 2 Samuel 12:8. If it was a sin for a man to have more than one wife, YHUH wouldn’t have given Saul’s wives to David.

Since YHUH doesn’t condone the divorces going on today, all these people are in adultery anyway when they move on and marry someone else, so what’s their beef with polygyny? Think about it. Supposedly they are concerned some or all of his wives or children will be neglected, or he won’t be able to financially able to provide for them all. When a man divorces his first wife and marries a second, in an effort to live according to the laws of monogamy, isn’t that neglecting and refusing to protect and provide for his first wife and the children from that marriage? Sure. Usually the secular courts have to force divorced men to pay alimony or child support and the men are cursing under their breath about it and most do not have a good relationship, if any, with their children, after divorce. They often completely abandon them and go on to their own selfish pursuit of happiness. Really, according to the Bible, the divorced and remarried guy now has two wives, and he’s broken his vows (committed adultery) because he’s not kept his vows to be a husband to the first wife. When done in the right spirit, polygyny can be a good solution to many problems that may arise in a marriage. It can save families and keep them together when done right, according to Torah love.

Let’s discuss some of the other reasons polygyny is a healthier answer than divorce and remarriage.  How much adultery happens these days because of infertility in a man’s wife, due to a desire to have a family with a woman who CAN have children? What if Abraham divorced Sarah because she could not conceive the seed promised to him by YHUH? What if Sarah then went and married someone else before YHUH revealed it to Abraham that Sarah was the one to have the promised seed? Gee, that would have ROYALLY messed things up! This is one of many reasons why polygyny is a more virtuous option for families than divorce and remarriage, why YHUH allows a man to have more than one wife but hates divorce. Since YHUH doesn’t condone the divorces going on today, all these people are in adultery anyway when they move on and marry someone else, so what’s their beef with polygyny? The addition of Hagar into the family was always in YHUH’s plan, she just wasn’t the one chosen to bring forth the promised seed. He always planned to use her and Sarah in the analogy of the free woman and the slave woman. He blessed Hagar and Ishmael and they were also involved in a covenant YHUH had with Abraham. YHUH promised He would bless His seed from Ishmael as well, and YHUH multiplied Ishmael with 12 sons.

Let’s explore other explanations why YHUH’s Torah allowance for polygyny might be there. I believe it’s there because His ways are higher than our ways. According to the Bible, whoever divorces his wife , and takes another, he commits adultery against her, and causes his first wife to commit adultery. Mark 10:11, Matthew 19:9, and Matthew 5:32. If a man has sex with someone he isn’t married to, an unbetrothed virgin, he is expected to marry her, if her father is willing. What if he is already married? Should he take her virginity and then turn his back on her and hope she has a nice life and remarries? What if she was to become pregnant in this situation? Should he abandon her while she raises her child without a father? Would it not be better for him to repent and take her into his family and care for them both as a husband and father should, while still being a husband to his first wife and her children? You might say he should provide for the woman and her child, but marriage and a sexual relationship should not happen. What if no other men are interested in this particular woman and her child? Should she face a life without experiencing marriage or more children because her culture frowns on the baby’s father taking a second wife? Remember, King David married Bathsheba, even though he already had several wives when he married her, including Abigail and Ahinoam. He went on to make his wrong with Bathsheba and Uriah right. He confessed and repented. He suffered the consequences because YHUH brought a plague on the people of Israel and he lost his child with Bathsheba. Yet, YHUH would forgive him and YHUH blessed him and Bathsheba with another son, a promised seed – Solomon. YHUH loved Solomon. 2 Samuel 12:24 What if David didn’t marry Bathsheba after killing her husband and leaving her pregnant? Wasn’t it right for him to marry her after he had her husband killed? Apparently YHUH approved. He honored the marriage. He didn’t command David to put her away.

We also see in the Old Testament, that a man was expected to marry his brother’s wife so that he could have and raise up a son for his brother. This was to happen whether or not the surviving brother was already married. Torah does not say that a married man is exempted from this commandment. He could be inheriting a second wife. It was his duty, or else it was a shame to him and his family if he refused her. There were/are situations when a man was/is commanded to take more than one wife, or when it’s better than the alternatives, like being childless or divorced because a spouse is not content to remain childless. I do know men who divorced because they were married to a woman who could not have children, and they badly wanted children to pass on their name and inheritance, and experience being a parent and the joys of having children. Some women would prefer to be married to a man with more than one wife than never getting to help raise up children, or facing divorce. Some women are loving towards their husband, and are selfless, like Sarah, and just want their husband to have children and multiply, even if she doesn’t get to be the one who gives them to him. Many people divorce simply because women are confused about what adultery is, their pride is injured and they feel jealous and betrayed when they shouldn’t. Many men are perfectly capable of loving and providing for more than one wife.

So He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. Mark 10:11

Notice the verse above explains that a man only commits adultery against his wife if he divorces her and then takes another wife to replace the first. A woman SHOULD feel hurt, jealous, and betrayed, if she’s literally been replaced by another wife, but that doesn’t give her permission to divorce him and marry another man, just like he can’t just divorce her and marry another woman. Notice it does not say he commits adultery against her if he takes a second wife in addition to her. Remember our patriarchs like Abraham and Jacob were not adulterers, even if they had more than one wife. Unless a husband divorces his wife and marries another instead, because he wants to replace her so he can have a different wife and doesn’t want to provide for two wives, he doesn’t commit adultery. He could take a second wife, or more, but he was to provide for them both, and he had to keep his covenant with the first wife to be a good husband to her, the wife of his youth, and if he had his firstborn with her, he could not give the rights of the firstborn to the son of another wife he loved more. The New Testament did not change the Torah laws about marriage. People have twisted Paul’s words to their own destruction when they make such claims that he said that a man can now only have one wife. Paul would be breaking the law if he taught such a thing, and Paul taught we should keep the law, not sin against it.

If YHUH’s will is for people to never divorce, because He hates divorce (Malachi 2:16), what does the Bible tell us we should do if we have trouble living peaceably with a spouse, when YHUH calls us to peace?

Let’s start in 1 Corinthians 7 to answer this question:

And unto the married I command, yet not I, but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from her husband. 1 Corinthians 7:10

Did you catch that? Paul said it was a COMMAND from YHUH that the wife not leave her husband. If she sins, and ignores this command that a wife is not to depart…

But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband: and let not the husband put away his wife. 1 Corinthians 7:11

then let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband. This is like what we today call “separation”. Couples can be separated, without filing for divorce, while trying to work out their differences. Notice divorce is not an option given to her in the above verse. It goes on to say that the husbands are not to be allowed to put away the wife. BUT IF HE DOES, and disregards this command and his marriage covenant, does Paul say she is now free to also disregard these commands and her marriage covenant and marry another man? NOOO! Two wrongs do not make a right! Paul stated in verse 11 that she is to remain unmarried or be reconciled to him. He gives her no option to divorce him or marry someone else.

What if one has a sinful spouse who is an unbeliever, preventing peace?

But to the rest speak I, not the Lord: If any brother hath a wife that believeth not, and she be pleased to dwell with him, let him not put her away. 1 Corinthians 7:12

Paul admits there is no explicit command from YHUH here, but we have to admit, there is no instruction that directly addresses this situation in the Torah of Moses, because in the Old Testament, they were born into a family who raised their children to believe in YHUH, and they did not marry their children into an unequal yoke. Those in the New Testament churches in exile in Greece and Rome and elsewhere, were coming into the faith through conversion, or coming back into the faith through repentance, so they were more likely to find themselves married to an unbeliever when they came to believe in Yahusha. Paul was speaking advice to this situation that was unique to people outside of Jerusalem and living in Paul’s era. It was wise advice, and it was in line with YHUH’s Word that stresses how much YHUH hates divorce, that it leads to violence, treachery, and adultery. He rules that the man should live with the unbelieving wife as long as she is willing to live with him, and not put her away, as long as they dwell in peace.

This judgment of Paul is in agreement with Torah, because Abraham also tried to live in peace with Hagar as long as he could, until YHUH intervened and told him that Sarah was right to insist that Abraham put her away, because Hagar and Ishmael were again having trouble dwelling with them in peace, and they were starting to sin against Abraham and Sarah like Lot and his servants began to quarrel with Abraham and his servants. Twice Hagar and Ishmael left, but the first time Hagar humbled herself and was corrected by YHUH and her and Sarah were reconciled. The Book of Jasher says the straw that broke the camel’s back was when Sarah saw Ishmael “playing around” and pointing a bow and arrow at Isaac when Abraham was celebrating Isaac being weaned. Genesis 21 says Sarah caught Hagar mocking. The testimony of these two witnesses explains why Hagar and Ishmael were both sent away, they were both having trouble dwelling with Sarah and Isaac in peace. There were signs jealousy and violence were brewing. Sarah had good reason to fear Ishmael or Hagar might try to kill Isaac to keep him from getting the inheritance and blessing YHUH promised him as the Chosen Seed of YHUH. There is this concept and example in the Torah of our forefathers trying to dwell in peace with others as long as they are willing and able to dwell peaceably. Let’s go on and read more about Paul’s rulings about this:

And the woman which hath an husband that believeth not, and if he be pleased to dwell with her, let her not leave him. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy. But if the unbelieving depart, let him depart. A brother or a sister is not under bondage in such cases: but Aluhym hath called us to peace. 1 Corinthians 7:13-15

If a woman has an unbelieving husband, she is not to leave him as long as he is willing to live with her. BUT, if the unbelieving spouse leaves, let him or her go, the believing spouse is not under bondage in such cases, Aluhym calls us to peace. Does this mean the woman is free to divorce and remarry? Does it say, “let them depart”, means it’s okay to divorce and marry someone else? It doesn’t say she or the husband are free to do this. It is only giving them permission to live separately under different rooves if they have trouble getting along under the same roof. If Paul were to be saying divorce and remarriage were okay, in this case, that would go against everything he said earlier in the chapter, and what he said in Romans 7:3, and it would go against Yahusha’s words about the subject, and what Moses taught. The Torah and New Testament suggest otherwise. If he meant to say she is free to marry someone else, he would not have said what he said in verse 11, that she should remain unmarried or be reconciled to him. Rather, verses 13-15 seem to be saying they are free from the bondage of living with someone who does not want to live with them, until either reconciliation or death. Abraham allowed, encouraged, and told Lot, and Hagar, to go in order to keep the peace, he didn’t force them to stay when they showed with their actions and words that they weren’t content to remain with him and his family without sinning against them. If we keep reading Paul’s letter to the Corinthians to the end of the same chapter, we see that Paul does not intend to say the woman is free to marry someone else. Paul says:

The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in YHUH. 1 Corinthians 7:39

She is only free to marry someone in YHUH, if, and only if, the first husband is dead. This is echoed by Paul in Romans 7:

Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband. So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man. Romans 7:1-3

Both of these passages explain the Torah, marriage, divorce, and adultery. This idea of the woman being bound for life comes from Numbers 30, that if her husband or father hold their peace, her vows are binding for life. The bride vows “’til death do us part” when she marries. According to Numbers 30, she just bound herself for life with her own words. Her new husband’s and her father’s agreement (on the day they first heard of her vows) to this establish that she is bound for life.

Many “Messianics” who claim they believe in keeping the Torah, like to conveniently forget the New Testament does not mention changing or doing away with these laws and instructions about marriage found in the Old Testament that are not acceptable in the foreign culture Israel finds herself in today. They take New Testament scriptures about requirements to be elders and twist, misinterpret, and mistranslate them to their own destruction, because that’s what they were taught to do. As more and more rabbis and pastors are becoming more and more liberal in their interpretations of the Torah and the New Testament, it’s becoming more and more important that we question those interpretations, and follow the ancient paths…

Thus saith YHUH, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein…Jeremiah 6:16

Because my people hath forgotten me, they have burned incense to vanity, and they have caused them to stumble in their ways from the ancient paths, to walk in paths, in a way not cast up…Jeremiah 18:15

O YHUH, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and things wherein there is no profit. Jeremiah 16:19

May Yashar’al again receive wisdom, knowledge, and understanding about marriage covenants, and may she return to her first love, even to YHUH, and learn to judge with justice, mercy, and righteousness… Amen































































The Birth of a Significant Firstborn Son on the Feast of First Fruits

We’ve heard many different doctrines on the timing of Messiah’s birth. Why? It’s understood that in order for Yahusha to be the Messiah of Israel, He’d have to fulfill certain prophecies in the Old Testament, or Torah/Tanakh. We understand His death fulfilled the Passover, that He died on that Biblical appointed time, so another prophecy people understandably look for to be fulfilled would be the date of His birth. On what date does the Old Testament prophesy that birth would take place? Where do we find that prophecy and that date in scripture? I will share the scriptures I believe answer those questions in this article. My answer is by no means anywhere near the traditional answers Christianity or Judaism may suggest.

Dates we KNOW He WASN’T Born

Anyone reading this article likely is already aware there is no way Messiah’s birth was on December 25th. He did not come to fulfill Christmas with His birth. That holiday would not be found by name or date in the Old Testament, not to mention the paganism associated with that winter solstice festival.

Some have suggested He may have been born on Chanukah. Many of us, however, do not believe for a second the shepherds informed of His birth in Luke chapter 2 were out in the fields at night with the flock in winter. I’ve also heard some claim He was born on Purim or Easter, however, none of these holidays, not even the Jewish festivals of Chanukah or Purim are commanded appointed times found in Leviticus 23. Neither Chanukah or Easter are mentioned anywhere in the Old Testament, so the people of Jerusalem would not have been looking for the birth of the Prophet, the Messiah, on any of these dates.

Popular Traditions for His Birth

The Biblical feasts in the first and seventh months (Passover, Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Trumpets, Yom Kippur, Sukkot) would be among the most popular guesses among Bible believers in the Old or New Testaments who realize Christianity’s pegged His birth date all wrong.

I suggest that the most popular guess would not be the correct one. For the lunar Sabbath remnant, we figured out a long time ago that the popular answer is usually way off base. The way into the Kingdom is narrow, not broad. I believe many Sabbath keepers are dating his birth in the first and seventh months because these dates are suggested to us from Judaism, indirectly so, through Messianic Rabbis or Christian prophecy teachers who study Judaism and what it teaches concerning when the Jewish people would be looking for THE Messiah to be born, ACCORDING TO THEIR TRADITIONS. Of course, their traditions would look to a date that would make the true Messiah of Israel out to be a fraud. He would not fulfill their expectations, because they have wrong expectations, which explains why the Jewish people have not yet recognized Him. Their misguided assumptions about the role, character, deeds, and identity of the Messiah are their blinders. May I live to see the scales come off my brother Judah’s eyes!

Is it possible that we have allowed others who have a love for Judaism and all of its traditions to interpret Luke 1 for us, without us giving much thought to the possible deceptions that might be involved in doing so? After all, we did allow Christianity to season our understanding of Luke 1 with a Christmas flavor, didn’t we? Could it be that we’ve once again been fooled, but this time we were led to look at it through a “Jewish perspective”, when YHUH wants us looking at Luke 1 through a BIBLICAL lens? Come now, let us reason together…let’s take another look at Luke 1…

Luke 1’s Timing of Messiah’s Birth

While Luke 1 gives an indication of the likely timing of Zechariah’s (John the Baptist’s Father) visitation from the heavenly messenger of YHUH, it does not give us certainty about how much time passed until Elizabeth actually conceived.

But the messenger said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. Luke 1:13

The word highlighted in the passage above, shall, could be understood to be in the next moment, or in the very distant future. Unless we believe that John was conceived by the Ruach, (which the Bible does not support) and not Zacharias, we know Zacharias would have to have been with his wife in order for her to conceive. Personally, I believe she conceived right away, as soon as Zacharias got home.

Going on in Luke, we read that Zacharias had to first complete his priestly office of ministration in the Temple. After this was complete, he went home.

And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months…Luke 1:24

The word, after, highlighted in the verse above, could mean immediately after Zacharias completed his service and returned home, a few days later, a week later, a month later, a few months later, at the turn of the year, etc…we don’t know for sure, just looking at these verses alone. We really see no scriptural reason to believe it didn’t happen right away.

And in the sixth month the messenger Gabriel was sent from Aluhym unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. Luke 1:26-27

NOW, once we get to verse 26, we have some indication of when this event was taking place. The messenger Gabriel appeared unto Mary in the sixth month of the calendar. Many say this reference to the sixth month is referring to Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy. However, the original text in the Greek, in this verse, says “in THE sixth month”, not “in HER sixth month”. There is a verse later in the chapter that actually does say, “in HER sixth month”, or “the sixth month with HER,” referring to Elizabeth’s pregnancy, but I believe in verse 26 above, it’s saying this happened in THE sixth month of the Biblical luni-solar calendar, and that this happened to coincide with Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy. In other words, Elizabeth conceived in the first month, and was six months pregnant in the sixth month of the year when Gabriel appeared to Mary and told Mary that Elizabeth was in the sixth month of her pregnancy. I have additional reason to believe this is the correct understanding of Luke 1, bear with me as I explain and build the case…

First and Second Chronicles and the Timing of the Priestly Orders

Earlier in Luke 1 we read that Zacharias was a priest in the order of Abiyah, and 1 Chronicles 24:10 tells us Abiyah received the eighth lot. This lot was apparently to determine when the priests would be serving in the Temple, in what order, throughout the year. It would be helpful if there was more information found in the Bible that could confirm when Abiyah’s course, being the 8th lot, took its station. There is no such biblical record.

I’ve heard it suggested that 2 Chronicles 23:8 tells us that each priestly course lasted one week, from Sabbath to Sabbath, and I’ve tried to verify that, I looked up the names listed there, and it seems most of those listed are descendants of Judah, not priests of Kohen. The context of 2 Chronicles 23 also suggests the list of people serving from Sabbath to Sabbath in this chapter might be guards, hence the word, captains, not priests offering sacrifices or incense. They could be Levites, but not likely to be kohen priests.

Levites were allowed to intermarry with other Israelite tribes. That would explain why they were serving in the Temple, yet were descendants of Judah. Mary, Yahusha’s mother, had ancestry of both Levi (her cousin Elizabeth was a Levite according to Luke 1:5) and Judah, just like these “captains” in 2 Chronicles 23. Also, Numbers 8:26 states that retired Levites over 50 could serve as guards in the Temple, so the list of captains mentioned in 2 Chronicles 23 could include older Levites, not necessarily Kohen priests, working as guards. We just can’t say for certain that the priestly courses were a week long, or that the first lot served in the first week every year, if we are sticking with SCRIPTURAL references, and we should. After all, there were 24 courses, or divisions, and more than 24 weeks in a year. We also have to remember that there were some years, a 13th month, which would add 4 more weeks to the year, would occur, and there are New Moon days in between the weeks of the months. It’s very possible that we only read about an order, because there was only an order, not certain dates, weeks, or months assigned, for the priests to serve. Maybe they just took turns, and the time of their service varied, hence no dates given for their service.

We just can’t be certain we know when each course was on duty throughout the year each year. There are Christian and Jewish traditions that CLAIM to know when these courses took place, but their CLAIMS are based on tradition and assumptions. 2 Chronicles 23:8 just does not give enough evidence to support those claims, either. This one witness, in itself, does not contain evidence to support this assertion. Not to mention we don’t have a second or third scriptural witness to establish this as doctrine, which is required by scripture.

There is no mention of any fixed order of service. Only in traditions is it mentioned that the priestly divisions served according to a weekly rotation system, one of those traditions being Josephus, a Pharisee of Yahusha’s time. We all know what Yahusha said about and to the Pharisees, and I choose to heed His advice to beware the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod. Whether it’s man’s traditions of religion, or man’s “history” according to its government, it’s a bunch of lies agreed upon. The only historical records I consider to be valid and truly faithful in witness are those that include, “thus saith YHUH”, in other words, scrolls containing prophecies from messengers of YHUH, who come in His name. I believe in sola scriptura, but my version of that includes books like Jubilees, Enoch, and Jasher, not strictly the canons Judaism and the Catholic and Protestant churches came up with.

Those of us who do have faith in the Book of Luke and the Book of Jubilees (Judaism does not place faith in either source), can rest assured that there IS evidence of our Messiah’s birth at a very significant time of the year. Why COULDN’T Yahusha’s birth have been in the MIDDLE of Summer, in the 3rd month, at the time of the Feast of Firstfruits, aka Pentecost, Shabuot, or the Feast of Weeks? Why is this not being thrown out there as a possibility among the rabbis and scholars, among believers? Why are we force-fed the option of the first or seventh month for Messiah’s birth? This reminds me so much of how we were given the bait and switch with the Saturday or Sunday argument regarding the timing of the Sabbath, or the argument over whether the sheaf should be waved after Saturday or on the 16th. Can we consider for a moment the possibility that Messiah Yahusha was indeed born in the third month? Yes, we have more than one scriptural witness to support this belief.

Back to Luke 1

We read in Luke 1 that the messenger Gabriel appeared to Mary in the sixth month. We read that Elizabeth was also six months pregnant at that time, and that Mary would also conceive as Elizabeth did:

And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from Aluhym unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. Luke 1:26-27

And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name Yahusha. Luke 1:31

And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren. Luke 1:36

There is that shall word again, talking about a future event. Again, we don’t know for sure how much time passed between the word going forth from Gabriel until Mary conceived, like Elizabeth, but in both cases, I believe it happened very soon after. In Mary’s case, it seems even more likely she conceived very soon after, as she was betrothed to Joseph, and this was to be a miraculous conception. Time was of the essence.

And the messenger answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of Aluhym.

And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren.

For with Aluhym nothing shall be impossible.

And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Master; be it unto me according to thy word. And the messenger departed from her.

And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda; And entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth. And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost: Luke 1:35-41

Notice it says Mary arose IN THOSE DAYS, not AFTER those days, meaning, not much time had apparently passed since the messenger left Mary here. It goes on to say she went into the hill country WITH HASTE, meaning, she wasn’t wasting time after she heard Elisabeth was blessed with a miraculous pregnancy, as she was. She went to see her right away. Let’s read on to see what happens when she gets there:

And she spake out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Master should come to me? Luke 1:42-43

It does appear here, that after the messenger left Mary, and she went quickly to visit Elisabeth, by the time she gets there, she’s already with child, based on Elisabeth’s greeting to Mary. It sounds very much to me like Mary became pregnant in the sixth month. I would guess the most likely time would be that she conceived at the full moon, mid-month, on the Sabbath, because Yahusha is light.

Nine months from the middle of the sixth month would take us to a birth in the middle of the third month, if there was no thirteenth month added in there that year. Could the birth of Messiah have been in the glory of the full moon? Wouldn’t that be something?! What significant appointed time would that be? According to Leviticus 23 and the Book of Jubilees, that would be The Feast of Weeks on the 16th of the 3rd month! Wouldn’t that be something if the Firstborn Son of YHUH was born on First Fruits? Yes, there’s evidence that this is the case, found in the Book of Jubilees, in the story of another promised seed/son, with Isaac and his mother Sarah. The story of Sarah’s conception in Jubilees (with supporting references from the Genesis) mirrors that of Mary’s experience with Gabriel in Luke 1. In other words, Genesis and Jubilees are two witnesses I believe contain the prophecy of old that predicted the date of Messiah’s birth.

What Does Isaac’s Birth Have to do with Messiah’s Birth?

It all starts in Genesis with the announcement that Sarah would conceive and give birth to a promised son. YHUH promises Abraham a son, but what does that promised seed’s birth have to do with Messiah’s birth? Much. The birth, life, and death of the promised seed of Abraham, tells us about the future promised seed of YHUH. Isaac’s life, his birth, his death, even His name, in Hebrew, tell us about THE Messiah, THE Chosen Son. How so?

YHUH asked Abraham to give his ONLY Son, the son he loved, Isaac, as an offering to YHUH, in Genesis 22:2:

And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

The testimony from the Book of Hebrews:

By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son… Hebrews 11:17

This brings to mind a similar description of Yahusha in the Prophets and in the New Testament:

And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. Zechariah 12:10 

No man hath seen Aluhym at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. John 1:18

For Aluhym so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. John 3:16

He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of Aluhym. John 3:18

In this was manifested the love of Aluhym toward us, because that Aluhym sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. 1 John 4:9

 Yes, we are supposed to connect the dots between Isaac and Messiah Yahusha, just as these witnesses in the Scriptures have done. They were both the One and Only Son, the Firstborn, the Promised, Chosen Seed, to be an offering on a certain mountain. Jubilees is in agreement with the New Testament on the timing of Yahusha’s death on Passover on the 14th of the first month. There should be no doubt Abraham and Isaac were acting out a prophecy concerning the sacrifice of YHUH’s One and ONLY Begotten Son on a future Passover.

Other Parallels of Isaac’s and Messiah’s Prophetic Sacrifice According to Jubilees and Jasher

Most believers in Torah and Messiah Yahusha are well aware the NEAR sacrifice of Isaac was a prophecy of Messiah’s future sacrifice on Passover. The Bible does not confirm this for us, but Jubilees 17 does. It says it was in the first month, on the twelfth day of the month, that Prince Mastema (Satan) came before YHUH and started accusing Abraham of forgetting YHUH since Isaac’s birth. Jubilees states that it was “on the third day” that the ram took Isaac’s place on the alter on the mount. They counted to the third day inclusively, the twelfth of the first month being the day Satan approached YHUH about Abraham and Isaac, that same day being the day YHUH commanded Abraham to offer  Isaac. The thirteenth was the second day and the day they started their journey to the mount, making the fourteenth, Passover, the third day. There’s your prophecy of Messiah’s death on the Passover, found in Genesis and Jubilees and the ALMOST offering of Isaac, when the ram was killed in his place. The Book of Jasher is actually a second witness confirming this story in the Book of Jubilees of Satan coming before YHUH and suggesting Isaac be offered by Abraham.

There are so many other parallels and themes in Jubilees and Jasher that are identical to the Torah, the prophets, and the New Testament, just in this story alone, teaching us about Messiah through things that happened to Isaac. Abraham uttered the prophetic words, “My son, Aluhym will provide himself a lamb.” Of course, this was referring to how YHUH would in the future provide His own sacrificial ram, YHUH’s own ONLY Son, to die for man’s sins, in our stead. The account in Jasher is that Isaac was later told by Abraham that Isaac was the one chosen by YHUH for the sacrifice, and that Isaac rejoiced to be found worthy and laid down his life as a willing sacrifice, just as Yahusha did. Once it was clear that Abraham and Isaac were following through with this willing sacrifice, the Messenger of YHUH intervened and Abraham saw the ram YHUH provided with its horns caught in the thorns. There was even a point in the story when Satan is lying to Sarah about Isaac’s death and says that Isaac cried out to his father for help, just like Yahusha called out to YHUH for help, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?”, interpreted ‘My El, my El, why hast thou forsaken me?” Then Satan says that Abraham did not look upon him with compassion at his death. Because of the very similar circumstances between the events in this story about Isaac’s NEAR death, and Yahusha’s death, and because we see it as a prophecy about Yahusha’s death at Passover, we can only conclude Jasher and Jubilees to be from scrolls of authority that uphold Torah and that contain prophecies of Messiah and other prophecies that have come to pass. It only makes sense.

The obvious references to Messiah’s death and resurrection should make it clear this was not a story with its origins in Jewish tradition, or Judaism. The clear support for keeping the Sabbaths and all the appointed times and laws of Moses make it clear Jubilees and Jasher were also not concocted by the Catholic or Protestant Churches or Christianity, either. The purity and uniformity of Jubilees and Jasher weave together the Old and New Testaments in a beautiful way that should clear up any remaining confusion for those who deal with supposed “contradictions” honestly. These “secret” books, these ancient scrolls, simply cannot be counterfeit. They claim to be the word of YHUH, coming in His authority, proclaiming what is written on the heavenly tablets. They really do end the argument for such people who accept the word of YHUH as the authority on these matters concerning the laws and appointed times.

The Timing of Isaac’s and Messiah’s Prophetic Sacrifice According to Jubilees and Jasher

The story is very similar to when Satan approached YHUH asking him to test Job’s faithfulness to YHUH. Here’s the testimony from the Book of Jubilees regarding the TIMING of Isaac’s “sacrifice”:

And it came to pass in the seventh week, in the first year thereof, in the first month in this jubilee, on the twelfth of this month, there were voices in heaven regarding Abraham, that he was faithful in all that He told him, and that he loved Aluhym, and that in every affliction he was faithful. And the prince Mastêmâ came and said before Aluhym, ‘Behold, Abraham loves Isaac his son, and he delights in him above all things else; bid him offer him as a burnt-offering on the altar, and Thou wilt see if he will do this command, and Thou wilt know if he is faithful in everything wherein Thou dost try him… Jubilees 17:15-16

And he rose early in the morning and saddled his ass, and took his two young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood of the burnt offering, and he went to the place on the third day, and he saw the place afar off. Jubilees 18:3

According to Jasher the story and the timing is the same:

And he said to him, Take now thy son, thine only son whom thou lovest, even Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which shall be shown to thee, for there wilt thou see a cloud and the glory of YHUH. Jasher 23:2 Day 1

…And Sarah wept bitterly the whole night on account of Isaac, and she gave him instructions till morning… And in the morning Sarah selected a very fine and beautiful garment from those garments which she had in the house, that Abimelech had given to her…Jasher 23:13-14 Day 2

And on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place at a distance which Aluhym had told him of. Jasher 23:41 Day 3

Let’s see if the account in Genesis confirms or contradicts these events and their timing according to Jubilees and Jasher:

And it came to pass after these things, that Aluhym did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which Aluhym had told him. Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. Genesis 22:1-4

There you have it, Genesis records the same sequence of events, which Jubilees said began on the 12th, ending 3 days later to the 14th, on Passover. This is complete agreement with the timing of Yahusha’s death, as the prophecy of Isaac was fulfilled.

Satan wanted to see to it that the promised seed – Isaac, and on a future day, Messiah Yahusha – would be destroyed, but YHUH snatched them both from the lion’s jaws (Psalm 22). YHUH wound up having the last laugh in both cases, hence Isaac’s (Yatzchak’s) name (He – meaning YaH – laughs). Sarah said in Genesis 21:6 that all who hear about Isaac’s birth that occurred in her old age, would laugh with her. Now I understand Isaac’s name. When I discovered the lunar Sabbath and the true count to Pentecost, and how it related to Isaac and Messiah’s birth, I laughed. Truly YHUH is smarter than we are. It’s His glory to conceal a matter…He has the last laugh…

So that’s the prophecy of Messiah’s death in the life of Isaac, according to the Torah, Jubilees, and Jasher. Might I point out that’s three witnesses in agreement, in regards to the timing of Yahusha’s death according to prophecy. I know of no other prophecy in Torah that tells us WHEN He would die, which appointed time, which date. Would the Torah forget such an important detail such as the prophecy containing the date Messiah would be expected to die? What about the prophecy of His birth?

WHICH Appointed Time was the Promised Son Born?

Abraham initially thinks Ishmael is the promised Son, but YHUH promises him a CHOSEN seed instead of Ishmael. YHUH promises the Son to come through Sarah, and says He will visit them at a later time and she will conceive and bear a son at an appointed time, the same time, next year:

But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year. Genesis 17:21

In the Hebrew Masoretic text that says:

ואת־ברית֖י אק֣ים את־יצח֑ק אשר֩ תל֨ד לך֤ שרה֙ למוע֣ד הז֔ה בשנ֖ה האחֽרת׃

Notice in the Hebrew, the word, moed/muad. This means appointed time. In this case, there is a preposition here before moed, it’s the Hebrew letter lamed, which means to, toward, or for. We can gather from this that Isaac’s birth was timed for a specific appointed time. The timing of Isaac’s birth on First Fruits in the third month was a prophecy for the timing of Yahusha’s birth on First Fruits, just like Isaac’s “mock” sacrifice prophesied of Yahusha’s sacrifice on Passover. Isaac was the promised seed/son of Abraham, Yahusha is the promised Seed/Son of YHUH. Let’s hear other witnesses on this testimony in Genesis as we read it in the Hebrew text:

In the Greek Septuagint (translated into English):

But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to thee at this time, in the next year. Genesis 17:21

In the Book of Jubilees:

But My covenant will I establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to thee, in these days, in the next year. Jubilees 15:21-22

Let’s tie these witnesses together and see what they are testifying. Jubilees says “in these days”, the Septuagint says, “at this time”, and the Masoretic text says, “l’muad”, at this set, appointed time. This set, appointed time, in these days, at this time, they are all referring to the Feast of Weeks, or Shabuot in Hebrew, which occurs in the third month of the Hebrew calendar. More evidence of that will come forth later.

The Hebrew letter, lamed, before muad, or appointed time, means staff, authority, scepter, rod. It towers over all the other Hebrew letters in the alphabet. It signifies the King of Kings. I believe this lamed is placed here strategically before the word muad, in part, to tell the Hebrew reader that the King of Kings would also be born at this same appointed time, like Isaac. The lamed also means to lead, to teach, like Yahusha was the staff in the hand of Moses, that led Israel out of Egypt, that parted the waters and led them through the Sea of Reeds, and led them to the Mountain, where He taught them His laws, on the 16th of the third month.

Let’s get back to Sarah…

But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year. Genesis 17:21

But My covenant will I establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to thee, in these days, in the next year. Jubilees 15:21-22

Genesis goes on to say that YHUH did again visit her as He said He would, and she conceived, and she did indeed have a son at the appointed time spoken:

And YHUH visited Sarah as he had said, and YHUH did unto Sarah as he had spoken. For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which Aluhym had spoken to him. Genesis 21:2-3

And in the middle of the sixth month YHUH visited Sarah and did unto her as He had spoken and she conceived. And she bare a son in the third month, and in the middle of the month, at the time of which YHUH had spoken to Abraham, on the festival of the first fruits of the harvest, Isaac was born. Jubilees 16:13-14

Genesis 17 and Genesis 21 both say YHUH said Isaac would be born at an appointed time. Is this just useless information, or is YHUH using these two witnesses as a testimony for truth seekers to hear for a reason? Which appointed time are these two witnesses in Genesis alluding to? Jubilees 16:13-14 agrees with these two witnesses in Genesis that Isaac was born at an appointed time, and goes further to pinpoint the date of Isaac’s birth to be in the middle of the third month, on the festival of the first fruits of the wheat harvest.

Exodus 34:22 confirms the Feast of Weeks was to be celebrated with the first fruits of the wheat harvest, Sukkot is the final harvest at the end of the year (turn of the year/end of Summer) when all the rest of the wheat is harvested. John 4:35 is another witness there are 4 months between First Fruits and the Final Harvest of the remaining wheat in the fields at Sukkot. From the 16th of the 3rd month, the Feast of Weeks, to the Feast of Sukkot in the 7th month, is 4 months:

Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest. John 4:35

Not only is Jubilees 16 giving us the timing of Isaac’s birth AND the Feast of First Fruits in the third month, but it also tells us WHEN SARAH CONCEIVED! She conceived IN THE SIXTH MONTH, WHEN YHUH VISITED HER! Nine months later she gave birth in the middle of the third month, at the full moon! She most likely conceived Isaac at the full moon in the sixth month! Let’s compare Jubilees 16 and Luke 1 more closely:

And in the middle of the sixth month YHUH visited Sarah and did unto her as He had spoken and she conceived. And she bare a son in the third month, and in the middle of the month, at the time of which YHUH had spoken to Abraham, on the festival of the first fruits of the harvest, Isaac was born. Jubilees 16:12-13

And in the sixth month the messenger Gabriel was sent from Aluhym unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary… Luke 1:26-27

In both accounts the proclamation of the promised son came in the sixth month with a visitation from Heaven. We’ve got all the scriptural witnesses in agreement that Isaac would be born at an appointed time, and I believe we have established that Isaac’s birth and ALMOST death would be pretty good candidates for the most skeptical of believers (wouldn’t a skeptical believer be an oxymoron?) for hints at prophecies of the timing of Messiah’s birth and death.

Other Witnesses Giving the Timing of the First Fruits of the Wheat Harvest in the Middle of the Third Month

Where does Jubilees get the gall to claim First Fruits is in the middle of the third month? Are there any other witnesses in Jubilees or any other scriptures that agree with or contradict this timing? Yes and yes.

And it came to pass in the first year of the exodus of the children of Israel out of Egypt, in the third month, on the sixteenth day of the month, that Aluhym spake to Moses, saying: ‘Come up to Me on the Mount, and I will give thee two tables of stone of the law and of the commandment, which I have written, that thou mayst teach them.’ Jubilees 1:1

 After these things, in the fourth year of this week, on the new moon of the third month, the word of HaAdon came to Abram in a dream, saying: ‘Fear not, Abram; I am thy defender, and thy reward will be exceeding great.’

  1. And he said: ‘Master, Master, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go hence childless, and the son of Maseq, the son of my handmaid, is the Dammasek Eliezer: he will be my heir, and to me thou hast given no seed.’
  2. And he said unto him: ‘This man will not be thy heir, but one that will come out of thine own bowels; he will be thine heir.’
  3. And He brought him forth abroad, and said unto him: ‘Look toward heaven and number the stars if thou art able to number them.’
  4. And he looked toward heaven, and beheld the stars. And He said unto him: ‘So shall thy seed be.’
  5. And he believed in HaAdon, and it was counted to him for righteousness.
  6. And He said unto him: ‘I am HaAdon that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee the land of the Canaanites to possess it for ever; and I will be Aluhym unto thee and to thy seed after thee.’
  7. And he said: ‘Adon, Adon, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?’
  8. And He said unto him: ‘Take Me an heifer of three years, and a goat of three years, and a sheep of three years, and a turtle-dove, and a pigeon.’
  9. And he took all these in the middle of the month and he dwelt at the oak of Mamre, which is near Hebron.
  10. And he built there an altar, and sacrificed all these; and he poured their blood upon the altar, and divided them in the midst, and laid them over against each other; but the birds divided he not.
  11. And birds came down upon the pieces, and Abram drove them away, and did not suffer the birds to touch them.
  12. And it came to pass, when the sun had set, that an ecstasy fell upon Abram, and lo ! an horror of great darkness fell upon him, and it was said unto Abram: ‘Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and they shall bring them into bondage, and afflict them four hundred years.
  13. And the nation also to whom they will be in bondage will I judge, and after that they shall come forth thence with much substance.
  14. And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace, and be buried in a good old age.
  15. But in the fourth generation they shall return hither; for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.’
  16. And he awoke from his sleep, and he arose, and the sun had set; and there was a flame, and behold! a furnace was smoking, and a flame of fire passed between the pieces.
  17. And on that day HaAdon made a covenant with Abram, saying: ‘To thy seed will I give this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates, the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites, the Perizzites, and the Rephaim, the Phakorites, and the Hivites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.
  18. And the day passed, and Abram offered the pieces, and the birds, and their fruit offerings, and their drink offerings, and the fire devoured them.
  19. And on that day we made a covenant with Abram, according as we had covenanted with Noah in this month; and Abram renewed the festival and ordinance for himself for ever. Jubilees 14:1-20

And in the fifth year of the fourth week of this jubilee, in the third month, in the middle of the month, Abram celebrated the feast of the first-fruits of the grain harvest. Jubilees 15:1

The entire chapter of 2 Chronicles 15 is a witness of a festival, an assembly of the people in Jerusalem with mass animal sacrifice and renewing of vows/oaths to YHUH and a return to His commandments in the 3rd month. Check the Hebrew on the timing, some translations changed it to say “in the spring”. They were celebrating Shabuot, the root word, shaba, meaning to make a vow/oath.

Exodus 19:1-8 tells us that when they arrived at Sinai on the 16th of the 3rd month, two months after they left Egypt, YHUH called Moses up the mount and Moses mediated the covenant and YHUH and Israel exchanged vows that day, they entered the covenant. This is also confirmed in Deuteronomy 5, especially verses 3 and 27 tied with Exodus 19:1 for the date these words were first exchanged between YHUH and Israel, Jubilees 1:1, and Jasher 82:6.

The passage in Jasher 82 APPEARS on the surface to give a different date for First Fruits, aka, Pentecost, Shabuot, the Feast of Weeks, etc…when it records the date of the giving of the law at Sinai. It says it occurred on the 6th of the 3rd month, but I believe it’s supposed to read 16th. This was a mistranslation, it was translated to agree with Jewish tradition for the date of the giving of the law and the Feast, not necessarily with a purpose to intentionally mislead, but based on the translator’s own understanding. Often times in Scripture numbers are incorrectly translated from the Hebrew, explaining why some Bible translations give a different age for Yahuachayin in 2 Kings 24:8. Some say he was 18 when he began to reign, others say he was 8. In 2 Samuel 15:7, the Hebrew text says Absalom made a vow 40 years ago, the Greek and Syriac texts say it was 4 years ago. In this case, the 2 witnesses in agreement, the Syriac and Greek texts, appear to be the true testimonies. In the case of Jasher’s testimony for Israel’s arrival at Sinai and the giving of the law on the 6th of the 3rd month, it’s one, lone, witness that contradicts the 2 witnesses in Jubilees 1:1 and Exodus 19:1-8 that agree they arrived at Sinai and vowed to keep the covenant on the 16th of the 3rd month. The problem isn’t with Jasher though, just the translator struggling with how the Feast of Weeks could fall on the 16th, as this date would not work with a Gregorian Saturday or Sunday Sabbath or the Jewish tradition of waving the sheaf on the 16th of the 1st month. If this was translated properly, as 16th, rather than 6th, in Jasher 82:6, we would have 3 witnesses in agreement on this date. YHUH only requires there be 2 witnesses in agreement to establish a matter, so if we add all the other witnesses in Jubilees and the Bible, we have far more than what is required to establish the correct translation in Jasher 82:6. We have Jubilees 1:1, Exodus 19:1, Luke 1, Leviticus 23, etc… agreeing on the 16th of the 3rd month. If you count 7 lunar Sabbaths/complete weeks from the day after the Sabbath after the week of Unleavened Bread, 50 days not counting NM days which fall outside of complete weeks, you come to the 16th of the 3rd month.

And in the third month from the children of Israel’s departure from Egypt, on the sixth day thereof, YHUH gave to Israel the ten commandments on Mount Sinai. And all Israel heard all these commandments, and all Israel rejoiced exceedingly in YHUH on that day. Jasher 82:6-7

I have collected MASS evidence in the Bible itself that confirm this date for the Feast of Weeks as recorded in the Book of Jubilees. The Book of Jubilees also has several witnesses that our forefathers established covenants and renewed their vows on this date.

YHUH is having the last laugh. Just imagine all those Hebrew college professors and head rabbi’s faces when they realize they aren’t so smart after all.

Please see my blog and my website for articles pertaining to this subject and additional scriptural witnesses establishing this date for the birth of the First Born of YHUH on the First Fruits of the Wheat Harvest:

This document would be well over a hundred pages long if I included all of the evidence here. Articles I especially recommend include:

I also have a detailed power point presentation I can email you that includes the Pentecost count on the calendar in the first 3 months of the year to the 16th, which is the day after the 7th Sabbath, and 50 days counting COMPLETE weeks only, not New Moon days, which I can email you if you contact me.

Shalom in Messiah Yahusha’s Love, Lyndsey Sanchez

The Truth of Enoch and the Myth of a Solar-Only Calendar

There are some who claim that the Bible, the Book of Enoch, the Book of Jubilees, and all the apocryphal scrolls discovered in Qumran, testify of a solar-only calendar. They claim the Masoretes added the scriptures about the moon’s role in the determining the appointed times, that the Masoretic text has been corrupted by the scribes so much that it can’t be trusted. Many call this solar-only calendar the Enoch calendar. On the contrary, Enoch, himself, testifies of the moon’s role in the calendar year and months:

Thus I beheld their stations, as according to the fixed order of the months the sun rises and sets. At those times there is an excess of thirty days belonging to the sun in five years; all the days belonging to each year of the five years, when completed, amount to three hundred and sixty-four days; and to the sun and stars belong six days; six days in each of the five years; thus thirty days belong to them; So that the moon has thirty days less than the sun and stars. The moon brings on all the years exactly, that their stations may come neither too forwards nor too backwards a single day; but that the years may be changed with correct precision in three hundred and sixty-four days. In three years the days are one thousand and ninety-two; in five years they are one thousand eight hundred and twenty; and in eight years two thousand nine hundred and twelve days. To the moon alone belong in three years one thousand and sixty-two days; in five years it has fifty days less than the sun, for an addition being made to the one thousand and sixty-two days, in five years there are one thousand seven hundred and seventy days; and the days of the moon in eight years are two thousand eight hundred and thirty-two days. For its days in eight years are less than those of the sun by eighty days, which eighty days are its diminution in eight years. The year then becomes truly complete according to the station of the moons, and the station of the sun; which rise in the different gates; which rise and set in them for thirty days. Enoch 73:10-16

So every year there’s an additional 10 days that the sun has more than the moon, unless you anchor the moon to the sun and the stars, so that the moon brings in all the years (tequfah-return of the sun/year) exactly. We read that there’s 364 days in the solar year, and the lunar has 10 days less than the sun every year, which means there should be 354 days in a lunar year, when there’s 12 months. If you have 6 months of 30 days, and 6 months of 29 days, which is the case with the current lunar year we keep, then we have the right number of days in the lunar cycle for 12 months – 354. These verses appear to speak of adding an additional (13th) moon/month in the year, occasionally, to keep the year anchored with the sun and stars, which would keep the harvests and their appointed times in their right seasons. It seems to be saying that the solar year is 364 days, but that the lunar year will be less. Enoch, to me, since I started reading it for myself a few years ago, instead of listening to the man’s opinions (commentaries) about what it says, has always testified of the solar and lunar years being different lengths, but that when used together, they work perfectly. Just like we can’t have the Father without the Son, a solar calendar doesn’t work without the moon. According to verse 16 above, there is no such thing as a “complete” year without the moons within it, and the year does not begin at the exact time, without the moon, according to verse 13.

This agrees with Gen 1:14 which testifies that both the moon and sun are lights that are signs and are for appointed times, days, and years. There’s also Psalm 104:19 that testifies of this:

The moon is made for appointed times…

Everyone who rejects the moon in appointed times rejects the Word, as these scriptures about the moon are the Word. Because the Word IS Yahusha, Yahusha is the Word, if we reject these verses about the moon, we reject Yahusha. We can’t say we are believers in His Word or Yahusha if we don’t believe ALL of it. We can’t pick and choose. To reject the moon, is also to reject the chief cornerstone, Yahusha. Ever notice how that moon looks like a big stone in the sky? We are to build the calendar on it. Like Yahusha, the moon is like a chief cornerstone we are to build the calendar on. A rock is a strong foundation we can build on. To use the sun alone is only one witness, not 2 or 3, as required in Torah, to establish any matter, it’s shifting sands. The moon is His faithful witness in the sky. Psalm 89:37

As mentioned earlier, when questioned about why solar-only advocates choose to ignore Bible verses about the moon such as Psalm 104:19 and Psalm 89:37, many of them claim the Hebrew Bible can’t be trusted. I read the Greek versions and many other witnesses such as the Dead Sea Scrolls and Aramaic texts, and they also mention the moon’s role in the calendar. Others don’t want to cast doubt on the Torah, so they suggest that maybe there are other ways to interpret these verses about the moon and its faithful testimony on the calendar. Some have suggested the moon is just for the appointed times of the wild beasts. Some say the moon is only used as a sign of judgment and omens. I and many others cannot dismiss the moon’s phases as a coincidence, that it just so happens that there are 4 lunar weeks marked with a sign in the moon every 7th day Sabbath; the first quarter on the first Sabbath of the month, the full moon mid-month on the second Sabbath, a third quarter moon on the third Sabbath, and the last visible crescent at the beginning of or the dark moon at the end of the last Sabbath, and 1-2 dark moon days, which just so happened to coincide with the number of New Moon days. I cannot dismiss all that into a coincidence. No, the moon is a sign of the Sabbath.

I’m a HUGE fan of the Book of Jubilees. I’ve heard some people claim Jubilees rebukes those who use the moon in the calendar. Jubilees DOES NOT say people err when they use the moon. It’s saying they use the moon WRONG. Let’s look at the verse they are referring to:

For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon -how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon. Jubilees 6:36

It says there will be those who observe that the moon comes in from year to year ten days too soon. People err by throwing out the moon because of their observation that it does not have the same cycle the sun has. Jubilees 6:36 is in line with Enoch which says the lunar year is 10 days shorter than the solar year every year, so that in three years the sun has 30 more days than the moon. This is a stumbling block for those who reject the moon. People err because they reject the moon instead of asking YHUH for the wisdom to understand how the sun and moon work together as two witnesses who give the same testimony. The heavens, including the moon, declare the glory of YHUH, day by day they utter speech, night by night they display knowledge, and their rule/word/law goes out across the land. See Psalm 19. The moon does NOT give a false testimony about YHUH, His Torah, or His Sabbaths. It is a faithful witness. The moon is NOT sick.

What about those who claim using the moon in the calendar is Babylonian, or Pre-Islamic paganism? What about those who claim people who use the moon to tell what day it is are howling at the moon? Well, does that mean people who use the sun only to tell time are worshipping the sun? Does that mean people who use the sun only for their calendar must throw wild fertility parties on the solstices? While I would concur with them that worshipping ANY of the hosts of the heavens, or images of them, whether planets, the sun, the moon, or the stars, is false and idolatry, it would be a false accusation to accuse people who use the moon as a sign and for appointed times, days, and years, of worshipping the moon. Islam removed the sun from its role as an anchor in establishing the first month of the year, it also switched from the Creator’s dark moon to the first visible crescent to begin Muslim months. Egypt removed the moon from its calendar altogether. YHUH led us out of Egypt. We left a solar-only calendar when we left the Gregorian calendar. Let us not seek a leader amongst us in the wilderness to take us back to Egypt, to take us back into a solar-only man-made calendar. Let us come out of Babylon, the confusion and mixture of calendars that don’t take into account what all of the SCRIPTURAL and HEAVENLY witnesses have to say about YHUH’s calendar. The fact is, the Jewish rabbis have not, and Babylon has not used the sun and moon together for their calendars, for centuries they have not used the moon for the Sabbath. The Biblical luni-solar calendar is not Islamic, it’s not Jewish in origin either. The seven hills the immoral woman (Israel) sits (rests) on is the Roman Gregorian solar week. That’s the beast she rides. Islam rides it, too.

The Book of Jubilees says ALL the appointed times were forgotten, just like Lamentations 2 and Hosea 2:

And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: YHUH hath caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest. Lamentations 2:6

I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts. Hosea 2:11

And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new moons, and seasons, and sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. Jubilees 6:34

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Exodus 20:8

To say that the Jews and the Romans never forgot when the seventh day is, is to say that Hosea, Lamentations (Jeremiah), and Jubilees are false prophets. You can’t say that the Sabbaths were forgotten and then say the Sabbath has been Saturday since creation. Obviously, the fact that Israel had to be taught the Sabbaths in the wilderness with the manna after they left Egypt establishes that Israel has a history of forgetting the Sabbath. If Israel hasn’t ever forgotten the Sabbath, then why does YHUH command us to REMEMBER the Sabbath day in Exodus 12:8? Just as we forgot the Sabbaths, we forgot the New Moons also. The Hillel II calendar went with calculations only, the Karaite Jews went wrong by sighting the First Visible Crescent (FVC) and calling that the New Moon, like Islam. These are just 2 ways Israel went wrong with the moon. Some go wrong concerning the moon by throwing it out/casting it to the ground altogether, because the moon confuses them and they don’t know what to do with it. They try to set up a solar calendar that does not use the moon, such as the Gregorian calendar set up by the Pope. The moon is a stumbling stone to them that they trip over.

For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon -how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon. For this reason the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the order), and make an abominable (day) the day of testimony, and an unclean day a feast day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go wrong as to the months and sabbaths and feasts and jubilees. Jubilees 6:36-37

It’s not saying we are wrong to keep Sabbaths and feasts, so why would it be saying we are wrong to observe New Moons? To interpret it that way is to not be consistent in interpreting the entire verse and context. Consider the verses in the chapter that precede these, it says the error would be FORGETTING the New Moons and Sabbaths:

And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new moons, and seasons, and sabbaths and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. For I know and from henceforth will I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lies) written before me, and on the heavenly tablets the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance. Jubilees 6:34-35

It says Israel would FORGET the New Moons, and in other places in the chapter it says they would neglect ordinances. Ordinances of what? THE MOON! The end of the last verse said they would walk according to the feasts of the gentiles, after their error, and after their ignorance. What is their error? What is their ignorance? What type of calendar do they use? A solar-only calendar. They forget the moon, they forget the Sabbaths, this is all proof that Saturday cannot be the Sabbath, because Hosea 2 and Lamentations 2 and Jubilees all agree (that’s 3 WITNESSES!) that the Sabbath was forgotten!

For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only, and for this reason they will go wrong as to the new moons and seasons and sabbaths and festivals, and they will eat all kinds of blood with all kinds of flesh. Jubilees 6:38

People also misunderstand the creation account in the Book of Jubilees in Chapter 2:8-11. They THINK it teaches that only the sun is a sign, and that only the sun is for days, years, and appointed times, etc…It states:

…And on the fourth day He created the sun and the moon and the stars, and set them in the firmament of the heaven, to give light upon all the earth, and to rule over the day and the night, and divide the light from the darkness. And Aluhym appointed the sun to be a great sign on the earth for days and for sabbaths and for months and for feasts and for years and for sabbaths of years and for jubilees and for all seasons of the years. And it divideth the light from the darkness [and] for prosperity, that all things may prosper which shoot and grow on the earth. These three kinds He made on the fourth day.

Compare Jubilees 2:1-4 to Genesis 1:14-18:

And Aluhym said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And Aluhym made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. And Aluhym set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and Aluhym saw that it was good.

Both Jubilees and Genesis mention that there were 3 lights (3 witnesses) appointed, often translated, made (the Hebrew word asah, which is not bara, as in create), on the fourth day, and both books say these three were set in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night, to give light upon the earth, to rule over the day and night, to divide the light from the darkness. On these things Jubilees and Genesis completely agree on the role of the lights in the heavens.

By the way, if the lights being appointed/made/asah on the fourth day is proof that the moon cannot be used for the week, for the month, or the calendar, then the same verse is proof that the sun also cannot be used for the week, for the month, or the calendar. Some people may need to chew on that one for a while to wrap their minds around what I just stated. I assure you the lights in the heavens were not created, bara, on the fourth day of the week, they were asah (prepared/appointed for a work/purpose) on the fourth day of the week, just like the Hebrew text states. They were already created in the beginning, according to verse 1 of Genesis.

I’ve also heard people from the solar-only crowd claim that because the moon is not mentioned in Genesis 1 by name, that means the moon cannot be used in telling time. Do you see how silly the arguments against the moon’s use in the calendar are getting? They say that because the moon is only referred to as the lesser light, and not called the moon, and since the text does not come out and say that the sun AND the moon are for signs, appointed times, days, and years, then it must just mean the sun and the stars are for that purpose. I’d like to point out that the SUN is also NOT mentioned in Genesis 1 by name. It’s not called the sun, or shemesh, until Genesis 15. So not only are these arguments silly, they are downright hypocritical. In Genesis 1, the sun is only referred to as the greater light, and I also must point out that the text in Genesis 1 does not come right out and say that the sun and stars are the lights that are for signs, appointed times, days, and years. It simply says the lights in the heavens are for signs, appointed times, days, and years. Genesis 1 tells us there are two great lights YHUH asah that day, the sun, the greater light, and the moon, which is the lesser of the two, and the stars also. All 3 lights are the lights referred to that are for the calendar, according to Genesis 1 and Jubilees 2.

Here’s the part where people get confused. Jubilees goes on to mention that the sun is to be a GREAT sign (Genesis also calls the sun the GREATer light) for days, Sabbaths, years – all the appointed times. So, because it does not mention the moon here, they claim that means Jubilees is teaching that the moon is not a sign for days, Sabbaths, years, appointed times. I, personally, believe the moon was not mentioned here to be a stumbling block for those who choose to ignore verses like Gen 1:14, Psalm 104:19, etc, which specifically state that the moon does have this role.

By the way, speaking of Psalm 104:19, it only mentions the moon’s role in the appointed times. Does that mean we should conclude the Psalmist was teaching that the sun does not also have the role of being a sign for appointed times? Of course not! So, why would we conclude that because Jubilees 2 does not mention the moon’s role as a sign for appointed times, that this must mean Jubilees is not in agreement with the Bible here? We would never say that Psalm 104:19 is not in agreement with Gen 1:14 just because it doesn’t mention the sun in regards to appointed times! At least I would hope not!

Here’s another witness from the apocrypha, the Book of Sirach, or Ecclesiasticus, a book once included in the 1611 KJV, later rejected by the Protestant Church:

Like a morning star in the midst of a cloud, like the full moon at the time of a feast. Sirach 50:6

I realize that no amount of scriptural witnesses that I could present here would ever convince someone who is determined to reject the moon for appointed times that they need to acknowledge the moon’s role in telling time. I’ve pointed out verses from Enoch that testify of the moon in months, in Jubilees, in Sirach, in the Bible, and either they give an excuse as such as I’ve mentioned in this article, or they don’t give an answer at all. This article is for those who believe the moon is for appointed times, or on the fence about it, and have been lied to, like I was, about what the apocryphal books have to say about the calendar.

Going back to Jubilees 2, verse 10 then goes on the say that it, the sun, divided the light from darkness. Ding, Ding! Take notice, Jubilees 2 also said in verse 8 that the moon and the stars also divide the light from the darkness. So does verse 10 here contradict verse 8? Does it contradict itself? Not if you read it in the light of the Bible, that the moon is also for appointed times. If you read Psalms 104:19 in the light of Gen 1:14, that both the sun and the moon have this role, why would you not also read Jubilees 2 in that same light, judging them with equal measures. Aren’t we called to judge with equal measures? We can’t give one witness the benefit of the doubt and not also give the other witness the benefit of the doubt before declaring it to be a false witness.

Jubilees 2:11 then wraps up the fourth day of creation week saying, “these THREE kinds He made on the fourth day.” That confirms the sun and moon should also be understood to be lights for appointed times, as Genesis 1:14 and Psalm 104:19 state, that all of these verses are inclusive, and not just limited to the sun. The sun is the greater of these three lights, that’s what this passage is saying, and Genesis 1 agrees with that, too.

So the solar year is 364 days, according to Enoch, and the luni-solar year is 354 days, 10 days less than the sun, or the solar year. It was even recently pointed out to me that a 13-month lunar year would have 52 weeks and 364 days, not counting New Moon days, just like Jubilees and Enoch mention, because there are 4 lunar weeks in a lunar month. Four times thirteen is 364. I find that very interesting.

The year is precisely three hundred and sixty-four days. 1 Enoch 71:42

And all the days of the commandment will be fifty two weeks of days, and (these will make) the entire year complete. Thus it is engraved and ordained on the heavenly tablets. And there is no neglecting (this commandment) for a single year or from year to year. And command you the children of Yisrael that they observe the years according to this reckoning- three hundred and sixty-four days, and (these) will constitute a complete year, and they will not disturb its time from its days and from its feasts; for everything will fall out in them according to their testimony, and they will not leave out any day nor disturb any feasts. But if they do neglect and do not observe them according to His commandment, then they will disturb all their seasons and the years will be dislodged from this (order), [and they will disturb the seasons and the years will be dislodged] and they will neglect their ordinances. And all the children of Yisrael will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new months, and seasons, and Shabbats and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. Jubilees 16:30-34

Some say they do not see a 13th month in scripture. Many of these people take issue with using the moon for the Sabbath, or using the moon altogether for reckoning months and appointed times within the year. True, most years have 12 months, and in scripture, it’s very clear there were at least 12 months, as there are many references to the 12th month. Does that mean there are no years with 13 months, just because it’s not as obvious? No, while it is true that there are always 2-3 witnesses required to establish any matter, Torah also teaches us that there are hidden things within Torah that YHUH chooses to only reveal to those who seek. If people are not open to seeking out the possibility of a 13th lunar month, they won’t find it.  If you seek, you SHALL find. I believe that the fact that Enoch points out that the solar year is longer than the lunar year, that the moon falls behind the sun every year by 10 days (according to the math in 1 Enoch 73:14-15), while still relating the moon’s lunations to the months and years, that this is pointing to intercalating a 13th month every few years to keep the moon and sun and year anchored with the seasons, harvests, and feasts. The sun-only calendar folks say they don’t see a 13th month in the scriptures, but those same people will often add days every year at the end of their 360 or 364 day year. They intercalate days or weeks outside of months in their year. Where does scripture say to do THAT? This is yet another one of their hypocritical arguments against using the moon for months and appointed times.

The Book of Jubilees states that Rebecca prophesied concerning the number of Jacob’s sons/children/descendants (12 sons + 1 daughter=13 children) arising according to the number of months in the year:

And may He make thy sons many during thy life, And may they arise according to the number of the months of the year. Jubilees 25:16

It was translated as sons in English, but in Hebrew, the word sons would be from the word ben, or yalad, which would be son, child, descendant, seed, youth, fruit of the womb, which would also include a daughter. It’s a word that is inclusive in referring to gender, like children referring to both boys and girls, or men, referring to humans, including both men and women.

Many of the same people that say they do not see 13 months in the scriptures also say they do not see a 29-day month in scripture – only 30 days. Again, if one doesn’t seek a possibility of 29-day month, they will not find it. If one seeks a way to explain certain scriptures away, they will find it. Enoch is often quoted to support a 30-day only month. However, this is a misunderstanding of Enoch, because the Book of Enoch mentions months with 29 days:

On stated months the moon has twenty-nine days. Enoch 79:10

Where light comes to the moon, there again it decreases, until all its light is extinguished, and the days of the moon pass away. Then its orb remains solitary without light. During three months it effects in thirty days each month its period; and during three more months it effects it in twenty-nine days each. These are the times in which it effects its decrease in its first period, and in the first gate, namely, in one hundred and seventy-seven days. And at the time of its going forth during three months it appears thirty days each, and during three more months it appears twenty-nine days each. Enoch 79:17-20

While I can see how some people struggle with a 13th month, it’s very clear to me that Enoch is telling us that a calendar exists that uses the moon and has 29 days in some months. I don’t know how people can deny these statements in Enoch or deny that the moon currently has a lunation that is on average shorter than 30 days every month, giving us months with 29 days. The lights in the heavens are confirming what we read in the scriptures. The heavens declare the glory of Aluhym. It is clear to me that a 13th month is one of those glories of Aluhym that He chooses to conceal, and the honor of kings to search out. It’s obvious to some and hidden from others. It’s kind of like the New Moon. Some who do acknowledge the moon for months claim the correct phase of the New Moon can’t be found in the Bible. Many others, like me, see it clearly, that in the beginning, the first day of the month, BEFORE the first day of creation week, in the first year of creation, there was darkness, according to Genesis 1:1-2. That would not describe a full moon or an FVC, but a conjunction moon, a dark moon. The first day of creation week, day 2 of the 1st month, there was light. That would be the FVC, the sign of the first day of work, the first day of the week.

Most people who keep a luni-solar calendar for months and years have read or heard, maybe even repeated, the following claim:

“In the beginning, there were 30-day months only, and the year was a perfect 360-day year. Something changed in the heavens since then, and now we have months that alternate with 29 and 30 days.”

Some of us have come to believe that YHUH has altered the months and years. I cannot explain why I have not been able to completely accept an ancient 360-day year with 30 day months only. Maybe it’s because scripture says YHUH and His Word do not change, they’re  eternal. I understood how and why we came up with this 360-day year with only 30 day months in the time of Noah, but I just could not lay down the possibility that maybe a 29-day month existed in the beginning. Maybe it’s because an “average” just doesn’t cut it for me. Maybe it’s because I had not tested the claim myself, so therefore, in my mind, the possibility remained. I recently decided it was time to test this claim.

So where does this idea come from? What scriptural support are we given for such a claim? It comes from Genesis 7:11-8:4. Let’s look at the key passages used to establish this as “fact”:

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. Genesis 7:11

And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days. Genesis 7:24

And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated. Genesis 8:3

And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat. Genesis 8:4

Anyone with the ability to do elementary math might look at this and figure a simple division problem will reveal the length of a month here. Many people have done this, including myself. I’m not saying I’m capable with arithmetic, I sometimes request the assistance of my husband when trying to help my fifth grader with his math homework. I’m just saying, I’ve been guilty of leaning on my own understanding here before, not pointing the finger at those who have also done this.

So, what we’ve done, is we’ve seen that this is saying that Noah was in the ark on the 17th of the 2nd month when the waters came, and that this lasted 150 days, until the 17th of the 7th month. We figured 150 days is about 5 months. If you divide 150 by 5 you get 30, so we averaged it out to say that there were 5 months with 30 days.

Sadly, many of us, myself included, have not tested this claim to see if that’s true. Testing this claim is as simple as dividing 150 by 5 to get 30. Okay, there might be a few more steps, but easy enough for my children to figure out. Instead of doing the math, we have been either drifting along saying “maybe so”, or we’ve actually made a commitment to this idea of a 29-day month IMpossibility, in the beginning. I’m going to challenge that belief. Not only that, I’m going to prove that it IS a possibility that Noah observed a 29-day month. I’m going to do the math. I’d like you to do it with me.

Let’s pretend the 2nd month had 30 days. Noah was in the ark with the waters prevailing commencing on the 17th day of the 2nd month. From the 17th of the month to the 30th are 14 days.

Let’s pretend the next month, the 3rd month, also had 30 days. He’s now been on the ark with the waters prevailing 44 days, because we’ve added the 30 days in the 3rd month to the 14 days he was on the ark in the 2nd month.

Let’s say the 4th month had 29 days. Now we have a total of 73 days. 14+30+29=73 days

Now, what if the 5th and 6th months were both 30 day months? Yes, this pattern of 30 day months occurring twice in a row with a 29-day month in between can and does happen, it’s a normal pattern. 30 days in the 5th month + 30 days in the 6th month = 60 days. Add the 60 to the 73 days from months 2, 3, and 4. 73+60=133.

Now we come to the 7th month. The waters prevailed until the 17th of the 7th month, so now we’ve got to add those 17 days in the 7th month to our sum. 133+17=150.

Huh. Isn’t that something? We’ve got 150 days made up of both 29 and 30 day months from the day the waters began to prevail in the 2nd month until the day they ceased in the 7th month. It turns out the claim that the Genesis account with Noah teaches 30 day months only is a lie!

Boy, those of us who believed, or even entertained for years the idea that a 29-day month in the beginning wasn’t possible are feeling PRETTY D-U-M-B right about now. I know I am. I think that’s called being humbled by YHUH. He sure is smarter than we are. We think we’re such geniuses.

Does this PROVE that YHUH had 29 day months from the beginning? No. However, it DOES PROVE that a 29-day month WAS POSSIBLE from the beginning.

Why do I even address this? Why does it even matter how long a year was in the beginning? I take issue with this claim because it has challenged the faith of many people, without good reason. Many people are discouraged in their walk with this claim that the calendar, and the lights in the heavens, have changed. They look up at the lights in the heavens, and they don’t see a calendar with 360-day luni-solar years, with 30 days in each month. We need to avoid offending one of the little ones if we can help it, and in this case, we can help it, by not claiming a “fact” when there isn’t a fact established in Genesis 7 and 8.

It’s been drilled into our minds, crammed down our throats, that this means it’s not possible for there to be 29 days in a month in this scenario. WHY does the adversary want us to believe this so much that this claim has been repeated to us so many times to get us to believe that a 29-day month did not exist in the days of Noah? There’s got to be a reason. We’ve got to be innocent as doves, but shrewd as serpents. It must be that the enemy does not want us to come to the truth. For what other reason are we bombarded with lies and half-truths?

For many of us, that belief that the years should be and once were 360 days only, and a month 30 days only, has become a stronghold used by the enemy to keep us from considering all the other possibilities, to keep us from hearing all the witnesses on the matter. The enemy wants to keep us leaning on our own understanding.

For instance, many people will not even take a glance at the apocrypha, books such as Enoch and Jubilees, simply because of the mention of a 364-day year in those books. A 364-day year does not gel with their 360-day year belief, so they quickly dismiss their testimony. They don’t take the time to examine what’s being said in these books more closely, they don’t try to understand how that works with the lights in the heavens outside right now, or how that works with the moon’s cycle. If someone asks them about how to calendate with the 29-day months we have, they can’t even wrap their head around the question, and can’t give an answer, because in their mind, we should have 30 day months only. They seem to believe that 29 day months are figments of our imagination, that’s how hard it can be to get past this barrier with this belief in an ancient 30-day month.

I cringe when I hear people say that the year we have been given by YHUH, with 29 day months occurring half the year, is not “perfect”. I guess it sounds to me, like they’re disrespecting the Creator, not appreciating His Creation of the lights in the heavens as they declare the glory of YHUH, not appreciating His calendar and His Word it’s found in. If YHUH gave us a year that is not 360 days, and He did, that year is perfect. It may not be man’s idea of “perfect”, when man leans on his own understanding, when man thinks He knows better than YHUH how to build a week, month, or year, but rest assured, YHUH brings forth everything He created exactly the way He designed it to come forth. The moon is NOT sick.

The apocrypha does not, and the Bible does not, witness to a solar-only calendar. If you read them together in the light of all the Scriptures, letting Scripture interpret Scripture, you see that they are additional witnesses to Genesis 1:14, Psalm 104:19, Leviticus 23:1-4, Lamentations 2:6, Hosea 2:11, Ezekiel 46:1, Isaiah 66:23, etc…that the moon is also for appointed times, in addition to the sun, and that there are New Moon days in addition to and outside of weeks, and that these Scriptures are witnesses that testify that the appointed times would be forgotten in Zion when the Temple was destroyed.

These things came to be, these prophecies were fulfilled, according to scripture, that makes Jubilees and its 364-day solar year that works together with the 354 luni-solar year, true. Since Enoch agrees with Jubilees and the Bible on this, that makes Enoch also out to be a true witness. According to Torah, we are required to hear all the witnesses out, and we are required to make a righteous judgement according to these witnesses. My judgement is that people are falsely representing what these apocryphal books claim, just like they misunderstand, lie about, and misinterpret what the Bible says. These books are in complete agreement with the Bible and its luni-solar calendar. They exalt the Torah of Moses, they prophesy of Messiah Yahusha, and what they said would happen has come to pass in regards to the appointed times having been forgotten in Zion. They claim to be written by messengers of YaHUaH, they come in His name. According to scripture, all this meets the requirements of a true prophet, that’s the definition of a true witness.

Will you sit on your hands and shrug your shoulders and refuse to make a judgement on the testimony of these witnesses – The Book of Jubilees and The Book of Enoch? What about the testimony of the moon? Will you cover your ears because you don’t want the responsibility of passing a judgment? Choosing to ignore the witnesses is a judgment, and a bad one. According to scripture, we are required to hear all the witnesses, and to judge with righteous judgment. YHUH is looking for righteous judges, not cowards. What will you decide?

Keeping the Sabbath – Why and When?

From Sunday to Saturday and then to the Lunar Sabbath

Why I Keep the Sabbath

Before I get to why I keep the Sabbath by the moon, you may be wondering how I came to the conclusion that I needed to keep the Seventh Day Sabbath commanded in the 10 commandments in the first place. I was called in 2008 to be a student of YHUH’s Torah. My husband and children and I were attending a Pentecostal church in Virginia, where we were stationed in the Air Force, for no other reason than that seemed to be a stepping stone YHUH had placed in our journey that would lead out of Babylon (Revelation 18:4). It was there that I was asked to lead a womens’ bible study. I was shocked, I had only been attending church on a regular basis for a few years, and I was being asked to lead my older, more mature, more well-versed peers in a study. While doing this study, the women in the study, including myself, were directed to choose five areas of ministry and bring them before the Father in Heaven to see which area of ministry He would choose for us to focus our studies on, resulting in us being experts in that area of ministry, and able to pour into others what we would learn. When I brought my 5 I had chosen before YHUH, He replied, “No. T-O-R-A-H. I want you to become a student of my word.”

I had been wondering for years how I could serve YaHUaH. I wondered if He wanted me to feed the hungry in Africa, teach women how to love their husbands, or lead a women’s prayer group in my neighborhood or congregation. I was so relieved to find that all YHUH was requiring of me was to study His word. So, that’s what I did.

It didn’t take long for my husband and I to become convicted to start keeping the Sabbath. We had been studying Paul’s writings, as well as Yahusha’s words, and we were starting to see that their teachings supported keeping the law of Moses, rather than doing away with the law, as the church was teaching. We felt convicted about keeping all of the 10 commandments, and we noticed we were not keeping the fourth commandment, the commandment to keep the Sabbath day.

We learned in Paul’s writings, particularly in Romans 11, that the gentiles were being offered the opportunity to be grafted into the olive tree (Israel), if they would believe in Yahusha (the Hebrew Messiah of Israel, many call Him Jesus) and keep YHUH’s commandments, much like the mixed multitude were also invited into receiving the promises of the covenant at Mt. Sinai, those who came out of Egypt with Israel and were charged to keep the same laws as Israel (Exodus 12:49, Numbers 15:16, Numbers 15:29, and Leviticus 24:22).

Why I Keep the Seventh Day Sabbath by the Moon

(Rather than on a Day in the Gregorian Week)

So we became students of His Torah, and we walked in the understanding we were given, a little here, a little there, one line at a time, knowing that if we were obedient with the little He was giving us, more understanding would come. We switched from meeting on Sunday to gathering on Saturday. We did that for about 5 years at our local Hebraic Roots congregation, until, once again, I heard that small, still voice rebuking me for worrying about my husband who was working on Saturdays (what we thought was the Sabbath at the time) as a firefighter/paramedic, when he was scheduled to do so, when I, myself, was not keeping HIS Sabbath. At first I wondered how I could not be keeping His Sabbath, because I didn’t work, I stayed home with my children. I always rested on Saturday, so how could I not be keeping HIS Sabbath? YHUH immediately brought to my remembrance someone mentioning people who keep Sabbath by the moon. I had dismissed it rather quickly when I had first heard of it, because I did not understand at the time that New Moon days were not days of the week. Once YHUH rebuked me about the Sabbath, I knew immediately that I needed to hear out the testimony of such people who keep a lunar Sabbath and see if they had scriptural witnesses for doing so. I found out that they had many scriptural witnesses for a lunar Sabbath, starting with Gen 1:14, Psalm 104:19, Lev 23, Ezekiel 46:1, etc…

And Aluhym said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, appointed times, and for days, and years. Genesis 1:14

He made the moon for appointed times, the sun knows his going down. Psalm 104:19

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say to them, concerning the appointed times of YHUH, which you shall proclaim to be sanctified convocations, even these are my appointed times. Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a sanctified convocation; you shall do no work therein; it is the Sabbath of YHUH in all your dwellings. Leviticus 23:2-3

Thus says YHUH Aluhym; The gate of the inner court that looks toward the east shall be shutthe six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and on the New Moon days it shall be opened. Ezekiel 46:1

It didn’t take long to convince me. I humbled myself and knew His word was true, and man was wrong, the moon was for appointed times, as these verses teach, and the Sabbath was clearly an appointed time, according to Leviticus 23:2-3. I got in step with His word and started marching to YHUH’s drum. My children began to march to it too, and within a few months my husband was, as well. We were leaving Babylon/Egypt all over again, following the cloud to the next destination. We got off on some rabbi trails along the way, but YHUH is faithful, and He quickly got us back on the right path, the one He put us on when we first came to the lunar Sabbath, using the dark, concealed moon, as the New Moon, beginning the month the morning after conjunction. For an explanation about how we came to using the dark moon as the New Moon, rather than the First Visible Crescent (FVC), or the Jewish Hillel II calendar, or using the Full Moon, please refer to my article at this link:

Dark New Moon Days and Paths of Light

Scriptural Witnesses Establishing the Sabbath Day for Believers

Allow me to share some verses with you from both the Old and New Testaments, from the words andactions of people like Moses, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Matthew, Mark, Luke, Paul, and Yahusha Messiah, that led to my conviction to keep the Sabbath day; This is not a complete list, but a few:

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Exodus 20:8

But the seventh day is the sabbath of YHUH thy Aluhym: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days YHUH made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore YHUH blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Exodus 20:10-11

Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to YHUH: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. Exodus 31:14-15

Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. Exodus 31:16

But the seventh day is the sabbath of YHUH thy Aluhym: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that YHUH thy Aluhym brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore YHUH they Aluhym commanded thee to keep the sabbath day. Deuteronomy 5:14-15

[[A Psalm or Song for the sabbath day.]] It is a good thing to give thanks unto YHUH, and to sing praises unto thy name, O most High…Psalm 92:1

Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil. Isaiah 56:2

Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to YHUH, to serve him, and to love the name of YHUH, to be his servants, every one thatkeepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant…Isaiah 56:6

If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of YHUH, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words…Isaiah 58:13

And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith YHUH. Isaiah 66:23

Thus saith YHUH Aluhym; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened. Ezekiel 46:1

For the Son of man is Master even of the sabbath day. Matthew 12:28

But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day…Matthew 24:20

And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath…Mark 2:27

And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. Luke 4:16

And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days. Luke 4:31

And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day? Luke 13:16

And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment. Luke 23:56

And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. Acts 13:42

And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of Aluhym. Acts 13:44

For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath day. Acts 15:21

And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures…Acts 17:2

And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks. Acts 18:4

Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days…Colossians 2:16

Yahusha Messiah and the disciples urged us to walk as the disciples and Yahusha walked. They were to be our example. We are to imitate them as their followers. Paul said:

Imitate me, just as I also imitate Messiah. 1 Corinithans 11:1

Peter said:

For to this you were called, because Messiah also suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in His footsteps…1 Peter 2:21

John said:

He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

In the Book of John, Yahusha said:

I have set you an example so that you should do as I have done for you. John 13:15

The disciples walked the same walk Messiah walked. How did they walk? We read from many of the verses above that they kept the Sabbath and honored it. They gathered on that day to hear the Word and worship the Father. I understand Yahusha, Paul, John, and Peter to be saying I need to imitate their actions, including in how they acknowledged the Sabbath day.

Yahusha said His words were the Father’s words, and the Father said to keep the Sabbath as an eternal covenant. The Chosen Son who inherits the Kingdom does not disobey the rules of the Father, and He does not teach the other children to disobey the Father, nor does He have authority to change the Father’s rules of the Father’s house. Jeremiah 31:33 and Hebrews 8:10 state that the purpose of the new covenant that Yahusha’s death, burial, and resurrection, brought us into, was having the law put on our hearts so that we would keep it, this would include the Sabbath commandment, the 4th commandment of the 10 commandments which most Christians still insist are to be kept.

But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith YHUH, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their Aluhym, and they shall be my people. Jeremiah 31:33

For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith YHUH; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them Aluhym, and they shall be to me a people. Hebrew 8:10

The Father intended from the very beginning to do away with our stony hearts that broke the commandments in the wilderness, resulting in broken tablets of stone. He wanted to take our stony hearts and put in us hearts of flesh that would love His commandments and hide them in our hearts as cherished treasures.

Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. Psalm 119:11

The law of thy mouth is better unto me than thousands of gold and silver. Psalm 119:72

Therefore I love thy commandments above gold; yea, above fine gold. Psalm 119:127

He wanted us to see them as a light for our paths, not burdens.

Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. Psalm 119:105

He wanted us to see them as good rules of a loving Father that wants to protect them.

Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word. Psalm 119:67

I know, O YHUH, that thy judgments are right, and that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me. Psalm 119:75

That’s what sending His Son was about – to bring us back into right relationship with Him, by bringing us back to the Father through faith in Yahusha, which leads to repentance of sins (turning away from sin) – sins that include not honoring His Sabbaths.

New Moon Days are Never Sabbath Days or Work Week Days

So why don’t we buy, sell, or trade on the New Moon? If we did, wouldn’t people be tempted to buy, sell, and trade all day, in order to make more money? Wouldn’t they be distracted from acknowledging the New Moon and worshipping YHUH? Of course they would. Consider this passage, how YHUH hates when we dread pausing our business for His appointed times:

“Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; yea, and sell the refuse of the wheat?” Amos 8:4-6

YHUH promised in Deuteronomy 28 and many other places in the Bible, that if we obey Him, we will be blessed, even overwhelmed with blessings, and our baskets will be full of bread. He said if we don’t we will be cursed. He said His sparrows and the flowers are well taken care of, so why would He not take care to clothe and feed us who are of far more value to Him? We who have been keeping the Sabbath for years, myself, my family, and others who I have spoken to over the years, we can testify that He does keep His promises, even regarding His Sabbath days. Many argue that His Word is false, that the Sabbath cannot and should not be kept, but there is a saying that very much rings true: “A man with an experience is not at the mercy of a man with an opinion.” In other words, they are just haters, they are knocking it to keep you and themselves from the truth. Yahusha spoke of Pharisees who keep others from entering the Kingdom and won’t enter themselves. These are such people. Naysayers. We’ve all been naysayers at some point, so I’ll forgive them for being wrong, but I’ve kept the Sabbath, I have that experience under my belt, and I’ve seen the blessings from it, so don’t tell me it can’t be done, or that it is a curse.


 Counting to the Seventh Day Lunar Sabbath

The morning after conjunction of the sun and moon, begins the 1st day of the month, Rosh Chodesh, the head of the month (In Hebrew, rosh means head, chodesh means renewal/New Moon/month). Then count seven days; your first Sabbath will be the 8th, then the 15th, 22nd, and 29th of the month. Conjunction will always occur either on the 29th or 30th of the month, depending on whether there are 29 or 30 days in that month. The 30th day of the month, like the 1st of the month, is a New Moon day, a chodesh, but the 30th day is NOT ROSH Chodesh, it is the TAIL of the previous month, NOT the HEAD of the new month. The 30th day of the month is ALWAYS a New Moon day. When it occurs, it is the day that conjunction (the renewed moon) occurs. Conjunction can sometimes occur on the Sabbath on the 29th, if there is only one New Moon day, in other words, no 30th day. The 1st of the month is ALWAYS a New Moon day, but conjunction NEVER occurs that day. Rosh Chodesh is the time before the count to the Sabbaths begins. New Moon days occur at the dark phase of the moon, and separate the 4 lunar weeks in one month from the 4 lunar weeks of the next, much like the dark period of night separates one daylight period of another, much like the dark period of winter separates on annual summer from another. The day after Rosh Chodesh, the second day of the month, is the first day in the work week, when you begin counting 6 working days to the Sabbath day. Remember Amos 8:4-6, you don’t want to try to buy, sell, or trade on the New Moon days, those working days begin after the New Moon day(s).

See Genesis 1, how in the beginning, there was darkness, this was Rosh Chodesh, the first day of the month, and then on the first day of the work week, YHUH created the light. That days is the day when visible light appears on the moon signaling that it is time to go back to work. Light appears on the moon either the evening before or the evening after the first day of the work week. The First Visible Crescent, FVC, is not the sign for the New Moon, or the beginning of the month, it is the sign for the first day of the week. Just as night is a time of darkness between days, and a divider between the end of one day and the beginning of the next, so also the dark moon days are a period of darkness on the moon, dividing the end of one month from the beginning of the next. It was also at this time Genesis 1 says YHUH divided the light from darkness. This is when there is visible separation of the sun and moon after conjunction, the first visible crescent at the end of the first day of the week.

Each month has 4 weeks, or sets of 7, and each moon lunation has 4 quarters. The first Sabbath, on the 8th, is the waxing first quarter moon. The second Sabbath, on the 15th, is the full moon. The third Sabbath is the 22nd of the month, on the waning last quarter, and the final Sabbath, is on the 29th, the Last Visible Crescent, or LVC, leading into the dark moon again. The 1-2 days that have no visible light on the moon are New Moon days, and the 28 days that have visible light are the 4 sets of 7 days, the path of light. Six days you shall work, the seventh day you shall rest.

Should we begin to observe Sabbath in the evening or morning?

I’ve been around the block on this one. We observed Sabbath starting on Friday evenings when we believed the Sabbath was on Saturday. We did that for 5 years. Then we discovered that a date/day begins in the morning, not the evening before, and started observing the Sabbath beginning in the morning. Now we have come full circle. YHUH has taught me that His ways are taught with PATTERNS in Scripture. It applies well here, too. So what PATTERNS do the Scriptures draw for us concerning this issue?

While we once thought the commandments mentioned below were exceptions and not the rule, after getting to know YHUH and His ways in more intimate detail in more recent years, we now see it the other way around, that YHUH is pretty consistent in His ways, and He doesn’t like to deviate from them. Scripture gives us two examples, two witnesses, that His appointed times should be observed starting the evening before the appointed time, until the evening of that date. For example, regarding the Feast of Unleavened Bread, we are commanded to begin eating unleavened bread the evening before the first day of the festival, until the evening after the last day of the festival:

In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. Exodus 12:18

Also, regarding Yom Kippur, Leviticus 23 commands us to begin afflicting ourselves and observing the Sabbath beginning the evening before the 10th day of the month:

It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. Leviticus 23:32

As we started reading the “apocryphal” (hidden, secret) writings more and more, we came across the Book of Yahudith (Judith), which was published in the KJV 1611 Bible, and was once considered Canon before it was rejected by the Protestant church, and I came across a verse that piqued my interest and made me scratch my head and reconsider my ways, as when I was reading it, I was observing the Sabbath from morning to morning. The verse that made me stop and meditate was this one:

And she fasted all the days of her widowhood, save the eves of the sabbaths, and the sabbaths, and the eves of the new moons, and the new moons and the feasts and solemn days of the house of Israel. Judith 8:6

I had to humble myself and acknowledge that maybe I needed to look into this again. I prayed about it, meditated on this and other verses, and my mind started to renew. More confirmation came weeks later while I was reading the Book of Tobit. Chapter 2 begins with Tobit sitting down to eat his meal on the Sabbath of Pentecost. He sends his son out to fetch someone to share his meal with. His son comes back reporting:

‘…Father, one of our nation has just been murdered; he has been strangled and then thrown down in the market place; he is there still.’ Tobit 2:3

So an Israelite is “strangled”, most likely from being hung from the tree, as it says he was “thrown down”, apparently from the high place he was hung from. It was gentile custom (the story takes place in Ninevah) to kill the Jews and hang them, causing them to be accursed. This greatly disturbed Tobit, who had a heart for burying dead Israelites in righteousness, because he knew that Deuteronomy 21 says to bury the dead that is accursed from hanging on the tree the same day/date, that a man who is hanged becomes accursed, and must not be left overnight, lest the land also become accursed. We see in Joshua 8:29, and 10:26-27 that the Israelite custom was to leave the body of an accursed person hanging until sunset/evening, and then bury the body between sunset and nightfall. Tobit wanted to make sure the body was not left overnight, in obedience to Deuteronomy 21. Chapter 2 of Tobit goes on to say that he waited until sunset to bury the body. Verse 7 says that when the sun was down, he went and dug a grave and buried him. Now this day was a Sabbath, being Pentecost, according to Leviticus 23. If the Sabbath of Pentecost is to be observed from morning to morning, how could Tobit bury him the same night without doing much work in digging a grave and covering it back up? Some argue that it’s good to do a good deed on the Sabbath. Yes, but one that brings life and healing. Yahusha did not do heavy exertion like digging a grave on the Sabbath when he healed someone or RAISED them from the dead. We see no evidence of Israelites digging a grave or burying someone on the Sabbath, anywhere in the Bible, ever. We see that Joseph and the women who wanted to prepare Yahusha’s body for burial were very careful to make sure His body was placed in the tomb before the Sabbath hours began IN THE EVENING following the Passover on the 14th. Luke 23:56 makes a point to say they rested ACCORDING TO THE COMMANDMENT. The following evening, once the Sabbath was over, they purchased more spices for the burial, prepared the spices, and brought them to the sepulcher the following morning, early on the first day of the week. See Luke 24:1 and Mark 16:1.

I now believe that very possibly the main reason that YHUH wants us to observe the appointed times from evening to evening instead of morning to morning, is to keep us in compliance with Deuteronomy 21. Why break a command on the Sabbath if you don’t have to? YHUH built the provision into the law, so that if someone were to be hung by the gentiles on the Sabbath day, like this Israelite in the time of Tobit, he could be buried the same day, without requiring anyone to dig a grave on the Sabbath day, making it unholy. Who wants to spend the Sabbath of Pentecost digging a grave instead of feasting? Tobit may have feasted in mourning that day, it says he ate his meal while weeping, but kept the day holy, as commanded, he waited for the sun to go down to end the Sabbath hours.

What About the “Extra” New Moon Days?

The New Moon days are set-apart days for worshipping YHUH. They are similiar to a Sabbath, as they are not REGULAR work days in the week, but they are NEVER called a Sabbath. There are exceptions, however, one being Yom Teruah, or the Day of Blowing/Day of Trumpets, the 1st day of the 7th month mentioned in Leviticus 23. This is the only New Moon day mentioned in Leviticus 23 that is called a Sabbath. While Yom Teruah is a Sabbath, it’s still not a weekly Sabbath, it’s never on the seventh day of the week, it does not ever land on any day during the work week. There are 3 other New Moon days mentioned in the Book of Jubilees, in addition to the Feast of Trumpets, that are special New Moon days to be observed, like Yom Teruah – the first of the first month, the first of the fourth month, and the first of the tenth month. In Jubilees, these New Moon days, are called “feasts” and “memorials”, along with the first of the seventh month. According to Chapter 6 of Jubilees, these days were appointed as a memorial for Noah and what happened to him on these days during the flood, for us to remember him and these days forever from generation to generation. Because Trumpets is also called a feast and a Sabbath, these days are also likely Sabbaths, as Jubilees groups them together as feasts, and they are all Rosh Chodesh New Moon days that divide the year into quarters of 13 weeks. New Moon day is never a Sabbath, even though they aren’t regular work days, either. New Moon days are worship days, a time to consult YHUH and the prophets. Ezekiel 46:1, 2 Kings 4:22-23,  and Isaiah 66:23. The Israelites built the tabernacle on the first day of the month (Exodus 40:2), so work can be done and burdens can be carried, and we are not prohibited from cooking or travelling long distances (Ezra 7:9) as on a Sabbath day (Jeremiah 17:21-27, Exodus 16:14- 29, Acts 1:12, and Nehemiah 13:15-22). We do not buy, sell, or trade on a New Moon day. (Nehemiah 10:31 and Amos 8:5)

The sounding of the 2 silver trumpets on Rosh Chodesh is also the signal to start over your count of 7 days to the Sabbaths, much like the sounding of the shofar on Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), announcing the year of Jubilee, is also the signal to start over your count of 7-year land Sabbaths to the next Jubilee year. This is a PATTERN established in scripture, in Leviticus 25. Most people claim that the count of 7 days is uninterrupted from creation, but scripture does not establish a pattern of counting continual counts of 7 without interruption. Leviticus 25 instructs a PATTERN of counting to 7 WITH interruption every 50th year, it teaches how to count to 50 in sevens (sound like the count to Pentecost in Leviticus 23 and Deuteronomy 16?), and then start over. The land Sabbath count of 7 WEEKS of years (49 years) is interrupted with the 50th year that lands outside of those weeks of years, and starts over after 50 years with the Jubilee year, and the blowing of the shofar on the Yom Kippur at the end of the 49th year, and the Sabbath day count is interrupted and started over on the New Moon with the sounding of the 2 silver trumpets. The Jubilee year is a years that separates or divides (hence why the Book of Jubilees is also called the Book of Division), one set of weeks of years from the next, just like the New Moon separates or divides one set of monthly weeks from the next, both being signaled with the sound of trumpets or a shofar to mark the division. YHUH teaches us with PATTERNS in His word. His patterns are His WAYS, His PATHS.


There is no scripture or pattern established requiring the count of 7 days to be uninterrupted from creation. However, there are some very strong scriptural witnesses that do require the six working days and the Sabbaths to be based on the lights in the heavens, including the moon:

And Aluhym said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, appointed times, and for days, and years. Genesis 1:14

Some would argue that this is saying that the moon is for the month, but the sun is for the days of the week. That is not what Gen 1:14 said, but let’s see if there is another scriptural witness that can bring more light to Gen 1:14. Let’s see if the next verse brings more clarity to Genesis 1:14:

He appointed the moon for appointed times…Psalm 104:19

Most people would not argue that the moon is for appointed times. They tend to pretend that the Sabbath is not also an appointed time, though. Others, like myself in the past, just forget that point, or someone they suppose is more knowledgeable than themselves comes and explains it all away. Some would argue that the above verse is not speaking of the Sabbath, that the Sabbath is an exception to the rule given in the above verse, yet there is not one verse that can be found that says that the Sabbath is an exception to the rule. People add to/take away from scripture when they make such a claim. So, Psalm 104 states the moon is for appointed times, and Leviticus 23 states that the Sabbath is an appointed time. Therefore, the moon is for the Sabbath. I also must point out that Genesis 1:14 says the heavenly lights – plural – are not just for appointed times, but also days. Is the Sabbath a day? Of course. Therefore, the moon is for the Sabbath day. In fact, even the 6 working days are listed in Leviticus 23 as appointed times:

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say to them, concerning the appointed times of YHUH, which you shall proclaim to be sanctified convocations, even these are my appointed times. Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a sanctified convocation; you shall do no work therein; it is the Sabbath of YHUH in all your dwellings. Leviticus 23:2-3

You see, Lev 23 says that the six working days are appointed times to work; there is a time to work, and a time to rest. Genesis 1:14 says that the lights in the heavens are for DAYS AND APPOINTED TIMES, and you can generally tell which day of the month or week it is by what phase the moon is in, how much light is on the moon, and what time of day or night the moon is rising and setting.

Some, like I once did, might argue that at the end of the month, if you kept the 29th as the Sabbath every month, and didn’t keep the next Sabbath until the 8th of the next month, then you would be working 7-8 days, instead of 6 days, before the next seventh day Sabbath. I now understand that this is not so, because the 30th and 1st days of the month are not working days, they are New Moon days, which are not Sabbaths either. See Ezekiel 46:1 and Isaiah 66:23, there are 3 different types of days in any given month – week days when the gates are shut, New Moon days when the gates are open, and also Sabbath days, when the gates are also open.

I recently had a Saturday keeping individual question whether a common person would be required to worship before YHUH on the New Moon days, instead of doing their regular work. According to these following verses, the people of the land, not just the priests, should be free to worship before YHUH on the New Moon days, in fact, it is a command:

Likewise, the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before YHUH in the Sabbaths and in the New Moons. Ezekiel 46:3

She called her husband and said, “Please send me one of the servants and a donkey so I can go to the man of Aluhym quickly and return.” “Why go to him today?” he asked. “It’s not the New Moon or the Sabbath.”“That’s all right,” she said. 2 Kings 4:22-23

She and her husband understood for some reason, that the normal time to go to the prophet was the New Moon or the Sabbath, not on a regular work day.

And it shall come to pass, that from one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith YHUH. Isaiah 66:23

Notice it says ALL flesh, NOT JUST PRIESTS, but COMMON people, too, shall go to worship YHUH on the New Moons. Saturdayers often quote this verse to Sundayers to point out to the Sunday folk that they will go and keep the Sabbath before YHUH in the future, but then ignore the fact that the same verse also says they will go and worship before Him on the New Moon, too. Do the Saturday folks (Seventh Day Adventist, Jewish, or Messianic) refrain from buying, selling, and trading if the New Moon lands on Monday or Tuesday? No? Then why do they expect the Sunday crowd to abstain from these things on Saturday? Isaiah 66 SHOULD be headed, however, without hypocrisy, and according to the true calendar which does not place the New Moon days in the middle of the work week.

Ezekiel 46:1 helped me to understand that there are 3 types of days in any given month:

Thus says YHUH Aluhym; The gate of the inner court that looks toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and on the New Moon days it shall be opened. Ezekiel 46:1

So, in the lunar month, you have New Moon days when the gate is open as commanded in Ezekiel 46:1, and these days are neither the seventh day Sabbath nor the 6 working days.

You have the seventh day Sabbath, when the gate is open, as commanded in Ezekiel 46:1, and this day is neither the New Moon day nor one of the 6 working days.

You have the 6 working days, when the gate is closed, as commanded in Ezekiel 46:1, and these days are neither New Moon days nor Sabbath days.

Let’s try that test out with Ezekiel 46:1 and the Gregorian week. Let’s say the first day of the month lands on a Thursday. Thursday, then, is New Moon day, but it is also one of the 6 working days, so should the gate be open or closed? If you say it should be open because it is a New Moon day, then you have a problem because you can’t be at the Temple worshipping YHUH like Isaiah 66:23 requires, because you are supposed to be at work on Thursday, because Thursday is a working day, and not a Sabbath. Six days you shall work, and on Thursday, according to the Gregorians, you should be working, and the gate should be closed. If you say that Thursday is a working day, and the gate should be shut, then you are still in violation of Ezekiel 46:1 which requires the gate to be open for worship on the New Moon day.

So the problem is that the Gregorian week itself is in violation with Ezekiel 46:1, because it does not distinguish the New Moon days from the Sabbath day or the 6 working days. The Gregorian week does not set aside time for New Moon day worship of YHUH as spoken of in Ezekiel 46 and Isaiah 66:23. The lunar Sabbath month and week is the only solution to the man-made problem that the Gregorian week causes. It is the only way you can reconcile all the scriptures to be in agreement.

Many Gregorian Saturday keepers use Isaiah 66:23 to point out to the Gregorian Sunday keepers that everyone will be worshipping YHUH on the Sabbath in the future, according to the prophet Isaiah. However, Sunday keepers should point out the hypocrisy of the Saturday keepers, because the Saturday keepers work and do not gather together on the New Moon. Isaiah states that they will go and worship YHUH on the Sabbaths AND New Moon days, but Saturday keepers conveniently forget that part of the verse they use against the Sunday crowd. The New Moon often passes by without most of the Saturday congregation noticing, because there is no natural rhythm in their weeks for the New Moon days that allow them to look up, stop buying, selling, and trading, gather together, and acknowledge New Moon days.

When the neighboring peoples bring merchandise or grain to sell on the Sabbath, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or onany holy day. Every seventh year we will forgo working the land and will cancel all debts. Nehemiah 10:31

When will the New Moon be gone, that we may sell grain? and the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? Amos 8:5

While the ephah is used to measure commercially, the ephah is also used in measuring out the sacrifices to YHUH, so I see a two-fold double meaning here. When people ignore YHUH’s New Moons and Sabbaths, they make the shekel (money) greater, or more important than YHUH and His appointed times, and the sacrifices offered on those days. They make money an idol. You can’t serve two masters, you’ll hate one and love the other.

Some say Amos 8:5 is speaking of Yom Teruah, but the context of Amos chapters 7 & 8, where the verse is found, are not just about Yom Teruah, but ALL of the appointed times of YHUH. The same with Nehemiah 10:31, it says they refused to buy from the nations, not just on Sabbaths, but ANY HOLY DAY, all appointed times that are not regular work days in the week.

YHUH wants us to stop and acknowledge Him on His HOLY appointed times which He appointed for that pupose, and the fact that He is the One who created us, who created the heavens and the earth, who created time, who created days, weeks, months, and years. He wants us to stop and acknowledge that He established the laws concerning what a day is, what a week is, what a month is, and what a year is. He wants us to acknowledge that He, Himself, rested on the Sabbath day, as did His Son, and that we should do likewise, because He said so. He wants us to remember that He delivered us from Egypt, from bondage, from slavery, from our enemies, on the 15th of the 1st month, on the weekly Sabbath, on the first day of Unleavened Bread. He wants us to remember that Yahusha’s death, burial (He rested in the grave on the Sabbath), and resurrection (when Yahusha rose again, on the first of the week, much like the moon appears again as the FVC on the first day of the creation week, in the first week of the month) set us free from sin, and 1 John 3:4 defines sin as transgression of the law, including the laws of the New Moons, Sabbaths, and Feast days.

Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John 3:4

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How should a Sabbath keeper deal with those not convicted about honoring the Sabbath in light of Romans 14, Galatians, and Colossians?

A brother in Nigeria recently asked me this question about Romans 14:5-6. He also asked about a verse in Colossians and about Galatians, since many often use that book as well and twist the scriptures in it to say believers should not keep the law, or the Sabbath. He somehow found me while he was studying out the lunar Sabbath. After studying it out the last few weeks, he’s now convinced of the luni-solar Sabbath, and he’s preparing to introduce it to his lovely bride. Please pray for them.

Let’s take a look at the scriptures he was concerned most about, starting with Galatians 4:

You are observing special days and months and seasons and years! Galatians 4:10

So was Paul talking to gentiles who had forsaken their pagan ways and were now keeping the special day and months and appointed times and years commanded in the law? Was Paul rebuking them for observing the same appointed times that he, Moses, and Yahusha kept? If so, that sure would make Paul quite the pharisee hypocrite, one that Yahusha would have rebuked indeed! Thankfully, that’s not the case, Paul’s not a hypocrite, he wasn’t rebuking the gentiles for keeping the Sabbath he kept.

When examining various scriptures, it’s always important to remember to look at context and the intended audience. Also, it’s good to keep in mind who the writer is and what they’ve taught in the past, other scriptures they’ve contributed to the writings, as well as what they believed, what their own actions were. If Paul did not go around preaching Moses and Yahusha who taught people to obey the commandments, if he did not keep the Sabbath, New Moons, and Feast days, if he did not keep the Nazarite vow at one point in Acts 21, complete with the sacrifice of doves at the Temple, if there were not many, many, scriptures documenting his love for the law, his support of it, his exaltation of it, his obedience to it, I MIGHT believe Paul was teaching against the commandments, as many of the Jewish religious leaders of his time were falsely accusing him of, as they did also to Yahusha.

According to the surrounding statements we find around Galatians 4:10, Paul WAS indeed talking to a gentile audience (lost sheep/lost tribes of the house of Israel), and this audience had repented of their gentile ways and worship of foreign gods that were not the Aluhym of Israel, which they had been raised up in, they had forsaken the pagan feasts affiliated with all that idolatry, and had turned to His commandments and HIS appointed times. IF they hadn’t started observing YHUH’s New Moon days and 7th day Sabbath, they would not have known when to meet Paul and the other Jews and believers in the synagogues to hear Moses! Acts 15:21. Over and over we see in the NT that the gentiles are present in the assemblies and gathering in homes on the Sabbath. Paul was not rebuking them for gathering with him on the Sabbath to hear Moses.

According to the verses before and after Galatians 4:10, they were starting to slip back into their old gentile ways of observing the special times and calendars of the nations and gods they had repented of. Yet, they were still showing up on the Sabbath to hear Moses. Know anybody like that? We do. These people in Galatians 4 are starting to mix what is holy with what is profane. They are straddling the fence, and Paul is essentially doing like Elijah did here with the Baal worshipers, telling them to choose this day whom they will serve. 1 Kings 18:21. Who was Elijah rebuking? He was rebuking Israelites who were dabbling in worship of other gods and mixing, right? These Israelites were putting themselves under the CURSE of the law, rather than the BLESSING of the law, because they spoke of keeping the commandments and worshiping YHUH while at the same time committing idolatry. They were doing the same thing in the Galatian assembly, and Israel today is doing it as well. People who who falsely CLAIM the blood of Yahusha and His commandments are under the curse of the law when they don’t do what they preach, just like the hypocritical leaders in Elijah’s, Yahusha’s, and Paul’s times. Let’s take a look at Galatians 4:10 in context:

Formerly, when you did not know Aluhym, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods. But now that you know Aluhym—or rather are known by Aluhym—how is it that you are turning back to those weak and miserable forces? Do you wish to be enslaved by them all over again? You are observing special days and months and seasons and years! I fear for you, that somehow I have wasted my efforts on you. Galatians 4:8-11

Let’s start with verse 8. they once did not know YHUH because they were not Israelites who were brought up knowing Him and His commandments. They were brought up in the nations serving other gods and following in the ways of the nations and their gods.

Paul teaches us in other places of the New Testament that breaking the commandments is sin, and sin is bondage, and that Yahusha freed us from that bondage of sin, including the bondage of idolatry and worshipping of other gods. He freed us from the slavery and bondage of sin (breaking His commandments) and made us new creatures who are now willing and able to keep His commandments. We are now creatures who have no will to serve other gods. We are free from all that. We are now bond servants of YHUH, not slaves to foreign gods. He redeemed us from all that. Now we want to serve and obey Him by keeping His commandments, and His yoke is easy and His burden is light. It is not too much for us.

So verses 8 and 9 are telling us they were going back to all they had repented of, and it’s very likely these were special days and months and seasons and years the Jews may also have been doing and teaching these proselyte gentiles, or converts to Torah. Have you noticed the Jews today, the Jewish religious leaders, they claim to keep His commandments, but they do not? They claim to know when to begin the year, the month, they claim to know when the Sabbath is (of course they teach it is Saturday), etc…They teach false appointed times and lead Israel into all kinds of sin and idolatry as the prophets accused them of doing. There is nothing new under the sun, they’ve done this since Aaron and the golden calf when they declared a false appointed time to worship the Baal calf in the wilderness, which some lunar Sabbath keepers follow suit today and claim the day Aaron set up the calf was Pentecost, the same deed as Jeroboam who also set up golden calves and false appointed times in 1 Kings 12:32.

Am I saying the Jews in Paul’s time were trying to convince the Galatians to give up the Sabbath completely and keep the ways of the gentiles instead? No. I’m saying many of them likely mixed. They gathered on the lunar Sabbath to hear Moses, but that doesn’t mean they never celebrated gentile holidays like Christmas and Easter.

Look at how Jews today celebrate Purim, Hanukkah, and many other feasts that are not commanded by YHUH such as the holiday or New Year for trees, Tu BiShevat. The way these days are celebrated are very much like pagan feasts of the gods of the nations. I believe these are the KINDS of things Paul was rebuking, appointed times they observed that were not commanded by YHUH, that even the Jewish religious leaders may have led them into with their traditions of men, born out of mixing with the ways of the nations and how they serve their gods. These “feasts” may have started out with good intentions to celebrate what YHUH has done, but they’ve certainly been corrupted over the centuries. Now we have the Jewish people decorating Hanukkah bushes and mixing the customs of Christmas in with Hanukkah. Purim and other “festivals” like it are not just celebrated by the “devout”, but by even the “secular”, who party and celebrate it much like Halloween or Mardi Gras. I saw one article acknowledging Purim with a photo of a man dressed as a woman downing a keg and quoting scripture and praising “God” while he was doing it. Certainly all this is not how YHUH wants to be worshipped.

I point to the Jewish religious leaders as being the ones who are giving the Galatians these silly ideas to backslide into serving other gods and appointed times because of the rest of the context of Chapter 4 of Galatians, and the whole book of Galatians, where Paul is rebuking the idea of following after the Jews who are telling the gentiles they need to be physically circumcised in order to receive salvation, rather than faith in Messiah. He is rebuking the Judaizers who are teaching gentiles to follow them rather than Messiah and the apostles. He taught that Abraham, the first Hebrew, walked with YHUH for many years before YHUH asked him to be circumcised. YHUH does not expect proselytes or converts to the faith to don all of the commandments at once. Grace covers them/us as we/they learn. True conversion needs to happen before receiving the sign of the covenant, and if they are sliding back into their old ways, there was no true conversion, so they should not be donning the sign of the covenant.

Paul is warning the assembly at Galatians pretty sternly here in verse 10. He’s obviously pretty upset about their behavior about these “special days” they had turned from and were going back to. Why would he be so upset about it? These special days are probably associated with all the idolatry and paganism they came out of. They knew better. They knew it was idolatry. They were not innocent, ignorant Sunday keepers, as I once was, they had repented of their deeds and were now going back to it like a dog returns to its vomit. So what would Paul recommend if they don’t repent of this idolatry? I think he is referring to what should be done in the following verses, specifically, verse 30:

Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. Galatians 4:30

The bondwoman and her son (Hagar and Ishmael) are not the believing Israelite who believes in Yahusha and keeps the law as the church would like us to believe. They would like us to believe that Sarah is the freewoman who cast off the law altogether. No, Sarah is the freewoman who is free from sin, and sin is defined in scripture as breaking the law. She represents the woman at Mt. Sinai who loves the law and desires to stay in the marriage covenant willingly. The bondwoman and her son that need to be cast out are Hagar, the Egyptian, and her son, who were once in the family, who knew YHUH and His Torah, who experienced it, and ultimately decided to reject it all like Esau when faced wth the fact that they can’t serve 2 masters. Paul is comparing those who willingly keep the law in faith in Messiah to Sarah and her son Isaac, the promised seed. The freewoman and her son is the Hebrew and/or gentile who would believe YHUH and love Him and His law. I believe Paul is saying in verse 30 that those who do not repent of these “special” days which were causing division in the assembly and contaminating it with idolatry, that they would be cast out if they did not repent.

See Acts 15:19-21, gentiles start out with the minimum of avoiding idolatry, blood, things strangled, and sexual immorality, and the rest they will learn as they gather to hear Moses every Sabbath day. These are the minimum because these are issues that bring a death penalty if not obeyed, and these sins can contaminate the rest of the assembly. These are sins Paul said required new believers to be put out of the congregation for, such as the man who was guilty of sexual immorality with his father’s wife in 1 Corinthians 5. Paul said this was a sin that did not even exist among the gentiles. This was a burden that was put on the gentiles as well.

They had to recognize the Sabbath in order to know when to hear Moses. These minimum requirements reveal who has a circumcised heart among the gentiles, who has repented and turned to YHUH, they are found in the heart of the Torah, Leviticus 17-19:4.

Circumcision was needed to observe the Passover, to enter the Temple, but was not a salvation issue, for them – yet. Once a proselyte was compelled to keep the Passover, they would learn from Moses that in order to do so, they would need to be circumcised, and so that’s a heart issue, their decision when to take that next step. We can’t put that on them, that’s something YHUH does. Faith comes by hearing the word. If the conviction to do it is not there yet, they should not take the sign of the covenant yet. Conviction to do it must come first, it should not be forced upon them.

Let me address Colossians 2:16-17:

Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:

Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Messiah.

The New Moons, Sabbath days, and holy days, are all shadows of Messiah. They teach us about Him, His ways, and prepare us for His return. That is how they are a shadow of Him. They are also evidence that He exists, and that His word is true.

When we first started understanding we needed to acknowledge the New Moon and the Sabbath, when the conviction came, our Christian friends would quote these verses to us, thinking these verses are instructing us we shouldn’t be listening to a Messianic Rabbi sharing with us the blessings of honoring the Sabbath. (We don’t follow “rabbis” anymore, as Yahusha is our only rabbi, and we don’t dabble in Messianic Judaism anymore because it promotes traditions from Judaism that leads to rejection of Messiah. It’s leaven he told us to avoid.) Anyway, they understood it to be condemning anyone suggesting people should keep the Sabbaths, New Moons, and Feast days. That did not make any sense to us because Messiah and His disciples and Paul all kept them, and we know we are told in scripture to follow them, to follow their example, to walk as Yahusha walked, to be like Him, who was a Sabbath and Feast keeper.

Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Messiah. 1 Corinthians 11:1

Therefore I urge you to imitate me. 1 Corinthians 4:16

Join one another in following my example, brothers, and carefully observe those who live according to the pattern we set for you. Philippians 3:17

We were of the understanding that if Yahusha and His disciples gathered on the Sabbath with the believers to hear Moses, and they did, then that’s what we should do.

When we would share with them that the Sabbath is not on Sunday, and the pagan origins of holidays like Christmas and Easter, they would also quote Colossians 2:16, thinking that this verse is suggesting nobody should tell them not to keep Sunday or Christmas or Easter. That is SOO not the context of that verse. The intended audience of Colossians was not the Roman Catholic keeping Sunday. The audience of Colossians was Sabbath and Feast Keeping believers. The Gregorian calendar and the Catholic church didn’t even exist yet. Paul’s audience wasn’t the followers of the Pope, but followers of Moses and Yahusha. Paul’s audience was meeting on THE one and only Seventh Day Sabbath – the luni-solar Sabbath – to learn more about Moses:

Therefore it is my judgment that we do not trouble those who are turning to Aluhym from among the Gentiles, but that we write to them that they abstain from things contaminated by idols and from fornication and from what is strangled and from blood. For Moses from ancient generations has in every city those who preach him, since he is read in the synagogues every Sabbath.” Acts 15:19-21

We understand Acts 15:19-21 and all of Acts to be saying that physical circumcision is not required for the gentile who is repenting to be able to come hear Moses read on the Sabbath, to learn more about how to keep His commandments. While an uncircumcised male cannot enter the Temple, they can congregate with the Jews in the synagogues in the cities to have fellowship and hear Moses. People who have turned away from idolatry, fornication, blood, and things strangled are not going to contaminate the rest of the dough with leaven. They are clean enough to have fellowship with the Jews and be grafted into Israel. They are proselytes, aka, converts. They have proven they have circumcised hearts by turning away from sins requiring death mentioned in the heart of the Torah found in Lev 17-19:4.

All that said, it is saying not to let anyone who does not keep the Feast days, New Moons, or Sabbaths, to condemn you for keeping them. A believer who condemns you apparently hasn’t received the conviction yet. Just be a light to them in walking out the commandments and maybe they will someday join you. In the meantime, don’t mix with them. Don’t keep the Sabbath and then go with them to church on Sunday. That’s not being a light, that’s mixing light with darkness and that example will not convince them to change. It will be counter-productive.

Most Christians will agree we should keep the 10 commandments, but what about the 4th one? In their mind, they can divorce their spouse for committing adultery, or judge someone for murder or abortion or stealing, but don’t ever judge them for not keeping the Sabbath!!! If that’s not hypocrisy, I don’t know what is!

I remember my Pentecostal pastor, around the time we were starting to learn what the Torah was, he told the church not to vote for someone who does not at least keep the 10 commandments. This was just before the November 2008 election when Obama was elected the first time. I don’t know if that pastor was intending to tell us not to vote, because as far as we knew, none of the candidates kept the Sabbath, the 4th commandment, neither did our church pastor. If Yahusha were here today, I’m certain he’d condemn that as Pharisee type hypocrisy. You can’t condemn someone for not keeping the 10 commandments when you aren’t keeping them all either. We have to remove the log from our own eye before we can help our brother with his splinter. Let’s keep the Sabbath as an example for our brother, so they can see the light of Yahusha in us.

Here’s the last scripture my brother in Nigeria asked me to explain:

One person regards one day above another, another regards every day alike. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind. He who observes the day, observes it for the Master, and he who eats, does so for the Master, for he gives thanks to Aluhym; and he who eats not, for the Master he does not eat, and gives thanks to Aluhym. Romans 14:5-6

When I first came to be a believer, I behaved worse than an unbeliever, I continued in my sin and ignored the Savior’s words. He told me not to be unequally yoked and I acted like He didn’t know what He was talking about. I thought I could save unbelievers by yoking myself in relationships and friendships with them, which meant participating in their evil deeds. He told me to avoid fornication, and I thought I could fornicate in an attempt to bring about a holy union someday. I was confessing belief in Him, yet, I did not believe His words. Did I really believe Him as I claimed? I judged murderers and adulterers when I myself was breaking laws that Acts 15:19-21 says are burdens that should be placed on even the gentiles. I felt guilty for those sins, but I kept doing it hoping it would all just work out the way I planned. I was under condemnation for this sin, because I had a conviction that it was wrong, but I ignored the holy spirit, and continued to lie to myself. YHUH was gracious, He gave me more time to repent. He didn’t have to, I deserved to die, but He knew He was going to cause things to happen that would bring about a change of heart.

There was a moment the switch flipped, when I hit my personal rock bottom, and I was able to see how disgusting I was, how I needed His blood more than ever. I saw how my sin had gotten me into a very sticky web and I was about to be devoured if I didn’t do something different than I had been doing. At that moment, I turned away from fornication. I was now no longer under condemnation for this sin, because I chose not to continue in it.

Avoiding idolatry was not put on my heart yet, maybe because I did not yet understand how I was participating in it. I had no idea of the origins of Christmas and Easter and Sunday, and their links to paganism that has led believers into idolatry. People who were anti-Bible, anti-Messiah, had tried to tell me that it was not biblical, and that it was hypocrisy to celebrate these things, that it was idolatry, yet, I thought they were just telling me that because they wanted me to reject the Bible and Messiah. I thought to turn away from Sunday and Easter and Christmas was to reject His birth and resurrection, because I truly believed the Bible taught He was born and resurrected on these days. I genuinely THOUGHT I was following my Savior, when I was actually following the doctrines of my pastor, my church, my family, and the “secular” world. It never dawned on me that He did not command Easter or Christmas or change the Sabbath laws, as I was taught. I would dismiss it and rebuke any temptation to look it up and see if what the unbelievers were saying was true about the origins of these celebrations being from paganism. It took another believer, a relative I knew had good intentions, coming along later telling me why there was nothing holy about these “holi” days before I would even consider that it might be wrong to observe them. In our hearts and minds, we were observing these days for YHUH. He knows that. We had no idea He hated it, though. Once we became aware that He hated it, we turned from it.

I was totally blind to all the idol worship in our culture, in this world. I don’t think we were yet under condemnation for this sin, as we were totally ignorant about it, we were blinded. We were deceived. A few years later, however, YHUH started using several people to start speaking to us about how elevating these days is wrong, and how these do have pagan origins and how their customs involve idolatry. Once we had knowledge of this, we were responsible to turn away from it. If we chose to remain in it knowing it was idolatry, THEN we’d be in condemnation for it, but up to that point, we’d kept Sunday, Christmas, and Easter, totally believing we were doing it for Yahusha. Once we were informed of the error in those Christian traditions, we turned instead to days that we were told were more biblical, days Judaism promoted, only to discover 5 years later that they were not commanded in the law, either. We kept Saturday and days like Thanksgiving, New Year’s, etc…thinking it was all for Yahusha, until revelation came that these were not days to elevate at all. If I were to observe these days, the way the ignorant gentiles do, knowing what I know now, it would be a sin to me. For new believers in Messiah, YHUH gives them time to learn about the errors in their ways before requiring them to repent. I’m not saying it’s okay for people to ignore the Spirit as I once did, and quote scriptures and make excuses to buy them time about how “we are all sinners” and “we are all still learning”. Yes, we are all learning, but once one knows what’s wrong, they need to stay away from it, to do otherwise would be to be worse than an unbeliever.

At the same time, we have to keep in mind that not every seed we plant is received, and not necessarily because the ground/heart is not good, and not that it’s stony ground determined to reject good seed, but because the ground has not been cultivated enough yet for it to be able to receive the seed. We have to remember the enemy weaves quite the web of deception, layers and layers, and it may take some time to get those roots out. Give scripture time to renew the mind.

When we try to share with people, keep in mind that the enemy will try to keep that person in deception and may actually twist scripture to convince them they should not give you an ear. They may actually cling to their traditions believing that’s what Messiah would want them to do. The enemy will try to convince you to avoid the topic with them in the future. Bring it up again when you have the opportunity, but don’t sow the seed without first cultivating the soil. That means you may have to educate them and explain with scripture, as faith comes by hearing the word of YHUH, not history books and opinions of men.

However, if they hold an offense against you, no matter how many times you apologize, no matter how many ways you show them you regret something you did in the past, they will probably remain convinced you are a wolf who is out to get them and won’t be the least bit interested in ANYTHING you have to say. If they ask questions, answer, if they don’t, test the waters, if they just come at you trying to educate you in a judgmental fashion, refusing to answer your questions, refusing to give witnesses from scripture without twisting them or contradicting other scriptures, use the sword, the word, against them to defend your faith, because that’s not the heart of a teacher, that’s a deceiver. A true disciple of Yahusha will take the time to provide scriptures and will attempt to reason and explain the scriptures in such a way that they will come into agreement and not require you to throw out or ignore any scriptures. They will ask you questions trying to understand why you believe what you believe, so that if they perceive an area where there is misunderstanding, they can provide you with scriptures to realign your faith with what is written.

Remember, there is safety in many counselors, and each doctrine in scripture is supported with other scriptures. Every time someone asks you to throw out a scripture, or a whole book, they are asking you to build a house with less stability. To accept one testimony from a witness and ignore another is not sound. Either the witness is believable or not. Either throw it all out or cling to all of it. Either the writer of the book or scroll deserves to die for blasphemy or they are a true prophet. It can’t be both.

The fact is, we don’t know the motives of others. Only YHUH knows their hearts. He knows if they truly believe they aren’t supposed to keep a Sabbath, or if they truly believe Saturday is the Sabbath, or if they truly believe Sunday is the day they should rest. I once, as a believer trying to obey Him, believed Sunday was the most important day of the week and began to turn down invitations to lunch after church not wanting to pay people to serve me on that day, and I once, as a believer, trying to obey Him, kept Saturday believing that was His Sabbath day. I can’t judge anyone, or condemn anyone, for doing what they believe to be right. I can, however, educate those who’s ears YHUH is opening. I can share scriptures with them to show them how we’ve been deceived, so that their convictions can change as YHUH leads them through His word and with His Spirit, into all truth. Does that mean I can go to church with them on Sunday and encourage the preacher to keep preaching when he’s lying to them? No. We do what YHUH has revealed to us (observe the Sabbath rather than other days and come out of Babylon) and wait for YHUH to bring people to us or send us to people who are either ready to repent or ready to receive a witness against them FROM YHUH, meaning we will share the scriptures about it with them and YHUH will deal with them, not us, and HE determines how long they have to repent, not us.

It may take time for your spouse, family member, or friend to come around, but be a light by walking out your own convictions and being blameless in their sight. Explain to them how the scriptures never contradict, that the scriptures won’t say the moon is for appointed times, and the Sabbath not be included in that rule, and explain that YHUH would not forget to leave us a scripture to inform us that there was an exception to that rule if there was one. Give them time to consider all the scriptures and remember that some people take longer to be convinced and convicted of certain things than other people. I’ve seen some people reject it only to be rebuked by YHUH later and repent and keep the lunar Sabbath. Don’t FORCE them to keep the lunar Sabbath if they are convicted they must keep another day, not even your wife, because Roman’s says:

But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin. Romans 14:23

Of course, for the Jews in the Old Testament, in the land, after they were taught the law by YHUH in the wilderness, they had to force everyone to keep the Sabbath. If we tried to keep that today, we’d all have to stone ourselves, because we’ve all broken the commandment, because none of us were raised up in the lunar Sabbath. That was true for the gentile of Paul’s time as well. There was more grace for them because they needed time to learn the law. YHUH does not expect them/us to understand and do all of the law overnight, or else He would have put physical circumcision on Abraham before He accepted him, before He called him out of the land of the Chaldeans, and out of his father’s house, to the land.

Because we love our friends and family so much, it can very tempting to rush people into accepting our own convictions on the Sabbath. We know time is coming to a close and we care about their salvation, but at the same time we have to be patient and have the peace to know that YHUH will not allow a single kernel of grain fall to the ground from His hand. If they are chosen by Him to receive the revelation of the luni-solar Sabbath, He will finish the work He has started in them when He gave them the conviction to keep the Sabbath. I confess that I’ve not been patient with some people in this area in the past. I can be patient with people on the other side of the world I’ve never met but I know I have offended some of the people I’ve loved the most over this issue. In some cases it was an offense that’s prevented me from having any weight in biblical conversations with them, so learn from my mistakes.

Remember that Paul tells the Gentiles in 1 Corinthians 7 not to leave an unbelieving spouse, that you don’t know whether they will be saved. It also says an unbelieving spouse and your children are made holy by the believing spouse. If that’s true of an unbelieving spouse, how much more it would be true for a believing spouse who has only been deceived about which day the Sabbath is?!

I think you can probably understand how this same principle would apply to what people do or do not eat or drink. We do know for sure that Acts 15:19-21 is clear that even the gentiles are to be burdened with abstaining from blood, so let’s be clear there’s no question in these verses about that! It’s speaking of food and drink – not blood! Even the gentiles are expected to know that blood is not acceptable food or drink! The reason why is that drinking blood is a practice of satan worshipers and pagan worship. YHUH says not to consume it because life is in the blood. Satan worshippers deliberately disobey this command due to their belief that consuming blood of people or animals gives them power, but not only that, Satan worshippers LOVE to disobey even the most important of His commandments, commandments about life and death.

Here are some other things Paul said earlier in the letter to the Romans that really drives it home that Paul was not saying we can ignore the law, but that it’s better for the gentile who is ignorant of the law at first, who is careful not to transgress their own conscience concerning what they DO know, than the Jew who knows the law, and then breaks it. He’s also addressing how we can’t keep the law without Messiah, and how faith in Messiah causes us to stop sinning, which means to stop breaking His commandments:

Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? Great in every respect. Romans 3:1 

Do we then make void the law through faith? Aluhym forbid: yea, we establish the law. Romans 3:31

My NLT words Romans 3:31 in a simpler way: Well then, if we emphasize faith, does this mean that we can forget about the law? Of course not! In fact, only when we have faith do we truly fulfill the law.

…Well, we have been saying that Abraham was counted as righteous by Aluhym because of his faith. But how did this happen? Was he counted as righteous only after he was circumcised, or was it before he was circumcised? Clearly, Aluhym accepted Abraham before he was circumcised! Circumcision was a sign that Abraham already had faith and that Aluhym had already accepted him and declared him to be righteous—even before he was circumcised. So Abraham is the spiritual father of those who have faith but have not been circumcised. They are counted as righteous because of their faith. And Abraham is also the spiritual father of those who have been circumcised, but only if they have the same kind of faith Abraham had before he was circumcised. Romans 4:9-12

Scripture says that the Sabbath is a sign for Israel that they are in covenant with Him:

Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days YHUH made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested, and was refreshed. Exodus 31:16-17

Just as circumcision was a physical sign that they were in covenant with Him, just as we receive faith first, like Abraham, just as physical circumcision is a sign that came on Abraham LATER as a sign of the faith he had ALREADY received YEARS beforehand, so also the Sabbath is a sign that comes on us at some point, after receiving faith, sometimes many years later. You and I were in covenant with YHUH and accepted by Him long before we accepted this SIGN of His covenant – the Sabbath, because we were ignorant and YHUH had not yet revealed it to us. He may decide to keep them blinded even after you explain it to them. Remember, patience is a fruit of the Spirit, be patient for Him to reveal it to them.

I’ve learned and been reminded of much as I reread Colossians, Galatians, and Romans. in preparing to give an answer…It very much helps to read it all through to get the full testimony of what’s being said…

Shalom in Messiah Yahusha, Lyndsey Sanchez

When Do We Observe the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur?

Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto YHUH. Leviticus 23:27

And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before YHUH your Aluhym. Leviticus 23:28

For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. Leviticus 23:29

And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. Leviticus 23:30

Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. Leviticus 23:31

It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. Leviticus 23:32

Leviticus 23:27 tells us we shall celebrate Yom Kippur on the 10th of the 7th month, verse 28 says it is a DAY of atonement. What is this Sabbath called? The DAY of Atonement, or YOM Kippur. I must make sure to note that the word, yom, IS in the Hebrew for the name of this Sabbath in the text, in verse 28, when He calls it a DAY of atonement for us. So the DAY of Atonement is kept on the 10th DAY of the 7th month, but we are to begin this Sabbath of rest and afflicting our souls on the evening before, on the 9th, according to verse 32.

Why did I stress that the name of this appointed time is the DAY of Atonement? We need to determine which date we keep the Sabbath during the DAY, or daylight portion of this appointed time. This is important to understand, because some assert that one should start fasting on the afternoon of the 9th day of the 7th month, because in Biblical thought, there are 2 evenings found in scripture, one that begins after solar noon, when the sun begins to descend, and lasts until what we call evening, after the setting of the sun, which is the 2nd evening. So in regards to Passover, scripture instructs us to slaughter the lamb BETWEEN the evenings. So some are confused with the references to evening in scripture, and think that maybe when YHUH says “evening” in regards to the Day of Atonement, that maybe He means we should begin fasting after solar noon, at the 1st evening, or beginning of the afternoon, on the 9th, instead of at the end of the afternoon period, or at the 2nd evening on the 9th. There’s only one DAY of Atonement, and that’s found and kept on the 10th day of the month, not the 9th.

While the sun is up, that is day. The day is made up of morning and evening, and evening is what we call afternoon. It can also include the twilight period between sunset and night (twilight). Context is needed to determine what part of the evening scripture is referring to for different references to evening.

Sacrifices were always slaughtered and offered to YHUH during the day, not at night. The Yom Kippur offerings mentioned in Leviticus 16 and Numbers 29:7-11 were offered during the day, on the Day of Atonement, on the 10th day of the 7th month, not on the 9th.

We also do not observe Yom Kippur on the Seventh Day Sabbath. By that, I mean that the Gregorian week does not work with Yom Kippur or the luni-solar calendar. The luni-solar Sabbath, found by counting sevens from the New Moon each month, NEVER lands on Yom Kippur. Yom Kippur never falls on the Seventh Day Sabbath. The Sabbaths are on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th days of the month every month, so Yom Kippur always occurs on the 2nd day of the week.

So what scriptural grounds do I have for claiming that Yom Kippur can never fall on the Seventh Day of the week? Well, we read in Leviticus 23 that this is a time for afflicting ourselves. We are never supposed to afflict ourselves on the Seventh Day Sabbath. We are never supposed to fast that day. That is a day of feasting. There was always bread made for and before the Seventh Day Sabbath. It’s a time to rejoice and eat and be satisfied:

6. And behold the commandment regarding the Sabbaths–I have written (them) down for thee and all the judgments of its laws. 7. Six days wilt thou labour, but on the seventh day is the Sabbath of YHUH your Aluhym. In it ye shall do no manner of work, ye and your sons, and your men-servants and your maid-servants, and all your cattle and the sojourner also who is with you. 8. And the man that doeth any work on it shall die: whoever desecrateth that day, whoever lieth with (his) wife or whoever saith he will do something on it, that he will set out on a journey thereon in regard to any buying or selling: and whoever draweth water thereon which he had not prepared for himself on the sixth day, and whoever taketh up any burden to carry it out of his tent or out of his house shall die. 9. Ye shall do no work whatever on the Sabbath day save that ye have prepared for yourselves on the sixth day, so as to eat, and drink, and rest, and keep Sabbath from all work on that day, and to bless YHUH your Aluhym, who has given you a day of festival, and a holy day: and a day of the holy kingdom for all Israel is this day among their days for ever. 10. For great is the honour which YHUH hath given to Israel that they should eat and drink and be satisfied on this festival day, and rest thereon from all labour which belongeth to the labour of the children of men, save burning frankincense and bringing oblations and sacrifices before HaAdon for days and for Sabbaths. 11. This work alone shall be done on the Sabbath-days in the sanctuary of HaAdon your Aluhym; that they may atone for Israel with sacrifice continually from day to day for a memorial well-pleasing before YHUH, and that He may receive them always from day to day according as thou hast been commanded. 12. And every man who doeth any work thereon, or goeth a journey, or tilleth (his) farm, whether in his house or any other place, and whoever lighteth a fire, or rideth on any beast, or travelleth by ship on the sea, and whoever striketh or killeth anything, or slaughtereth a beast or a bird, or whoever catcheth an animal or a bird or a fish, or whoever fasteth or maketh war on the Sabbaths: 13. The man who doeth any of these things on the Sabbath shall die, so that the children of Israel shall observe the Sabbaths according to the commandments regarding the Sabbaths of the land, as it is written in the tables, which He gave into my hands that I should write out for thee the laws of the seasons, and the seasons according to the division of their days. Jubilees 50:6-13

I am quoting Jubilees from this website:

So the Book of Jubilees (which is not Jewish commentary, not simply man’s account of history, but rather does claim to be “thus saith YHUH”, written by the messengers of YHUH, containing prophecies that have come to pass and prophecies of Messiah Yahusha that uphold the law of Moses) stated in verses 12-13 above that any man who fasts on the Seventh Day Sabbath shall die. Yet, Leviticus 23 stated that any man who does not afflict himself on Yom Kippur shall be cut off from among his people.

For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. Leviticus 23:29

So what is a Saturday worshipper to do if the 10th lands on a Saturday? If you fast on the Seventh Day, according to Jubilees, you will be cut off, and if you don’t fast for Yom Kippur, according to Leviticus 23, you will die. That’s quite a conundrum for those who are observing Saturday in the place of the luni-solar Seventh Day Sabbath! No worries for them I guess, because they’re assured by the false shepherds and rabbis that the Book of Jubilees is not authoritative, not scripture, and can be ignored, assuring them that Yom Kippur CAN land on the Seventh Day Sabbath, despite what the Book of Jubilees states. For the luni-solar Sabbath keeper, however, there is no conflict, because the 10th day of the 7th month will never fall on a lunar Sabbath. I believe the answer for the Saturday worshipper is to repent of Saturday and the teachings of the rabbis and false shepherds that go along with it.

Yom Kippur is not the sole annual appointed time that conflicts with the Gregorian week. The New Moons, Shabuot, the wave sheaf, the 10th day of the 1st month, all of these have commandments assigned to them that conflict with the Gregorian week, and this conflict is not found when one observes the luni-solar week, according to the scriptures.

There’s also the question of which month is the correct month to observe the 7th month and Yom Kippur. There is no end to the argument about when to begin the year, and this decision can have a serious consequence for those who want to observe the appointed times in the right season. So how does one determine which month this is, so that Yom Kippur is indeed observed in the 7th month? I’ve found some clues in Genesis 1:14:

And Aluhum said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years..

Did you catch that? The lights in the heavens are for signs, and for seasons (appointed times), and for days, and for YEARS. So when do we begin the year? According to the signs in the lights in the heavens! So which light signals are we looking for to tell us when the first month is? I found more on that in 1 Enoch, Chapter 71:

6.First proceeds forth that great luminary, which is called the sun; the orb of which is as the orb of heaven, the whole of it being replete with splendid and flaming fire.

7. Its chariot, where it ascends, the wind blows.

8. The sun sets in heaven, and, returning by the north, to proceed towards the east, is conducted so as to enter by that gate, and illuminate the face of heaven.

9. In the same manner it goes forth in the first month by a great gate.

10. It goes forth through the fourth of those six gates, which are at the rising of the sun.

11. And in the fourth gate, through which the sun with the moon proceeds, in the first part of it, there are twelve open windows; from which issues out a flame, when they are opened at their proper periods.

12. When the sun rises in heaven, it goes forth through this fourth gate thirty days, and by the fourth gate in the west of heaven on a level with it descends.

13. During that period the day is lengthened from the day, and the night curtailed from the night for thirty days. And then the day is longer by two parts than the night.

14. The day is precisely ten parts, and the night is eight.

15. The sun goes forth through this fourth gate, and sets in it…Enoch 71:6-15

I’m quoting this from Enoch from this website: It’s the Ethiopic version.

So DURING the first month, we find a period of time in which the day is lengthened and the night shortened, so that the day now becomes longer than the night. That, to me, sounds like the period of time immediately following equal day and night. Please contact me if you don’t know when this occurs, but you can look it up on sites like, to see when the day is 12 hours, and the night is 12 hours, making them equal. I don’t go by equinox, or March 21st, as that’s not actual, it’s an average. Look up equal day and night for your location. I’ve found in the Northern Hemisphere those dates are March 16-18 these days. We have come to beginning the year the New Moon BEFORE equal day/night, so that the day becomes longer than the night DURING the first month, as Enoch 71:9-13 describes.

I could be interpreting Enoch 71 incorrectly, but I’m convinced the key to understanding the beginning, middle, and end of a year are found in Enoch 71, so here’s where we should all start to dialogue, not with Philo, the Talmud, or the Jewish Encyclopedia. I’m open to discussing scriptures like Enoch and the Bible with anyone, but please, don’t come to the table supporting your beliefs on something other than scripture. I’m not interested in what your rabbi or professor thinks. I’d like to hear what SCRIPTURES YOU have to support YOUR faith. Our faith, our “whys”, can’t be based on traditions of men, we must stick to 2-3 witnesses from scripture to explain to others why we do and believe what we do, because that’s what scripture says, and that’s what really convinces believers who hear the witnesses and test and judge with righteousness. Yes, I do consider Enoch to be Scripture.


I thought this information would be helpful for those who are or who know someone who is stuck in this Gregorian week rut, and trying to figure out what they need to repent of this Yom Kippur, or those following the Karaite barley reports, or the Hillel II calendar, rather than the scriptures, regarding the beginning of the year…I understand the month is called “abib” for a reason, and I believe that if we use the lights in the heavens to begin the year as the Bible, Jubilees, and Enoch teach, the barley will become ready for the sheaf DURING the month, when it is supposed to, NOT BEFORE it. I know, it takes faith to believe it will be ready at the appointed time. We could all use a little more faith. There is no scripture stating that we need to have the barley sheaf ready for the harvest in order to begin the year, IF YHUH intended that to be the case, I believe He would require us to wave the sheaf BEFORE the year begins, or on the 1st of the month, not DURING the first month. Think about it.

…Please don’t believe the lies of those who make false claims about the apocryphal books, some of which are even quoted and mentioned in the Bible itself. Read them for yourselves. If you believe them to teach a solar-only calendar, or that they contradict the Bible, please hear all the witnesses and start a conversation and ask someone who sees it differently and consider that you might be missing something, that you might be giving ear to slander against YHUH’s prophets, that you might be guilty of blasphemy, before you be guilty of making a false judgement about these scrolls, and the word of YHUH written in them. Don’t ask an unbeliever about these books, no matter what their “expertise”, as they are sure to give a false report. These are things to repent of this Yom Kippur…

In Yahusha’s love, Lyndsey Sanchez

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Offerings for New Moons, Yom Teruah, and Other Appointed Times

I’ve been asked, and we all often wonder, what kind of offering can I give to YHUH? Someone just asked me about this in light of the fact that we are on the brink of Yom Teruah and the other feasts of the 7th month. Offerings are something always on my heart, but something I’ve gone back and forth on over the years, as far as what is acceptable or not. We know for sure that obedience to YHUH is one way we can give an acceptable offering to Him, to make our lives a living sacrifice. He said obedience is better than sacrifice.

“Does YHUH delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obeying YHUH? To obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed is better than the fat of rams. 1 Samuel 15:22 

To do righteousness and justice Is desired by YHUH more than sacrifice. Proverbs 21:3

Guard your steps as you go to the house of Aluhym and draw near to listen rather than to offer the sacrifice of fools; for they do not know they are doing evil. Ecclesiastes 5:1

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of Aluhym, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto Aluhym, [which is] your reasonable service. Romans 12:1

So above all, that’s our priority, to hear and obey Him. That’s a very pleasing aroma to Him. To disobey is like a stench in His nostrils. Remember Cain and Abel? Abel’s sacrifice was accepted because he gave the best of His flock, he held nothing back, it was a matter of obedience and the condition of his heart. Cain did not obey, he did not give the best of the fruit of the ground. YHUH confronted Cain about this, saying he and his offering would be accepted if he repented from his sin and the condition of his heart. YHUH warned him that sin was crouching at the door. Cain ignored YHUH, he chose to continue in his disobedience, and like YHUH warned him, Cain allowed his jealousy of his brother to cause him to murder Abel. Abel’s obedience was better than Cain’s sacrifice.

“Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices—mint, dill and cumin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the law—justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former. You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel.” Matthew 23:23-24

He who turns away his ear from listening to the law, Even his prayer is an abomination. Proverbs 28:9

We know that Aluhym does not listen to sinners, but He does listen to the one who worships Him and does His will. John 9:31

The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to YHUH, But the prayer of the upright is His delight. Proverbs 15:8

For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of Aluhym more than burnt offerings. Hosea 6:6

By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to Aluhym continually, that is, the fruit of [our] lips giving thanks to his name. Hebrews 13:15

Speaking of prayers, in addition to obedience, we see in the verses above that YHUH likens our prayers and praise to sacrifice and offerings. His word does not teach us that He doesn’t want sacrifices or bulls or goats or rams, but that He wants us to pay attention to His instructions first and be careful to obey them. This is better than the blood of bulls and goats. Yahusha’s blood is sufficient for us, but we should have the desire to offer over and above what He requires of us, because we love Him, because of what He’s done for us. If we do not have the desire to obey His commandments, we must wonder if we are trampling on His blood, which was intended to remove our sin, by giving us a will to obey, rather than transgress the law, since sin is the transgression of the law.

Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John 3:4

“…For rebellion is as the sin of divination, And insubordination is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of YHUH, He has also rejected you from being king.” Then Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned; I have indeed transgressed the command of YHUH and your words, because I feared the people and listened to their voices…” I Samuel 15:23-24

So then, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do likewise will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:19

No one who remains in Him keeps on sinning. No one who continues to sin has seen Him or known Him. 1 John 3:6

It’s been on my heart for many years to offer a lamb or bull, and I believe we are under the Melchizedek priesthood, as Abraham was, and offered burnt offerings, but other than in the camp in the wilderness, I don’t recall the Israelites ever offering on an earthen altar outside the land. (Passover was a different animal, it’s something they did MORE THAN ONCE outside the land, which many people don’t realize – see Exodus 12 and Numbers 9:1-5, so we should too, and it’s not really an offering, but a picture of how Yahusha was the offering for our sins.) Abraham and Jacob sometimes went to Egypt or Padan Aram, but it seems like they always waited to give offerings once YHUH brought them back to the Promised Land. So I hesitate to give a burnt offering right now in exile, as I feel I have more understanding to gain concerning this. I do see that it appears there will be animal sacrifices and offerings in the future, though it won’t play out the way teachers of Judaism or Christianity have taught us it will:

Every pot in Jerusalem and Judah will be holy to YHUH Almighty, and all who come to sacrifice will take some of the pots and cook in them. And on that day there will no longer be a Canaanite in the house of YHUH Almighty. Zechariah 14:21

Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house, and ministering to the house: they shall slay the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before them to minister unto them. Ezekiel 44:11

But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith Adani YHUH. Ezekiel 44:15

YHUH gives specific instructions about who can give offerings, what kind, when, where, how, etc…so, if we are not careful to observe His instructions (not rabbinical or Christian interpretations) about how and when to keep the Sabbath, or what meat to eat and how to kill it, drain the blood, and cover it, for example, then it’s not likely we will be careful to obey Him regarding the offering of sacrifices. We don’t want to offer him a swine, we don’t want to be like Aaron’s sons who were burned up for presenting an unacceptable fire. So we can be sure that prayers are acceptable in the place of sacrifice, AS LONG AS WE ARE IN OBEDIENCE, and not turning a deaf ear to His law as we once did, otherwise our prayers can actually be a sin or abomination. Also notice that just listening to His law, getting knowledge of what is acceptable to Him, shows we want to do what pleases Him. Those who are not interested in pleasing Him won’t listen to Him when He calls them to hear and obey His law.

But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices Aluhym is well pleased. Hebrews 13:16

As far as offerings for Yom Teruah and how we should celebrate it, I understand it to be called the Day of Blowing. I looked up the Hebrew word Teruah, Strong’s H8643, spelled tau, resh, uau, ayin, hey, in Lev 23:24:

Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

Here’s what scripture indicates that means:

alarm, signal, sound of tempest, shout, shout or blast of war or alarm or joy

  1. alarm of war, war-cry, battle-cry
  2. blast (for march)
  3. shout of joy (with religious impulse)
  4. shout of joy (in general)

And that comes from the root word, rua, spelled resh, uau, ayin, which means:

shout (11x), shouting (8x), alarm (6x), sound (3x), blowing (2x), joy (2x),

The word, trumpets, is actually not present in Lev 23:24. The word trumpets is added here, but for good reason, as there are other verses that instruct blowing trumpets on the New Moons, etc…

Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your Aluhym: I am YHUH your Aluhym. Numbers 29:1

YHUH said to Moses:  “Make two trumpets of hammered silver, and use them for calling the community together and for having the camps set out. When both are sounded, the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the tent of meeting. If only one is sounded, the leaders—the heads of the clans of Israel—are to assemble before you. When a trumpet blast is sounded, the tribes camping on the east are to set out. At the sounding of a second blast, the camps on the south are to set out. The blast will be the signal for setting out. To gather the assembly, blow the trumpets, but not with the signal for setting out. “The sons of Aaron, the priests, are to blow the trumpets. This is to be a lasting ordinance for you and the generations to come. When you go into battle in your own land against an enemy who is oppressing you, sound a blast on the trumpets. Then you will be remembered by YHUH your Aluhym and rescued from your enemies. Also at your times of rejoicing—your appointed festivals and New Moon feasts—you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, and they will be a memorial for you before your Aluhym. I am YHUH your Aluhym.” Numbers 10:1-10

According to Numbers 10:2, these were 2 silver trumpets blown on the New Moons, made of pure silver, in one piece. We don’t have these 2 silver trumpets, so our family can’t fulfill this command this year, but we can do what we are able, and so we can shout, we can sound an alarm, we can make noise with pots and pans, we can clap. A ram’s horn is perfectly acceptable to blow on this day, or a regular trumpet, but these do not replace the 2 silver trumpets. What’s most important to us is that we listen to hear from Him what we need to do to please Him and then do it. So I pray that in the future we will find a way to obtain 2 silver trumpets to fulfill this, at the same time, those 2 silver trumpets are to be blown over offerings. Definitely something to continue to study and pray about.

Another aspect of Yom Teruah, though, is that it is to be a Sabbath and a miqra kodesh, or holy convocation, or set apart gathering. So we are to rest that day, and treat it as a Sabbath, even a high, special Sabbath. So we observe 2 Sabbaths in a row at Yom Teruah when there is no 30th day in the 6th month. Some lunar Sabbath keepers claim there is never a case of 2 Sabbaths in a row on the luni-solar calendar, as I think I may have once ignorantly thought, but that’s obviously not the case. It’s absolutely amazing and beautiful how the luni-solar calendar works, but we must be careful to not make false claims about it.

I want to call special attention to that word, miqra, Strong’s H4744, as there is more to it than meets the eye. It’s spelled mem, kof, resh, aleph, and it can mean:

convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together

  1. convocation, sacred assembly
  2. convoking
  3. reading

It comes from the word, qara, spelled, kaf, resh, aleph, Strong’s H7121, which can mean:

to call, call out, recite, read, cry out, proclaim

  1. (Qal)
    1. to call, cry, utter a loud sound

    2. to call unto, cry (for help), call (with name of God)

    3. to proclaim

    4. to read aloud, read (to oneself), read

    5. to summon, invite, call for, call and commission, appoint, call and endow

    6. to call, name, give name to, call by

  2. (Niphal)
    1. to call oneself

    2. to be called, be proclaimed, be read aloud, be summoned, be named

  3. (Pual) to be called, be named, be called out, be chosen

So for this reason, just like on the weekly Sabbath, which is also a miqra kodesh, I believe we are called out of Babylon, called together as a kadosh assembly to read, proclaim, cry out, declare His name, His appointed times, His ways, etc…and we are to guard and keep this day kadosh, holy, set-apart…so we do. We are not to allow falsehood or anything profane into the assembly, into our dwellings, into our bodies, minds, or hearts, at the times YHUH appointed to meet with Him. We cannot tolerate sin on His appointed times. We are to create and maintain a kadosh environment so He can meet with us. Guarding His appointed times, His Sabbaths, and keeping them kadosh, is an offering like that which Pinchas/Phineas offered, which results in blessings…

In Yahusha’s love,

Lyndsey Sanchez

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The Sign of Jonah & 3 Days & 3 Nights

…And How that Works with the Lunar Sabbath

 This is another issue that is so easy and simple, but we get too technical and intellectual and complicate it beyond comprehension.

Anti-missionaries and my once Messiah believing friends, who were converted to being unbelievers by Judaism doctrines, tried to use the sign of Jonah to convince me that the New Testament could not be trusted. They reasoned that these timeframes given by Yahusha contradicted each other, that if these were inspired, if He was prophesying words of YHUH, His words would not contradict. To them, “after 3 days”, and “on the 3rd day” were contradicting statements, and I could also acknowledge that they did appear to contradict, or mean different things, but as I increase in faith and remember that His ways are not my ways, He teaches me through His word what HE means when He says 3 days and 3 nights, how that’s the same as on the 3rd day, and after 3 days. We use the scriptures to interpret scripture. It doesn’t jive with our mindset of time, but we must let scripture renew our minds so that we may understand the mind of YHUH and His time.

What the critics of the New Testament do not factor in is that the Old Testament also does not always quote Torah word for word. For instance, Lev 23 mentions counting 7 Sabbaths after waving the sheaf to count to Shabuot. It also mentions 50 days. Exodus 23 and Deut 16, however, when giving the instructions for the count, don’t mention the 50 days, but they do mention the seven Sabbaths. I believe it’s because it’s not necessary to mention repetitively that 7×7=49+1=50, and also because those who love to live a lie will not enter into His rest, meaning, they won’t find His Pentecost Sabbath if they don’t hear all the witnesses on the matter. They will find ways to cause confusion if they seek that, and YHUH will allow them to find it, in order to separate the wheat from the chaff and the sheep from the goats. YHUH knows some will use His word as a map to find Him, others will use it to lead themselves and others astray. Yahusha rebuked the Pharisees, saying they won’t enter the kingdom and they won’t allow others to, either (Matt 23:13), they twist His words to cause confusion, so He hardens their hearts as He did Pharaoh’s so that they won’t find their way. He uses His word and their arrogance about their perceived understanding of it as a stumbling block that trips them up.

Back when I believed Saturday was the Sabbath, I was confused, not just because I didn’t understand the Sabbath, but also because I began the day in the evening. I was confused, and did not know it. Let me give some examples of things I never thought out when I was still doing Friday night to Saturday for my day of rest. With the Passover events at Yahusha’s death, and leading up to it, it never dawned on me that If He was killed on the 14th, if we begin the day in the evening, then the previous night was also the beginning of the 14th, which was the night He was arrested, and the night of the Last Supper. The instructions for the Passover is to begin eating unleavened bread at evening, with the Passover lamb, on the 14th. Yet, the disciples weren’t eating unleavened bread that evening. Look up the word for bread in the concordance in those passages. It was chametz, leavened bread, not matzah. The Greek word for chametz, or leavened bread, is Strong’s G740, and unleavened bread, matzah, would be Strong’s G106. azymos. In the story of the last supper, they were eating artos, leavened bread, so it wasn’t the Passover yet. Passover begins the next day, in the morning, on the 14th, and between the evenings that day is when the lamb is killed, and when Yahusha was killed, and later that night is when the lamb is eaten, after being roasted over a fire, that evening still being the 14th, and when the instructions say to begin to eat unleavened bread, and then the next morning is the 15th, the Sabbath, the chag of Unleavened Bread.

So, actually, years ago when my family and I began the date at evening, by eating the Passover lamb on the night before the first day of Unleavened Bread (the 15th), in theory, we were eating the lamb on the 15th, not the 14th, because that evening began the 15th yet the instructions are clear that you eat the lamb on the evening of the 14th, that that is the night you begin to eat unleavened bread, and that you eat the lamb with unleavened bread. That’s how confused we were, and we didn’t even realize we were breaking commandments all over the place. We had a log in our eyes when we were starting the day in the evening and never saw it until long after we started keeping the lunar Sabbath.

The same with the first Passover in Exodus. The death messenger was supposed to kill the firstborn of Egypt on the 14th while the Israelites were eating the Passover lamb. If you begin the day in the evening, then in theory, you slay the lamb on the 14th in the afternoon, then that evening you eat the now dead lamb is beginning the 15th, so, again, you’re eating the lamb on the 15th, rather than the 14th, but the Passover and the death messenger killing the firstborn of Egypt and passing over the Israelites’ homes was supposed to happen on the night of the 14th, while the Passover lamb was being eaten, not the 15th, according to the instructions. If you are observing Saturday and/or beginning the day in the evening, please meditate on what I just said there.

The 15th is a Sabbath, so they left at night, after the Sabbath hours, after the Sabbath day. We are commanded only to keep the Sabbath DAY holy, there are no instructions for a Sabbath night, because night is the time when man doesn’t work anyway.

See John 9:4 – I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.

I kept Passover backwards for 5 years and never noticed these problems with beginning the day in the evening. How can anyone eat a lamb that’s not killed yet? Why would Israel apply blood to the doorposts AFTER the firstborn of Egypt are killed? Wasn’t the Passover supposed to be eaten on the 14th, not the 15th? Wasn’t the Passover the night the death messenger PASSED OVER the houses of Israel? Of course! How could we have missed this? When we repent of sins more layers of the scales come off our eyes, and we can see more clearly, less fuzzy, more black and white, less grey areas, less confusion.

The Jews don’t really have a “Hebrew” understanding about time, as we were taught by them when we first came out of the church. If they did really understand the culture, the language, the history, the Torah, better than us believers, they’d begin a day at the right time. I know some people say you should eat the meat and spit out the bones, in regards to Anti-Messiah, anti-Torah rabbinical doctrines, but there’s no meat in those teachings-it’s all bones! Ever notice they have a just a shank bone and no meat on their Seder plate? They took Messiah Yahusha, the Passover lamb, out of the Passover. We are commanded to eat the Passover lamb.

Yahusha did not say to avoid their leaven, except for their interpretations about how to observe the Passover and Unleavened Bread, He said to avoid them, period. A little leaven leavens the whole lump.

As far as the sign of Jonah, I’ve come full circle in that understanding now. Last year, someone almost convinced me that the sign of Jonah teaches us that He was arrested on the 10th, kept in custody, and was killed 3 days and 3 nights later, but I found some holes in that theory. I was more recently looking up “third day” and “three days”, and noticed the other references to the same timeframe around Messiah’s death.

The Hebrew, and in this case, Greek scriptural understanding is that “3 days and 3 nights”, “on the 3rd day”, “after 3 days”, “in 3 days”, and “within 3 days” all allude to the same segment of time involving His arrest, death, burial, and resurrection. These terms are all used interchangeably by Yahusha Messiah. All of these phrases mentioning 3 days share the same meaning, and all being true at the same time, that would be the Hebraic and scriptural understanding anyway, I know that now. Let’s let scripture interpret scripture:

John 2:19 -Yahusha answered and said unto them, ‘Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up.’

Mark 14:58 – We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.

Mark 15:29-30 – And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads and saying, ‘Ah, thou that destroyest the temple and buildest it in three days, save thyself, and come down from the cross.’

Mark 8:31 – And he began to teach them, that ‘the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.’

Matthew 16:21 – From that time forth, began Yahusha to show unto His disciples, how he must ‘go unto Jerusalem and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed and be raised again the third day.’

Mark 9:31 – For he taught his disciples and said unto them, ‘The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him, and after he is killed, he shall rise the third day.’

Mark 10:34 – ‘And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and the third day he shall rise again.’

Matthew 17:22-23 – And while they abode in Galilee, Yahusha said unto them, ‘The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men: and they shall kill him, and on the third day he shall be raised again.’

Matthew 20:18-19 – ‘Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock and scourge, and to crucify him at the stake, and the third day shall rise again.’

Luke 9:22 – “The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain and be raised the third day.” 4

Luke 18:31-33 – Then he took unto him the twelve and said unto them, ‘Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully insulted, and spitted on: And they shall scourge him and put him to death; and on the third day he shall rise again.’

Luke 24:6-7 – And so it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold two men stood by them in shining garments: and as they were afraid and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, “Why seek ye the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.”

Matthew 24:46 – And said unto them, ‘Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Messiah to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day.’

Acts 10:39-40 – ‘And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree: Him Aluhym raised up the third day, and shewed him openly.’

I Corinthians 15:3-4 – For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Messiah died for our sins according to the Scriptures; and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the Scriptures.

There are other instances in scripture where this occurs, in the Old Testament, too. Just do some cross-checking:

Joshua 1:11 – Pass through the host and command the people, saying, ‘Prepare you victuals; for within three days ye shall pass over this Jordan, to go in to possess the land, which YHUH your Aluhym giveth you to possess it.’

Joshua 3:2 & 4:1– And so it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the midst of the camp… And it came to pass when all the people were clean passed over the Jordan…

I Kings 12:5 – And he said unto them, ‘Depart yet for three days, and then come again to me.’

II Chronicles 10:5 – ‘Return unto me after three days.’

I Kings 12:12 – So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, ‘Return to me again the third day.’

II Chronicles 10:12 – So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king had bade saying, ‘Come again to me on the third day.’

So we see both the Old and New Testaments use these phrases to refer to the same period of time. So, what Yahusha means by “on the third day”, “the third day”, “after the three days”, and “three days and three nights” is the same thing He explains here:

Luke 13:32 – “Behold. I cast out devils and do cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I shall be perfected.”

…and YHUH counts to the third day in the Old Testament here:

Exodus 19:10 – And YHUH said unto Moses, ‘Go unto the people and sanctify them today, and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes, And be ready against the third day: for the third day YHUH will come down in the sight of all the people upon Mount Sinai.’

So we are to understand that the day He died, the 14th is the first day of three, and the 16th is the third day. As to the 3 nights, this would include the night Yahusha was arrested on the 13th. He was arrested on the NIGHT of the 13th, killed the DAY of the 14th, buried in that NIGHT (the 14th), rested in the tomb on the DAY of the 15th, and all that NIGHT (the 15th), and early on the first DAY of the week (the 16th), He was risen.

Here’s a website I prefer to use to research word usage and phrases in the Greek and Hebrew:

Type in any book of the Bible, chapter, or verse. You can click on the individual verse in the text to go to the concordance or lexicon to see what the text says in the Hebrew or Greek.

It comes down to this. Do we believe? This “sign” of Jonah, and the other “3 days” verses, the supposed conflicts between them, the “discrepancies” or “problems” with the texts, are often brought up to me by unbelievers for their reasons to either reject the lunar Sabbath, reject Yahusha as Messiah, reject the New Testament, or reject the whole Bible all together. If we SEEK, we will find. So, I believe this “sign” of Jonah was used by YHUH, it was a stumbling block for those who SEEK for reasons and excuses to not believe. Sometimes we just have to believe what we know and pray for more understanding about what we don’t understand yet. When I came to believe the Bible, I believed it, period, before I even knew or understood what it said, before I had even read it, I had an experience that led me to be able to say that it was truth before I began to read or test it. I believed that He, Yahusha, was the Word, and that He, the Word, existed from the beginning, and that it does not change. It’s absolute truth, not relative to opinions or how Joe or Jake interpret it at the moment. It’s called faith for a reason. Keep on wrestling with YHUH for that greater measure of faith, and keep following that cloud…

In Yahusha’s love, Lyndsey Sanchez

If you are interested in seeing diagrams I drew that show the 3 days and 3 nights at Yahusha’s arrest, death, burial, and resurrection, email me, and I will send you this article in Word with that diagram. It also shows the Passover in Exodus and how that should look and how that does not work while beginning the day in the evening.

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If you are not sure when a day begins, read my article on the subject at